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AP World Studies!!
 

AP World Studies!!

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    AP World Studies!! AP World Studies!! Presentation Transcript

    • AP World Studies Unit 1
      Notes to Study
    • Mauryans vs. Guptas
      Differences
      M: Buddhism
      M: More land
      M: Lasted longer
      G: Hinduism
      Similarities
      Classical India
      Began in Magadha
      Caste System
    • Mesopotamia vs. Olmecs
      Differences
      Similarities
      M: City-states
      M: Polytheistic and then monotheistic
      M: Invented writing and cuneiform
      M: Stories & poems [Epic of Gilgamesh]
      O: Polytheistic
      O: Developed numeric system
      O: Carved jade
      Based on agriculture
      Patriarchal
      Ruled by kings
      Distinct social classes
      Priests and temples; elaborate rituals
      Believed in astronomical and supernatural events
    • Rome vs. Han Dynasty
      Differences
      R: Didn’t retain identity
      R: Small city-states
      R: Law of 12 Tables
      R: Julius Caesar
      R: Senate [republic]
      R: Invented engineering
      H: Divided into areas
      H: Bureaucracy
      H: Invented everything else
      Similarities
      Emperors
      Social class [elites are better]
      Attacked by nomadic groups
      Diseases
      Difficult trade routes
      Women manhandled
    • Athens vs. Rome
      Differences
      Similarities
      Gods’ and goddesses’ names
      R: Military based
      R: Agricultural
      R: Empire
      A: Less invasion from Nomads
      A: Culture bases more on the arts
      Gods and goddesses
      Patriarchy
      Slavery
      Located in present-day Europe
      Traded through Mediterranean
    • Buddhism vs. Christianity
      Differences
      Similarities
      B: Four Noble Truths and Eight – Fold Path
      B: Nirvana
      B: Leader is a man
      B: Meditates
      B: Divisions: Theravada and Mahayana
      C: Leader is God
      C: Prays
      C: Leader’s death allowed salvation
      Soul lives on after death
      Egalitarian – everyone is equal
      Spread through trade
      Monotheistic
      Single founder
    • Hinduism vs. Confucianism
      Differences
      Similarities
      H: World’s largest ethnic religion
      H: No particular founder
      C: Superior/non-superior relationship
      C: Founded by Confucius
      C: No particular god
      Believed in social hierarchies
      Supported superiors
      Had guidelines to live life
      Many people follow the religion/philosophy
    • Classical India vs. Classical China
      Differences
      Similarities
      Different religions
      C: Politically controlled by non-hereditary bureaucracy [have to take test to receive power]
      C: Ruled by dynasty
      I: Politically fragmented into separate kinship groups
      I: Ruled by empire Ashoka
      Invaded by nomads
      Unified by a religion
      Located in Asia
      Distinct social classes
      Had higher powers [emperors/rulers]
    • River Valley Civilizations vs. Classical Civilizations
      Differences
      Similarities
      C: More numerous and better written records
      C: More communication because of trade
      C: Larger cities and capitals
      C: Stronger government and military works
      C: More contact with nomadic people
      C:Cultural characteristics still around
      C: More disease is spread
      R: Less complex writing systems
      R: Wider division of labor
      Complex, long distance trade
      Writing systems
      Complex government
      Clear social classes
      Gradually developing cities
      New religions developing
      New Law Codes
      Agriculture is important
    • Judaism vs. Christianity
      Differences
      Similarities
      J: Founded by Abraham
      J: Spread by diaspora [scattering of peoples by conquerors]
      J: Originated in Middle East
      C: Founded by Jesus of Nazareth
      C: Spread by 12 disciples
      C: Official religion of Rome
      C: Originated in Judea
      C: Paul responsible for spreading Christianity to Rome
      Sacred text
      Promise a better life
      Monotheistic
      Have a place of worship
      Believe in an afterlife
      Viewed God as a superior being
      Must live a moral life to have a good afterlife
    • Words to Define for Extra Credit
      China
      Shi
      forbidden city
      scholar-gentry
      India
      Varna
      jati
      Brahmins
      Kshatriya
      Vaishya
      Shudra
      Vedas
      Upanishads
      atman
      Ashoka
      theater state [pg. 104 gray book]
    • REMEMBER!
      • Consider “Why?” for T- chart comparisons.
      • These aren’t all the notes you should study! They’re only to help with the essay part of the test.
      • Tell me if any of the info is wrong so I can fix it. It should all be pretty accurate, though. 
    • Good luck !
      LOL. This is just for laughs xD