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  1. 1. GOTHS Mysteries Unrevealed
  2. 2. WHO IS A GOTH ??????????? GOTHS are those people who have an interest in the darker side of life - be that black comedy, horror films, Romantic dress, the supernatural, or just music that has been, for whatever reason, labeled 'gothic'.
  3. 3. Things Associated with Goths <ul><li>Its unique music, art and literature. </li></ul><ul><li>The use of extreme black clothing, light colored makeup, unusual hair styles, body piercing etc. </li></ul><ul><li>A fascination with medieval, Victorian and Edwardian history. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Things Associated with Goths <ul><li>Wearing of symbols such as a Christian cross; an Egyptian ankh or &quot; Eye of Ra ,&quot; or &quot; Eye of Horus ;&quot; a Wiccan pentacle , a Satanic inverted pentacle. etc. </li></ul>
  5. 5. History & Background <ul><li>The Goths (Gothic: , Gutans ) were East Germanic tribes who, in the 3rd and 4th centuries, harried the Roman Empire and later adopted Arianism (a form of Christianity). </li></ul><ul><li>In the 5th and 6th centuries, divided as the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths , they established powerful successor-states of the Roman Empire in the Iberian peninsula and Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Interestingly Old Norse records do not separate the Goths from the Gutar (Gotlanders) and both are called Gotar in Old West Norse. </li></ul>
  6. 6. History & Background <ul><li>The Gotlanders are the population of the island of Gotland. </li></ul><ul><li>In Swedish, they are also called Gutar an ethnonym identical to Goths ( Gutans ), </li></ul><ul><li>And both names were originally Proto-Germanic * Gutaniz . Their language is called Gutnish ( Gutniska ). </li></ul><ul><li>The Old East Norse term for both Goths and Gotlanders seems to have been Gutar (for instance in the Gutasaga and in the runic inscription of the Rökstone). However the Geats are clearly distinguished from the Goths/Gutar in both Old Norse and Old English literature. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The Gutasaga is a saga treating the history of Gotland before its Christianization. It was recorded in the 13th century and survives in only a single manuscript, the Codex Holm . B 64, dating to ca. 1350 , kept at the Swedish Royal Library in Stockholm) together with the Gutalag , the legal code of Gotland. It was written in the Old Gutnish dialect of Old Norse. </li></ul>
  8. 8. History and Timeline <ul><li>The new era of Gothic Culture </li></ul>
  9. 9. GOTH TYPES ROMANTIC GOTH: Attitude: My capacity for love is certainly greater than this mortal coil can bear. Clothes: Anything with lace and frills: Edwardian, Victorian , renaissance. MOPEY GOTH Attitude: Gentle people always perish in an unkind world. Clothes: romantic , modern . FETISH GOTH Attitude: Gentle people are excellent for spanking. Clothes: leather, PVC, fishnet, chains . RAVER GOTH Attitude: If it don't glow, it don't show. Clothes: phat pants, t-shirts, tank tops, flourescent thingies
  10. 10. RAVER GOTH attitude: If it don't glow, it don't show. clothes: phat pants, t-shirts, tank tops, flourescent thingies GOTH GEEK attitude: It's better than being a plain geek. clothes: modern VAMPIRE GOTH attitude: Vampires are cool. clothes: formal, jetset , romantic . REN FAIRE GOTH attitude: The Renaissance Faire and role-playing games are cool. clothes: medieval, renaissance , Scottish. Other Dark People : DEATHROCKERS , RIVETHEADS , METALHEADS , WEEKENDERS
  11. 12. GOTH STEREOTYPES <ul><li>Age: </li></ul><ul><li>Goths are timeless. </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviour: </li></ul><ul><li>Broody, dramatic, sensual, given to excessive romanticism </li></ul><ul><li>Climate: </li></ul><ul><li>Cool, damp, and dark. </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligence: </li></ul><ul><li>Strangely above average </li></ul><ul><li>Favourite Colour: </li></ul><ul><li> Black </li></ul>
  12. 13. Literature: 19 th century romance and horror, Anne Rice, Neil Gaiman Major: Humanities: art, literature, psychology, etc. Music: Gothic Natural: Habitat: Ocemetaries, cafés, bookstores, libraries, laboratories, the internet, And the incredibly dark and evil gothic nightclub (spooky spooky) Tourists beware! Natural Range: Northern Europe and English-speaking countries. England and Germany are the two cultural focii. Occupation: Artist, computer-related, literature-related, student, clerk Race: Any  (but being pale is a big plus) Religion: None, any
  13. 14. WHY DO PEOPLE BECOME GOTHS ????? <ul><li>Goths are “FREE THINKERS” . </li></ul><ul><li>They do not accept the moral rules of society and hence are spurned by ‘normal’ society . They always make up their own mind . </li></ul><ul><li>Many goths today are goths because they like the music, or the clubs are better, they have goth friends and joined in with them, or they just like staying up late nights . </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Goths not supportive of violence and hate, but rather with tolerance. </li></ul><ul><li>Many in the media have incorrectly associated the Goth subculture with violence, hatred of minorities, white supremacy, and other acts of hate. </li></ul>MISCONCEPTION ABOUT GOTHS
  15. 16. APOLITICAL NATURE <ul><li>Goths have generally apolitical nature . Goth ideology is based far more on aesthetics than ethics or politics . The subculture is marked by its emphasis on : </li></ul><ul><li>Individualism </li></ul><ul><li>Tolerance for diversity </li></ul><ul><li>a strong emphasis on creativity </li></ul><ul><li>tendency toward intellectualism </li></ul><ul><li>a dislike of social conservatism </li></ul><ul><li>a mild tendency towards cynicism </li></ul>
  16. 17. THEY THINK WEIRD <ul><li>Most subjects that are taboo in 'normal' society are freely discussed and debated about like death, religion, magic, mysticism, and many others . </li></ul><ul><li>Goths often revel in the fear given to them by society as a whole. Often the behavior exhibited by society to them based on society's perception of them from stereotypes, rumour, etc are a constant source of entertainment. </li></ul><ul><li>Goths are all too often tempted to try for the shock factor . </li></ul>
  17. 18. THE GOTHIC CULTURE What is the Goth culture? It is basically indefinable, because &quot;Goth&quot; means different things to each follower. Many adopt unusual fashions in order to separate themselves from other youth. Gordon A. Crews, associate dean of the School of Justice Studies at Roger Williams University in Bristol, CT is an investigator of what he calls the &quot;occult&quot; which-- in his opinion -- includes the Goth culture. He said: &quot;It is up to the individual to define what Goth is for themselves ... The mentality is, 'I want to be left alone but I want to be seen. I want to see the shock on other peoples' faces.&quot;
  18. 19. Gothic Literature Gothic fiction is an important genre of literature that combines elements of both horror and romance. As a genre, it is generally believed to have been invented by the English author Horace Walpole, with his 1764 novel The Castle of Otranto. The effect of Gothic fiction depends on a pleasing sort of terror, an extension of essentially Romantic literary pleasures that were relatively new at the time of Walpole's novel.
  19. 20. The Goths were one of the most important &quot;barbarian&quot; tribes responsible for the downfall of the Roman Empire and the politics of early Medieval Europe. By the 4th century CE, the Goths were becoming Christianized. At this time, the Goths wrote their language using their version of the Futhark alphabet, but it was deemed to be a pagan invention. Except for a few Norse inscriptions in runes, records of Gothic are older than those for any other Germanic language.
  20. 21. RELIGION <ul><li>Many Goths reflect popular culture and </li></ul><ul><li>are probably nominal or devout Christians. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally it is said that the Goths follow </li></ul><ul><li>anti-Christianity. </li></ul><ul><li>Others wear New Age/ancient Egyptian </li></ul><ul><li>Ankh symbols. </li></ul><ul><li>Some do this as expression of their religions </li></ul><ul><li>beliefs, some for satire, and others because </li></ul><ul><li>they like their appearance. </li></ul><ul><li>Goths often wear Christian crosses or Christian </li></ul><ul><li>crucifixes, which many regard as a pre-Christian </li></ul><ul><li>religious symbol. </li></ul>
  21. 22. GOTHIC ART <ul><li>The gothic art evolved from ROMANESQUE ART and lasted from the mid-12 th century to the end of the 15 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Goths are well known for their unique art and architecture. </li></ul><ul><li>GOTHIC LITERATURE </li></ul><ul><li>the great cathedrals of Northern Europe are </li></ul><ul><li>the loftiest form of expression is architecture, </li></ul><ul><li>Sculpture was closely tied to architecture and </li></ul><ul><li>often used to decorate the exteriors of cathedrals </li></ul><ul><li>and other religious buildings. </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>In the 12 th – 13 th centuries, feats of </li></ul><ul><li>engineering permitted increasingly </li></ul><ul><li>gigantic buildings. </li></ul><ul><li>The rib-vault, FLYING BUTTRESS, </li></ul><ul><li>and pointed (Gothic) arch were used </li></ul><ul><li>as solutions to the problem of building </li></ul><ul><li>very tall structure while preserving as </li></ul><ul><li>much natural light as possible. </li></ul>Strawberry Hill, an English villa in the &quot; Gothic revival &quot; style, built by seminal Gothic writer Horace Walpole
  23. 24. In a way similar to the gothic revivalists' rejection of the clarity and rationalism of the neoclassical style of the Enlightened Establishment, the term &quot;gothic&quot; became linked with an appreciation of the joys of extreme emotion, the thrill of fearfulness and awe inherent in the sublime, and a quest for atmosphere. The ruins of gothic buildings gave rise to multiple linked emotions by representing the inevitable decay and collapse of human creations— thus the urge to add fake ruins as eye catchers in English landscape parks. English Protestants often associated medieval buildings with what they saw as a dark and terrifying period, characterized by harsh laws enforced by torture, and with mysterious, fantastic and superstitious rituals.
  24. 25. THE GOTHIC MOVIES <ul><li>Prominent features of Gothic fiction </li></ul><ul><li>include terror (both psychological and </li></ul><ul><li>physical), mystery, the supernatural, </li></ul><ul><li>ghosts, haunted houses and Gothic </li></ul><ul><li>architecture, castles, darkness, death, </li></ul><ul><li>decay, doubles, madness, secrets and </li></ul><ul><li>hereditary curses. </li></ul><ul><li>The stock characters of Gothic fiction </li></ul><ul><li>include tyrants, villains, bandits, maniacs, </li></ul><ul><li>Byronic heroes, persecuted maidens, </li></ul><ul><li>femmes fatales, madwomen, magicians, </li></ul><ul><li>vampires, werewolves, monsters, demons, </li></ul><ul><li>revenants, ghosts, perambulating skeletons, </li></ul><ul><li>the Wandering Jew and the Devil himself. </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>Gothic Rock </li></ul><ul><li>It is the type of music perceived by people following gothic culture </li></ul><ul><li>(Origin Late 1970’s) </li></ul><ul><li>Bands of genre referred as positive punk. </li></ul><ul><li>Separated from punk rock in late 1980’s. </li></ul>
  26. 27. <ul><li>Deals with dark themes and </li></ul><ul><li>intellectual movements such as :- </li></ul><ul><li>Gothic horror </li></ul><ul><li>Romanticism </li></ul><ul><li>Existential philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Nihilism </li></ul>
  27. 29. <ul><li>Psychedelic Rock(1960’s) </li></ul><ul><li>Gothic Rock’s Earliest influence </li></ul><ul><li>First known gothic band </li></ul><ul><li>Use of gothic aesthetics grew wider, symbols like </li></ul><ul><li>Black color </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul><ul><li>Insanity </li></ul>were widely used in 1960’s music, famous bands The Beatles and The Rolling Stones also used such references .
  28. 30. <ul><li>THE DOORS </li></ul><ul><li>Front man Jim Morrison </li></ul><ul><li>Hid dark enigmatic aura influenced later front men such as </li></ul><ul><li>Ian Astbury </li></ul><ul><li>Rozz Williams </li></ul><ul><li>Wayne Hussey </li></ul>
  29. 31. <ul><li>Glam Rock(1970’s) </li></ul><ul><li>The period had many influential artists, most was David Bowie both musically and visually. </li></ul><ul><li>Bowie brought in an androgynous look which </li></ul><ul><li>would later be adopted by many bands . </li></ul><ul><li>His music was particularly melodramatic and had some dark themes </li></ul><ul><li>Bowie described his 1974 album &quot; Diamond Dogs &quot; as &quot; gothic &quot; . </li></ul>
  30. 32. First Generation(1979-1985) Not associated with Gothic subculture Fans of bands in the genre were associated with styles such as punk rock, post-punk and new wave. Bands started creating their own record labels. Most gothic rock groups were from England, but bands were emerging from other countries like <ul><li>Christian Death (Los Angeles) </li></ul><ul><li>The Virgin Prunes (Ireland) </li></ul><ul><li>Xmal Deutschland (Germany) </li></ul>
  31. 33. Second generation (1985–1995) Cross-pollination between the European goth subcultures, the Death Rock movement, and the New Romantic (New Wave) movement . Rise of alternative rock music mirrored by rise of gothic rock . Example are bands like <ul><li>The Sisters of Mercy </li></ul><ul><li>Fields of the Nephilim (1984) </li></ul><ul><li>New version of Christian Death (1985) </li></ul><ul><li>The Mission (1986) </li></ul>The term Goths and style began to be noticed in the mainstream British publications like Face and the NME .
  32. 34. Fanzines The major achievement of the second generation was development of Fanzines A fanzine is a non - professional publication produced by fans of a particular cultural phenomenon (such as a musical genre) for the pleasure of others who share their interest . Typically, publishers, editors and contributors to fanzines receive no financial compensation Earlier magazines such as Permission were allied to the punk roots of Goth, while later magazines such as Carpe Noctem focused more on the lace-and-poetry romantic sound .
  33. 35. Third Generation(1995-Present) Thanks to internet communities and broader CD distribution, fans of the genre were no longer regionally based, the music was becoming more globalized than before . The formerly underground sub-cultural aesthetic of goth was incorporated into the sound and image of several popular mainstream bands such as HIM , Marilyn Manson , and more recently Evanescence although these bands did not produce goth rock . The term &quot;goth&quot; became associated in the public's mind with these mainstream bands .
  34. 36. Conclusion Though the goth rock has diminished in popularity and its record sales have fallen off, there are still events, labels, and publications supporting it. Dancing Ferret Discs, Projekt Records, and Metropolis Records are releasing goth music in the American market. New Gothic Music is being produced by European labels like Strobelight Records, while Cherry Red has been reissuing early goth rock recordings.
  35. 37. Gothic Fashion Clothing style worn by members of the Goth subculture Stereotyped as <ul><li>Dark </li></ul><ul><li>Morbid </li></ul><ul><li>Eroticized Fashion </li></ul>Mainly Includes <ul><li>Dark Clothing & Light colored make-up </li></ul><ul><li>Hair styles </li></ul><ul><li>Tattoos </li></ul><ul><li>Piercing </li></ul>
  36. 38. Depicts one’s commitment towards the sub-culture Core is individual taste, as it attempts to subvert mainstream conventions of how one must look Among traditional female Goths, tight-fitting trousers and boots with a slight military look are quite popular . As opposed in most other subcultures gothic males almost wear as much makeup as the females . Male Goths may be seen in skirts, dresses, corsets, and other culturally female attire
  37. 39. Gothic Fashion Shows As the size and sophistication of the goth apparel industry has grown, in many places goth-specific fashion shows have sprung up The mainstream fashion world pays little regard to goth fashion, and therefore independent gothic fashion events, are necessary for goth designers to show their designs on the catwalk Edge City, a large goth/alternative fashion show in Sydney, Australia
  38. 40. Because of their rejection from 'normal' society, GOTHS have banded together to associate with other free thinkers. This has a beneficial effect on both the individual and society as a whole. For the individual they have a sense of belonging, and friends they can associate with. For society it removes one more misfit filled with rage from society's streets.
  39. 41. Cambridge Goth Society was set-up to give anyone interested in gothic culture a place to meet other like-minded souls, to discuss gothic music, literature, film and lifestyle and to provide information on related events in and around Cambridge. GothSoc is an unofficial, student-run society. Anyone! You don't have to be a student, or even from Cambridge. You don't even have to be a goth - just friendly and open minded.
  40. 42. The Varma Goths Literary Society <ul><li>The Varma Goths Literary Society is an organization of university and college undergraduates and graduates of all majors who are interested in and who meet to discuss horror literature, fantasy, and science fiction. </li></ul><ul><li>The members are known as ‘ Varma Goths’. </li></ul><ul><li>Activities : Members of The Varma Goths Literary Society meet regularly to read and discuss literature of the fantastic, classic and modern. A meeting may have a topic to discuss, or the group may be working its way through the major works of an author such as Stephen King, Sir Arthur Clarke, Bram Stoker, Anne Rice, or Dame Connie Willis. </li></ul><ul><li>Varma Goths plan and produce literary public programs and conferences and hold other activities which support the literary aim of the Society which is to promote literature of the fantastic. </li></ul><ul><li>The Varma Goths Literary Society maintains its focus on the genre of literature of the fantastic. </li></ul><ul><li>The Society functions in groups known as &quot;Castles.“ </li></ul>
  41. 43. The Gothic Organization To Help In Community Service is a group of socially conscious and concerned individuals who are interested in effecting positive change in our community. We currently have about 20 members. We volunteer to help other organizations by raising money and providing the personnel for projects. <ul><li>Goals </li></ul><ul><li>To get others in the Gothic scene interested in contributing to their community by pooling the talents and resources of those within the scene. We want to provide them a way to do something good in an environment where they can feel comfortable. </li></ul><ul><li>To promote a positive and life-affirming image for our otherwise poorly-received and often misunderstood social group. </li></ul>Utah G.O.T.H.I.C.S. Gothic Organization To Help In Community Service
  42. 44. It is one of the largest web portal that combines hundreds of Goth communities from all over the World . It also provides necessary information about the Gothic Culture and Society. The major communities are divided as under : <ul><li>Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Australia / Asia / Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>Europe / Russia / Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>North America: Canada & USA States . </li></ul><ul><li>South America & Mexico </li></ul>
  43. 45. Some of the communities in various countries are : <ul><li>Australia </li></ul><ul><li> Gottencog </li></ul><ul><li>Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Goth in Asia Tokyo Goth and Darkwave </li></ul><ul><li>New Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>G.U.N.Z   :Gothic Underground New Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>Le Bal des Vampires  :Gothic Indus Electro in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Schrei Schwarze Szene   </li></ul><ul><li>Wave-Gothik-Treffen 2001 Germany (German site) </li></ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Gothicland La Magione di ANKH Neo Gothic SlowBurn The D Side </li></ul><ul><li>South America </li></ul><ul><li>Darkland Gothic Funeral </li></ul><ul><li>Gothic Life in Buenos Aires Red Gótica Sepia Zine </li></ul><ul><li>United Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Birmingham Universities Gothic Society BrumGoth Carnival of Souls EdG&R Goths of Derby Helix Leicester Goths Rabble </li></ul><ul><li>Steele Rose Industries Stoke Gothic Tainted The Slaghuis The Taipan Commune UK Gothic Whitby Gothic Weekend </li></ul><ul><li>New York </li></ul><ul><li>Albany Goths Mailing List Gothic Rochester In-Clubs NYC NYC Events Page NYC Goth NYCGOTH.NET PHL-NYCgoffs </li></ul><ul><li>Utah </li></ul><ul><li>Nightshift, the guide to Utah's darkside Utah GOTHICS </li></ul>
  44. 46. UNITY gatherings were far more than mere parties. They were events that occurred on full moon Saturdays and had special meaning to both patrons who attended and organizers, who spent much time in meticulous planning, organizing and decorating. Each event was the realization of a story or legend. The living out of a fantasy, that carried within it a special message and followed in sequence according to time and circumstance. The Unity Gatherings had the largest budget and were the best attended functions of their sort, in South Africa during their time…they will live forever in the hearts and minds of those who participated.
  46. 48.   Are goths evil? Goths consider themselves witnesses of the horrific. The media interprets this as meaning they are the perpetrators. Goths are peaceful and respectful in a way that would put most norms to shame. Do goths think they are/want to be vampires? No. Some goths think that vampires are very cool, others think the whole concept is stupid. In general, goths are not crazy. There are always fringe people that attract media attention, but this problem is not unique to the gothic world. Are goths religious? Some are, some aren't. All goths are in love with religious imagery, though, because of its power, darkness, and intangibilty. Is goth a fad? Goth culture has been around for 20 years and is showing no sign of waning. However, some say that dark themes tend to appear and disappear at the end of an era, much as was seen in the gothic movement in literature at the end of the 19 th century. Mainstream interest/tourism/purchasing in the gothic world is certainly fad-based, and tends to come and go. Is goth a movement? Artistically, yes. Socially, probably not. Goths don't try to recruit normal people and they don't care whether the mainstream appropriates aspects of gothic culture. They mostly want to be left alone. It's widely believed that you can't learn to be goth; it's some personality type that you either have or you don't.
  47. 49. <ul><li>Presented By: </li></ul><ul><li>Saumil Srivastava </li></ul><ul><li>Manjari Singh </li></ul><ul><li>Divya </li></ul><ul><li>Lokesh Gupta </li></ul><ul><li>Puneet Bajaj </li></ul><ul><li>Abhishek Surana </li></ul>
  48. 50. THANK YOU