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Hinduismand Buddhism

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  • 1. Hinduism and Buddhism
    • Objectives:
    • Describe the importance of relegion in ancient Indian society.
    • Identify the principal elements of Hinduism.
    • Identify the basic belief of Biddhism.
  • 2.  
  • 3.  
  • 4. The Upanishads and the Epics
    • End of the Vedic Age
    • Religious literature were written based on earlier Indo Aryan religion stories and traditions.
    • Hinduism and Buddhism developed in India
    • Indian religious thinkers questions the Brahmins authorithy.
    • School of thought known as Vedanta or “end of the Vedas”
  • 5.
    • MAHABHARATA: Long poems, tells the story of a great battle in a Kingdom in what is now northern India.
    • RAMAYANA: Tells the story of Rama, a prince and an incarnation of the God Vishnu and his wife Sita. They became role models for mena dn women in Indian Society.
  • 6. A Changing Society
    • Caste System: a complex form of Social Organization
    • Varnas (Social Classes) appeared
    • in Indian Society
    RULERS AND WARRIORS BRAHMIS PRIESTS AND SCHOLARS MERCHANTS TRADERS AND FARMERS PEASANTS PARIASHA OR UNTOUCHABLES
  • 7.
    • Varnas divided into smaller subgroups called jati.
    • A person was born into the jati of his of her parents and could marry only within that subgroup.
    • They determined what jobs they could hold and who they could eat with.
  • 8. Reading Check
    • Analyzing Information
      • How did the Caste System affect Indian Society?
      • Do you agree with the social classes issues that we have here in Ecuador?
      • What would you do to stop this?
  • 9. Hinduism
    • Hinduism gradually spread to became India’s major religion.
    • Upanishads = a divine essence called Brahman fills everything in the world. People have and individual essence Self ot Atman.
    • This reflects the belief that all things in the unverse are of the same essence as God.
  • 10. Hindu Beliefs
    • Hinduism teaches that the world we see is an illusion. (maya)
    • People can gain salvation only if they recognize and reject maya.
    • Soul must be reborn, over and over again.
    • The experience that we gain as we pass through life helps them to identify maya. (reincarnation).
    • The soul does not die, but can be reborn in the body of another human being or even an animal.
  • 11.
    • DHARMA KARMA
    • Dharma: doing one’s moral duty in this life so that the soul can advance in the next life.
    • Karma: is the good or bad force created by a person’s actiona.
    • People who fulfill their dharma gain good karma and are born into a higher social group in the nex life. People who do not live moral lives will be born as members of lower groups or as animals.
  • 12. The Hindu God
            • THE HINDU GOD BRAHMA
            • VISHNU the Preserver
            • SIVA the Destroyer
            • Animals Spirirts
            • Spirits of Trees People
  • 13. Hindu Religious Practice
    • Practice Yoga: Mental and Physical exercises designed to bring the body and soul together, this frees the mind of thoughts about the body.
    • Hindu festivals combine religious ceremonies, rituals, music, dancing, eating and drinking. Celebration might last for days. Festivals represent the seasonal course of Nature.
    • Sacred animals. Cows are special because they provided power for plows and carts, also produced milk and butter for food. Cows are protected by law.
  • 14. Buddhism
    • Siddhartha Gautama the Buddha
    • Born in Northern India, the son of a wealthly prince.
    • Luxury, education, and comfort.
    • Nothing about disease, poverty, fear, etc.
    • He vowed to discoverd human suffering. Great Renunciation.
    • Under a tree, he understood the truth that forms the basis of life.
  • 15.  
  • 16. The Buddha’s Teachings
    • Hindu ideas = Reincarnation
    • Soul progress depends on the person life.
    • Good is reward and evil is punished.
    • The Buddha taught ethics, a code of morals and conduct.
    • Priest should live peacefull among poverty.
    • Denied the importants of the caste system
  • 17.  
  • 18.  
  • 19. The spread of Buddhism
    • Theravada
      • Traditional beliefs of buddhism.
      • Buddha great teacher and spiritual leader
      • Accepted in Burna (Myamar), Siam (Thailand), Ceylon (Sri Lanka), Laos
    • Mahayana
      • Buddha God and savior.
      • Elaborate ceremonies.
      • China, Vietnam, Korea and Japan
    Buddhism developed and spread in India Followers Brahmis opposed Buddhism declined in India
  • 20. Theravada Mahayana
  • 21. SECTION 3 REVIEW Hinduism and Buddhism
  • 22. 1. DEFINE
    • Epics:
    • Caste system:
    • Varnas:
    • Monism:
    • Maya:
    • Reincarnation:
    • Nirvana:
    • Polytheism:
  • 23. 2. IDENTIFY
    • Upanishads:
    • Bhagavad Gita:
    • Siddhartha Gautama:
  • 24. 3. COMPARING AND CONTRASTING Mahayana Buddhism Theravada Buddhism
  • 25. 4. FINDING THE MAIN IDEA
    • Which elements of Indian religion seem most clearly reflected in the Indian social structure?
    • In what ways can Hinduism be considered monistic?