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Camera Types


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Introducing camera types for high school students as we prepare to work with film SLRs and then eventually Digital SLRs.

Introducing camera types for high school students as we prepare to work with film SLRs and then eventually Digital SLRs.

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  • 1. Camera TypesThere are many kinds of cameras.We will learn about some of them.Any of them could be a digital camera.
  • 2. Copyright Notice• Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike CC BY-NC-SA• This presentation is for educational purposes only. No money is being made andis provided with similar allowances for other educatorsto use for non-profit, educational purposes.• Images are from various sources, including many of my own. If you would liketo high res images I have shot, please visit www.DrewLoker.comfor various work online.• If you are the original author of any of the samples, pictures, text, etc. please letme know if you object to the usage and I willremove your material promptly.Photo by Drew Loker
  • 3. CameraTypes• One guyscollections withsome 50+ filmcameras•
  • 4. Why So Many Different Types??
  • 5. Mainly, for many types of uses.But also because of technologicalimprovements over time resulting insimilar models, but new features.
  • 6. Image SizeOne of thebiggest reasons isthe size of thenegative (or inthe case ofdigital, thesensor).Left to right: 4”x5”,120mm and 35mm
  • 7. Main Camera Types(there are others)• Single Lens Reflex • Twin Lens Reflex• Viewfinder • View Camera• Pinhole• Any of the above can be a Digital camera.A digital camera is simply the medium thatan image is recorded on.
  • 8. Lens Based Camera Obscura, 1568PinholeCamera
  • 9. “The Brownie” Camera
  • 10. Pinhole Diagram
  • 11. S
  • 12. SN
  • 13. SNA
  • 14. SNAA
  • 15. N
  • 16. NSort of
  • 17. NSort ofA
  • 18. NSort ofATo you,but nottocamera
  • 19. S
  • 20. SNotReally
  • 21. SNotReallyN
  • 22. SNotReallyNM
  • 23. N
  • 24. NM
  • 25. NMN
  • 26. SNAANASortofSNotReallyNMNMNSortof
  • 27. Usages of Pinhole Cameras• Learn how light works• Learn how cameras work• Artsy photos
  • 28. Advantages of Pinhole Camera• Very inexpensive• Easy to make one…materials can be foundfrom existing household items: oatmealcontainer (or similar item), aluminum foiland tape.• Artistic impression• Maximum depth of field (area in focus)
  • 29. Disadvantages of PinholeCamera• No controls• Long exposures• Can NOT view what the camera sees
  • 30. Be sure you can:• Determine which of the 15 features apply toeach camera• List the usages of your camera• List the advantages of your camera• List the disadvantages of your camera
  • 31. Pinhole Camera• this is like the Camera Obscura…just a lighttight box with a hole and cover as a shutter.Matchbox Pinhole Camera• a. Advantages: Easy to use, inexpensive…can make from home materials, Artsy view ofsubjects (impressionistic)• b. Disadvantages: No controls, low picturesquality
  • 32. Types of Cameras, Part 2–Now it’s your turn
  • 33. Types of Cameras–5 Main Types (there are others)•Pinhole (me)•View (group 1, p. 68) – next to comp 1•Single Lens Reflex (group 2, p. 55)•Twin Lens Reflex (group 3, p. 63)•Viewfinder (group 4, p. 49) – next to comp 21*All of the above can be a digital camera
  • 34. Types of Cameras–5 Main Types (there are others)•Pinhole•View•Single Lens Reflex•Twin Lens Reflex•Viewfinder*All of the above can be a digital camera
  • 35. Viewfinder Digital Cameras
  • 36. Viewfinder
  • 37. Viewfinder• Viewfinder - Uses a separate window for viewing asthe lens for taking the picture. IOW, you are not reallylooking at a real live image. This applies to most P&SDigital Cameras.a. Advantages: Easy to use, “point and shoot”cameras, focus free, small compact camerasb. Disadvantages: Few controls…no creative picturecontrol, low picture quality with the cheaper cameras(especially disposable with plastic parts)
  • 38. SLR – Single Lens Reflex• The Pentax K1000 and ZX-M are two SLRs we use.• Viewing & exposure is done through the same lens (TTL).• Project 1 – K1000 - Every body shoots with (left)• Project 2 – ZX-M – a few available (right)
  • 39. SLR – SingleLens Reflex
  • 40. SLR – Single Lens Reflexa. Advantages: TTL is best way to acquire imagesspontaneously, with no parallax error, TTL lightmetering, usually have a wide variety of interchangeablelenses, a variety of controlled adjustments with a widerange of shutter speeds, exposure assisted by a CPUb. Disadvantages: Frequently have complicatedcontrols, larger camera size, bulky when carrying extralenses, shutter and mirror reflex system tends to benoisy
  • 41. Nikons last Film SLR – F6
  • 42. DSLR –DigitalSingleLensReflex• PentaxK100dDSLRwe usein class.
  • 43. Several Options with each Brand
  • 44. SLRSystem
  • 45. TLR –Twin Lens Reflex• Uses two lensessynchronized for viewingand exposure.
  • 46. Size of Imager (film or sensor)It’s all about the size! The bigger the better, in film anddigital. More megapixels is NOT necessarily better if theyhave just crammed it into a small sensor.
  • 47. TLR – Twin Lens Reflex
  • 48. TLR – Twin Lens Reflexa. Advantages: Larger film size for high qualityenlargements, TTL focusing due to the viewing and takinglenses being tied together, critical focus magnifier to giveextra image detail, image always visible in viewfinder, evenwhen the shutter is activated, convenience of both waist-level and eye level “shooting”.b. Disadvantages: Lots of controls, large sized camera,many models do not have interchangeable lenses, imagelaterally reversed from left-to-right in the waist levelviewfinder, some parallax error.
  • 49. View Digital Backs can be purchased for just aboutany camera. For a Medium Format cameraexpect to spend:$30,000 or more!
  • 50. View• Large formatcamera thatallows forcontrol of thefocal plane,especially foruse forlandscape andarchitecture.
  • 51. View
  • 52. View
  • 53. View• This photo of amountain scenecaptured using a4x5 ViewCamera and a90mm wide-angle lens(roughly theequivalent of a28mm lens in35mm format).The foreground-to-backgroundsharpness is aresult of tiltingthe frontstandard,placing the focusplane diagonalto the film plane.
  • 54. Viewa. Advantages: Allows for perspective and distortion control oflandscapes and architecture, large film size allows for very largeprints (poster sized), variety of special-use attachments, directlyviewing of the image TTL, wide selection of lensesb. Disadvantages: Lots of controls, VERY large sized and heavycamera, most models require the use of a tripod, image difficult tosee on viewing glass, takes considerable time to set up and use,image lost on viewing glass after film holder is inserted,photographer needs to know when and how to use the fourstandard movements.
  • 55. ViewGraflex PacemakerSpeed Graphic 4x5
  • 56. Very much still available today
  • 57. As featured in a recent movie…
  • 58. Shooter in Brazos Bend State Park,South Houston, 10/31/09
  • 59. ViewDigital Back Alternative - This shows how Keith Cooper( adapted his Canon 1Ds as a digital back for a MPP monorailview camera.