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Scientific 3D Printing

A Work in Progress Report

Albert Einstein Science Park
GIS Day
November 20 2013
Peter Löwe (Visit...
Communicating scientific findings
The challenge:
– Visualizing scientific data in one’s mind
– Communicating this vision t...
3D Printing for
Science Communication:
Overview

Target group

Science
Communication

Scientist
Scientific
Data

Technical...
3D Printing for
Science Communication
Focus of this talk

Target group

Science
Communication

Scientist
Scientific
Data

...
Scientific 3D Printing:
Application Fields
• Handpieces for science communication
– among scientists
– towards the general...
„The Future is here“

(again)

The potential of „3D printing“ as
featured in the News
„The Future is here“

(again)

The potential of „3D printing“ as
featured in the News:

– Guns !
„The Future is here“

(again)

The potential of „3D printing“ as
featured in the News:

– Guns !
– Human body parts !
„The Future is here“

(again)

The potential of „3D printing“ as
featured in the News:

– Guns !
– Human body parts !
– Cl...
„The Future is here“

(again)

The potential of „3D printing“ as
featured in the News:

–
–
–
–

Guns !
Human body parts !...
„The Future is here“

(again)

The potential of „3D printing“ as
featured in the News:

–
–
–
–
–

Guns !
Human body parts...
Reality Check

1983:
ZX81
Homecomputer
(1Kb RAM !)
Reality Check – 3D Printing
• Since 1987: Growing use in the manufacturing industry
• Mid 2000s: Low cost printers reach t...
To plot a hype
• The introduction of new
technologies can be
described by a graph.

3D Printing
2013

http://surveys.peerp...
Overview:
Tasks and Stakeholders

Software

Input
Data

Software
Workspace

Printing
Process

Scientific
Data

Technical P...
Tasks and Stakeholders
Involved Parties at GFZ
CeGIT,
Data Research
Group

Software
CeGIT,
CGS,
Section 5.4

HPC
Cluster
S...
Process Overview:
From model to printout

Scientific
Data

Technical Printing Process

Visualization

Geolog.
Models

GIS
...
Scientific
Data

Processing:
Software Tools and Formats

Technical Printing Process

Paraview

Petrel

GRASS 7

Geodata

S...
Current implementation @ GFZ
• Free and Open Source (FOSS) GIS Software GRASS GIS 7.0
– Full support for 3D volume data (v...
Task and Status Overview

Services
FabLab
„Wissenschaftsladen“
Potsdam

GIS modularization
INAF
Astrophysics Institute,
Ro...
Workflow: Recent advances

• Petrel data import (volumes and faults)
• Improved handling of geologic faults
• Improved exp...
GFZ Printer Hardware
RapMan 3.2 3D Printer
GFZ Printer Hardware
RapMan 3.2 3D Printer

Mult
i-colo
r
PLA ed ABS
a
mate
rials nd
RapMan 3.2: Reality Check
RapMan 3.2: Reality Check

Marcel
Ludwig
(Section 1.1)
Resident 3D
printing expert
RapMan 3.2: Reality Check

Marcel
Ludwig
(Section 1.1)
Resident 3D
printing expert
RapMan 3.2: Reality Check

Print head,
cooling fan

Print in
progress

Raw
Material

Control
Unit

Marcel
Ludwig
(Section ...
Close-Up: Actual Printing
Print
head

Internal
Support
Structure

Ongoing 3D
Print

External
Support
Structure
Application Examples
Elevation Models
More Elevation Models

Mekong River Catchment
More Elevation Models

Mekong River Catchment
Olympus Mons, Mars
More Elevation Models

Mekong River Catchment
Olympus Mons, Mars

Brukkaros Mountain, Namibia
More Elevation Models

Mekong River Catchment
Olympus Mons, Mars

Brukkaros Mountain, Namibia

It glows in the dark !
Globes
Single 3D Volume:
Mars North Polar Cap

• Gound penetrating Radar from
orbit
• „Handpiece“ for communication
among scienti...
Stack of 3D Bodies (Geology)
Underground model of northeastern Germany

Image: GFZ Section 4.4

Stack of 3D
bodies
3D Volume Stack Details
Geological Fault Modelling
• Separation of geologic volumes along complex faults

Faults
Body
Space Time Cubes: Tsunami Propagation
Time used as
3rd dimension

ce
Fran

Time used as
3rd dimension

ia
Russ
-

Time

Ti...
The road ahead
• Additional input data sources
• Workflow improvement
• Intellectual property rights and copyrights
• Arch...
Scientific 3D Printing at AGU 2013
IN41B-1606
„An open source workflow for 3D printouts of
scientific data volumes“
(Poste...
Thanks you
supporters !

Softw
are

Softw
W ork are
spac
e

• Hardware Infrastructure

Print
in
Proc g
ess

– Jens Wickert...
Thank you.
Have a great GIS Day 2013 !
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3D Printing: GIS Day 2013 Work in Progress Report

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Transcript of "3D Printing: GIS Day 2013 Work in Progress Report"

  1. 1. Scientific 3D Printing A Work in Progress Report Albert Einstein Science Park GIS Day November 20 2013 Peter Löwe (Visiting Scientist) Jens Klump, Jens Wickert, Marcel Ludwig (GFZ)
  2. 2. Communicating scientific findings The challenge: – Visualizing scientific data in one’s mind – Communicating this vision to someone else The need: Tangible representation of scientific results. 1492 Today
  3. 3. 3D Printing for Science Communication: Overview Target group Science Communication Scientist Scientific Data Technical Printing Process Metadata Management 3D Print
  4. 4. 3D Printing for Science Communication Focus of this talk Target group Science Communication Scientist Scientific Data Technical Printing Process Metadata Management 3D Print
  5. 5. Scientific 3D Printing: Application Fields • Handpieces for science communication – among scientists – towards the general public • Showpieces for exhibitions / trade fairs • Condensed information on content and quality • <your application goes here>
  6. 6. „The Future is here“ (again) The potential of „3D printing“ as featured in the News
  7. 7. „The Future is here“ (again) The potential of „3D printing“ as featured in the News: – Guns !
  8. 8. „The Future is here“ (again) The potential of „3D printing“ as featured in the News: – Guns ! – Human body parts !
  9. 9. „The Future is here“ (again) The potential of „3D printing“ as featured in the News: – Guns ! – Human body parts ! – Clothes !
  10. 10. „The Future is here“ (again) The potential of „3D printing“ as featured in the News: – – – – Guns ! Human body parts ! Clothes ! Candy !
  11. 11. „The Future is here“ (again) The potential of „3D printing“ as featured in the News: – – – – – Guns ! Human body parts ! Clothes ! Candy ! Space Exploration !
  12. 12. Reality Check 1983: ZX81 Homecomputer (1Kb RAM !)
  13. 13. Reality Check – 3D Printing • Since 1987: Growing use in the manufacturing industry • Mid 2000s: Low cost printers reach the mainstream 1983: ZX81 Homecomputer (1Kb RAM !) 2013: MakerBot 3D Printer (1 color!)
  14. 14. To plot a hype • The introduction of new technologies can be described by a graph. 3D Printing 2013 http://surveys.peerproduction.net/wpcontent/uploads/2012/11/GoogleTrendsGartnerHypeCycle.png
  15. 15. Overview: Tasks and Stakeholders Software Input Data Software Workspace Printing Process Scientific Data Technical Printing Process Preservation QC Printing Hardware 3D Print
  16. 16. Tasks and Stakeholders Involved Parties at GFZ CeGIT, Data Research Group Software CeGIT, CGS, Section 5.4 HPC Cluster Software Workspace Scientific Data Technical Printing Process Data Research Group Preservation QC Section 1.1, Workshop Input Data Printing Process Printing Hardware 3D Print
  17. 17. Process Overview: From model to printout Scientific Data Technical Printing Process Visualization Geolog. Models GIS Geodata Pre-Press 3D Printing GIS as the center piece of the process 3D Print
  18. 18. Scientific Data Processing: Software Tools and Formats Technical Printing Process Paraview Petrel GRASS 7 Geodata StereoLithography Data RapMan Printer 3D Print
  19. 19. Current implementation @ GFZ • Free and Open Source (FOSS) GIS Software GRASS GIS 7.0 – Full support for 3D volume data (volumes) – Temporal Algebra for 2D and 3D – FOSS Software can be accessed and extended on all levels. Quickly. • Available on the GFZ High Performance Cluster (HPC) – Large file space, large memory, – Significant parallel processing power – Scales well • Why not ESRI ArcGIS ? – Doesn‘t run on the Cluster – Closed source: No quick in-depth tweaking, lacking developer feedback
  20. 20. Task and Status Overview Services FabLab „Wissenschaftsladen“ Potsdam GIS modularization INAF Astrophysics Institute, Rome Partnering Materials Hardware Software GIS workflow development Initial GIS-driven experiments Printing Process Expertise 2D Data (Elevation Models) 3D Data (Geological Models, Soil Penetrating Radar) Tsunami Simualations Data Sources
  21. 21. Workflow: Recent advances • Petrel data import (volumes and faults) • Improved handling of geologic faults • Improved export to prepress formats • Workflow modularization and simplification
  22. 22. GFZ Printer Hardware RapMan 3.2 3D Printer
  23. 23. GFZ Printer Hardware RapMan 3.2 3D Printer Mult i-colo r PLA ed ABS a mate rials nd
  24. 24. RapMan 3.2: Reality Check
  25. 25. RapMan 3.2: Reality Check Marcel Ludwig (Section 1.1) Resident 3D printing expert
  26. 26. RapMan 3.2: Reality Check Marcel Ludwig (Section 1.1) Resident 3D printing expert
  27. 27. RapMan 3.2: Reality Check Print head, cooling fan Print in progress Raw Material Control Unit Marcel Ludwig (Section 1.1) Resident 3D printing expert
  28. 28. Close-Up: Actual Printing Print head Internal Support Structure Ongoing 3D Print External Support Structure
  29. 29. Application Examples
  30. 30. Elevation Models
  31. 31. More Elevation Models Mekong River Catchment
  32. 32. More Elevation Models Mekong River Catchment Olympus Mons, Mars
  33. 33. More Elevation Models Mekong River Catchment Olympus Mons, Mars Brukkaros Mountain, Namibia
  34. 34. More Elevation Models Mekong River Catchment Olympus Mons, Mars Brukkaros Mountain, Namibia It glows in the dark !
  35. 35. Globes
  36. 36. Single 3D Volume: Mars North Polar Cap • Gound penetrating Radar from orbit • „Handpiece“ for communication among scientists and data quality assessment. Complex under side
  37. 37. Stack of 3D Bodies (Geology) Underground model of northeastern Germany Image: GFZ Section 4.4 Stack of 3D bodies
  38. 38. 3D Volume Stack Details
  39. 39. Geological Fault Modelling • Separation of geologic volumes along complex faults Faults Body
  40. 40. Space Time Cubes: Tsunami Propagation Time used as 3rd dimension ce Fran Time used as 3rd dimension ia Russ - Time Time Time Tohoku 2011 Tsunami. Data: A.Babeyko 2012
  41. 41. The road ahead • Additional input data sources • Workflow improvement • Intellectual property rights and copyrights • Archiving of scientific 3D prints • Improved printer hardware
  42. 42. Scientific 3D Printing at AGU 2013 IN41B-1606 „An open source workflow for 3D printouts of scientific data volumes“ (Poster presentation)
  43. 43. Thanks you supporters ! Softw are Softw W ork are spac e • Hardware Infrastructure Print in Proc g ess – Jens Wickert (Section 1.1) – Marcel Ludwig (Section 1.1/Hardware Workshop) • High Performance Computing Environment: – Jan Thaler (CeGIT) – Marina Köhler (Computation Centre / HPC Cluster) • Data Research – Jens Klump (CeGIT / Data Research Group) • Science Data – – – – Joachim Wächter, Dorit Kerschke (CeGIT) Tanja Kollersberger (CGS) Section 5.4 (Hydrology) Alessandro Frigeri (INAF, Rome) Prese r vatio n QC Input Data Printi Hard ng ware
  44. 44. Thank you. Have a great GIS Day 2013 !
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