Assessment on recreational uses and potential impacts to coastal resources in Puerto Rico
University of Puerto Rico Río Piedras Campus College of Natural Sciences Department of Environmental SciencesAssessment on recreational uses andpotential impacts to coastal resources in Puerto Rico Wilmer O. Rivera & Keyla Soto Course: Coastal Environments Prof. Loretta Roberson, Ph.D. October 25, 2012
Background Puerto Rico has valuable coastal areas with high recreational activities. Recreational activities can generate many impacts on coastal resources. (Cicin & Knecht, 1998; Defeo, 2009). We need more information of the possible impacts that these activities can generate. Is important to develop environmental assessments in order to evaluated the possible impacts associated with this activities.
Distribution for regions of public beaches in Puerto Rico. Inventory of public beaches - DRNA
ProblemWhat are the possible impacts associated with the recreational activities in various high value recreational beaches in Puerto Rico?
Goals & ObjectivesGoalsDeveloping an effective assessment’s method in order to evaluate the possible impacts that can be generated on coastal resources.Objectivesa. Identify areas in Puerto Rico where recreational activities are performed and describe the type of activity that takes place in these areas.b. Determine potential impacts on coastal resources recreational product.c. Establish effective management strategies to minimize the impact on based coastal resource assessment performed.
Program Dimensions & Pottencial Beneffits School & Comunnites CollegeProgram students Assesment (Natural & Focus Social Sciences Experts- Integrative disciplines
Methodology – First yearCharacterization of sampled area- Identify recreational type activities that are carried out in the coastal areas identified. - Field visits a) Interviews and surveys- Photos and audiovisual resources a) Business (kiosks, bars, restaurants) b) Personal c) Companies- Monitor the development of recreational activities a) Count of maritime transport (Boats, Aquatic motor) b) Number of people using the beach in different periods- Apply GIS methods and "remote sensing" to identify coastal areas in PR a) Characterization of marine ecosystems in the area. b) Identification of habitats and critical habitats. 1) Turtle nesting areas. 2) Seagrass meadow 3) Areas of coral 4) Mangrove Areas
Phase I- North Experimental & Control ZoneBalneario de Carolina Marchiquita - ManatíCerro Gordo, Vega Alta x
Phase I- West Experimental & Control ZonePlaya de Crash Boat Moja Casabe- Cabo RojoBalneario de Boquerón
Methodology – Second year I. Health conditions of organisms in the areas studied and possible risks in theshort and long term. A. Assessment of the impacts of recreational activities: 1. Degradation of habitats a) Scars on areas of coral and seagrass beds. b) Mortality in coral reef areas c) Alteration of nesting areas 2. Direct impacts to organisms- Ex. (Manatees) B. Water quality sampling in different periods (before and after) a) Microbiological analysis (total and fecal coliforms) b) Analysis of heavy metals and organic matter (ICP, FLAAS) c) pH and dissolved oxygen (sensors) d) Inadequate management of solid wastes e) Identify the most common solid waste in these areas f) Quantify the amount of solid waste per areaII. Based on the information gathered by the assessment
Phase I-Budget Cost Activity14,000-Annual stipends to school teachers Field works, coordination on school and college volunteers students and participation in workshops.10,700-Initial orientations on college Trainings focus on the programs goals,volunteers, summer internship and the importance of conservation andsaturdays academies management in coastal resources, GIS a. Logistic applications and data collection in the b. Speakers field. c. Food3,500-Specialist support GIS technician and qualitative statistic to help in the confection of descriptive maps and data analysis of the questionnaires and interviews.7,000- Administrative secretary Work on documents and organization of official files of the program.3,500-Materials and equipment Data collection in the field and didactic materials to the workshops.1st YEAR BUDGET= $38,700
Phase II-Budget Cost Activity 14,000-Annual stipends to school Field works, coordination on school students teachers and college volunteers and participation in workshops.10,700- Workshop to college Trainings focus in the protocol aboutvolunteers, summer internship and microbiology and chemistry parameters andfield trip. data collection in the field. a. Speakers b. Food3,500-Specialist support Quantitative statistic to help in the data analysis of the samples.7,000- Administrative secretary Work on documents and organization of official files of the program.4,000-Materials and equipment Data collection in the field and analysis of samples. Analytical instrumentation2st YEAR BUDGET= $ 39,200 Total= 77,900 for two years