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Children in poverty
 

Children in poverty

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    Children in poverty Children in poverty Presentation Transcript

    • Children in Poverty: The Long-term Academic Effects of Poverty in Childhood
    • Poverty in Childhood
      Exposure to inadequate / inappropriate educational experiences
      a child at-risk for academic failure
      very young, single or low educational level parents
      unemployment
      abuse and neglect
      substance abuse
      dangerous neighborhoods
      homelessness; mobility
    • History of poverty in the US
      In 2005, the federal "poverty line"
      $16,090 for a family of three
      $19,350 for a family of four
      12.7 % (37 million people) were living in poverty
      Worse for children and teens
      17.8 percent of U.S. children & teens in poverty
      Higher among African Americans and Hispanic Americans
      More prevalent in some parts of the country
    • Background effects of poverty
      maternal education
      early childhood behavior
      Poverty
      had an effect on both
      academic failure and
      extreme delinquency
    • Neuroscience of Poverty
      Brain based research theory of learning:
      students build understandings based on prior knowledge and experiences
      Intellectual development is gradual and dependent on external stimulation
      Deprivation, as may be the case for children of poverty
      intellectual development will likely be delayed
      Cortisol, a stress hormone, results in emotional volatility
      under these conditions learn in concrete ways, not abstract
      needs to be considered when planning lessons and when considering classroom management
    • Risk factors for children
      Family/parents mental and physical health
      Parenting is a critical process affecting many developmental outcomes for children living in poverty
      Parent ability is weakened by living in poverty conditions and by the emotional and psychological stress associated with living in poverty
      take their anger out on the children
      Children born with birth defects, death
      have many health problems
      have decayed and unfilled teeth
    • Parenting & poverty
      Among poor parents parenting style
      punitive and coercive, less consistent & involvement in school activities is lower
      The parent-child relationship
      primary context for early behavioral social cognitive development
      negative effects on parents due to poverty factors in turn have a negative effect on the development of the child
    • Lack of parental support
      less capacity of support
      Less consistency in their parenting
      provide less vocal and emotional stimulation
      less responsive to their children’s needs
      model less sophisticated language
    • Childs mental & physical health
      Malnutrition
      lack of money for new clothes, lack of water
      born with birth defects, Low birth weight, death
      Serious physical disabilities
      grade repetition, learning disabilities
      school dropout
      lack of emotional nurturing
      feelings of alienation, inadequacy, depression, anxiety
      Aggression, impulsive behavior, social withdrawal
      Emotional security and self-esteem are often lacking
      negative self-status can literally zap the motivation to learn
    • Educational issues for at-risk students
      at-risk children
      who are likely to fail in school or in life because of their life’s social circumstances
      Increase risk of delays
      need for special education programs
    • Developmental/Socio-emotional effects in the classroom
      The rise in poverty has contributed to making classrooms more diverse
      Transfer to a new school becomes the norm
      no records from their previous schools
      challenging for schools to place them in classrooms
      hostility or be totally withdrawn
      school attendance is often irregular
    • Behaviors
      • a feeling of helplessness
      • low self-esteem
      • fatigue
      • their brains will not go any further than addressing survival needs
      • New information and experiences will be shut out
      • vigilance
      • resistance
      • Defiance
    • Biosocial issues
      Children in poverty start out at a disadvantage
      • N0 or inadequate pre-natal care
      • may have insufficient early health care
      • If the parents are fortunate to have jobs, affordable day care may be of poor quality
    • Effective programs to support children growing up in poverty
      Food stamps
      Program that allows low income people to buy food at a low cost
      Head Start
      Program to help children in poor neighborhoods gain the skills necessary to start school which will enable their growth and development in best way
    • Benefit of interventions for children in poverty
      Many of these parents need to learn strategies that can help them cope and help their children get a chance at breaking the cycle of poverty
      Classroom environments that are safe and trusting can enhance learning
    • Adaptations
      Teachers can inform parents of simple, time-efficient ways to help their children at home
      Teachers can provide literature and articles for parents to read on parenting issues.
      Teachers and schools can schedule conferences and activities at school, community centers or locations more accessible to families without transportation
      Teachers should keep parents informed of what is going on in the classroom and encourage parents to talk to their children about school
      In order to help motivate students, a teaching style that engages all or most of the students, with the goal of exciting students about learning
    • Consequences/possible solutions for poverty among children
      Poverty should not be an excuse for us to expect less from children/students
      There are numerous issues and challenges that interfere with optimal learning
      Education is likely the one chance to break the poverty cycle and escape
      It is actually one of the best reasons for them to succeed