•Location: South Asia
•Capital of India: New Delhi
•Official Language: Hindi
(34 rupees = 1 dollar)
•India is a large country in southern Asia. It
is separated from the rest of Asia by the
Himalayan Mountains. Because it is so big
and cut off from the rest of the continent,
it is called a subcontinent. To the south of
India is the Indian Ocean.
•India is the seventh largest country in the
world. It has deserts, jungles, mountains,
forests, and farms.
•The major rivers are the Indus River and the
Ganges River. Big cities include New
Delhi, Calcutta, Bombay, and Bangalore.
• Long ago, India was ruled by Mogul emperors.
Then the empire fell apart into smaller kingdoms,
ruled by maharajas.
• By the 1600’s, Europeans had come into India to
trade for Indian spices, silks, cotton cloth, and
• In 1857, the British took control of India and ruled
there until 1947. One very important man,
Mohandas Gandhi helped India gain
• Gandhi practiced civil disobedience. That
means that he would not do what the British
wanted, but he was never violent.
•Exports: tea, clothing, jewelry, iron
•Imports: food, gems, iron and steel,
•Main crops: rice, wheat, tea, sugar
• Below is a list of animals that can be found in
• Tigers (National animal)
• Peacocks (National bird)
•December to March ~~~~ Cold
•April to May ~~~~ Very hot
•June to September ~~~~ Monsoon season
•October to November ~~~ less rain
•Monsoons are huge rain storms that come
in from the Indian Ocean. They bring
enough rain to supply water for the whole
year. These storms have strong winds.
They can flood and destroy farms and
houses. Some have even killed people.
•At about the same
time the pilgrims
were landing at
Plymouth Rock, the
Taj Mahal was built.
That was almost 400
•It took over ten years
to build. More than
people and one
helped build it.
The hisTory behind The
• Shah Jahan was the emperor of India from 1628
to 1658. He deeply loved his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
She died in 1631 when she was giving birth to
their fourteenth child.
• The emperor was so heartbroken that he decided
to build a massive tomb in honor of their love.
The two of them were buried together inside the
• Since Shah Jahan loved his wife so much, he
used only the finest marble. He also made sure
that beautiful gems decorated her tomb.
• The Taj Mahal is one of the wonders of the world.
• It is also a great tribute to love.
The top stripe is dark gold, the middle stripe is
white, and the bottom stripe is green. The blue
wheel in the middle is the Wheel of Life.
CelebraTing The new year
•The Hindu New Year falls in October
or November of each year.
•It is called Diwali, the Festival of
•For Diwali, people get dressed up in
new clothes, send cards to friends
and family, and give out presents.
•Since it is the Festival of Lights,
fireworks light up the sky.
• In Indian families do not see that the same customs in Brazil. There
are differences in culture . The point is that , in India , almost never
use the word “ family “ in the sense , perhaps, only the husband,
the wife and children. In India , a family means something much
more intimate , which covers numerous relatives near and far . In
complex and absorbent areas of your home is the ultimate
woman . They all live in the same place : spouse, wife, children ,
mother , grandchildren , and great-grandchildren to have . The
older woman ‘s house, the mother is the one that requires skill to
everything , that is, every act of administrative capacity .
• A relative who lives far away can come visit and stay : one week,
one month or even the rest of his life without anyone complain
about their presence . No person or same seniors are left sides ,
everyone still loved and respected in the family environment .
• Young adults still do not expect to associate mainly with people
your age . Promoting a party matter automatically invite people
of all ages
• India cuisine or Indian food encompasses a wide variety of regional
cuisines native to India. Given the range of diversity in soil type, climate
and occupations, these cuisines vary significantly from each other and use
locally available spices, herbs, vegetables and fruits. Indian food is also
heavily influenced by religious and cultural choices.
• The development of these cuisines has been shaped by Dharmic beliefs,
and in particular by vegetarianism, which is a growing dietary trend in
Indian society. There has also been Central Asian influence on North Indian
cuisine from the years of Mughal and Turkic Delhi Sultanate rule. Indian
cuisine has been and is still evolving, as a result of the nation’s cultural
interactions with other societies.
• Historical incidents such as foreign invasions, trade relations and
colonialism have also played a role in introducing certain foods to the
country. For instance, potato, a staple of Indian diet was brought to India
by the Portuguese, who also introduced chillies and breadfruit. Indian
cuisine has also shaped the history of international relations; the spice
trade between India and Europe is often cited by historians as the primary
catalyst for Europe’sAge of Discovery Spices were bought from India and
traded around Europe and Asia. It has also influenced other cuisines across
the world, especially those from Southeast Asia, the British Isles and
• In the 19th century, under influence of the colonial forces, a synthetic vision of Hinduism was
formulated by Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Swami Vivekananda,Sri Aurobindo, Sarvepalli
Radhakrishnan and Mahatma Gandhi. These thinkers have tended to take an inclusive view of
India’s religious history, onstantio the similarities between the various Indian religions.
• The modern era has given rise to dozens of Hindu saints with international influence. For
example, Brahma Baba established the Brahma Kumaris, one of the largest new Hindu religious
movements which teaches the discipline of Raja Yoga to millions. Representing traditional Gaudiya
Vaishnavism, Prabhupada founded the Hare Krishna movement, another onstantion with a global
reach. In late 18th century India, Swaminarayanfounded the Swaminarayan
Sampraday. Anandamurti, founder of the Ananda Marga, has also influenced many worldwide.
Through the international influence of all of these new Hindu denominations, many Hindu practices
such as yoga, meditation, mantra, divination, and vegetarianism have been adopted by new
• Jainism continues to be an influential religion and Jain communities live in Indian
states Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Jains
authored several classical books in different Indian languages for a considerable period of time.
• The Dalit Buddhist movement (dubbed as Navayana by certain Ambedkerites) is a 19th and 20thcentury Buddhist revival movement in India. It received its most substantial impetus from B. R.
Ambedkar’s call for the conversion of Dalits to Buddhism, to escape a caste-based society that
considered them to be the lowest in the hierarchy.
• One of the main attire is Sari, a type of women’s
clothing made from fabric with a long 6m in
length, where it is all wrapped up and tied the
body of mulher.Além Sari, there is also the Salwar
Kameez, which is a set of tunic and cotton pants
and a black lehenga social, used in festivals and
casamentos.Outra feature is Bindi, an accessory
that mulheras put on the forehead.
• Men wear Dhoti a piece of cloth that they wrap
the hips as calça.Uma male tunic called Kurta
and Dupatta which is a handkerchief placed
over the Kurta.
Rangoli is the traditional art of decorating
walls and courtyards with designs.
Indian women make a paste out of
flour and color it with crushed
flowers and spices. They often
compete to make the best designs.
We will make Rangoli designs using
paint and mural paper.
Each group will start with a basic
design made of shapes.
You will keep using that design to
make a bigger design to fill your
You may use any colors available
and any design made of shapes.
There are patterns of triangles,
circles, rectangles, squares that you
may trace if you want.
Make sure everyone in your group
takes part in the mural in some way.
We will display the murals in the
•The india has various places of leisure
and entertainment, such as parks,
clubs, shopping and india receives
several tourists because it is a place
of culture and striking with several
beautiful churches and temples and
is one of the better places to buy
• Many Indian children play Kabaddi, which is a game similar to
• There is no equipment. You just need four or more people to play.
• HERE’S HOW TO PLAY:
• 1. Divide players into two equal teams. Each team is on opposite
sides of the playing area. Whichever team starts has to pick a
player to run to the other team’s side.
• 2. The runner takes a deep breath. The runner tries to tag the
other team’s players without taking another breath. The runner
has to keep saying “kabaddi-kabaddi” so he/she can’t take
• 3. The other players try not to get tagged. Those who get tagged
try to catch the runner before he/she runs back to his/her side.
• 4. If the runner does not make it back to his/her side without
taking a breath, the runner is out. If the runner doesmakes it back
without taking a breath, then the players who got tagged are out.
• 5. Teams take turns sending runners. The team with the most
players left wins.
•In India, the popular sport is cricket.
•The game of cricket is played with a
batsman, a wicket keeper, a bowler, and
•The bowler rolls the ball toward the
batsman. The wicket keeper stands
behind the batsman. The batsman hits the
ball with a bat and runs back and forth
between the bowler and the wicket
keeper to score runs. The fielders try to
catch the ball to get the batsman out.
•We love to watch movies in
America. Hollywood is the biggest
producer of films in the world, right?
•WRONG! India produces about eight
hundred movies a year. That’s even
more than Hollywood. Indian
families love to go to the movies just
as much as we do.
Whenever they say right, they point left…and vice versa. We’ve learned to
follow their hands rather than their words.
Their infamous head bobble, resembling our “uh-uh”, means yes, no OR maybe.
In this case, we go with their words instead.
For emphasis, English words are often repeated twice: “Same, same; nice, nice.”
Since they use a separate word for 100,000 rupees (lakH), any counting with
more than 4 zeros gets confusing-often Indians say one million when they mean
one thousand. For numbers-oriented people like us, this has made it tough to
acquire accurate stats about economics and demographics.
Speaking of population, there is not even close to enough Energy in India to
serve its 1.1 billion residents. So, daily power & water cuts, in excess of 3 hours,
are the norm from big cities to the smallest villages. Therefore, careful planning
of one’s showers, toilet flushes and late night reading is essential. In fact,
headlamps have been our onstant companions.
Exact change is imperative everywhere. Even 50 rupee (U.S. $1.20), offered for
20 rupee of internet time, forces proprietors to run around the block asking fellow
vendors for change.
The amount of brill cream Indian men use on their perfectly coiffed and
immaculate hair is directly proportionate to the filthiness of the environment in
which they live.
Equal amount of care is also given to facial hair and the scalp. No less than
2/3rds of all Indian men have mustaches and they are sure to prim and curl up
their corners for a photo. Also, numerous peculiar contraptions have been
devised to enhance the lengthy head massages that follow all haircuts.