2. Copyright Notice• Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike CC BY-NC-SA• This presentation is for educational purposes only. No money is being made andis provided with similar allowances for other educatorsto use for non-profit, educational purposes.• Images are from various sources, including many of my own.If you would like to high res images I have shot, please visitwww.DrewLoker.com for various work online.• If you are the original author of any of the samples, pictures, text, etc.please let me know if you object to the usage and I willremove your material promptly.Photo by Drew Loker
3. • Produced 1976 to 1997, the K1000s extraordinary longevity makes it a historically significantcamera, despite its very ordinary design. Although the K1000 was already obsolete when it wasfirst released, its inexpensive simplicity was a great virtue and earned it an unrivaled popularity asa basic but sturdy workhorse, particularly suited to educating inexperienced photographers. ThePentax K1000 eventually sold over three million units.• Originally produced in Japan…later models made in China. VERY few design changes over the21 years. Some metal parts turned to plastic resulting in less expensive but less sturdy body.
4. Not only was the same cameramade for 20+ years• Just about every k-mount Pentax lens ever made will work on a currentPentax digital body. The same is true of most Nikon DLSRs.
7. Film vs.Sensor
8. Sensor Size• The biggest differences between variouscamera is the sensor size.
9. Lots of Companies Make SLRs,Most make DSLRs as well.
10. State of the Art Camerashttp://www.imaging-resource.com/MFR1.HTMD3s and EOS-1D Mark IV due out in December
12. Worlds fastest digital SLR: shooting up to 10 fps, with a burst rate up to 10 full-resolution JPEGimages or 30 RAW images (until Nov. 21, 2007 when Nikon one upped them with a 11 fps).EOS-1D Mark III
13. K1000 Parts
14. K1000 Parts, bottom
15. Shutter ReleasePress GENTLY andSMOOTHLY.Shutter ReleaseMost cameras have a 2 StageShutter release.
16. Shutter Release
17. Shutter ReleaseFilm AdvanceDo NOT force thefilm advance.Film Advance
18. Film Advance
19. Camera Handling
20. Camera Handling
21. Even a monkey knows how to hold a camera.
22. Camera Handling – WRONG WAY• Placing yourhand around theTOP of the lensis about asstupid aspointing yourflashSIDEWAYS!• The camera isMUCH morestable with yourleft handUNDER thelens.
23. BAD and GOOD
24. BAD – pinky in front, no good
27. BAD – but at least the camerais on a Tripod
29. Shutter SpeedThe minimum SSis 1/60 for normalhandheld photos.The k1000 canshoot from1/1000” to 1” & B
30. Shutter from Nikon D300Shoots up 1/8000 of a sec
31. Star Trails shot using ‘B’ or BULBPhoto by D. Loker
32. Shutter SpeedFilm Speed (ISO)Film SpeedShutter ReleaseFilm AdvanceThe lower the number, the LESSsensitive to light. The higher…theworse the image quality.
33. Film Speed (ISO)The lower the number, the LESSsensitive to light. The higher…theworse the image quality.
34. Film Speed (Kodak)
35. Film Speed (Fuji)
36. ISO: 200-3200Auto ISO is the default setting for the auto and scene shooting modes and will set asensitivity between 200 and 3200 as it deems appropriate. You can also limit the autoISO range to whatever you choose, such as 200 to 800. ISO 200 is the default for the P,Tv, Av and M modes unless you have previously selected an ISO. ISO may also bemanually set at 200, 400, 800, 1600 or 3200.Both Nikon andCanon haveRELEASEDcameras capableof shooting at102,400 ISO.
37. • Cameras have different ISO ranges:Model/Time Frame ISO Max Useful– Film in 1985 25-3200 200– Film in 2004 100-3200 800– Canon A85 (2004) 50-400 200– Pentax *ist (2004) 100-1600 800– Nikon D40 (2006) 200-1600 1600– Pentax K100d (2006) 200-3200 1600– Nikon D3 12/2007 100-25,000 6400– Nikon D3s 12/2009 100-102,400 12,800Camera manufactures will usually include a HIGH ISO that is not really useful except for reallycasual stuff. This means that you can use it…but the results will be pretty noisy.
38. Film Grain• Ironically, today, there are companiesdesigning software to ADD grain topictures to simulate the film of yesterday.TriX TMax Old film Old film Kodak Kodak
39. The FASTER the film, the more expensive.
40. What does an ISO of 12k mean?
41. Here is 12,800 on a myD3 (the older model)
42. Shutter SpeedFilm Speed (ISO)Shutter ReleaseExposure CounterWatch out…will bemoving if you havefilm or NOT.Exposure CounterFilm Advance
43. Exposure Counter
44. Shutter SpeedFilm Speed (ISO)Shutter ReleaseExposure CounterFilm AdvanceView FinderSLR, TTL – Youare lookingTHROUGH THELENS of a SingleLens Reflex.View Finder
45. View FinderSLR, TTL – Youare lookingTHROUGH THELENS of a SingleLens Reflex.
46. Viewing through a Pentaprism
47. ThePrismbendsthe light.
48. Modern Viewfinder – Nikon D700
49. K1000 Focusing Grid• Cameras # 8, 10, 12, 13, 15, 19 have aSplit Field Focusing grid.
54. Modern day flashes have gottenquite advanced.An externally mounted flash willprovide MANY times more control thana built in popup flash.Additional controls include:• Greater distance (60’ vs. 10’)• Swivel head• Built in bounce card• Very elaborate flash exposurecontrol• Built in wireless features to controlor be controlled by a master flash