AP World Studies!!
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AP World Studies!!

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AP World Studies!! AP World Studies!! Presentation Transcript

  • AP World Studies Unit 1
    Notes to Study
  • Mauryans vs. Guptas
    Differences
    M: Buddhism
    M: More land
    M: Lasted longer
    G: Hinduism
    Similarities
    Classical India
    Began in Magadha
    Caste System
  • Mesopotamia vs. Olmecs
    Differences
    Similarities
    M: City-states
    M: Polytheistic and then monotheistic
    M: Invented writing and cuneiform
    M: Stories & poems [Epic of Gilgamesh]
    O: Polytheistic
    O: Developed numeric system
    O: Carved jade
    Based on agriculture
    Patriarchal
    Ruled by kings
    Distinct social classes
    Priests and temples; elaborate rituals
    Believed in astronomical and supernatural events
  • Rome vs. Han Dynasty
    Differences
    R: Didn’t retain identity
    R: Small city-states
    R: Law of 12 Tables
    R: Julius Caesar
    R: Senate [republic]
    R: Invented engineering
    H: Divided into areas
    H: Bureaucracy
    H: Invented everything else
    Similarities
    Emperors
    Social class [elites are better]
    Attacked by nomadic groups
    Diseases
    Difficult trade routes
    Women manhandled
  • Athens vs. Rome
    Differences
    Similarities
    Gods’ and goddesses’ names
    R: Military based
    R: Agricultural
    R: Empire
    A: Less invasion from Nomads
    A: Culture bases more on the arts
    Gods and goddesses
    Patriarchy
    Slavery
    Located in present-day Europe
    Traded through Mediterranean
  • Buddhism vs. Christianity
    Differences
    Similarities
    B: Four Noble Truths and Eight – Fold Path
    B: Nirvana
    B: Leader is a man
    B: Meditates
    B: Divisions: Theravada and Mahayana
    C: Leader is God
    C: Prays
    C: Leader’s death allowed salvation
    Soul lives on after death
    Egalitarian – everyone is equal
    Spread through trade
    Monotheistic
    Single founder
  • Hinduism vs. Confucianism
    Differences
    Similarities
    H: World’s largest ethnic religion
    H: No particular founder
    C: Superior/non-superior relationship
    C: Founded by Confucius
    C: No particular god
    Believed in social hierarchies
    Supported superiors
    Had guidelines to live life
    Many people follow the religion/philosophy
  • Classical India vs. Classical China
    Differences
    Similarities
    Different religions
    C: Politically controlled by non-hereditary bureaucracy [have to take test to receive power]
    C: Ruled by dynasty
    I: Politically fragmented into separate kinship groups
    I: Ruled by empire Ashoka
    Invaded by nomads
    Unified by a religion
    Located in Asia
    Distinct social classes
    Had higher powers [emperors/rulers]
  • River Valley Civilizations vs. Classical Civilizations
    Differences
    Similarities
    C: More numerous and better written records
    C: More communication because of trade
    C: Larger cities and capitals
    C: Stronger government and military works
    C: More contact with nomadic people
    C:Cultural characteristics still around
    C: More disease is spread
    R: Less complex writing systems
    R: Wider division of labor
    Complex, long distance trade
    Writing systems
    Complex government
    Clear social classes
    Gradually developing cities
    New religions developing
    New Law Codes
    Agriculture is important
  • Judaism vs. Christianity
    Differences
    Similarities
    J: Founded by Abraham
    J: Spread by diaspora [scattering of peoples by conquerors]
    J: Originated in Middle East
    C: Founded by Jesus of Nazareth
    C: Spread by 12 disciples
    C: Official religion of Rome
    C: Originated in Judea
    C: Paul responsible for spreading Christianity to Rome
    Sacred text
    Promise a better life
    Monotheistic
    Have a place of worship
    Believe in an afterlife
    Viewed God as a superior being
    Must live a moral life to have a good afterlife
  • Words to Define for Extra Credit
    China
    Shi
    forbidden city
    scholar-gentry
    India
    Varna
    jati
    Brahmins
    Kshatriya
    Vaishya
    Shudra
    Vedas
    Upanishads
    atman
    Ashoka
    theater state [pg. 104 gray book]
  • REMEMBER!
    • Consider “Why?” for T- chart comparisons.
    • These aren’t all the notes you should study! They’re only to help with the essay part of the test.
    • Tell me if any of the info is wrong so I can fix it. It should all be pretty accurate, though. 
  • Good luck !
    LOL. This is just for laughs xD