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Children in poverty
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Children in poverty

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Children in poverty Children in poverty Presentation Transcript

  • Children in Poverty: The Long-term Academic Effects of Poverty in Childhood
  • Poverty in Childhood
    Exposure to inadequate / inappropriate educational experiences
    a child at-risk for academic failure
    very young, single or low educational level parents
    unemployment
    abuse and neglect
    substance abuse
    dangerous neighborhoods
    homelessness; mobility
  • History of poverty in the US
    In 2005, the federal "poverty line"
    $16,090 for a family of three
    $19,350 for a family of four
    12.7 % (37 million people) were living in poverty
    Worse for children and teens
    17.8 percent of U.S. children & teens in poverty
    Higher among African Americans and Hispanic Americans
    More prevalent in some parts of the country
  • Background effects of poverty
    maternal education
    early childhood behavior
    Poverty
    had an effect on both
    academic failure and
    extreme delinquency
  • Neuroscience of Poverty
    Brain based research theory of learning:
    students build understandings based on prior knowledge and experiences
    Intellectual development is gradual and dependent on external stimulation
    Deprivation, as may be the case for children of poverty
    intellectual development will likely be delayed
    Cortisol, a stress hormone, results in emotional volatility
    under these conditions learn in concrete ways, not abstract
    needs to be considered when planning lessons and when considering classroom management
  • Risk factors for children
    Family/parents mental and physical health
    Parenting is a critical process affecting many developmental outcomes for children living in poverty
    Parent ability is weakened by living in poverty conditions and by the emotional and psychological stress associated with living in poverty
    take their anger out on the children
    Children born with birth defects, death
    have many health problems
    have decayed and unfilled teeth
  • Parenting & poverty
    Among poor parents parenting style
    punitive and coercive, less consistent & involvement in school activities is lower
    The parent-child relationship
    primary context for early behavioral social cognitive development
    negative effects on parents due to poverty factors in turn have a negative effect on the development of the child
  • Lack of parental support
    less capacity of support
    Less consistency in their parenting
    provide less vocal and emotional stimulation
    less responsive to their children’s needs
    model less sophisticated language
  • Childs mental & physical health
    Malnutrition
    lack of money for new clothes, lack of water
    born with birth defects, Low birth weight, death
    Serious physical disabilities
    grade repetition, learning disabilities
    school dropout
    lack of emotional nurturing
    feelings of alienation, inadequacy, depression, anxiety
    Aggression, impulsive behavior, social withdrawal
    Emotional security and self-esteem are often lacking
    negative self-status can literally zap the motivation to learn
  • Educational issues for at-risk students
    at-risk children
    who are likely to fail in school or in life because of their life’s social circumstances
    Increase risk of delays
    need for special education programs
  • Developmental/Socio-emotional effects in the classroom
    The rise in poverty has contributed to making classrooms more diverse
    Transfer to a new school becomes the norm
    no records from their previous schools
    challenging for schools to place them in classrooms
    hostility or be totally withdrawn
    school attendance is often irregular
  • Behaviors
    • a feeling of helplessness
    • low self-esteem
    • fatigue
    • their brains will not go any further than addressing survival needs
    • New information and experiences will be shut out
    • vigilance
    • resistance
    • Defiance
  • Biosocial issues
    Children in poverty start out at a disadvantage
    • N0 or inadequate pre-natal care
    • may have insufficient early health care
    • If the parents are fortunate to have jobs, affordable day care may be of poor quality
  • Effective programs to support children growing up in poverty
    Food stamps
    Program that allows low income people to buy food at a low cost
    Head Start
    Program to help children in poor neighborhoods gain the skills necessary to start school which will enable their growth and development in best way
  • Benefit of interventions for children in poverty
    Many of these parents need to learn strategies that can help them cope and help their children get a chance at breaking the cycle of poverty
    Classroom environments that are safe and trusting can enhance learning
  • Adaptations
    Teachers can inform parents of simple, time-efficient ways to help their children at home
    Teachers can provide literature and articles for parents to read on parenting issues.
    Teachers and schools can schedule conferences and activities at school, community centers or locations more accessible to families without transportation
    Teachers should keep parents informed of what is going on in the classroom and encourage parents to talk to their children about school
    In order to help motivate students, a teaching style that engages all or most of the students, with the goal of exciting students about learning
  • Consequences/possible solutions for poverty among children
    Poverty should not be an excuse for us to expect less from children/students
    There are numerous issues and challenges that interfere with optimal learning
    Education is likely the one chance to break the poverty cycle and escape
    It is actually one of the best reasons for them to succeed