visual dictionary

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project for materials and methods 1

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visual dictionary

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary
  2. 2. Air paper barrier  Definition: material that controls air leakage into and out of he interior/exterior environments of a building.  What is it doing? It is preventing rain from getting into the wall assembly while letting water vapor pass through to the exterior.
  3. 3. Air paper barrier cont.
  4. 4. Attic ventilation materials  Soffit vent  Ridge vent  Gable vent  Roof turbine
  5. 5. Soffit vent  The soffit vent is the vent opening located under the eaves.  Why is it needed? it allows fresh air to enter the attic area and flow upward to the roof vents, where it is exhausted.
  6. 6. Ridge vent  A ridge vent is a vent along the entire ridge line of a roof.  Why is it needed? It allows air to flow out of the attic, moisture to escape, and prevents ice dams.
  7. 7. Gable vent  A louver (screened vent) mounted at the top of a gable.  Why is it needed? It allows air passage for the attic.
  8. 8. Roof turbine  Why is it needed? To exhaust moist, hot air from your attic.
  9. 9. backhoe  Width of bucket: 3 ft.
  10. 10. Backhoe cont.  Definition: an excavator whose bucket is rigidly attached to a hinged pole on the boom and is drawn backward toward the machine when it is in operation.  Type of work: primarily used for digging in the ground and removing large amounts of dirt, gravel, or sand. With other attachments, a backhoe can be used to lift heavy objects, dig circular holes, and break up concrete and asphalt.
  11. 11.  Definition: a Batter temporary frame boards built just outside the corner of an excavation used to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation.
  12. 12. Brick arches  Brick arch #1: segmental
  13. 13. Brick arches cont. Brick Arch #2: Roman
  14. 14. Brick arches cont.  Arch with a keystone
  15. 15. centering  Definition: temporary formwork for an arch, dome, or vault.
  16. 16. Brick Bonds Brick bond #1: Flemish (alternates stretcher and header every row)
  17. 17. Brick bonds cont. Brick bond #2: Running (stretchers every row; seams don’t line up)
  18. 18. Brick bonds cont. rowlock
  19. 19. Brick bonds cont. Headers
  20. 20. Brick bonds cont. Soldier
  21. 21. Brick bonds cont. Sailor
  22. 22. Brick bonds cont.  Stretcher rowlocks (shiners)
  23. 23. Brick sizes Modular: 2 1/4” x 3 5/8” x 7 5/8”
  24. 24. Brick sizes cont.  Utility brick: 3 1/2” X 11 5/8” X 3 1/2”
  25. 25. bulldozer
  26. 26. Bulldozer cont.  Definition: a tracked vehicle equipped with a substantial metal plate used to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, etc. during construction work.  May be found on small and large scale construction sites, mines and quarries, military bases, heavy industry factories, and large governmental and public engineering projects as well as farming.
  27. 27. cladding  Brick clad  Efis clad  Stone clad  Wood board clad
  28. 28. Brick clad structure
  29. 29. Efis clad structure
  30. 30. Stone clad structure
  31. 31. Wood board clad
  32. 32. Cladding cont. (wood shingle structure)
  33. 33. Cladding cont.  Wood shingle- a small unit of wood nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight.  Wood shake- a shingle split from a block of wood.  What is in the photo? - shingle.
  34. 34. Code requirements  Egress window
  35. 35. Measurements of egress window  Sill height aff- 22 1/2”  Height- 28 3/4”  Width- 35 1/2”  Area- 6.99 ft.
  36. 36. Ibc requirements for egress window  The clear opening must be at least 5.7 sq. ft.  The clear width must be at least 20 inches.  The clear height must be at least 24 inches.  Sill may be no higher than 44 inches above floor.  This window meets the requirements because it is within all the required measurements.
  37. 37. Code requirements cont.  Stairs  Tread- 11”  Riser- 8”
  38. 38. Code requirements cont. (stairs)  IBC Code for tread and riser:  Tread- minimum of 10”  Riser- maximum of 7 1/2”  These stairs meet the IBC code because they do not exceed the maximum riser measurement and has at least a10” tread.
  39. 39.  Black- control joint Concrete  Red- crack  control joint: an joints intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure.
  40. 40. Concrete joints cont.  Isolation joint separating sections of a concrete wall.  Rubbery substance allows separation and room for expansion.
  41. 41. Isolation joint  Definition: separation that allows adjoining parts of a structure to move freely from one another, both in the horizontal and vertical directions.s
  42. 42. Concrete masonry units  1 CMU= 3 brick courses  CMU (concrete masonry unit)- a block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as brick or stone.  Typical dimensions: 8” X 8” X 16”
  43. 43. CMU size comparison  Black: size #1  Red: size #2
  44. 44. Decorative concrete masonry units Split block ribbed block
  45. 45. Doors  Exterior flush door
  46. 46. Exterior panel door  Gray- top rail  Black- panel  Red- lock rail  White- stile  Blue- bottom rail
  47. 47. Doors cont.  Transom- a horizontal crosspiece over a door or between a window above it.  Sidelight- a window or opening at the side of a door.
  48. 48. Electrical components  Power pole with transformer  Service head  Meter  Service panel  Duplex receptacle
  49. 49. Transformer box  Function: an electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current.
  50. 50. Service head  Function: to transfer the electricity from the local electricity company to your house through a main fuse.  Connected to the meter
  51. 51. meter  Function: receives the electricity from the service head and measures the consumption of the power in your house.  The dials on the meter record the number of units of power used so you can be billed.
  52. 52.  Function: to connect all the Service panel electrical circuits of a building into the main power line and allow each individual circuit to be protected by fuses or breakers.  Contains breaker to disconnect house from the power source.
  53. 53. Duplex receptacle  A wall outlet with two receptacles; allows the use of electricity safely in the home or work space.
  54. 54. Framing elements  #1 Anchor bolt  #2 Sill plate  #3 Floor joist  #4 Sub-flooring  #5 Sole plate  #6 Stud  #7 Top plate  #8 Ceiling joist  #9 Rafter  #10 Roof decking  #11 Sheathing  #12 Stringer
  55. 55. #1 Anchor bolts
  56. 56. #2 sill plate
  57. 57. #3 floor joist
  58. 58. #4 sub-flooring
  59. 59. #5 sole plate
  60. 60. #6 stud
  61. 61. #7 top plate
  62. 62. #8 ceiling joist
  63. 63. #9 rafter
  64. 64. #10 roof decking
  65. 65. #11 sheathing
  66. 66. #12 stringer
  67. 67. Front end loader
  68. 68. Front end loader cont.  Definition: earth moving equipment designed to move loose earth and/or loads into vehicles. A multi purpose bucket is fitted to articulate arms at the front of the vehicle. It may either be wheeled or tracked. It doesn’t have a long extended arm like a backhoe or the large steel plate of the bulldozer.
  69. 69. Gypsum board
  70. 70. Gypsum board cont.  Definition: panels or slabs of wallboard consisting of noncombustible gypsum core, surfaced and edged with a covering material designed for various uses.  drywall
  71. 71. Heat pump/ air handling unit
  72. 72. Heat pump/air handling unit  What is it doing?
  73. 73. Heat pump/ air unit cont.  One advantage of heat pumps: they don’t burn oxygen or create stuffiness like open fires do. They are designed for year round comfort.  One disadvantage of heat pumps: they require regular servicing for optimum performance.
  74. 74. Compressor  This compressor is transferring and recycling heat.
  75. 75. insulation  Batt insulation  Loose fill insulation  Foamed insulation  Rigid board insulation
  76. 76. Batt insulation  The purpose of insulation is to provide resistance to the flow of heat and therefore increase the efficiency of our heating and cooling and end the drafts and uneven temperatures that are a by- product of heat flow.
  77. 77. Loose fill insulation
  78. 78. Loose fill cont.  The purpose of insulation is to provide resistance to the flow of heat and therefore increase the efficiency of our heating and cooling and end the drafts and uneven temperatures that are a by-product of heat flow.
  79. 79. Foamed insulation  The purpose of insulation is to provide resistance to the flow of heat and therefore increase the efficiency of our heating and cooling and end the drafts and uneven temperatures that are a by-product of heat flow.
  80. 80. Rigid board insulation  The purpose of insulation is to provide resistance to the flow of heat and therefore increase the efficiency of our heating and cooling and end the drafts and uneven temperatures that are a by-product of heat flow.
  81. 81. lintel  Concrete lintel  Definition: a horizontal beam used in construction; usually above a door or window.
  82. 82. mortar  Joint #1: raked  Tooled  Size: 1/2”  Mortar: n  Building: jewelry store
  83. 83. Mortar Cont.  Joint #2: Concave  Tooled  Size: 1/2”  Mortar: n  Building Type: dudley hall
  84. 84. Oriented strand board
  85. 85. Oriented strand board cont.  Definition: a nonveneered panel product composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure.
  86. 86. plumbing  Lavatory  Water closet  Tub  Plumbing roof vent  Kitchen sink
  87. 87. lavatory  Size of piping: 1.5”
  88. 88. Water closet  Size of piping to drain toilet: 3”
  89. 89. tub  Tub set into framing prior to gypsum board being installed.
  90. 90. Plumbing roof vent
  91. 91. Kitchen sink (undermount)
  92. 92. plywood
  93. 93. Plywood cont.  Definition: a wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure.  Veneer: a thin surface layer, as of finely grained wood, glued to the face of an inferior material.
  94. 94. Radiant barrier
  95. 95. rebar
  96. 96. Rebar cont.  Size of diameter:  Purpose of the deformations:
  97. 97. Steep roof drainage  Gutter  Downspout  splashblock
  98. 98. gutter
  99. 99. Gutter cont.  Definition: a channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof.
  100. 100. downspout  Definition: A vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level.
  101. 101. Splash block  Definition: a small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout.
  102. 102. Steep roof materials  Underlayment  Clay tile roof  Wood shingle roof
  103. 103. underlayment
  104. 104. Clay tile roof
  105. 105. Wood shingle roof  Shingle: a small unit of water- resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight.
  106. 106. Steep roof shapes  Gable roof  Gambrel roof  Hip roof  Mansard roof
  107. 107. Gambrel roof
  108. 108. Hip roof
  109. 109. Mansard roof
  110. 110. Steep roof terms  Ridge  Valley  Eave  Rake  Soffit  Fascia  Building without fascia
  111. 111. ridge  Definition: the level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof
  112. 112. valley  A trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes.
  113. 113. eave
  114. 114. stone
  115. 115. Vapor retarder
  116. 116. waterproofing
  117. 117. Weep hole  Definition: small openings in the outer wall of masonry construction used as an outlet for water inside a building to escape and evaporate
  118. 118. Welded wire fabric
  119. 119. windows  Window #1: single hung  Has one moveable sash that slides up and down
  120. 120. Windows cont.  Window #2: Hopper  Sash tilts inward; hinged on sill
  121. 121. Windows cont.  Window #3: Casement  Sash tilts outward; hinged on vertical jamb

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