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Drilling down: A look at the digital ways bloggers tell their personal stories
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    Drilling down: A look at the digital ways bloggers tell their personal stories Drilling down: A look at the digital ways bloggers tell their personal stories Presentation Transcript

    • Drilling Down: A Look at the Digital Ways Bloggers Tell Their Personal Stories
      Lois Ann Scheidt
      October 17, 2009
    • Genres are
      classes of communication that typically possess features known to their users, common forms and purposes, and name recognition (Swales, 1990).
      “typified rhetorical actions based in recurrent situations” (Miller, 1984, p. 156).
    • Genre Theory Limitations
      Too much emphasis can be placed on similarities at the potential expense of differences (Frow, 2005).
      It is impossible to typify all possible combinations of characteristics (Kwasnik & Crowston, 2005).
      Evolving (Yates & Orlikowski, 1992)
      Emerging (Crowston & Williams, 2000)
    • Weblogs
    • Definition
      A weblog, or blog, is a frequently updated website consisting of dated entries arranged in reverse chronological order.... Typically, weblogs are published by individuals and their style is personal and informal…. Examples of the genre exist on a continuum from confessional online diaries to logs tracking specific topics or activities through links and commentary (Walker, 2003, n.p.).
    • Diary Weblogs Defined
      Meets the definition of a weblog (Walker, 2003)
      Posts explore the producers inner terrain and life as it is lived in the first person.
      Post may be text or multimedia, or any combination there of.
    • First Diary Weblogs
      Carolyn L Burke – January 3, 1995
      Carolyn’s Diary
      Original a filter weblog
      Became a diary over time
      Justin Hall – January 1994 or late 1994
      Justin’s Home Page & Links from the Underground
      Originally a filter weblog
      Became a diary over time then returned to being a filter before leaving the web
    • Development of Weblog Creation Tools
      HTML (pre-1999)
      LiveJournal (March 1999 – present)
      Website using proprietary software
      Originally diary weblogs only (until 2003)
      Blogger (August 1999-present)
      Website using proprietary software
      Proprietary software to use on the bloggers site
      Any subgenre of weblogs
    • Weblog Growth (in millions)
    • Genres of Diary Weblogs
      Characteristics of weblog producers
      vs.
      Characteristics of the artifact (the weblog)
    • Literature Describes Two-Differing Populations
      General user population
      Characterized by their use of the technology
      Younger user population
      Characterized by
      age
      use of the technology
    • Estimates of Non-English Languages use in Weblogs Through Automated Language Identification
      2004 – 38.1% (NITLE)
      2005 - 31.3% (NITLE)
      April 2006 – 1/3 of all posts (Technorati)
      2007 (Technorati)
      Japanese 37%
      English 36%
      Chinese 8%
    • Adolescent Diary Weblogs
      Many come down on these blogs as trivial, but they are in fact one of the most amazing facets of the blogging phenomenon. Teenagers talk about what interest them, what’s on their minds, and what issues they are having (Stone, 2004, pp. 53-54).
    • Teens are Blogging
      Polish bloggers (Cywinska-Milonas, 2003)
      75% are less than 21
      40% are between 15-17 years old
      English-language weblogs (Herring, Kouper et al. 2004)
      39% are under 20 years of age
      American teenagers (12 – 17 years old) (Lenhart & Madden, 2005)
      22% of respondent keep a weblog
      18% of those younger than 15 years of age
    • Gender
      To date, scholarly studies have focused on both boys and girls (two papers), or on girls only (two papers).
      Studies on boys use of blogging and diary blogging are lacking.
    • Boys
      Use more active and resolute language Huffaker & Calvert, 2005)
      Used more emoticons (Huffaker & Calvert, 2005)
      Produce more Witness to the Experience entries (Scheidt, 2006)
    • Girls
      Produce more Unconditional support entries (Scheidt, 2006).
      Use ingratiation strategies to gain affection and approval (Bortree, 2005).
      Use direct and indirect expressions of self to gain acceptance (Bortree, 2005).
      Adolescent queer female diarists join discussions without disclosing self (Driver, 2006).
    • Boys and Girls
      Did not differ in the use of
      Passive (Huffaker & Calvert, 2005)
      Accommodating (Huffaker & Calvert, 2005)
      Cooperative language (Huffaker & Calvert, 2005)
      Gender differences in word frequency disappear when the weblog type is taken into account (Herring & Paolillo, 2006)
    • Multimedia Diary Weblogs
    • Photobloggers
      Orchestrate their presentations by
      Taking
      Selecting
      Annotating
      Viewing their photographs (Cohen, 2005)
      Usually do not post daily (Meyer, Rosenbaum, & Hara, 2005).
    • Moblogs
      Blending of mobile and weblog
      Usually produced and uploaded via cell phone (Sit, Hollan, & Griswold, 2005).
      Sites come and go very quickly, with 93.2% of users abandoning their moblogs in 30 weeks or less (Adar, 2004).
      Initial posts average eight posts the first week, dropping to one per week after five weeks (Adar, 2004)
    • CyborgLogs
      First-person recording of an activity with the content creator as active participant.
      Perspective changes from participant to observer, unless using wearable recording equipment (Dickie, Vertegaal et al., 2004).
      Can be produced with cell phone cameras
    • Audioblogs
      Least often utilized genre (Trammell & Gasser, 2004)
      One of the more personal forms of blogging, since the “audioblogger’s voice transmits the message” (Trammell & Gasser, 2004).
    • Podcasts
      Are becoming staples in
      Classrooms (Richardson, 2006)
      Political campaigns (Johnson, 2006)
      Is used for diary blogging but has not been studied as such.
    • Videologs
      Distinctions between terms
      Videolog or vog – edited footage (Hoem, 2004).
      Moblog – raw footage (Hoem, 2004).
      Vlog – uses compressed video context (Miles, 2005).
    • Lifelogs
      Capturing all or parts of a lived life from first-person perspective
      Most often streaming video