• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
The roaring twenties in america
 

The roaring twenties in america

on

  • 905 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
905
Views on SlideShare
905
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
13
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    The roaring twenties in america The roaring twenties in america Presentation Transcript

    • LIFE & CULTUREIN AMERICA INTHE 1920STHE ROARINGTWENTIES
    • • Starting roughly from 1918 to 1929• 1918: The end of World War I• 1929: The Great DepressionThe era was distinguished byseveral important inventions anddiscoveries, unprecedentedindustrial growth, high consumerdemand and aspirations, andsignificant changes in lifestyle andTIMELINE
    • CHANGING WAYS OF LIFE During the 1920s,urbanizationcontinued toaccelerate For the first time,more Americans livedin cities than in ruralareas New York City washome to over 5million people in 1920 Chicago had nearly3 million
    • URBAN VS. RURAL Throughout the 1920s,Americans foundthemselves caughtbetween urban and ruralcultures Urban life wasconsidered a world ofanonymous crowds,strangers, moneymakers,and pleasure seekers Rural life wasconsidered to be safe,with close personal ties,hard work and moralsCities were impersonalFarms were innocent
    • PROHIBITION One example of theclash between city &farm was the passageof the 18thAmendmentin 1920 This Amendmentlaunched the eraknown as Prohibition The new law made itillegal to make, sell ortransport liquor Prohibition lasted from 1920to 1933 when it was repealedby the 21stAmendment
    • SUPPORT FORPROHIBITION Reformers had longbelieved alcohol led tocrime, child & wife abuse,and accidents Supporters were largelyfrom the rural south andwest The church affiliated Anti-Saloon League and theWomen’s ChristianTemperance Union helpedpush the 18thAmendmentthrough
    • Postersupportingprohibition
    • SPEAKEASIES ANDBOOTLEGGERS Many Americans did notbelieve drinking was a sin Most immigrant groupswere not willing to give updrinking To obtain liquor illegally,drinkers went undergroundto hidden saloons known asspeakeasies People also bought liquorfrom bootleggers whosmuggled it in from Canada,Cuba and the West Indies
    • ORGANIZEDCRIME Prohibition contributedto the growth oforganized crime in everymajor city Chicago becamenotorious as the home ofAl Capone – a famousbootlegger Capone took control ofthe Chicago liquorbusiness by killing off hiscompetitionAl Capone was finally convictedon tax evasion charges in 1931
    • GOVERNMENT FAILSTO CONTROL LIQUORthe government,failed to budgetenough money toenforce the law The task ofenforcing Prohibitionfell to 1,500 poorly paidfederal agents ---clearly an impossibletaskFederal agents pour winedown a sewer
    • SUPPORT FADES,PROHIBITION REPEALED By the mid-1920s,only 19% ofAmericans supportedProhibition Many feltProhibition causedmore problems thanit solved The 21stAmendment finallyrepealed Prohibitionin 1933
    • SCIENCE ANDRELIGION CLASH Another battlegroundduring the 1920s wasbetween fundamentalistreligious groups andsecular thinkers over thetruths of science The Protestantmovement grounded inthe literal interpretationof the bible is known asfundamentalism Fundamentalistsfound all truth in thebible – including science& evolution
    • SCOPES TRIAL In March 1925,Tennessee passed thenation’s first law thatmade it a crime to teachevolutionThe American CivilLiberties Union(ACLU)promised to defend anyteacher willing tochallenge the law –John Scopes didScopes was a biology teacher whodared to teach his students that manderived from lower species
    • SECTION 2: THE TWENTIESWOMAN After the tumult ofWorld War I, Americanswere looking for a littlefun in the 1920s Women werebecoming moreindependent andachieving greaterfreedoms (right to vote,more employment,freedom of the auto)Chicago1926
    • THE FLAPPER During the 1920s, anew ideal emergedfor some women: theFlapper A Flapper was anemancipated youngwoman whoembraced the newfashions and urbanattitudes
    • NEW ROLES FOR WOMEN The fast-changing world of the 1920sproduced new roles for women Many women entered the workplace asnurses, teachers, librarians, & secretaries However, women earned less than men andwere kept out of many traditional male jobs(management) and faced discriminationEarly 20thCentury teachers
    • THE CHANGING FAMILY American birthratesdeclined for severaldecades before the1920s During the 1920s thattrend increased as birthcontrol informationbecame widely available Birth control clinicsopened and theAmerican Birth ControlLeague was founded in1921Margaret Sanger and otherfounders of the American BirthControl League - 1921
    • MODERN FAMILYEMERGES As the 1920sunfolded, many featuresof the modern familyemerged Marriage was basedon romantic love,women managed thehousehold andfinances, and childrenwere not consideredlaborers/ wage earnersbut rather developingchildren who needednurturing and education
    • SECTION 3:EDUCATIONAND POPULARCULTURE  During the 1920s,developments in educationhad a powerful impact onthe nation Enrollment in highschools quadrupledbetween 1914 and 1926 Public schools met thechallenge of educatingmillions of immigrants
    • EXPANDING NEWSCOVERAGE As literacyincreased,newspapercirculation rose andmass-circulationmagazines flourished By the end of the1920s, ten Americanmagazines --including Reader’sDigest and Time –boasted circulationsof over 2 million
    • RADIO COMESOF AGE Although print mediawas popular, radio wasthe most powerfulcommunicationsmedium to emerge inthe 1920s News was deliveredfaster and to a largeraudience Americans could hearthe voice of thepresident or listen tothe World Series live
    • AMERICAN HEROES OFTHE 20s In 1929, Americansspent $4.5 billion onentertainment (includessports) People crowded intobaseball games to see theirheroes Babe Ruth was a largerthan life American herowho played for Yankees He hit 60 homers in 1927
    • LINDBERGH’SFLIGHT America’s mostbeloved hero of the timewasn’t an athlete but asmall-town pilot namedCharles Lindbergh Lindbergh made thefirst nonstop solo trans-atlantic flight He took off from NYCin the Spirit of St. Louisand arrived in Paris 33hours later to a hero’swelcome
    • ENTERTAINMENT ANDARTS Even before sound,movies offered a means ofescape through romanceand comedy First sound movies: JazzSinger (1927) First animated withsound: Steamboat Willie(1928) By 1930 millions ofAmericans went to themovies each weekWalt Disneys animatedSteamboat Willie marked thedebut of Mickey Mouse. It wasa seven minute long black andwhite cartoon.
    • MUSIC AND ART Famed composerGeorge Gershwinmerged traditionalelements withAmerican Jazz Painters likeEdward Hopperdepicted theloneliness ofAmerican life Georgia O’ Keeffecaptured thegrandeur of New Yorkusing intenselycolored canvasesGershwinHopper’s famous “Nighthawks”Radiator Building,Night, New York , 1927Georgia OKeeffe
    • WRITERS OFTHE 1920s Writer F. ScottFitzgerald coined thephrase “Jazz Age” todescribe the 1920s Fitzgerald wroteParadise Lost and TheGreat Gatsby The Great Gatsbyreflected theemptiness of New Yorkelite society
    • WRITERS OF THE1920 Ernest Hemingway,wounded in World War I,became one of the best-known authors of the era In his novels, The SunAlso Rises and A Farewellto Arms, he criticized theglorification of war His simple,straightforward style ofwriting set the literarystandardHemingway - 1929
    • THE LOST GENERATION Some writerssuch as Hemingwayand John DosPassos were sosoured by Americanculture that theychose to settle inEurope In Paris theyformed a group thatone writer called,“The LostGeneration”John Dos Passos self – portrait.He was a good amateur painter.
    • SECTION 4: THE HARLEMRENAISSANCE Between 1910 and1920, the GreatMigration sawhundreds of thousandsof African Americansmove north to big cities By 1920 over5 million of the nation’s12 million blacks (over40%) lived in citiesMigration of the Negro byJacob Lawrence
    • HARLEM, NEW YORK Harlem, NY becamethe largest black urbancommunity Harlem suffered fromovercrowding,unemployment andpoverty However, in the1920s it was home to aliterary and artisticrevival known as theHarlem Renaissance
    • LOUISARMSTRONG Jazz was born in theearly 20thcentury In 1922, a young trumpetplayer named LouisArmstrong joined theCreole Jazz Band Later he joined FletcherHenderson’s band in NYC Armstrong is consideredthe most important andinfluential musician in thehistory of jazz
    • EDWARDKENNEDY “DUKE”ELLINGTON In the late 1920s,Duke Ellington, ajazz pianist andcomposer, led histen-piece orchestraat the famousCotton Club Ellington wonrenown as one ofAmerica’s greatestcomposers
    • BESSIESMITH Bessie Smith,blues singer, wasperhaps the mostoutstanding vocalistof the decade She achievedenormous popularityand by 1927 shebecame the highest-paid black artist inthe world