The Critical Path To IPv6Eric Ku, EricKu@cisco.comCSA, APAC SP CTO Office© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights re...
• IPv6 Status / Drivers                  • Transition Strategies                  • Wireline Operators IPv6               ...
North America                                                   Western Europe       Central/Eastern Europe             2....
Mobility: Top Driver for Cloud                                                                                Blended Work...
In Asia Pacific, there will         be over 3 billion IPv6-         capable fix and mobile         devices in 2016, up fro...
IANA                                               APNIC                                     RIPE   ARIN   LACNIC   AFRINI...
• 3000+ Website • 50+ Network   Operators   (ISPs) • 4 Home Router   Vendors                  “Major Internet service prov...
“…if we don’t overcome the challenges of                                                                                  ...
False                   New                                                         Business               New            ...
What is the current stage of your IPv6 Deployment or      Migration?      a)          Currently Native v6      b)         ...
Architecture evolutionmanaging through a challenging transition © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. AllCisco reserved. Inc...
Considering options of IPv4 exhaust           Economics in play            Basic truth about IPv6 technology             ...
IPv4                                                                           IPv6             Dual Stack                ...
The Bridge to the FutureIPv6                                            – from accelerated growth IPv4 for legacy)        ...
SP Services                                          Third-Party                                                    & Cont...
IPv6 Architecture evolutionFor Wireline Operator © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. AllCisco reserved. Inc. All rights re...
IPv6 Deployment Strategy                                                                         IPv4                     ...
You Have Run Out of IPv4. Choices?...                                                                                     ...
NAT 444 Re-Enables Subscriber Growth                                                                                      ...
IPv6 Is Already Running over Access                                                                                       ...
Establishing an IPv6 Infrastructure                                                                                       ...
Tunneling           Dual Stack PPP            SPs would love to have their embedded access infrastructure             sup...
Connecting IPv6 Devices to the Internet                                                                                   ...
Which method is use to extend the usage of current IPv4     pool of address?     a)           Carrier Grade NAT 44/444    ...
IPV6 Architecture evolutionFor Mobile Operator © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. AllCisco reserved. Inc. All rights rese...
Mobile v4x/v6 Transition Strategy              3-Tier Evolution Outline from IPv4 to IPv6                                 ...
IPv6 Integration in 3G/LTE Networks           Design Considerations                                                       ...
NAT44           Preserve Public IPv4 via NAT44           Central Large Scale NAT44                                        ...
Enable IPv6 Transport: Dual Stack Network                                                                                 ...
Considerations on NAT           Where to Place the NAT Function?              Option 1: NAT on Gateway (Distributed)      ...
Enable IPv6 Services: Dual-Stack Handset        IPv4/IPv6 services available to user             IPv4/IPv6 Coexistence: Ha...
v6 HS            Simplify Handset: IPv6-only handset            NAT64 to allow access to legacy IPv4 services IPv6 user pl...
Future: IPv6 only                                               IPv6                  IPv6                      IPv6      ...
With Dual Stack network implementation, will it solve the     shortage of IPv4?     a) Yes     b) NoPresentation_ID   © 20...
Cisco IPv6 Services Lifecycle                                                                                             ...
Cisco Powering World’s Largest SP IPv6 Deployments                  Half Million IPv6 subscribers                         ...
Cisco Powering World’s Largest SP IPv6 Deployments                                                                        ...
Key Takeaway – No one size fits all           Multiple technology adoption scenarios                                  IPv4...
Q and A You can raise your question live only if you have used the Webex dial back feature.   To ask to speak             ...
Cisco @ Mobile Asia Expo Asia 2012 at         Shanghai 20-22 June 2012, Booth N1, A80Presentation_ID   © 2006 Cisco System...
http://www.linkedin.com/groups/Cisco-Knowledge-Network-                                         4450204?trk=myg_ugrp_ovrPr...
Thank you.
4.0                                                         57.2% CAGR 2011–2016                                          ...
49% CAGR 2011–2016                                                      8                                                 ...
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237 06 12 12 The Critical Path To I Pv6 V5

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Learn about what is happening across the industry as networks switch on IPv6 and strive to move beyond dual stack solutions to a pure end to end IPv6 architecture.

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237 06 12 12 The Critical Path To I Pv6 V5

  1. 1. The Critical Path To IPv6Eric Ku, EricKu@cisco.comCSA, APAC SP CTO Office© 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 1
  2. 2. • IPv6 Status / Drivers • Transition Strategies • Wireline Operators IPv6 • Mobile Operators IPv6 • Q&APresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 2
  3. 3. North America Western Europe Central/Eastern Europe 2.9 Billion by 2016 2.6 Billion by 2016 1.3 Billion by 2016 CAGR 14.1% CAGR 13.2% CAGR 10.2% Latin America Middle East & Africa Asia Pacific 1.3 Billion by 2016 1.8 Billion by 2016 8.7 Billion by 2016 CAGR 12.2% CAGR 10.4% CAGR 14.1% Source: Cisco Visual Networking Index (VNI) Global IP Traffic Forecast, 2011–2016Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 3
  4. 4. Mobility: Top Driver for Cloud Blended Work Device Growth Traffic Growth Life Play • 19 Billion connected • Half U.S. information • 18X more mobile data: devices by 2016 and workers work outside office 2012–2016 growing • 35% workers use smart • Wi-Fi access traffic • 2 networked devices per phones surpasses wired by 2015 capita: 2015 • Mobile Web overtakes • 24% growth in business • Connecting not just desktop usage: 2015 IP traffic people…but Machines • 89% mobile Internet usage (2B by 2015) occurs indoorsPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 4
  5. 5. In Asia Pacific, there will be over 3 billion IPv6- capable fix and mobile devices in 2016, up from 428 million in 2011. In Asia Pacific, 37% of all fixed and mobile networked devices will be IPv6-capable in 2016, up from 10% in 2011. Source: Cisco Visual Networking Index (VNI) Global IP Traffic Forecast, 2010–2015 © 2011 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. 5Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 5
  6. 6. IANA APNIC RIPE ARIN LACNIC AFRINICPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 6
  7. 7. • 3000+ Website • 50+ Network Operators (ISPs) • 4 Home Router Vendors “Major Internet service providers (ISPs), home networking equipment manufacturers, and web companies around the world came together to permanently enable IPv6 for their products and services.” http://www.worldipv6launch.org/Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 7
  8. 8. “…if we don’t overcome the challenges of IPv4 we will slow down the growth of the Internet and loose momentum as an industry (…) IPv6 is important to all of us, to everyone around the world, It is crucial to our ability to tie together everyone and every device.“ "At Cisco we are commited architecturally to IPv6 across the board: All of our devices, all of our applications and all of our services" .Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 8
  9. 9. False New Business New Packet Disruption Opportunities Format LTE Makes every IPv4 Smart No new IPv4 Grid, M2M based addresses for device & network current services Smart incompatible Communities VideoPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential Surveillance 9
  10. 10. What is the current stage of your IPv6 Deployment or Migration? a) Currently Native v6 b) Migrating to v6 c) Planning for v6 d) Not Doing anything yetPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 10
  11. 11. Architecture evolutionmanaging through a challenging transition © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. AllCisco reserved. Inc. All rights reserved.Presentation_ID © 2006 rights Systems, Cisco Confidential Cisco Confidential 11 11
  12. 12. Considering options of IPv4 exhaust Economics in play  Basic truth about IPv6 technology Over the long term the cost per Gbit/s of an IPv6 system is lower than that of an IPv4 system with NAT.  The economics of supplying profitable high bit rate services to IP broadband users are key IPv6 technology provides a Price per Megabyte sustainable economical base  IPv6 will eventually be about services. To start with it will be about economics that IPv4 can’t achieve anymore. Global Traffic VolumePresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 12
  13. 13. IPv4 IPv6 Dual Stack Both IPv4 and IPv6 stacks on each device Tunneling IPv4 over IPv6 IPv6 over IPv4 Services Connect Islands of IPv6 or IPv4 through tunneling IPv4 IPv6 Translation Services Connect to the IPv6 Community IPv4 IPv6 IPv4 Connect IPv4 to IPv4 via IPv6Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 13
  14. 14. The Bridge to the FutureIPv6 – from accelerated growth IPv4 for legacy) ProsperIPv6 Only (IPv6 innovation, and innovation – to Stack interoperable IPv6 services Prepare Dualdeliver + tricks – IPv4 investments and assets PreserveCarrier Grade NAT, tunnels +tricksIPv4 Today FuturePresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 14
  15. 15. SP Services Third-Party & Content Services & Content Inter Data-Center IP Core Inter Data-Center National National Data Center Data Center Edge Regional Regional Data Data Center Center AccessPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 15
  16. 16. IPv6 Architecture evolutionFor Wireline Operator © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. AllCisco reserved. Inc. All rights reserved.Presentation_ID © 2006 rights Systems, Cisco Confidential Cisco Confidential 16 16
  17. 17. IPv6 Deployment Strategy IPv4 IPv6 Internet Internet ISP ISP ISP IPv4 core Dual stack Core dual stackCore dual stack Core P P 6rd BR Dual stack PE PE NAT64 NAT44 Access/Core IPv4 over IPv6 IPv4 Access IPv4 Access IPv6 Access IPv6 Access 6RD or L2TP Network Network Network Network PE PE PE PE PE CPE NAT44 CPE 6rd RG CPE CPE CPE Subscriber Subscriber Subscriber Subscriber Subscriber Network Network Network Network Network Translator: NAT444 Automatic Tunnel: Dual Stack: IPv6 Native Automatic Tunnel: Translator: NAT64 6RD or L2TP (Dual Stack) DS-Lite or 4rdPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 17
  18. 18. You Have Run Out of IPv4. Choices?...  Buy a Company to take their IP Addresses  IPv4 Subnet Trading → A contractual right to announce addresses are yours (for now) → But viability requires widespread adoption of Routing Security  Additional addresses are too expensive, now what?...Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 18
  19. 19. NAT 444 Re-Enables Subscriber Growth  Large Scale NAT →Public IP Exhaust  AFT NAT 444 absorption into SP’s L3 Edge →Cost/Ops OptimizePresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 19
  20. 20. IPv6 Is Already Running over Access + others  IPv6 Over the Top (OTT) Application Providers Tunnel Brokers  AFT will speed up OTT Bypasses binding limits  Even if you have IPv4 addresses, there is risk in delaying IPv6 Equipment, behavior, & practices leave you behindPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 20
  21. 21. Establishing an IPv6 Infrastructure  Stand-alone IPv6 islands are of limited value  IPv6 Peering Direct IPv6 peering Tunnel IPv6 packets thru the IPv4 cloud  Eventually, equivalent requirements as for IPv4 aggregation MPLS/VPN Business connectivity  Must support IPv4 servicesPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 21
  22. 22. Tunneling Dual Stack PPP  SPs would love to have their embedded access infrastructure support IPv6  However legacy DSLAMs often cannot pass IPv6  These DSLAMs can pass PPP or IPv4, so it is possible to tunnel IPv6. This means massive investment reused  Tunnels can originate from RG or CPE. When on CPE, no coordination with RG or Access Provider required!Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 22
  23. 23. Connecting IPv6 Devices to the Internet  v6 PC (native/dual stack) → P2P addressability → NAT mitigated → Someday reduces application keep-alives v6  6rd → Reuse legacy DSLAMs & aggregation 6rd  Stateful AFT 6→4 → Access v4 content from v6 only CPE → Incentives for content providers to go v6Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 23
  24. 24. Which method is use to extend the usage of current IPv4 pool of address? a) Carrier Grade NAT 44/444 b) 6rd c) Dual Stack d) DS-LitePresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 24
  25. 25. IPV6 Architecture evolutionFor Mobile Operator © 2010 Cisco and/or its affiliates. AllCisco reserved. Inc. All rights reserved.Presentation_ID © 2006 rights Systems, Cisco Confidential Cisco Confidential 25 25
  26. 26. Mobile v4x/v6 Transition Strategy 3-Tier Evolution Outline from IPv4 to IPv6 Global VoIPv6 - VoIPv4 Interworking - VoIPv4/IMS - NAT64 for VoIP (SBC) Services & Applications CS Global VoIPv6 running over IPv6 Focus - VoIPv6 Interconnect VoIPv6: IPv6 application introduction: Voice - VoIPv6/IMS - VoIPv6-TDM Interconnect IPv6-Only Handsets - Real IPv4x solver - NAT64 for v4-Internet access IPv4/IPv6 - Plan for 3G and LTE Coexistence Infrastructure PS Dual Stack Handsets - Dual Stack Transport Network - Roaming friendly Focus Scalable NAT44 for data services Preserve IPv4 (scalable throughput & session count)Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 26
  27. 27. IPv6 Integration in 3G/LTE Networks Design Considerations Content providers 2G MS RAN Policy WAP Internet 3G MS NodeB DMZ Femto HNB RNC Gn/Gp (GTP) DPI Gn NAT Core Network Ga GGSN SGSN (GTP’) Ga (GTP’) GRX IMS Core DNS Ga (GTP’) RADIUS QS IXC Charging Roaming Signaling DHCP Data Billing System Gateway partners Element Design consideration (If IPv6 is used for internet & internal Apps) Impact eNodeB Radio layer. Can use IPv4 backhaul No RNC Iu-CS/Iu-PS can use IPv4 backhaul No SGSN Initiate mobile APN query & authentication Yes HLR/HSS IPv6 capable Yes GGSN IPv6 PDP, standards IPv6 features, prefix allocation Yes Billing Mediation and processing of IPv6 CDR Yes DPI, Quote Server Pre-paid implementation, IPv6 parsing & CDR capability Yes WAP, Data Accelerator IPv6 packet compressions, cache capability Yes Firewalls IPv6 rules capability, performance Yes DNS © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. DNSConfidentialPresentation_ID IPv6 Cisco capability Yes 27
  28. 28. NAT44 Preserve Public IPv4 via NAT44 Central Large Scale NAT44 Large Scale NAT44 IPv4 user plane with 3GPP defined tunneling: • O(10G) throughput - GTP • O(20M) bindings - PMIP/GRE v4 user plane: - Native IPv4 forwarding • Some subscriber awareness - IPsec to/from CGN NAT44 private IPv4 private IPv4 NAT public IPv4 IPv4 IPv4 IPv4 PublicPrivate IPv4 Address assigned to UE CGN/ eNB SGW PGW CGv6 Public IPv4 Address/ v4 Core Network: port assigned by CGN - native IPv4  Limited IPv4 life extension Evolution of current NAT solutions SP operates non overlapping private address space • ~70% of all mobile operators UE obtains a IPv4 address from the private SP address space leverage NAT44 • Current deployments implement CGN/CGv6 performs NAT44 with high scalability NAT44 on Enterprise-Class Many UEs are serviced by fewer Public IP-Address on LSN Firewalls: Dynamically reuses available pool of Public IP-address/port bindings - scale & throughput challengesPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 28
  29. 29. Enable IPv6 Transport: Dual Stack Network DS HS Enable IPv6 within the Service Provider Network IPv4/IPv6 Coexistence: Transport Network IPv4 user plane with v4/v6 Access Network: v4/v6 Core Network:3GPP defined tunneling: - native IPv4 and/or - native IPv4 and native IPv6 - GTP - native IPv6 - alternative: - PMIP/GRE - v6 tunneling options, e.g. v6 tunneling options, e.g. - IPsec 6PE, ... apply as well 6PE, Softwires, GI-6rd, .. NAT44 private/dummy IPv4 private /dummy IPv4 NAT public IPv4 IPv6 IPv4 Public CGN/ IPv4 IPv6 CGv6 eNB SGW PGW IPv4  Enable Dual-Stack IPv4/IPv6 Transport Network Access Network: 3GPP standards already support dual-stack (GTP/PMIP/IPsec tunneling) Routing Protocols handle IPv4 / IPv6  Core needs to support IPv6 transport (in parallel with IPv4): Options Native IPv6 (in parallel to IPv4 forwarding) IPv6-over-IPv4: Manually Configured Tunnels (IPinIP/GRE); Gateway-Initiated 6rd IPv6-over-MPLSv4: 6PE, (6vPE) Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 29
  30. 30. Considerations on NAT Where to Place the NAT Function? Option 1: NAT on Gateway (Distributed) Key Benefits: • Subscriber aware NAT - per subscriber control NAT44 - per subscriber accounting private IPv4 NAT public IPv4 • Large Scale (further enhanced by distribution) IPv4 • Highly available IPv4 Public (incl. geo-redundancy) eNB SGW PGW Option 2: NAT on Router (Centralized) Key Benefits: • Integrated NAT for multiple administrative domains NAT44 (operational separation) private IPv4 private IPv4 NAT public IPv4 • Large Scale • Overlapping private IPv4 IPv4 IPv4 IPv4 domains (e.g. w/ VPNs) Public SGW PGW CGN/ eNB CGv6Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 30
  31. 31. Enable IPv6 Services: Dual-Stack Handset IPv4/IPv6 services available to user IPv4/IPv6 Coexistence: Handset IPv4/v6 user plane with Access Network:3GPP defined tunneling: - native IPv4 and/or - v4v6 dual stack bearer - native IPv6 v4 user plane: (or two bearers: v4, v6) - v6 tunneling options, e.g. Tunneling to CGN using- GTP; PMIP/GRE; IPsec 6PE, ... apply as well GI-DS-lite NAT44 private/dummy IPv4 private /dummy IPv4 NAT public IPv4 IPv6 IPv6 IPv4 IPv6 Public CGN/ IPv4 IPv6 CGv6 eNB SGW PGW v6 user plane: IPv4 Native IPv6 forwarding over IPv6 IPv6 transport service (supplied natively or tunneled)  IPv6 support on handset added (establishes v4/v6 bearer)  Both IP Stacks available to the user, enable Dual-Stack IPv4/IPv6 Transport Network 3GPP standards already support dual-stack access network (GTP/PMIP/IPsec tunneling)  User Plane traffic transport over core network: IPv4 User Plane: Gateway Initiated DS-Lite – tunneling between PGW and CGN IPv6 User Plane: Native IPv6 forwarding (v6 transport supplied as native or tunneled service) Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 31
  32. 32. v6 HS Simplify Handset: IPv6-only handset NAT64 to allow access to legacy IPv4 services IPv6 user plane with Access Network: Core Network:3GPP defined tunneling: - native IPv4 and/or - native IPv6 Large Scale NAT64 - GTP - native IPv6 - v6 tunneling options, e.g. • O(10G) throughput - PMIP/GRE - v6 tunneling options, e.g. 6PE, Softwires, GI-6rd • O(20M) bindings - IPsec 6PE apply as well apply as well Medium Scale NAT64 • O(1G) throughput NAT64 • O(1M) bindings NAT public IPv4 • DNS64: synthesizes IPv6 IPv6 AAAA records from A records IPv4 • Translation Logging Public • Limited set of ALGs CGN/ • Connection initiation from v6 side; IPv4 IPv6 CGv6 stateful operation eNB SGW PGW IPv4 IPv6  Handset: IPv6 only as default service  Simplify Operations, Optimize Resource Usage  IPv4 only kept as backup – in case IPv6 service not avalable (e.g. Roaming scenarios)  Stateful NAT64 as natural evolution from NAT44 Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 32
  33. 33. Future: IPv6 only IPv6 IPv6 IPv6 IPv6 IPv6 eNB SGW PGW  All services delivered via v6  IPv4 discontinued on Handset and Transport NetworkPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 33
  34. 34. With Dual Stack network implementation, will it solve the shortage of IPv4? a) Yes b) NoPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 34
  35. 35. Cisco IPv6 Services Lifecycle • Discovery Workshop • Network IPv6 Readiness Assessment • Focused tech support Prepare • • OSS/BSS/NMS Assessment IPv6 Readiness / Gap Assessment • Network optimization services • IPv6 Services Strategy recommendation • High availability services • Test and Validation services Operate Plan &Optimize • High Level Design • Project Plan Implementation Design• IPv6 FOA Integration• HW & SW upgrade• IPv6 Test & Validation• Migration – IPv4 to IPv6• Knowledge transfer • Low Level Design Validate • IPv6 Lab POC Test Plan • IPv6 Lab POC Test & Validation • E2E Solution and Scale Validation • IPv6 Migration Planning Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 35
  36. 36. Cisco Powering World’s Largest SP IPv6 Deployments Half Million IPv6 subscribers Native IPv6 Largest 6rd deployment in world for FTTH Native IPv6 subscribers Tier 1 Operator 6rd & Native IPv6 IPv6 for LTE SubscribersPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 36
  37. 37. Cisco Powering World’s Largest SP IPv6 Deployments France 6rd Use-Case : From/to Internet “ Free is committed to IP-STB Freebo Freebox DSLAM providing the latest x ADSL innovations for its IPv4 Only customers. We have Access/A 6rd Gateway IPv6 chosen the Cisco ASR gg PE Network Interne t 1000 router for their IP-STB Freebo Freebo support of an integrated x ADSL x DSLAM Edge IPv4 / IPv6 high-performance IPv6 Core Rapid Deployment or Network 6rd technology, which FTTH Edge Freebo Access allows us to supply IPv6 IP-STB x FTTH IPv4 Core Internet to our users in a IPv4 / IPv6 remarkably simple and Access/Ag g Network cost-efficient manner.” Native IPv6 IPv6 Encapsulated in 6rd Maxime Lombardini One of the world’s largest IP video networks uses CGv6 solution CEO, Free (Illiad Group) Sept. 2010Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 37
  38. 38. Key Takeaway – No one size fits all Multiple technology adoption scenarios IPv4 address pool IPv6 Internet IPv6 enabled exhausted (IPv6 only transport endpoints viable from a market IPv4 enabled New end-systems deployment (handset/RG) perspective) endpoints IPv6 only endpoints Dual-Stack technically viable deployment NAT64 6rd introduction NAT46 Large Scale NAT (LSN) introduction time  Preserve IPv4, Prepare and Prosper with IPv6Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 38
  39. 39. Q and A You can raise your question live only if you have used the Webex dial back feature. To ask to speak Result The Raise Hand indicator appears on Click Raise Hand On the Participant panel for the host, the Participants panel presenter, and panelists. To cancel a request to Result speak The Raise Hand indicator is Click Lower Hand On the removed from the Participant panel Participants panel for the host, presenter, and panelists. Alternatively, you can type your question and submit it at the Q&A box for us to raise your question live now.Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 39
  40. 40. Cisco @ Mobile Asia Expo Asia 2012 at Shanghai 20-22 June 2012, Booth N1, A80Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 40
  41. 41. http://www.linkedin.com/groups/Cisco-Knowledge-Network- 4450204?trk=myg_ugrp_ovrPresentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 41
  42. 42. Thank you.
  43. 43. 4.0 57.2% CAGR 2011–2016 3.5 3.57B 3.0 Number of Devices (B) 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 372M 0.0 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Source: Cisco VNI Global Forecast, 2011–2016Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 43
  44. 44. 49% CAGR 2011–2016 8 4.03B 7 Number of Devices (B) 6 5 4 3.57B 3 2 1 662M 372M 0 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 IPv6-Capable Fixed Devices IPv6-Capable Mobile Devices Source: Cisco VNI Global Forecast, 2011–2016Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 44
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