The Good Language Learner – brainstorm and discussion (2:05-2:20)
The Good Language Learner Profile Activity (2:20 – 2:30)
Speaking, Reading, & Writing (2:30 – 3:15)
Homework for next time…
Read SA pp. 203-245
Language Learner Profile report due
What is a “good” language learner?
In small groups brainstorm words or short phrases on board for 1 minute
Does the ‘Good Language Learner’ Exist?
“ Initially, learning French was a lot of nitty gritty details. Immersion was the key for me. I got involved in events and in speaking up even when I was not comfortable. Not only did I study abroad, I also taught in Cameroon and in France. Some of my closest friends are native French speakers and we stay in touch by phone, e-mail, letters, and special trips. I still maintain my fluency ten years later with a real purpose for communicating in French. “ Tracie DeVine, native English speaker
“ I went into my first language class and made a promise to myself that I would speak this language without an accent. I went on to become not only fluent in English, but also Latin, French, and have just passed intermediate Arabic. My fluency and ease with English enabled me to study abroad. “
Gabi Schmiegel, native German speaker
Strategies used by “good” language learners
Making reasoned guesses when not sure
Making an effort to communicate and to learn through communication
Finding strategies for overcoming inhibitions in target language interaction
Practicing the language whenever possible
Monitoring their speech and that of others
Attending to form (i.e., grammar)
Paying attention to meaning
Exchange Language Learner Profiles
Read over the profile. Ask the person some questions or clarifications or simply write down more information.
For next time you will write a language learning profile on that person (see example) and post to your blog (2-5 pages)
Speaking, Reading, Writing
In small groups generate lists of activities you could do to practice each of these skills prior to studying abroad
Speaking | Reading | Writing
Have a conversation partner
Practice language over phone
Speak with others studying the language
Live with others (French House, Spanish House)
Check local library for resources (papers, magazines)
Find a good dictionary
Look at online bookstores for resources
Read online magazines/newspapers
Read NS blogs
Find a penpal or keypal and write to him/her regularly
Begin keeping a journal in the target language
Questions for discussion
As a class, read Mickie’s story out loud SA p. 204
Why is the “fear of speaking” a common fear among people?
What might suggest to help someone overcome this fear?
Can you relate to Mickie in any way?
Keeping the conversation rolling….
“ foreignize” words
Use a simple word if necessary
Coin a new word
Act out or draw the word
Ask for help
Fake your understanding
Abandon certain words
Avoidance of words or toipcs
An exercise in getting what you want
SA p. 218-219
Work though the following activity individually and then discuss in language groups (if possible)
Were you able to communicate your ideas?
What problems or frustrations did you encounter?
Strategies for increasing your reading comprehension
Decide why you need to read it
Skim the text
Use top-down and bottom-up strategies
Don’t overuse dictionary
Read between lines
Get background info first
Filling in the Gaps (reading activity)
SA pp. 229
Read directions together, then answer the following questions (next slide)
Filling in the Gaps (reading activity)
SA pp. 229 --- how well did you understand the text?? (discuss questions that follow in small groups)
What is the main point of the passage?
According to the author, what features has technology brought to personal organization?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of these advances?
Does the author feel that people are better organized today than n the past?
How many of the words did you “fill in”?
Were you able to get the gist of the story without knowing some words?
What strategies did you employ to help you figure out the meaning of the text?
Writing – Some Advice
Go back to go forward
Repeat key words and phrases
Plan out what you are going to write
Discuss what you want to say with someone else before writing
Leave a blank for words you don’t know
Edit grammar and mechanics after your ideas are written
Make major revisions after your ideas are written down
Distance yourself from writing
Give yourself extra time to write
Read in target language in order to improve your writing in that language
Most useful for intermediate and advanced levels of language
To improve your ability to write like a native
A good exercise – write a short paper and then have a NS offer feedback; compare the 2
Compare the way things are phrased
Compare how ideas are linked together
Compare vocabulary selection
Compare choice and ordering of grammatical forms
Reformulation – identify possible corrections in small groups
One of the severe problems of the social life on campus is the problem of the relationship between the Arabs and Jews. It is well know that the mixture of the two cultures causes tension between students, and it especially effects students who live in the dormitories of the university. In my opinion this problem would not have been so sever if unreliable sections from the Students Union did not deliberately wake students to act violently. I therefore suggest that an imediate change of the group which dominates the Students Union will be done by free elections on campus.