Scientific 3D Printing (GFZ GeoInformatics Kollquium April 2012)

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Scientific 3D Printing (GFZ GeoInformatics Kollquium April 2012)

  1. 1. Scientific 3D Printing A Work in Progress Report GFZ Geoinformatics Kolloquium April 3 2013Peter Löwe, Jens Klump (CeGIT), Jens Wickert (Section 1.1)
  2. 2. Communicating scientific findings• Challenge: Vizualizing scientific data before one’s inner eye.• Immersive data-visualizations do not provide tactile feedback.• Tangible representation of geospatial information is crucial.
  3. 3. Communicating scientific findings• Challenge: Vizualizing scientific data before one’s inner eye.• Immersive data-visualizations do not provide tactile feedback.• Tangible representation of geospatial information is crucial. 1492
  4. 4. Communicating scientific findings• Challenge: Vizualizing scientific data before one’s inner eye.• Immersive data-visualizations do not provide tactile feedback.• Tangible representation of geospatial information is crucial. 1492 Today
  5. 5. „The Future is here“ (again)The potentials of „3D printing“ asfeatured in the News
  6. 6. „The Future is here“ (again)The potentials of „3D printing“ asfeatured in the News: – Guns !
  7. 7. „The Future is here“ (again)The potentials of „3D printing“ asfeatured in the News: – Guns ! – Human body parts !
  8. 8. „The Future is here“ (again)The potentials of „3D printing“ asfeatured in the News: – Guns ! – Human body parts ! – Clothes !
  9. 9. „The Future is here“ (again)The potentials of „3D printing“ asfeatured in the News: – Guns ! – Human body parts ! – Clothes ! – Candy !
  10. 10. „The Future is here“ (again)The potentials of „3D printing“ asfeatured in the News: – Guns ! – Human body parts ! – Clothes ! – Candy ! – Space Exploration !
  11. 11. Reality Check 1983: ZX81 Homecomputer (1Kb RAM !)
  12. 12. Reality Check – 3D Printing• Since 1987: Growing use in the manufacturing industry• Mid 2000s: Low cost printers reach the mainstream 1983: 2013: ZX81 MakerBot Homecomputer 3D Printer (1Kb RAM !) (1 Color !)
  13. 13. Reality Check – 3D Printing• Since 1987: Growing use in the manufacturing industry• Mid 2000s: Low cost printers reach the mainstream 1983: 2013: ZX81 MakerBot Homecomputer 3D Printer (1Kb RAM !) (1 Color !) GeoInformatics
  14. 14. To plot a hype• The introduction of new technologies can be described by a graph. http://scalablestartup.files.wordpress.com/2012/1 2/gartner-hype-cycle.png?w=470
  15. 15. Status 3D printing – according to Google 3D Printing 2013 http://surveys.peerproduction.net/wp- content/uploads/2012/11/GoogleTrendsGartnerHypeCycle.png
  16. 16. Web 2.0
  17. 17. Web 2.0: 3D Print Shops & Repositories
  18. 18. Web 2.0: 3D Print Shops & Repositories Software services to provide „hard data“
  19. 19. What is…3D Printing
  20. 20. What is…3D Printing (additive manufacturing) A process of • making a three-dimensional solid object of • virtually any shape from a • digital model [Wikipedia]
  21. 21. What is…3D Printing (additive manufacturing) A process of • making a three-dimensional solid object of • virtually any shape from a • digital model using an • additive process, where • successive layers of material are laid down • in different shapes. [Wikipedia]
  22. 22. Technologies for 3D Printing• Extrusion deposition
  23. 23. Technologies for 3D Printing• Extrusion deposition• Granular materials binding – selective laser sintering, – inkjet 2D printing
  24. 24. Technologies for 3D Printing• Extrusion deposition• Granular materials binding – selective laser sintering, – inkjet 2D printing• Lamination (e.g: Paper stack)
  25. 25. Technologies for 3D Printing• Extrusion deposition• Granular materials binding – selective laser sintering, – inkjet 2D printing• Lamination (e.g: Paper stack)• Photopolymerization – Stereolithography – patented in 1987)
  26. 26. Scientific 3D Printing: Current Status• An observation, by a sensor, results in a geo-referenced data set.
  27. 27. Scientific 3D Printing: Current Status• An observation, by a sensor, results in a geo-referenced data set. Data Set
  28. 28. Scientific 3D Printing: Current Status• An observation, by a sensor, results in a geo-referenced data set.• a thematic volume representation is derived from the data• which is converted into command sequences for the printing device (“3D PDF”), Processing Data 3D Set (CeGIT) „PDF“
  29. 29. Scientific 3D Printing: Current Status• An observation, by a sensor, results in a geo-referenced data set.• a thematic volume representation is derived from the data• which is converted into command sequences for the printing device (“3D PDF”),• leading to the creation of a 3d-printout. Processing Printing Data 3D Printout Set (CeGIT) „PDF“ (Section 1.1)
  30. 30. Scientific 3D Printing: Current Status• An observation, by a sensor, results in a geo-referenced data set.• a thematic volume representation is derived from the data• which is converted into command sequences for the printing device (“3D PDF”),• leading to the creation of a 3D printout.• The printout needs to be linked to its metadata to ensure its scientific meaning and context. Processing Printing Data 3D Printout Set (CeGIT) „PDF“ (Section 1.1)
  31. 31. Scientific 3D Printing: Next Steps Processing Printing Data 3D Printout Set (CeGIT) „PDF“ (Section 1.1)• The new print needs to be linked to its metadata to ensure its scientific meaning Metadata assignment and context.
  32. 32. Scientific 3D Printing: Use Cases Data Provider
  33. 33. Scientific 3D Printing: Use Cases Processing PrintingData 3D PrintoutSet (CeGIT) „PDF“ (Section 1.1) Data Provider
  34. 34. Scientific 3D Printing: Use Cases Processing PrintingData 3D PrintoutSet (CeGIT) „PDF“ (Section 1.1) Data Provider Science Communication
  35. 35. Scientific 3D Printing: Application Fields• Handpieces for science communication – among scientists – towards the general public• Showpieces for exhibitions / trade fairs• Condensed information on content and quality• <your application goes here>
  36. 36. Scientific 3D Printing at GFZ• Spring 2012: Section 1.1. acquires a 3D printer to produce casings for environmental sensors.• Summer 2012: CeGIT investigates 3D representations for quality assessments of tsunami simulation data sets in the FP7 TRIDEC project• Fall 2012: CeGIT develops a pilot workflow to convert scientific data volume into stereolithography datasets for 3D printing.• November 2012: – First 3D-printed Tsunami specimens showcased @ GFZ GISDAY – Collaboration with INAF, Italy on planetary data• December 2012: Presentation of results at AGU by INAF.
  37. 37. GFZ Printer Hardware RapMan 3.2 3D Printer
  38. 38. GFZ Printer Hardware RapMan 3.2 3D Printer
  39. 39. GFZ Printer Hardware RapMan 3.2 3D Printer
  40. 40. RapMan 3.2: Reality Check
  41. 41. RapMan 3.2: Reality Check Marcel Ludwig (Section 1.1) Resident 3D printing expert
  42. 42. RapMan 3.2: Reality Check Marcel Ludwig (Section 1.1) Resident 3D printing expert
  43. 43. RapMan 3.2: Reality Check Print head, cooling fan Marcel Print in Ludwig progress (Section 1.1) Resident 3D printing expert RawMaterial Control Unit
  44. 44. Close-Up: Actual Printing Print head InternalOngoing 3D Support Print Structure External Support Structure
  45. 45. Application Examples
  46. 46. Example: 2.5D Surface (Geography) Top• Theme: Land Surface Side• Input: Digital elevation model (xyz data)• Output: Simplified 2.5D elevation surface.
  47. 47. Example: 2.5D Surface (Geology) Top• Theme: Upper limit of Side Zechstein deposits• Input: Surface model (xyz)• Output: 2.5D Surface
  48. 48. Example: 3D Body (Pedology/Glaciology) Top Side• Theme: North Polar Ice- cap of Mars• Input: Volume data compiled from cross- sections (ground penetrating Radar) Under• Output: 3D volume model Side
  49. 49. 3D Volume: Mars North Polar Cap• Research topics: – Buried valleys beneath the polar cap, – radar signal attenuation.• Need: „Handpiece“ for communication among scientists and data quality assessment.• 3D Print is currently used by INAF for data quality assessment.
  50. 50. Example: Stack of 3D Bodies (Geology)• Theme: Underground model north-eastern Germany.• Input: Multiple geological surfaces (xyz * n) Image: GFZ Section 4.4• Output: Stack of multicolored geological volumes. Multiple 3D Bodies
  51. 51. Example:3D Volume Stack (Geology)
  52. 52. Example: Higher dimensional data
  53. 53. Space Time Cubes (STC)Example: Minard`s Map (1869)• a chart depicting the• losses of the napoleoan army Time• during the russian campaign 1812/13
  54. 54. Application Field:Transient spatiotemporal phenomena Data: A.Babeyko 2012, Visualisation: CeGIT
  55. 55. Handpiece: Tsunami Wave Space Time Cube Time used Time used as 3rd as 3rd dimension dimension Tohoku 2011 Tsunami. Data: A.Babeyko 2012
  56. 56. The Road Ahead Processing PrintingData 3D PrintoutSet (CeGIT) „PDF“ (Section 1.1) Metadata assignment
  57. 57. The Road Ahead Processing PrintingData 3D PrintoutSet (CeGIT) „PDF“ (Section 1.1) Metadata assignment
  58. 58. The Road Ahead Processing PrintingData 3D PrintoutSet (CeGIT) „PDF“ (Section 1.1) Metadata assignment
  59. 59. The Road Ahead Processing PrintingData 3D PrintoutSet (CeGIT) „PDF“ (Section 1.1) Metadata assignment
  60. 60. Open Issues• Emerging standards• Scientific software services• Intellectual property rights and copyrights• Archiving of scientific 3D prints
  61. 61. Scientific 3D Printing at EGU 2013• Poster presentation on 3D printing: ESSI Session 2.7• EGU2013-1544 “Tangible 3D printouts of scientific data volumes with FOSS - an emerging field for research”• Meet us on Thursday, April 11 in the RED Section 15:30- 17:00 hours.
  62. 62. Let‘s discuss• Application scenarios ?• Requirements ?• Opportunities ?
  63. 63. THANK YOU

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