MHA 690 Health Care Capstone Instructor: Hwang-Ji Lu By Beronica Woodson
Confidentiality in HealthcareHealthcare workers have a duty to keep patient’s information confidential.
AMA Code of Medical Ethics states ….“Information disclosed to a physician during the course of the patient-physician relationship is confidential to the utmost degree”. (www.ama.assn.org)
AMA’s Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs states …“The purpose of a physician’s ethical duty to maintain patient confidentiality is to allow the patient to feel free to make a full and frank disclosure of information to physician with the knowledge that the physician will protect the confidential nature of the information disclosed”. (www.ama.assn.org)
Breach of Confidentiality … is disclosing information to a third party without the proper consent of the patient.
Breach of Confidentiality …Not having the proper documentation or statement from thepatient to release medical information.Federal and State Legislation protects patient’s information related to HIV test results Genetic Screening Information Mental Health Records Drugs and Alcohol Abuse Rehabilitation Failure to get the appropriate release for medical records may have serious results. Twenty-one states punish disclosure of confidential information by revoking a physicians medical license or taking other disciplinary action.
HIPPAHealth Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1966 is a federal law about the privacy, confidentiality and electronic security of protected health information (also known as PHI)
HIPPA has two rules known as … Privacy Rule Applies to Protected Health Information (PHI) in any form – written, stored electronically and spoken in conversation. Security Rule Covers PHI that is electronically stored or transmitted
Confidential Rules, Laws and Regulations for Healthcare Workers Keep conversations on patient information to a private place so PHI cannot be overheard You must always ask the patient if it is okay to discuss their health information with other present Always protect PHI on computers by signing off when you are finished working Use the minimal amount of PHI in electronic communications and only to people a “need to know” Be sure to double check phone numbers when you’re faxing PHI or addresses when you’re mailing PHI Properly dispose of material containing PHI – not in public receptacles Don’t look up information about your family or your friends, other employees, people in the public eye, or your own information either. Don’t look up patient information for research purposes without IRB approval Don’t share passwords or personal access codes that would permit access to confidential patient information.
ReferencesAmerican Medical Association. 2012. “Patient Confidentiality”. www.ama.assn.org