The Rise of Muscovy

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This PowerPoint presents the rise of Muscovy, including the reign of Ivan the Terrible.

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  • Sorok sorokov, zlataglavaia Moskva; first mention in a chronicle of 1147
  • City wall
  • Son of Nevsky; 1st descendant of Rurik branch of the dynasty; established Muscovite state
  • Bear skin
  • Novgorod: 1494, Lithuania, Kazan Khanate
  • Significantly increased territory, invited metropolitans to settle in Moscow, support of Church, religious center; encouraged commerce, taxation (the “Moneybags”)
  • 1382 after siege of Moscow had to accept subjugation to Mongols again, despite victory in 1380
  • 1st national sovereign
  • Sceptre: Roman and Byzantine empires; eagle: Byzantine
  • Coronation, beginning w/Ivan IV
  • Mongols, boyars, church, similar style of dress, Byzantine influence
  • End of Mongol yoke
  • Struggle 1471-94; access to the Baltic Sea and thus the West
  • Very elaborate ceremony; Romanov
  • Member of Chosen Council, one of Ivan’s closest advisors, accused of poisoning Ivan’s wife, forced into exile, then all his friends were tortured and killed
  • Before Ivan IV
  • halos
  • Christ on banner
  • Khanate of Sibir
  • Horsey wrote that there were so many jewels on Ivan’s robe he could hardly move, and that his scepter was a 3-foot-long whale’s tooth crusted with jewels; floorwas of agate, roof of golds, heaps of jewels: emeralds, rubies, pearls; crowns of Muscovy, Kazan, Astrakhan, Siberia; coins and other booty Commerce w/England from 1553
  • Son was angry because Ivan had beaten his pregnant wife for wearing improper clothing and possibly caused a miscarriage.
  • Aristocratic warriors and advisors of princes
  • The Rise of Muscovy

    1. 1. The Rise of Muscovy
    2. 2. Medieval Moscow
    3. 3. Monument to Yury Dolgoruky, “The Founder of Moscow” (c. 1099-1157)
    4. 4. The Founding of Moscow Apollinary Vasnetsov
    5. 5. Moscow Coat of Arms
    6. 6. St. George, Moscow
    7. 7. Daniel, Grand Prince of Moscow (1261-1303)
    8. 8. Court of a Feudal Russian Prince in Moscow, 13th Century Apollinary Vasnetsov
    9. 9. Growth of Muscovy, 14th-15th Centuries
    10. 10. Ivan Kalita (1288-1340) Grand Prince of Moscow
    11. 11. Dmitry Donskoi (1350-89) Grand Prince of Moscow
    12. 12. Moscow Kremlin under Dmitry Donskoi Apollinary Vasnetsov
    13. 13. Crown of Monomakh Sergei Kirillov, 1993
    14. 15. Ivan III, The Great (1440-1505) Grand Prince of Moscow and All of Russia “The Gatherer of the Russian Lands”
    15. 18. Seal and Symbol of Moscow
    16. 19. Cathedral of the Assumption Moscow Kremlin, 1479
    17. 22. Moscow Kremlin under Ivan III Apollinary Vasnetsov
    18. 23. Ivan III Tearing Up the Khan’s Letter (1476) Aleksei Livshenko
    19. 24. Great Stand on the Ugra River, 1480 16th-Century Chronicle Illustration
    20. 25. Destruction of Novgorod by Ivan III (1494) Klavdy Lebedev, c. 1916
    21. 26. The Moscow Kremlin at the Time of Ivan III Apollinary Vasnetsov
    22. 27. Ivan IV, The Terrible 1530-84
    23. 34. Ivan the Terrible Viktor Vasnetsov, 1897
    24. 35. Fyodor Chaliapin as Ivan IV, 1911
    25. 36. Ivan the Terrible Sergei Kirillov, 1990
    26. 37. Marriage of Ivan IV and Anastasia Zakharinia (1547)
    27. 38. Ivan IV and The Priest Sylvester During the Fire of Moscow, 1547 Pavel Pleshanov
    28. 41. Kazan Before the Siege of 1552 Firinat Khalikov
    29. 42. Medieval Kazan
    30. 45. Ivan IV Beneath the Walls of Kazan Konstantin Korovin
    31. 46. Conquest of Kazan Nikolai Roerich, 1916
    32. 47. Conquest of Kazan
    33. 48. Astrakhan (Conquered 1556)
    34. 49. Conquest of Siberia by Ermak (1581) Vasily Surikov, 1895
    35. 50. Capture of Pskov by Ivan IV (1581) Konstantin Briullov
    36. 51. Ivan Shows his Treasure to English Ambassador Jerome Horsey Aleksandr Litvochenko, 1875
    37. 52. Death of Anastasia (1560) Ilya Repin
    38. 53. Ivan the Terrible Begging to Become a Monk Vladimir Lebedev
    39. 54. Ivan the Terrible with Close Advisors Andrei Ryabushkin, 1903
    40. 55. Ivan the Terrible and His Son on November 15, 1581 Ilya Repin, 1885
    41. 56. Ivan the Terrible at the Deathbed of his Son Ivan Viacheslav Schwartz
    42. 57. Boris Godunov with Ivan the Terrible Ilya Repin
    43. 58. Throne of Ivan the Terrible Carved and Gilded Wood, Carved Ivory
    44. 59. Bible of Ivan the Terrible
    45. 60. Fool with Monomakh’s Cap Sergei Kirillov, 1999
    46. 61. Oprichniki Viktor Vasnetsov
    47. 62. Oprichniki
    48. 63. Land Assembly
    49. 64. Prince Andrei Kurbsky
    50. 65. Boyars
    51. 66. Boyars
    52. 67. Russian Embassy to Germany Under Ivan IV
    53. 68. Detail
    54. 69. Boyars and Tsar
    55. 70. Boyars Ivan Bilibin
    56. 71. At the Tsar’s Service Alexander Makovsky
    57. 72. Waiting for the Tsar to Exit Andrei Ryabushkin, 1901
    58. 73. Boyar with the Tsar’s Dipper Sergei Kirillov, 1992
    59. 74. Dipper of Ivan the Terrible Sergei Kirillov, 1999
    60. 75. Boyars Visiting Ivan Goriushkin-Sorokopudov, 1912
    61. 76. A Boyar’s Wedding in the 17th Century Konstantin Makovsky, 1883
    62. 77. Kissing Custom at the Feast of Boyar Morozov Konstantin Makovsky, 1895
    63. 78. Boyaryshnya Konstantin Makovsky, 1886
    64. 79. Boyaryshnya at the Window Konstantin Makovsky
    65. 80. Boyar Duma Andrei Ryabushkin, 1893
    66. 81. Boyar in the Duma Sergei Kirillov, 1994
    67. 82. Scenes of the 16th and 17th Centuries
    68. 83. Red Palace Andrei Ryabushkin, 1899
    69. 84. In the Palace Andrei Ryabushkin, 1880s
    70. 85. Old Moscow Street Andrei Ryabushkin, 1890
    71. 86. 17th-Century Moscow Boris Olshansky
    72. 87. 17th-Century Moscow Street on a Holiday Andrei Ryabushkin, 1895
    73. 88. 17th-Century Russian Women in Church Andrei Ryabushkin, 1899
    74. 89. Red Square Apollinary Vasnetsov
    75. 90. Moscow Kremlin at the End of the 17th Century Apollinary Vasnetsov
    76. 91. Palace of a Prince Viktor Vasnetsov
    77. 92. A Prince’s Estate Alexander Maximov
    78. 93. Medieval Russian City Vladislav Izmailovich
    79. 94. 16th-Century Architecture
    80. 95. Novodevichy Convent Moscow, 1520s
    81. 96. Church of the Resurrection Pskov, 1532
    82. 97. Church of St. Nicholas Pskov, 1535
    83. 98. Nativity Cathedral, Suzdal, 1222, Renovated in 16th Century
    84. 99. St. Basil’s Cathedral Moscow, 1555-61
    85. 105. Church of St. Andrew the Pious Bogolyubovo, 1565
    86. 106. Solovetsky Monastery, 1436-1594
    87. 107. Monastery of St. Euthymius Suzdal, 16th Century
    88. 108. Cathedral of St. Michael, Moscow Kremlin, Late 16th Century
    89. 109. Church of the Transfiguration Near Moscow, Late 16th Century
    90. 110. Old English Court Moscow, Late 16th Century

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