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Fables and Morals

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  • 1. Fables and Morals
  • 2. What are fables? Are they the same as fairytales? What’s their purpose? Are they found in every culture?
  • 3. y
    • Early form of story telling
    • Believed to be originated in India
    • Aesop – Greek Slave, 620 B.C.
    Some things you should know about Fables…
  • 4. AESOP
    • Credited for most of the known fables heard today.
    • His fables include “The Ant and the Grasshopper,” and “The Lion and the Wolf.”
  • 5.
    • Short stories
    What are some characteristics of fables?
    • Features animals, plants & forces of nature with human qualities
    • Handed down generation after generation
  • 6. Fables teach a lesson, can relate to everyone, and connects us with other cultures.
  • 7. Which of these are characteristics of fables?
    • A) Human Gods
    • B) Animals with human characteristics
    • C) Happy endings
    • D) All of the above
  • 8. So what are fairy tales?
    • Start with “Once upon a time”
    • Setting in a castle, forest or town
    • Story has good/evil characters
  • 9. Fairy Tales cont.
    • Many characters are animals or royalty
    • Stories have magic
    • Has the numbers 3 or 7 in it
  • 10.
    • Story has a problem
    • Problem in story is solved
    • Good wins over evil
    A Fairy Tale also….
  • 11. Which one is not a characteristic of a fairytale?
    • A) Has the numbers 3 and 7
    • B) Once upon a time
    • C) Good wins over Evil
    • D) Teaches a lesson
  • 12. How are fables and fairy tales the same?
    • Handed down from generation to generation
    • Fictional stories – not true
  • 13. Similarities: Fables &Fairy Tales
    • Connect us with different cultures
    • For all ages
  • 14. Differences
    • Fables
    • Characters: Animals that act like humans
    • Teaches a lesson
    • Fairy Tales
    • Characters: Royalty
    • Good vs. Evil
  • 15. Fables of Different cultures
    • Involve animals found in that culture
    • Reflects cultural beliefs
  • 16. Fable: The Lion and the Mouse
    • A mouse was running up and down a lion’s face
    • The lion woke up and was about to eat him
    • The mouse begged the lion to let him live
  • 17. The Lion & the Mouse (cont.)
    • The mouse made a deal with Lion
    • If Lion let him go, the mouse would repay him one day, but the lion started to laugh at the mouse.
    • Soon after, Lion was trapped
    • in a net.
  • 18. Lion and Mouse (cont.)
    • The mouse heard the lion’s roars. Running to him, it nibbled through the net, freeing the lion.
    • Lion realized that mouse could help him.
    MORAL: Little friends may prove great friends
  • 19. Fable: The Tortoise and the Hare
    • The hare laughed at the tortoise’s short feet and slow pace.
    • The tortoise challenged him to a race
    • The hare agreed
  • 20. Tortoise and the Hare
    • The tortoise never stopped, he went slow and steady the whole way
    • The hare thought he had time and took a nap
    • He finally woke up, and rushed to the finish line
  • 21. Tortoise and the Hare MORAL: Don’t rush into things
  • 22. Fables can have more than one lesson. Another lesson for the tortoise and the Hare is “Slow and Steady wins the race”
  • 23. The Poor Ugly Hippo
    • African Fable
    • San people – Tribe in Africa
    • They thought the hippo was created last
  • 24. The Poor Ugly Hippo
    • Hippo was embarrassed because he thought he was fat & ugly
    • He begged the Creator to let him live in the water
    • The Creator said no – he would eat all the fish
  • 25. The Poor Ugly Hippo
    • The hippo promised to eat nothing in water
    • But the Creator said no, so the hippo continued begging …
    • Finally they made an agreement….
  • 26. The Poor Ugly Hippo Hippos could live in water only if they came out every day to leave their dung The animals would search it for fish bones
  • 27. This last moral was reflective of the African culture They used an animal native to their country
  • 28. Animals Used in Fables
    • Lion – Strength, Big Ego
    • Donkey- stupid
    • Fox – Sly
    • Hawk: tyrannical
  • 29. Animals Used in Fables
    • Wolf – Greed, Dishonest
    • Fly- wise
    • Hen- conceited
    • Lamb – Shyness
  • 30. Using Fables and their Morals Literacy
  • 31. The Frog and the Ox A young frog, amazed at the huge size of an ox, rushed to tell her father about the monster. The father frog, trying to impress his child, puffed himself up to look like the ox. The young frog said it was much bigger. Again the father puffed himself up. The young frog insisted the monster was even bigger. The father puffed and puffed - and burst!
  • 32. Match the Moral to the Fable . Persuasion is better than force. Make hay while the sun shines. Small friends can be powerful allies. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder. Don’t just follow the crowd. Liars may give themselves away. Pride can be costly. Sometimes we do not see our own strengths.
  • 33. The Monkey and the Dolphin A monkey fell from a ship and was rescued by a dolphin. The dolphin asked if he lived nearby. The monkey lied and said that he did. “Do you know Seriphos?” asked the dolphin. The monkey, thinking Seriphos was a person’s name, boasted that it was his best friend. As Seriphos was a town, the dolphin knew the monkey was lying, so he dived, leaving him to swim to shore.
  • 34. Match the Moral to the Fable . Persuasion is better than force. Make hay while the sun shines. Small friends can be powerful allies. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder. Don’t just follow the crowd. Liars may give themselves away. Pride can be costly. Sometimes we do not see our own strengths.
  • 35. The Fox and the Old Lion An old lion sent out word that he was ill and said that he would like the animals and birds to visit him. Most went but fox did not. Finally the lion sent for him, asking why he had not come to see him. The clever fox replied, “I had planned to, but I noticed that although many tracks led into your cave, none led out.”
  • 36. Match the Moral to the Fable . Persuasion is better than force. Make hay while the sun shines. Small friends can be powerful allies. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder. Don’t just follow the crowd. Liars may give themselves away. Pride can be costly. Sometimes we do not see our own strengths.
  • 37. End