Industrial Revolution: Child Labour

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Industrial Revolution: Child Labour

  1. 1. THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  2. 2. <ul><li>Before the industrial revolution, life in England was based on farming. </li></ul><ul><li>Everything was produced by hand and ¾ of the English families lived in the countryside working the lands. </li></ul><ul><li>With the arrival of the Industrial Revolution and all the improvement and new steam engines,there wasn't work for every unemployed farmer, who had to move to towns. </li></ul>INTRODUCTION
  3. 3. <ul><li>In towns they just could work in factories whose owners used this to pay very low salaries to the farmer's family. </li></ul><ul><li>The poor rural families, used to have many children, kids that had to work because their parents's salary wasn't enough to support the entire family. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The children's situation <ul><li>Some of the children started to work when they where only 6 years old, but normaly they started to work when they were 9. </li></ul>
  5. 5. * Why did they work? <ul><li>The families sent them to work because </li></ul><ul><li>they didn't have money. </li></ul><ul><li>The owners employed them because they were cheaper </li></ul><ul><li>they were small enough to fit between the machinery. </li></ul>
  6. 6. * How many hours did they work? <ul><li>Some of them worked 18 hours , but normaly they worked less, between 10 and 18 hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Flax factories </li></ul><ul><li>Cotton factories </li></ul><ul><li>Silk factories </li></ul>* Types of factories
  7. 7. * Physical and psycological punishment. <ul><li>They suffered punishment and beating from the boss of the factory. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: They were dragged about 3 or 4 yards taken by the hair. Or they were strapped. </li></ul><ul><li>They suffered physical and psycological consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Example: they got their bones out of their places, other children's knees were rather turned in, and others had spinal affections and in most of the cases they had a trauma. </li></ul>
  8. 8. * Time allowed/ to rest/ to eat/ to drink. <ul><li>It depends on the factory, in some cases they had 30 min to rest and few minutes to eat </li></ul>*How far were the factories from home? *Some times they had to walk like a mille.
  9. 9. OUR CONCLUSION <ul><li>They didn't have childhood </li></ul><ul><li>They didn't see their families </li></ul><ul><li>They didn't have enough education </li></ul><ul><li>They suffered a lot </li></ul><ul><li>50% of children died before the age of 2 </li></ul><ul><li>So all of us think that we are very lucky to live in Spain in the XXI century </li></ul>
  10. 10. END!! BY: Mª Elena Alba Marta García Paloma Maraver Marcos Ibañez

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