PAST SIMPLE OF “TO BE” (SER,ESTAR)
I was =
He, She, It was
He, She, It wasn’t
I was in Almería yesterday.
She wasn’t at home this morning.
Were they in Paris last week?
Complete the sentences with WAS, WERE,
1. _________ you at the party?
2. Picasso __________ a famous artist
3. Anna and I ____________ in Barcelona last year.
TIME EXPRESSIONS FOR THE PAST TENSE:
10 minutes ago
an hour ago
3 days ago
a week ago
a month ago
The day before yesterday
a year ago…
Ex. I played basket yesterday afternoon
We use the past simple to talk about
actions in the past:
I played tennis yesterday
I went to the cinema last weekend
She visited Paris last summer
- To form the past of regular verbs we add to the infinitive:
Watch - watched
If the verb ends in –e
Like - liked
- If the verb is monosyllabic and it ends in
Doble consonante + ed
Stop - stopped
-If the verbs ends in consonant + y
Study - studied
- If the verbs ends in vowel + y
Play - played
PRONUNCIATION of –ed:
There are three ways to pronounce the –ed ending:
After the sounds: /p/, /k/, /s/, /ch/, /sh/, /f/, /x/
After vowel and the sounds: /b/, /g/, /l/, /v/, /m/, /n/,
After the sounds: /t/, /d/
We have to learn the irregular verbs
S + Verb in the Past
S + didn’t + infinitive
He, She, It played
I didn’t play
He, She, It didn’t play
Wh- Questions (and answers)
Yes/No Questions and short answers)
Wh- word + did + S + infinitive
Did + S + infinitive
Where did you go? I went to Madrid
Did you study? Yes, I did.
Where did she go? She went to Paris
Did she study? No, I didn’t.