The Great Firewall as Iron Curtain 2.0: implications of China’s internet most dominant metaphor for U.S. foreign policy Chinese Internet Research Conference, Hong Kong University, June 13, 2008 Lokman Tsui Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania
Do you believe that China will inevitably change with the Internet?
Country: United States Method: telephone Sample Size: 1200
Source: Zogby International Date: Jan. 31, 2007
Results: yes 43%
question of change
has not happened yet
explanation for non-change?
but what does the US has to do with this?
long tradition back to Cold War
the great wall
“a logical barrier designed to prevent unauthorized or unwanted communications between sections of a computer network”
Firewall (construction) , a physical barrier inside a building or vehicle, designed to limit the spread of fire, heat and structural collapse
Chinese wall , a zone of non-communication between distinct sections of a business, in order to prevent possible (and probable) conflict of interest
the great firewall
HR 275 (2007)
HR 4780 (2006)
HR 4741 (2006)
HR 2216 (2005)
HR 48 (2003)
HR 5524 (2002)
Global Internet Freedom Act
HR 48 (2003), Chris Cox and Tom Lantos
“To develop and deploy technologies to defeat Internet jamming and censorship.”
(2) to establish an office within the International Broadcasting Bureau with the sole mission of countering Internet jamming and blocking by repressive regimes;
(8) Since the 1940s, the United States has deployed anti-jamming technologies to make Voice of America and other United States Government sponsored broadcasting available to people in nations with governments that seek to block news and information.
Global Online Freedom Act
HR 275 of 2007, Chris Smith
“To promote freedom of expression on the Internet, to protect United States businesses from coercion to participate in repression by authoritarian foreign governments, and for other purposes. “