Along the whole shipment cycle, different documents will be released or received. For example, Booking acknowledgment (BA), Bill of Lading (BL), Commercial Invoice, Arrival Notice and Release order will be issued to customer at different stages. Certificate or Export License, Shipping Instruction will be received from Customer. Job Order will be issue to supplier for empty pick up or empty return services.
When the shipment cycle starts, at empty pickup facility, we receive a Gate out event from our supplier. It implies the container has been issued to shipper. When the laden container is returned, we receive a Gate in event. If the laden return facility is located in inland, the container will be moved to the port areas, and thus we receive a Gate Out event. In United States, if the container moved to POL is via rail, the car location messaging will be received from the Rail company. Once the container arrive at POL terminal, we receive a Gate In event When the container is moving along different ports such as Port of Load, Transshipment Port and Port of Discharge. Loading and Discharge events will be received. And similar Gate In and Gate Out events will be received from our supplier at Inbound side. Therefore, we rely on the container event update to keep track container status.
FIATA Definition 国际货运组织定义 Freight forwarding is all about the smooth flow of international trade. The freight forwarder is the party who ensures that internationally traded goods move from point of origin to point of destination to arrive: 货运贯穿于国际贸易过程并保证其顺畅进行。货代则是指在整个国际贸易货物的运动过程中保证货物按以下要求从起运港顺利到达目的港： • At the right place, 正确的地点 • At the right time, 准确的时间 • In good order and condition, 货物完好无损 • At the most economic cost. 最经济的方式 Logistics 物流 Statutory compliance 法规执行 Risk Management 风险管理 Finance and Payment 财务及付款 Cross functional integration 复合型 To accomplish this, expertise is required in a number of different areas: 要达到这个目标，在不同领域的相关专业知识是不可缺少的：
第三章：提单实务 一、提单的定义 《汉堡规则》： Bill of lading, means a document which evidences a contract of carriage by sea and the taking over or loading of the goods by the carrier, and by which the carrier undertakes to deliver the goods against surrender of the document. 二、提单的功能
案例分析 3. 海运提货单（ SEA WAY BILL ） 又称不可转让的海运单（ NON-NEGOTIABLE B/L ），是承运人签发的用以证明海上运输合同的以及货物已由承运人接管装载的凭据，是一种不可转让的运输单证。目的是简化提货手续，近距离运输往往货物早于提单到达目的港， SEA WAY BILL 可避免因单据未到而影响提货，及增加费用。属于简式提单，不可银行押汇，不具流通性，仅是收据及运输证明。