<ul><li>Only the Western Empire fell – many scholars fled to the Eastern Empire, which was called Byzantium.  </li></ul>Th...
<ul><li>Literacy takes a hit.  Only lords and religious scholars are taught to read. </li></ul><ul><li>The church was the ...
<ul><li>Mimis </li></ul><ul><li>Histriones (serious actors) </li></ul><ul><li>Jongleurs (entertainers/jugglers) </li></ul>...
<ul><li>The Christian church imposed a ban on all mimes, theatres, and spectacles.  They claimed that these things worked ...
<ul><li>The Christian “Trope” – a musical call and response. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quem Quaeritis  – “Whom do you seek?” <...
<ul><li>German nun and Latin teacher. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nuns were REQUIRED to read and write Latin </li></ul></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Another wacky German Nun </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote religious poems and songs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wrote  Ordo ...
<ul><li>Everything was sung. </li></ul><ul><li>It was all in Latin. </li></ul><ul><li>Only one or two stages were position...
<ul><li>The performances became more popular than Mass.  The performances were moved to stages outside of the Cathedral. <...
<ul><li>Morality Plays – Allegories about Life, Death, and Life after Death. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Everyman” – circa 150...
<ul><li>Mystery plays eventually become multi-part shows, each performed on a different “Pageant Wagon.” </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Everyman </li></ul><ul><li>The Wandering Scholar from Paradise </li></ul><ul><li>The Adventures of Pierre Patelin ...
<ul><li>German Playwright </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote “The Wandering Scholar from Paradise” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Paradise wa...
<ul><li>Play Wagons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hellmouth – showed sinners being burned and tortured. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Interludes – short plays between meal courses </li></ul><ul><li>Tournaments – Jousting and Melee </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Church withdraws all support from Drama </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Playwrights start creating secular drama </li></ul><...
<ul><li>You can answer an extra credit question on the back: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ExCr What part of the stage comes from ...
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A presentation on Theatre in the Middle Ages for a high school Intro to Theatre class.

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C:\Fakepath\Middle Ages

  1. 2. <ul><li>Only the Western Empire fell – many scholars fled to the Eastern Empire, which was called Byzantium. </li></ul>The Byzantine Empire was responsible for saving the works of Greek and Roman playwrights.
  2. 3. <ul><li>Literacy takes a hit. Only lords and religious scholars are taught to read. </li></ul><ul><li>The church was the major source of education at this time. They even taught women! (More on that later) </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Mimis </li></ul><ul><li>Histriones (serious actors) </li></ul><ul><li>Jongleurs (entertainers/jugglers) </li></ul><ul><li>Jockulators (slapstick comedy) </li></ul><ul><li>Puppet Theatre </li></ul><ul><li>Acrobats </li></ul>Only six types of entertainments survived after the fall of Rome:
  4. 5. <ul><li>The Christian church imposed a ban on all mimes, theatres, and spectacles. They claimed that these things worked against the church. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>The Christian “Trope” – a musical call and response. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quem Quaeritis – “Whom do you seek?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Performances acted out during the Easter season </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually, over 400 variations exist. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The theatre is reborn in the very church that had banned it! </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>German nun and Latin teacher. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nuns were REQUIRED to read and write Latin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Copied the style of Terrence, the Roman playwright. Used plays to teach her students lessons. </li></ul><ul><li>Plays were rediscovered hundreds of years later. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Another wacky German Nun </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote religious poems and songs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wrote Ordo Virtutum – “Play of Virtues” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forerunner of Morality Plays </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Everything was sung. </li></ul><ul><li>It was all in Latin. </li></ul><ul><li>Only one or two stages were positioned in the middle of the cathedral – these were called Platea . </li></ul><ul><li>Twelve backdrops were positioned around the outer walls. Scenes started here and moved to the platea. These backdrops were called Mansions . </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>The performances became more popular than Mass. The performances were moved to stages outside of the Cathedral. </li></ul><ul><li>Still sung, but now they started using the local language (which the church did NOT like!) </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Morality Plays – Allegories about Life, Death, and Life after Death. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Everyman” – circa 1500 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Miracle Plays – based on the lives of Saints, Jesus, and the Virgin Mary. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to teach lessons. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mystery Play/Passion Play/Mysterium </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plays about the life and death of Jesus. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Mystery plays eventually become multi-part shows, each performed on a different “Pageant Wagon.” </li></ul><ul><li>Different cities made different versions, and local merchants competed to see who could build the best Wagon. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Spanish were crazy with this… Wagons three stories tall and made of gold… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>City of Wakefield – 32 plays, including the Wakefield Second Shepherds Pageant </li></ul><ul><li>Producers were hired to coordinate Wagons </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Everyman </li></ul><ul><li>The Wandering Scholar from Paradise </li></ul><ul><li>The Adventures of Pierre Patelin </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>German Playwright </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote “The Wandering Scholar from Paradise” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Paradise was a reference to Paris) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>198 of his plays survive. Many of them are short farces called “Shrovetide Plays” </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Play Wagons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hellmouth – showed sinners being burned and tortured. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Golden Throne – Priest sits on the throne to represent God. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Interludes – short plays between meal courses </li></ul><ul><li>Tournaments – Jousting and Melee </li></ul><ul><li>Mummings – masked scenes </li></ul><ul><li>Disguisings – …think Halloween </li></ul><ul><li>Masked Balls – I think you get the idea </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Entry – Parades to watch the King and Queen come to town… running from the Plague. </li></ul><ul><li>Tableaux Vivant – Living Picture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showing Here------------------------  </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Church withdraws all support from Drama </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Playwrights start creating secular drama </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Drama </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guilds stop putting on shows… which gives rise to professional actors. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AND THE RENAISSANCE BEGINS… which is the history lesson next week! </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>You can answer an extra credit question on the back: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ExCr What part of the stage comes from the Latin word for “To come forth?” </li></ul></ul>
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