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ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Conference
The 23rd International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference
Anchorage, Alaska, USA, June...
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Collaborative, Complex, and Critical Decision Processes in Evolving Crises
• TRI...
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Tsunami Early Warning Systems (TEWS)
TEWS are distributed software and hardware ...
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ICT Research and Development Strategy
Information and Communication Technology (...
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Predecessor Projects
2005 – 2011
2007 – 2010
2010 – 2013
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning
System (GITEWS)
Focus: Sensor data integration
Duration: 2006...
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Key components
• A communication infrastructure of interoperable services
• A ro...
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Architectures and Application Development
• Concept and Design of a reference ar...
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Spiral Model for Demonstrator Evolution
9
Y1 –
Y2 –
Y3 –
Each yearly cycle compr...
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Design of Reference Architecture for Crisis
Management Systems
• Specification o...
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
TRIDEC Architecture Overview
• The generic TRIDEC architecture
describes a commo...
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Generic Architecture Components
Display of the identified generic components for...
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Architecture for Natural Crisis Management
14
Decide & Act
Downstream
• Generation of
customized warn...
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Natural Crisis Management System Architecture
– Concept
15
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Upstream / Decide and Act Architecture
16
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Upstream / Decide & Act:
Light weight and middle-weight systems
17
Year 1 Year 2
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Decide and Act / Downstream Architecture
18
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Service Oriented Architecture for Sensor
Integration (Upstream)
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
End User Use Cases Natural Crises Management
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Collaboration for Natural Crises Management
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Roles and Tasks in the TRIDEC System of Systems
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Tasks, Roles, and Conversations
(Collaboration Model and Business Processes)
23
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Choreography Example
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Tsunami Workflow Example
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Remaining Work
• Extension of the System-of-Systems character (federation of dis...
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
The road ahead / ICT Megatrends
• Ubiquitous sensing,
• integration of Earth Obs...
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Conclusion
• Information and communication technology (ICT) has become the
drivi...
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
ISOPE-2013
Anchorage
Thank you for your attention
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The Evolution of Disaster Early Warning Systems in the TRIDEC Project

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Transcript of "The Evolution of Disaster Early Warning Systems in the TRIDEC Project"

  1. 1. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Conference The 23rd International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference Anchorage, Alaska, USA, June 30−July 5, 2013: www.isope.org; www.isope2013.org The Evolution of Disaster Early Warning Systems in the TRIDEC Project Peter Löwe, Joachim Wächter, Martin Hammitzsch, Matthias Lendholt, Rainer Häner Centre for GeoinformationTechnology, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany Jürgen Moßgraber Fraunhofer IOSB Karlsruhe, Germany Zoheir Sabeur IT Innovation Centre, Faculty of Physical and Applied Sciences, University of Southampton Southampton, United Kingdom
  2. 2. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Collaborative, Complex, and Critical Decision Processes in Evolving Crises • TRIDEC is a IT Research Project in the European Union’s Framework Programme (FP7) • New approaches and technologies for intelligent information management in collaborative, complex and critical decision processes in earth management. • This presentation focuses on the architecture developed for natural crisis management (NCM) and the light-, mid- and heavyweight demonstrators for Tsunami Early Warning.
  3. 3. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Tsunami Early Warning Systems (TEWS) TEWS are distributed software and hardware systems supporting – reliable detection of imminent tsunami hazards, – rapid situation assessment, and the – targeted dissemination of customised warning messages. TEWS infrastructures consist of • national (National Tsunami Warning Centre: NTWC); and • regional warning centres (Regional Tsunami Watch Centre:RTWC).
  4. 4. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ICT Research and Development Strategy Information and Communication Technology (ICT) view of Tsunami Early Warning Systems: • integrated software- and hardware systems for • data acquisition, • decision making and • information dissemination, which • support the detection and analyses of imminent hazards and the dissemination of customised related warnings.
  5. 5. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Predecessor Projects 2005 – 2011 2007 – 2010 2010 – 2013
  6. 6. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS) Focus: Sensor data integration Duration: 2006 – 2011 Funding: German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) Distant Early Warning System (DEWS) Focus: Information logistics Duration: 2007-2010 Funding: EU (FP6) Predecessor Projects
  7. 7. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Key components • A communication infrastructure of interoperable services • A robust and scalable service infrastructure • A knowledge-based service framework • An adaptive framework for collaborative decision making
  8. 8. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Architectures and Application Development • Concept and Design of a reference architecture for tsunami warning systems based on the TRIDEC service infrastructure • Application Development – Establishing a service orchestration platform to support sustainable crisis management and collaboration workflows – Specification and implementation of adaptive, autonomous and intelligent information management 8
  9. 9. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Spiral Model for Demonstrator Evolution 9 Y1 – Y2 – Y3 – Each yearly cycle comprises requirement analysis, design and development activities followed by test phases to validate the results repeatedly against the requirements. Year 1: Light weight Demonstrator Year 2: Middle weight Demonstrator Year 3: Heavy weight Demonstrator
  10. 10. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Design of Reference Architecture for Crisis Management Systems • Specification of Information Model • Identification of System Components • Specification of Interaction Scenarios, Tasks, Choreographies and Business Processes • System-of-Systems (SoS) design 11
  11. 11. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage TRIDEC Architecture Overview • The generic TRIDEC architecture describes a common layout for the sub-systems of a System of Systems to interact via a communication infrastructure. • A communication infrastructure based on a Message-oriented middleware (MOM) enables distributed applications and distributed systems in heterogeneous environments to communicate by message exchange. Red triangles: SoS sub-systems with their own data.
  12. 12. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Generic Architecture Components Display of the identified generic components for a generic decision support system. Data Source(s) 1st site MOM Data Source(s) Data Source(s) Feeder Storage Historic DataCached Data Semantic Registry Workflow Service Data Source(s) Data Source(s) Processing Service Receive realtime data Get cached data and parameters; write results User Interface R Cache / store data Query R Steers Receive notifications R Invoke & handle results RR Downstream Dissemination R R Register sensor & request topic
  13. 13. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Architecture for Natural Crisis Management 14 Decide & Act Downstream • Generation of customized warning information • Dissemination via different channels • Control actuators Decide & Act • Decision finding based on context analysis • Evaluation of alternatives • Initiation of warnings Upstream • Sensor data • Context information • Dynamic analysis
  14. 14. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Natural Crisis Management System Architecture – Concept 15
  15. 15. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Upstream / Decide and Act Architecture 16
  16. 16. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Upstream / Decide & Act: Light weight and middle-weight systems 17 Year 1 Year 2
  17. 17. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Decide and Act / Downstream Architecture 18
  18. 18. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Service Oriented Architecture for Sensor Integration (Upstream)
  19. 19. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage End User Use Cases Natural Crises Management
  20. 20. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Collaboration for Natural Crises Management
  21. 21. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Roles and Tasks in the TRIDEC System of Systems
  22. 22. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Tasks, Roles, and Conversations (Collaboration Model and Business Processes) 23
  23. 23. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Choreography Example
  24. 24. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Tsunami Workflow Example
  25. 25. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Remaining Work • Extension of the System-of-Systems character (federation of distributed components, international communication of systems) • Integrate non-traditional tsunami signal detection approaches • Leverage intelligent information management 26
  26. 26. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage The road ahead / ICT Megatrends • Ubiquitous sensing, • integration of Earth Observation (EO) systems, • volunteered geographic information (VGI), and • cloud computing However, for any kind of early warning system, it will be critical to prove that the range of functions can also be reliably offered as cloud-based software services.
  27. 27. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Conclusion • Information and communication technology (ICT) has become the driving factor for Tsunami Early Warning Systems (TEWS). • IT concepts such as service-based architecture (SOA), system of systems (SoS), middleware and semantic services enable standards- based software infrastructures for national and regional TEWS. • The TRIDEC software framework is used for local TEWS instances in the North East Atlantic / Mediterranean (NEAM) region to be connected in a system of systems.
  28. 28. ISOPE-2013 Anchorage ISOPE-2013 Anchorage Thank you for your attention
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