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015 Ancient Art
015 Ancient Art
015 Ancient Art
015 Ancient Art
015 Ancient Art
015 Ancient Art
015 Ancient Art
015 Ancient Art
015 Ancient Art
015 Ancient Art
015 Ancient Art
015 Ancient Art
015 Ancient Art
015 Ancient Art
015 Ancient Art
015 Ancient Art
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015 Ancient Art
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015 Ancient Art
015 Ancient Art
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015 Ancient Art
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015 Ancient Art
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015 Ancient Art

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  • Walls are scraped out -
  • Drawing could be “Naturalistic” or not.
  • Imagine you, three of your friends and your trusty dog 'Buddy' take a hike in the woods. The five of you decide that it would be fun just to go deeper into the woods and see what there is to find. As you are walking, you stumble upon a strange looking rock that is small in diameter and is quite dark in the middle. As you slowly work your way toward this rock, one of you notices that the rock is not even a rock at all, it's a cave! This actually did happen to four boys named Marcel, George, Jim, and Simon. Simon was the one with the dog. The dog's name was Robot. It all happened on September 12, 1940 (Baumann, 1962).
  • Fertility and child bearing – “raw stone and the connections to life” dolls, guardian figures or images of beauty within a harsh world.
  • Ice AGE waned about 8000bce. Humans domesticated animals and cultivated grains. PERMANENT structures of wood, brick and stone
  • . CHINESE – crafts began to flourish
  • Animals were domesticated
  • Stonehenge is surely Britain’s greatest national icon, symbolizing mystery, power and endurance. Its original purpose is unclear to us, but some have speculated that it was a temple made for the worship of ancient earth deities. It has been called an astronomical observatory for marking significant events on the prehistoric calendar. Others claim that it was a sacred site for the burial of high-ranking citizens from the societies of long ago.
  • Stonehenge is surely Britain’s greatest national icon, symbolizing mystery, power and endurance. Its original purpose is unclear to us, but some have speculated that it was a temple made for the worship of ancient earth deities. It has been called an astronomical observatory for marking significant events on the prehistoric calendar. Others claim that it was a sacred site for the burial of high-ranking citizens from the societies of long ago.
  • Developed writing, libraries, written laws, -SUMARIANS cities has 10-50 thousand people
  • STEELEE – laews developed over his 40 year reign. – his influence was felt over 1000 years.
  • Assyrian domination
  • EYGPTIAN culture flourished on the nile.
  • A palette for grinding cosmetic paint…meant as a decorative offering
  • Reviewing beheaded bodies
  • Rigorous geometry – not a portrait but a realization of an ideal form- “Ideal image of kinship”
  • 1922 undisturbed for 3000 years
  • Go to video here
  • 1932
  • The Myceneans marching off to face the Dorians who were to defeat them. – a culture that buildt stone fortresses and buried their dead in “bee-hive tombs”
  • Bee hive tomb
  • From CRETE – right of passage or sporting event
  • 1200 BCE 776 settled down from fruedong states
  • Phidean style is naturalistic NIKE is the goddess of VICTORY
  • Hellenistic civilization represents the zenith of Greek influence in the ancient world from 323 BC to about 146 BC (or arguably as late as 30 BC). It was immediately preceded by the Classical Greece period, and immediately followed by the rule of Rome over the areas Greece had earlier dominated – although much of Greek culture, art and literature permeated Roman society, whose elite spoke and read Greek as well as Latin. After the conquest of the Persian Empire by Alexander the Great of Greek Macedon, Macedonian kingdoms were established throughout south-west Asia (the 'Near' and 'Middle East') and north-east Africa (mainly ancient Egypt). This resulted in the export of Greek culture and language to these new realms, and moreover Greek colonists themselves. Equally, however, these new kingdoms were influenced by the indigenous cultures, adopting local practices where beneficial, necessary or convenient.
  • HELENISM is the greek cutlure that spread beyond the Greek boundaries – ROMAN copy
  • A trojan preist whose two sons are overhwlmed by Posiedon. Connected to the Teojan horse.
  • Capitaline hill in 296 bce
  • According to the roman mythology, the founders of Rome were Romulus and Remus. The twin-brothers were the supposed sons of the god Mars and the priestess Rhea Silvia. As soon as they were born, her husband abandoned them in a remote location. This practice was a form of quasi-infanticide tolerated in many ancient cultures, including the Roman and Greek, when children were unwanted. They were unwanted because Amulius, was fearing that the boys would grow up to overthrow him, had them placed in a trough and thrown into the River Tiber. At that time the river was in flood, and when the waters fell, the trough, still containing the two boys, came ashore. They were found by a she-wolf, who instead of killing them, looked after them and fed them with her milk, the she-wolf was helped by a woodpecker who brought them food too. Interesting enough both these animals were sacred to Mars.Romulus and Remus were then discovered by Faustulus, a shepherd, who brought the children to his home. Faustulus and his wife, Acca Larentia, raised the boys as their own. According to Livy, some said that Loba, wife of Faustulus had suckled them, not a female wolf Indeed, her name meant wolf which was Lupus in Latin. Upon reaching adulthood, Romulus and Remus killed Amulius and reinstated Numitor, their grandfather, as King of Alba Longa, then they decidet to found a town of their own. Romulus and Remus chose the place where the she-wolf had nursed them. Romulus began to build walls on the Palatine Hill, but Remus jeered at them because they were so low. He leaped over them to prove this, and Romulus in anger killed him. Romulus continued the building of the new city, naming it Roma (Rome) after his own name. It's first citizens were outlaws and fugitives, to whom Romulus gave the settlement on the Capitoline Hill.
  • ROMANS conquered Greece in 146 bce
  • WASHINGTON SQ
  • Transcript

    • 1. THE ANCIENT WORLD (chapter 17) We begin the timeline of recorded Art History
    • 2. <ul><li>Q: If you could choose a current </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrity/actor to be President* </li></ul><ul><li>Of the U.S., </li></ul><ul><li>who would it be? Why? </li></ul><ul><li>If you think this is a strange question, it already happened in 1980 and 1984. </li></ul><ul><li>Former Thespians have also been the recent president of </li></ul><ul><li>the Czech Republic and Pope John Paul II </li></ul>
    • 3. HOMO SAPIENS in the PALEOLITHIC ERA made the first “art”
    • 4. 30,000 to 20,000 BCE Paleolithic Landscape - Syria
    • 5.  
    • 6.  
    • 7.  
    • 8. Wall painting with three horses facing one another, Chauvet Cave. c. 30,000 BCE.
    • 9.  
    • 10. LASCAUX CAVES IN FRANCE Walking with Cavemen http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UnSq0c7jM-A&feature=fvst
    • 11. Venus of Willendorf . c. 25,000–20,000 BCE . height 4 1/2 in.
    • 12.  
    • 13. Basin. Majiayao culture, Majiayao phase, c. 3000–2700 BCE . diameter 11 in.
    • 14. Basin. Majiayao culture, Majiayao phase, c. 3000–2700 BCE . diameter 11 in.
    • 15.  
    • 16. Stonehenge. c. 2000 BCE .
    • 17.  
    • 18.  
    • 19. Secrets of Stonehenge http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-6oxmxPKoSE
    • 20. Worshippers and deities from the Abu Temple. c. 2900–2600 BCE . height of tallest figure 30 in.
    • 21.  
    • 22. Ancient Babylon
    • 23. WALLS OF BABYLON TODAY
    • 24. Stele of Hammurabi . c. 1760 BCE . height of stele approximately 7 ft.; height of relief 28 in.
    • 25. Assurnasirpal II Killing Lions , from the palace complex of Assurnasirpal II. c. 850 BCE . height approximately 39 in.
    • 26.  
    • 27. Cradle of Civilization http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cjI4p8_NZVc&feature=related
    • 28. Palette of King Narmer (front). c. 3000 BCE . height 25 in.
    • 29. Palette of King Narmer (back). c. 3000 BCE . height 25 in.
    • 30. King Khafre . c. 2530 BCE . height 66 1/8 in.
    • 31. AKHENATEN
    • 32. Queen Nefertiti . c. 1365 BCE . height 19 5/8 in.
    • 33. Title : Painted chest Artist : n/a Date : c. 1350 BCE Source/Museum : Tomb of Tutankhamen, Thebes. Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Bolton Picture Library. Medium : n/a Size : Length approx. 20 in.
    • 34. TUTANKHAMEN http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z8WcfoT6JvY
    • 35. http://www.kingtutone.com/tutankhamun/enter/
    • 36. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hwC-5GkAePY&feature=related
    • 37. THEBES
    • 38. THE AEGEAN CIVILIZATION Minoan Mycenaen Greek
    • 39. The Warrior Vase . Mycenae, c. 1200 BCE . Height approximately 14 in.
    • 40.  
    • 41. The “Toreador” fresco. c. 1500 BCE . Height, including upper border, approximately 24 1/2 in.
    • 42. The City-States of Ancient Greece.
    • 43. The Acropolis today, viewed from the southwest, Athens, Greece.
    • 44. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/parthenon/ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7AIXvZRsiq4&feature=related
    • 45.  
    • 46. The GREEKS Phidian
    • 47. Nike , from the balustrade of the Temple of Athena Nike. c. 410–407 BCE . height 42 in.
    • 48. The GREEKS Hellenistic
    • 49. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9RjBePQV4xE&feature=related
    • 50. Apoxyomenos (The Scraper). c. 350–325 BCE . height 6 ft. 8 1/2 in.
    • 51. Nike of Samothrace . c. 190 BCE . height approximately 8 ft. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=88gXWW3qN7o
    • 52. The ROMANS Copied the Greeks
    • 53. The Laocoön Group . Roman copy, perhaps after Agesander, Athenodorus, and Polydorus of Rhodes. First century CE .
    • 54.  
    • 55.  
    • 56.  
    • 57.  
    • 58. Portrait of a Boy. Early third century BCE . height 9 in.
    • 59.  
    • 60. She-Wolf . c. 500 BCE . height 33 1/2 in.
    • 61. Augustus of Primaporta . c. 20 BCE . height 6 ft. 8 in.
    • 62. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HQKqJDb7fn0
    • 63. The Arch of Titus. c. 81 CE . height 50 ft., width 44 ft. 4 in.
    • 64.  
    • 65. Attributed to Apollodorus. Column of Trajan . 113 CE . height originally 128 ft., length of frieze approximately 625 ft.
    • 66. The EAST China Japan India
    • 67. Flying Horse Poised on One Leg on a Swallow. Late Han dynasty, second century CE . height 13 1/2 in., length 17 3/4 in.
    • 68. Ritual Disc with Dragon Motif (Pi). Eastern Zhou dynasty, Warring States period, fourth–third century BCE . diameter 6 1/2 in.
    • 69. Lady of Dai with Attendants . Han dynasty, after 168 BCE .
    • 70. The Great Stupa at Sanchi, view of the West Gateway. Founded third century BCE , enlarged c. 150–50 BCE . Shrine height 50 ft., diameter 105 ft.
    • 71. Western Christian Churches Around 300 bce had a distinct design
    • 72. A Buddha is a person who is completely free from all faults and mental obstructions. In general, ‘Buddha’ means ‘Awakened One’, someone who has awakened from the sleep of ignorance and sees things as they really are. A Buddha is a person who is completely free from all faults and mental obstructions. There are many people who have become Buddhas in the past, and many people will become Buddhas in the future….There is nothing that Buddha does not know. Because he has awakened from the sleep of ignorance and has removed all obstructions from his mind, he knows everything of the past, present, and future, directly and simultaneously. Moreover, Buddha has great compassion which is completely impartial, embracing all living beings without discrimination. He benefits all living beings without exception by emanating various forms throughout the universe, and by bestowing his blessings on their minds. Through receiving Buddha’s blessings, all being, even the lowliest animals, sometimes develop peaceful and virtuous states of mind. Eventually, through meeting an emanation of Buddha in the form of a Spiritual Guide, everyone will have the opportunity to enter the path to liberation and enlightenment. As the great Indian Buddhist scholar Nagarjuna said, there is no one who has not received help from Buddha.      

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