Philosophies of Ancient China<br />Objectives: <br />-Examine whytheChinesevaluedthe concept of balance.<br /><ul><li>Explore whattheChinesephilosopherConfuciustaught.
AnalyzehowDaoism and Confucianismworkedtogether in Chinesesociety.
Investigatehowbeliefssuch as Legalism and BuddhisminfluencedChinesehistory.</li></li></ul><li>AncientChineseBeliefs<br />Politicalconflictmarkedthelastcenturies of theZhoudynasty.<br />Philosophersrestoreharmony.<br />Dualismor 2 sideness of nature<br />Balance betweentwoforces YIN YANG<br />Theydependoneachother and maintain a balance.<br />
The relationship between yin and yang is often described in terms of sunlight playing over a mountain and in the valley. Yin (literally the 'shady place' or 'north slope') is the dark area occluded by the mountain's bulk, while yang (literally the 'sunny place' or 'south slope') is the brightly lit portion. As the sun moves across the sky, yin and yang gradually trade places with each other, revealing what was obscured and obscuring what was revealed. Yin is usually characterized as slow, soft, insubstantial, diffuse, cold, wet, and tranquil. It is generally associated with the feminine, birth and generation, and with the night. Yang, by contrast, is characterized as hard, fast, solid, dry, focused, hot, and aggressive. It is associated with masculinity and daytime<br />
Confucius and Laozi<br />New ideas and theoriestoexplaineconomic, political and social changed.<br />Confucius’sfollowerscollectedhis ideas and teachings in a workcalledAnalects<br />
Confucianism<br />Concernedwiththe causes of thepolitical and social disorder and show how moral and ethicalleadershipcouldsolveproblems<br />Taughtsabout e <br />importance of family, <br />respectforone’selders<br />reverenceforthepast and one’sancestors<br />
1st: Everypersonshouldaccepthis role in society and perfomrduties.<br />2nd: Involvedcorrectbehavior. Honest and Honorable rulers.<br />Maininterestedpeoplehappiness<br />
Daoism<br />Laozifoundedthisphilosophy, whichis<br />defined as “theway”.<br />Anindescribableforcegovernedtheuniverse and peopleshouldwithdrawfromtheworld and contemplatenature.<br />Notstrivefor material wealth.<br />Nottoseekpower.<br />Manypeasants, artisants and poetsappealedforthe balance in life<br />
Legalism<br />Concernedwithpolitics<br />Believed in power and in harshlaws<br />Peopleselfish and untrustworthy<br />Punishmentifpeopledidnotobey<br />1st Qinemperor, Chengfailedbecause of its cruel methods<br />
BuDDHISM IN CHINA<br />Missionariesfrom India broughtBuddhismduringthe Han Dynasty<br />Disorders, violenceincrease, military leader fightingforpower<br />Familycenteredsecuritythreatened<br />Buddhismemphasized universal charity and compassion.<br />Buddhistceremonies = peace and safety<br />MahayanaBuddhistworshipedtheBuddha as a savior, committedtohelpallhumanbeings escape frommiseries of theworld<br />