Girls and Technology


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Girls and Technology

  1. 1. Attracting and RetainingGirlsinTechnology Courses<br />BY<br />Loreen Hayes<br />
  2. 2. Terms<br />Technology Human innovation in action that involves the generation of knowledge and processes to develop systems that solve problems and extend human capabilities.<br />Technology Education<br /> A study of technology, which provides an opportunity for students to learn about the processes and knowledge related to technology that are needed to solve problems and extend human capabilities. <br />(<br />
  3. 3. Technology<br />National and Global Value<br />Future Employment in Technology Fields<br />Education: Past and Present<br />Female Recruitment and Retaining Methods<br />
  4. 4. National and Global Value<br />
  5. 5. National and Global Value<br />Did You Know?<br />3.0<br />Created by Karl Fisch, and modified by Scott McLeod <br />2008<br />
  6. 6. National and Global Value<br />So What Does It All Mean?<br />America is in Crisis<br />
  7. 7. National and Global ValueStrength Through Education<br />America <br />Global Competition<br />China<br />India<br />Need highly skilled workers<br />Technology <br />Engineering<br />
  8. 8. National and Global Value<br />China and India have embraced technology <br />Reaping the benefits:<br />Offshoring: the relocation by a company of a business process from one country to another<br />Outsourcing: subcontracting a process, such as product design or manufacturing, to a third-party company <br />
  9. 9. National and Global Value<br />AMD<br />
  10. 10. National and Global Value<br />IBM<br />
  11. 11. National and Global Value<br />Yahoo<br />
  12. 12. National and Global Value<br />Microsoft<br />
  13. 13. National and Global Value<br />Silicon Valley<br />INDIA<br />
  14. 14. National and Global Value<br />What Can We Do?<br />
  15. 15. National and Global Value<br />What Can We Do?<br />EDUCATE<br />In the<br />Science, Math, Engineering and Technology disciplines<br />
  16. 16. Education: Past and Present<br />
  17. 17. Education: Past and Present<br />Sputnik 1<br /> A Satellite was launched in 1957 from the <br /> Soviet Union<br />Sparked a technological education revolution<br />
  18. 18. Education: Past and Present<br />Students have relatively low interest in:<br />Technology<br />Engineering<br />Especially Girls<br />
  19. 19. Women earn 58% of allBachelor Degrees<br />(Department of Education 2008)<br />
  20. 20. Education: Past and Present<br />Girls have little experience with Technology<br />Secondary education plays an important role in generating interest<br />High School Technology courses are electives in New York State <br />
  21. 21. Education: Past and Present<br />56%<br />2008<br />17%<br />(National Center for Women & Information Technology, 2009)<br />
  22. 22. Future Employment in Technology <br />
  23. 23. Future Employment in Technology Fields<br />Most of the technology jobs of the future :<br />Are highly technical<br />Require creativity<br /> Only 27% of computer scientists are women!<br />(National Center for Women & Information Technology, 2009)<br />
  24. 24. Future Employment in Technology Fields<br />Department of Labor predicts: <br />5,000,000 new jobs <br />In occupations such as:<br />Computer and mathematical occupations<br />Architects, surveyors, and cartographers<br />Engineers <br />Drafters and engineering technicians<br />
  25. 25. Female Recruitment and Retaining Methods<br />
  26. 26. Recruitment and Retaining Methods<br />So What Can <br />Teachers Do? <br />Try <br />a variety of methods till something works.<br />
  27. 27. Recruitment and Retaining Methods<br />By Kris Griffon<br />Science, Engineering and Technology<br />As girls travel along the SET pipeline they leak out or leave the system at various stages of the education process.<br />the Congressional Commission on the Advancement of Women and Minorities in Science, Engineering and Technology Development (CAWMSET)<br />
  28. 28. Recruitment and Retaining MethodsSome Suggestions by Sanders & Tescione<br />Early exposure to computers<br />Develop interesting courses & projects<br />Develop mentoring programs with women in industry<br />Build confidence<br />
  29. 29. Recruitment and Retaining MethodsSuggestions for retaining girls<br />Start with the basics<br />Collaborative activities rather than competitive<br />Design curricula contextually/holistically<br />Offer project choices<br />Hire female role models<br />(Zuga, 1999; Shanahan, 2006; IWITTS, 2009)<br />
  30. 30. Technology Education SurveySchools<br />Middle School Students<br />Boys and Girls<br />12-14 years old<br />6 Schools<br />2 Urban<br />2 Suburban<br />2 Rural<br />
  31. 31. Technology Education SurveyCourse Titles<br />
  32. 32. Course Title Example<br />Green Model Home Design and Construction<br /> Vs<br /> Construction Technology<br />
  33. 33. Technology Education SurveyProjects<br />
  34. 34. Course ProjectExample<br />Build a levy system for New Orleans<br /> Vs<br /> Design a bridge<br />
  35. 35. Summary<br />American schools need to promote Science, Technology, Engineering and Math Education to compete in the global market.<br />Educate students for highly technical jobs of the future.<br />Employ methods of attracting and retaining girls at a young age.<br />
  36. 36. Summary<br />Design courses and projects:<br />With girls in mind<br />Interesting titles<br />Projects<br />Contextual<br />Collaborative<br />Choices<br />
  37. 37. Thank You<br />Questions?<br />
  38. 38. References<br />Commission on the Advancement of Women and Minorities in Science, Engineering and Technology Development. (2000). Land of plenty: Diversity as America’s competitive edge in science, engineering and technology. Retrieved March 15, 2009, from<br />Fisch, K. & McLeod, S. (2008) Did you know?, 3.0.<br />Friedman, T. L. (2007). The world is flat. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.<br />Livingston, A. (2008). The Condition of Education 2008 in Brief (NCES 2008-032).<br />
  39. 39. References<br />National Center for Women & Information Technology<br />National Institute for Women in Trades, Technology & Science<br /><br />New York State Education Department<br />Sanders,J. & Tescione, S. (2002). Gender Equity and Technology. Defining and Redefining Gender Equity in Education, ch.6.<br />
  40. 40. References<br />Shanahan, B. (2006). The secrets to increasing females in technology [Electronic version]. The Technology Teacher 66(2). 22-24.<br />The National Academies. (2007). Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future. Retrieved October 17, 2008, from National Academy of Sciences:<br />Wikipedia<br /><br />Zuga, K. (1999). Addressing women’s way of knowing to improve the technology education environment for all students. Journal of Technology Education, 10(2).<br />
  41. 41. Images<br />Ballpoint Banana<br /><br />Classroom Clipart<br /><br />Discovery Education<br />Flat Classroom<br />
  42. 42. Images<br />National Institute for Women in Trades, Technology & Science (IWITTS)<br />NASA<br />The University of Queensland<br />