View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
Volunteer Ecology Kratovo (VEK) read the Municipality of Kratovo’s 2008 Local Environmental Action Plan (LEAP).
In section 5.3.3. of the LEAP, several illegal dumpsites in the town of Kratovo are listed
VEK wanted to know if these illegal dumpsites still existed, if there were other illegal dumpsites, inform the public of their locations and the negative effects illegal dumps have on public health.
Results 4993 m 2 Stara Musala 4019 m 2 Near Jokshirski Bridge 3076 m 2 Karshi Bavcha Park 2394 m 2 Near the bridge by the Bus Station 1829 m 2 Koshari Neighborhood 1550 m 2 Merak Neighborhood 330 m 2 Near Argulishki Bridge and Burekov Bridge Size Illegal Dumpsites
When investigating what the LEAP calls “at Gligor Pazavanski Street (under Radin bridge)” VEK found the two small dumpsites next to and under Argulishki Bridge and Burekov Bridge that total an area of 330 m 2 .
The dumpsite at Burekov Bridge adds garbage into the Manceva River.
The dumpsite at Argulishki Bridge adds garbage into the B. Karina River.
These two rivers combine to form the Sarajska River shortly after these dumpsites.
Near Argulishki Bridge and Burekov Bridge Баба Карина Река Манцева Река Радин Мост Сарајска Река
The illegal dumpsites at Argulishki Bridge, Burekov Bridge, and at the Merak Neigborhood were right next to places with two or three garbage dumpsters.
This led VEK to the conclusion that the Municipality of Kratovo recognized that these were good locations for garbage dumpsters and that placing them there was a great effort to prevent further dumping.
It seems, however, that the dumping is
still going on or
there was so much dumping in the past that a lot of garbage still remains a the dumpsites
Since all of these dumpsites are located in or near the rivers, all of the streams and rivers of Kratovo have banks strewn with garbage.
While collecting data, it was found that in addition to the general garbage covering the river banks that there are 39 total points of significant garbage accumulation in the river as a result of this illegal dumping.
These are spots where large amounts of garbage have accumulated over time from floating in the rivers and streams .
Endocrine disruptor chemicals trick our bodies into thinking that they are hormones.
These disrupting fake hormones can cause breast and prostate cancer, obesity, neurobehavioral problems, and reproductive abnormalities, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and abnormalities in liver enzymes. 3,4
Like at the illegal dumpsites at Argulishki Bridge, Burekov Bridge, and at the Merak Neighborhood, citizens can throw their garbage in the containers instead of walking past the containers to throw them into the river.
1 Kumar, Shristi et al. 2007. Diversity and effectiveness of tropical mangrove soil microflora on the degradation of polythene carry bags. Revista de Biologia Tropical/International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation 55, 777-786. ISSN-0034-7744
2 Koch, Holger M., and Antonia M. Calafat. 2009 Human body burdens of chemicals used in plastic manufacture. Philosphical Transactions of the Royal Society Biological Sciences 364, 2063-2078. (doi:10.1098/rstb.2008.0208)
3 Thompson, Richard C. et al. 2009 Plastics, the environment and human health: current consensus and future trends. Philosphical Transactions of the Royal Society Biological Sciences 364. 2153-2166. (doi:10.1098/rstb.2009.0053)
4 Vogel, Sarah A. 2009. The Politics of Plastics: The Making and Unmaking of Bisphenol A "Safety". American Journal of Public Health 99, S559–S566. (doi:10.2105/AJPH.2008.159228)
5 Strange, Kit. 2003. Overview of Waste Management Options: Their Efficacy and Acceptability. Environmental and Health Impact of Solid Waste Management Activities: issues in Environmental Science and Technology. 48.