THE EIGHT UNITEDNATIONS MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS (UN MDGS) Yaun, Loranne Asperin, Penelope
What are the Millenium DevelopmentGoals (MDGs)? UN Millennium Declaration 2000 It promises to free men, women and children from dehumanizing conditions of extreme poverty. It reflects the vision of entire nations, working together with international and country-based organizations, to wipe out poverty and the worst forms of human deprivation, and lay the foundations for sustainable human development. Adopted by all the 189 members states and 25 IOs Set to be achieved by 2015 Periodically reviewed every 5 years UN Millennium UN Millennium MDGs Summit Declaration
Who decided on the MDGs? United Nations Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development International Monetary Fund World Bank
How was this decided?Series of UN- led conferences on developmentissues i.e. education Millennium Declaration MDGsInternationalDevelopment Goals
The complete list of Millennium Development Goals, Targets and Indicators first appeared in September 2001 in a UN Document called “Road map towards the implementation of the United Nations Millennium Declaration”.The declaration had been approved in September 2000 and the goals were a follow up to ideas in the section on ‘Development and Poverty Eradication’.
MDGs have 8 goals with 18 targets and60 indicatorsTargets serves as the key situations thatmust be attained in order to fully realize itsend goal.On the other hand, Indicators, serves asthe “method” to asses or determine if acertain country is on track with itscommitment with MDGs.
Why should member-statescomply with the MDGs?UN Charter Article 4: “Membership in the United Nations is open to all peace-loving states which accept the obligations contained in the present Charter and, in the judgment of the Organization, are able and willing to carry out these obligations.”
Who will put the plans intoaction? Local communities Private sector organizations Elected politicians and government officials Civil society organizations Employees in the UN family organization
Are MDGs considered InternationalLaw? No. Its a campaign. However, By providing unity in their agendas, nations can begin to forge binding international laws (treaties, agreements, etc) with the MDGs in mind. Take for instance the Human Rights perspective that is supported by the MDGs. It suggests that through laws, Human Rights can be protected. MDG then becomes a source for international laws.
MDGs impact on international lawsThere is an undeniable link between the MDGs andHuman Rights.MDGs also recall the commitments of nations towardsprotecting the environment.MDGs have a great influence over international lawsand their adaptations in domestic laws.This is called: LOCALIZATION
How are the MDGs adapted intoDomestic Law?
How can the UN be assured that weare following the MDGs? “UNDP works with its partners to support governments through the four steps of preparing an MDG-based national development strategy: Launching an inclusive planning process; Reviewing existing strategies and defining the baseline; Conducting a detailed, long-term assessment to estimate the infrastructure, human resources, and financial requirements required to achieve the MDGs; Developing a short-to-medium-term national strategy drawing upon the MDG needs assessment.
How will we know if the plans are working? The UN Development Group will act as ‘scorekeeper’ and ‘campaign manager’ for the MDGs. It will produce special reports on global progress every year and comprehensive reports every five years. These reports will remind the world when things are working and will point to areas which need to be improved. The task is to spread awareness within the system and across the world and to make the MDGs an essential part of the UN system’s work.
The 8 MDGs Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women Goal 4: Reduce child mortality rates Goal 5: Improve maternal health Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development
“The goals chosen were intended to increase an individual’s human capabilities and a d v a n c e t h e me a n s t o a p r o d u c t i v e l i f e . T h e MD G s e mp h a s i z e t h a t i n d i v i d u a l p o l i c i e s n e e d e d t o a c h i e v e t h e s e g o a l s s h o u l d b e
GOAL 1: Eradicate ExtremePoverty and Hunger
GOAL 2: AchieveUniversal PrimaryEducation
GOAL 3: Promote GenderEquality and Empower Women
GOAL 4: Reduce ChildMortality
GOAL 5: Improve MaternalHealth The UN targets to reduce by three quarters the ratio of women dying on childbirth. This goal aims to improve the conditions of mother giving birth. According to the UN reports, more than 500,000 women die annually in pregnancy and childbirth.
GOAL 6: Combat HIV/AIDS,Malaria and Otherdiseases
GOAL 7: Ensure EnvironmentalSustainability
GOAL 8: Develop a GlobalPartnership forDevelopment
How do we expect this to work? Bolstering human capital• Increasing social, economic andpolitical rights
Improved infrastructureImprove human capability and a more productive life!
What is the MDG Acceleration Fund? It is an international cooperation mechanism whose aim is to accelerate progress on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) worldwide. Established in December 2006 with a generous contribution of €528 million Euros ($US710M) from the Spanish Government to the United Nations system, the MDG-F supports national governments, local authorities and citizen organizations in their efforts to tackle poverty and inequality.
Once an MDG target making slow progress isidentified by a country, the MAF suggests foursystematic steps:(1) identification of the necessary interventions toachieve the MDG target;(2) identification of bottlenecks that impede theeffectiveness of key interventions on the ground;(3) identification of high-impact and feasiblesolutions to prioritized bottlenecks;(4) formulation of an action plan, with identifiedroles for all development partners, that will helprealize the solutions.
What are the agencies thatcontributes to the progress of each goals? Goal 1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger FAO, ILO, UNHCR, UNICEF and World Bank Goal 2 Achieve universal primary education UNESCO Goal 3 Promote gender equality and empower women ILO, IPU and UNESCO
Goal 4 Reduce child mortality UNICEF and WHO Goal 5 Improve maternal health OECD, UNFPA, UNICEF, United Nations Population Division and WHO Goal 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases UNAIDS, UNICEF and WHO Goal 7 Ensure environmental sustainability CIDIAC, FAO, IUCN, UNEP, UNEP-WCMC, UNICEF, UNFCCC and UN-Habitat Goal 8 Develop a global partnership for development TC, ITU, OECD, UNCTAD, World Bank and WTO
MDGs in the Philippines
Status of MDGs by 2015(Will we make it?) National Statistical Coordination Board Assessment on Philippines’ Status to MDGs