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русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
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русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
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русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
русское наследие 2009 4
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русское наследие 2009 4

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  • 1. Pa3AeA 4 AHTepaTypH0-My3tiKaAbHBie Benepa « 0 T IlyuiKHHa - AO HauiHx p,aePi» CTp 227 « O H 6bIJI HCTOqHHK Aep3HOBeHHbIH», nOCB^LU,eHHbIH CTp.239 TBopqecTBy M. K). JlepMOHTOBa «^o6po no>KajiOBaTb B ^HKaHbKy!», no MOTHBaM CTp. 250 noBecTH H. B. rorojm «Hya,eca, ,a,a H TOJibKO» no MOTHBaM noBecTH CTp 265 H. B. roroji* - «B. BMCOUKHH - noaT, neBen, H rpa>K,zi,aHHH» CTp 274 « 0 pyccKOM poMaHce» CTp. 281 «KpacHOK> KHCTbio pflSHHa 3a>KTjiacb...», nocBjnrieHHbiH CT >KH3HH H TBopqecTBy M. H. LtBeTaeBOH P- ^°5 «H, KOHeqHO, BepHycb...», nocBjnrieHHbiH >KH3HH H CTp. 291 TBopqecTBy B. BbicoiiKOMy «ITpeKpacHbix >KeHiriHH HMeHa» CTp. 303 Pa3AeA 5 TeMarciHecKHe Benepa «9x, nyrb-Aopo^cKa 4>poHTOBa^!» CTp 320 «CecTpbi Hauieft no6e,a,bi» CTp. 326 «CojiAaTCKOMy6paTCTByBepHbi» CTp 33^ «ITpH3BaH poAHHy 3am,Hiii,aTb» CTp. 342 «ITaM^Tb xpaH^T >KHBbie» CTp. 350 «KpecTHTb, Hejib3Ji noroAHTb!» CTp. 357 1
  • 2. JlumepamypH0-My3uiqLAbHue eeuepa OT nyiUKHHA - ^O HAIIIHX ^HEH CueHapnii My3biKajii>HO-no3THHecKoro Benepa /feucmeywmue Jiui^a II03T My3a Ha cueue ycmauoejieu sKpau dim npoeuupoeauun nopmpemoe pyccKUX nosmoe. My3bwa noddupaemcn no mejviaM: 3 . Fpuz «Cepdue nosma», IJ. HauKoecKUU «BpeMeua zoda», F. Ceupudoe — My3biKa K dpajvie Flyuimma «Memejib», M. FJIUHKG «Pa3JiyKa», B. Cajuviauoe {{fleeuaduamb)} (no oduouMeuHOU nosjvie A. EJIOKCI), F. Ceupudoe «BpeMH eneped!», IT. HauKoecKUU «Banbc ueemoe» UJIU «Bajibc» U3 «JJ,emcKOZo ajib6oMa» u dp. ffeKopauuu: CKCiMeuKa, cmoii e cmune nyuimmcKOZo epeMeuu. Ha cmone — npudop dun nucbMa: nepuujibHUua, zycuuue nepbH. 3a CWIOJIOM — Hosm: jonouia eo (ppaice, uujiuudpe. OH cydopootcuo nmo-mo 3anucueaem, nepenumueaem, euduo, nmo cmpaumo ue doeoneu nponumauubiM. B omnamiuu peem nepuoeuK ua MenKue KycouKU, noMaem onepeduoe zycuuoe nepo. IIO3T: ^ecaToe no cneTy! Hy KaKoro jieinero CHyio 9L TyT 6e3 CHa no BCAKHM KOHicaM? A Ha jincTe — yBbi! — HH CTPOHKH... TaK CTpaHHo: ecTb CB^Toe pBeHte, HO He COHTH 6e3 BflOXHOBeHbfl MHe c MecTa: 6y,a,TO OHeMeji! Y>K cyTKH a He nnji, He en, Tpy^Hjica, 6yflTO o,a,ep)KHMbiH, ByMary pBaji nepa HaacHMOM... 5Traic (j)H3HHecKH ycTan Ho HHHero He Hanncaji! Ja ...flOKOHanaTBI Meroi, IIo3Ma AHBHaa Moa: Kaon CKmeT! KaKne KpacKn! HO BOT (JMHajlBHafl pa3B^3Ka 2
  • 3. HMK3K He noflflaexca MHe: Hy XOXB npHCHHjracb 6bi BO CHC ripMCHMCb! Te6aayMOJiaio! (3eeaem.) O H , a coBceM y>K 3acbinaio... 51, Kaacexca, ceirxac 3acHy... Tladaem ua CKajvieuKy, cnum. YIomimemcH My3a. Mysa: 3acHyjr... yMafljxcflllosx... Box BaM eme OAHH cioacex JJflX HOBOXO CXHXOXBOpeHba: Il03X CXpOHHJT CBoe xBopeHbe, IlbixxejT, xpy^Hjica H cxpaflan... H B pe3yjibxaxe — Bee nopBaji! O, 6eflHbiH, 6eflHbiH nepHOBHic! IlpOCXH MeHfl, MOH yHCHHK 3a HeH36e»cHbie cxpaflaHba! 9L BH^cy Bee: XBOH cxapaHba, TBoe B03BbinieHHoe cep^ne H xo HXO XBI cxyHHHibca B ABepiiy H — HeoxcxynHO BCJiefl 3a MHOH BO XpaM 11033HH CBAXOH TBI cjieflyenib. Te6a 3a 3xo 9L HapeKy CBOHM IIOSXOM! H xHxyjrfl,aBxe6e — He6ecHbiH — ^aio cen flap xe6e nyflecHbra: CBoe BOJiHie6Hoe nepo! (My3a eKJiadhieaem zycuuoe nepo epyKy Tlosma.) ITycxb npHHecex xe6e OHO He cuaBy H He nonyjrapHoexb, Ilycxb flacx OHO xe6e jinnib pa^ocxb, MOH K)HbIH CXHXOXBOpeil MHJIblH Jlennxb — KaK cicyjibnxopy H3 XJIHHM — PacKpenomeHHO, 6e3 OKOB, CxpeMHXejlbHO H BflOXHOBeHHO H 3 3XHX pH(j)M, H3 3XHX CJTOB BeccMepxHbie cxnxoxBopeHba! Te6e ^apio a HX, IIOSX! 3
  • 4. OTHbIHe My30H TbI OTMeneH! Tbi yflHBHinb Becb 6ejibiii CBCT H3bicKaHHOCTbio pyccKOH penn! TbI BHflHHIb, CKOJTbKO B MHpe CJTOB? HO TOJTbKO HaCTb H3 BCeX CTHXOB - ^encTBHTejibHO TBopeHHii nepjibi! ...MOH 6eciieHHbie inefleBpbi... OHH HaBenHO ceii pyKoii HanepTaHbi B He6ecHOM xpaMe! BcTaBaii, IICOT! He Ha noKoii n p H i n e j l TbI B MHp! B y ^ H T b CTHXaMH 3eMHyio cn^HKy GMTHA — BOTflHBHaacyflb6a TBOA! My3a ydaimemcH. IJosm npocunaemcH. I I O 3 T : BOT 3TO6bmo CHOBH,a,eHbe! KaK cpeflH acHa He6a - rpoM! CaMa HapHna BfloxHOBeHba CBepKHyjra MHe CBOHM nepoM H cicpbijiacb 3a B03,ayHiHOH flBepbio... H BOT - KJIOHKH 6yMar ,a,a nepba PoacflecTBeHCKoro rycaKa... Eepem noMcmbie nepbH u BUCOKO nodbpachieaem ux; CMompum ua uedo. Hy HTO 3a nyflo-oGjiaica? 9L BHOBb He HyBCTByK) noKoa... H o Bee KaKoe-TO A p y r o e . . . KaK 6yflTO 6bi KTO noflMeHHjr! nepo! By Mary MHe! ^epHHji! O! KaK MHe xoneTca nncaTb! BdoxHoeeHHO, dbicmpo nuuiem nepoM My3bi. YIomimemcH My3a — e cmopoue. M y 3 a : (3pumejWM) no3T ycejica pn(j)MOBaTb. KaK B036y»cfleH OH! KaK OH Becen! T a K CHaCTJTHB, HTO H H e 3aMeTHJT, 4
  • 5. KaK 6jiemeT 30JTOTOM nepo... 3aTO OH HaM HannnieT npo 3ajTHTbI 30JTOTOM flOJIHHbl, IIpoflpeBHepyccKHepaBHHHbi, H nyBCTB paccbinneT aceMHyra... IIO3T: (e nopbiee edoxuoeemm commxem uaxody, npomuocum ecuyx). ...H BOT — BejiHKaa pexa PaCKpblJia HM CBOH o6"bflTbfl... JlerKa, B03,ayiHHa, B 6ejiOM miaTbe — OHa CTOHT Ha Kopa6jie... — «Hfl,H, JTK)6HMaa, K MHe!» O ..^BH^ceHbe pyK H BO-e-flH-HO... (IJocjiednee cuoeo pacmmuecm.) My3a: fepumejiMM). KoHeii. OHHajibHaa KapTHHa YTKQ HanncaHa noHTH. A TbI, Hani 3pHTejlb, He COHTH 3a Tpyfl! He naneHHCb H K BeHHOH TaHHe npHHaCTHCb, K CJTOBeCHOH TaHHe 6bITHfl... Il033Hfl! JlK)60Bb MOfl! My3biKCiJibHbiu npouzpuui. (Hocmauoeu^UK cijeuapun ua ceoe ycMompeuue eudupaem My3UKy dim npouzpuuia U3 nepeuucjieuuozo euanane). ITycTb ycnoKOAT BaniH HepBbi CBATOH I1O33HH niefleBpbi! H nycTb MemoBCK (MocKea, uapod, u m.d.) ycjibiniHT CHOBa Ilo-pyccKH CKa3aHHoe CJTOBO! My3biKCiJibHbiu npouzpuui. Ha cx^eue Bedyujue, smo me Dice My3a u nosm, HO ycuce e coepeMeuubix KJiaccunecKUX KOcmiOMax. My3a: Cerczpra MM npefljioacHM BaM BOHTH B CJTOBeCHblHflHBHblHXpaM. Mbi BaM OTKpoeM 3Ty ABepiiy 5
  • 6. H BBI nonyBCXByexe cepflneM, KaK noaxHHecKoe CJTOBO Iloflo6HO xo pacKaxaM xpoMa, To XHXHM inenecxaM JIHCXBBI... IIO3T: C no33Heii yMHHxect BBI B BeK AeBaxHafliiaxbiii, cxeneHHbiii... MBI 6yfleM Bac — nonepeMeHHO - BoflHXb no xpaMaM, aHCJMjiaflaM... H Bnpxyo3Hbie pyjia^bi H MejTOflHHHbie pOMaHCBI Cojibioxcfl B npa3flHHHHOM anbaHce... My3a: MBI BaM B xopacecxBeHHoii XHHIH ITpeAJiOKHM npa3flHHK jsjix jsyum... My3hiKCiJihHhiu npouzpuui. IIO3T: BeK AeBaxHafliiaxbiii... Kox,a,a-xo HHKXO 6e3 nnceM JKHXB He MOX. H oxnpaBHxejib a^pecaxy B nncbMe B JXK>6BH npH3Haxbca MOX. Ha sKpane — nopmpem JI. C. IJyuiKUHa. My3a: A ecjxn oxnpaBHxejib — ITyiiiKHH, B JXK>6BH npH3HaHHe nucaji, To ox jimja JXK>6OH ,zi,eBHyinKH JIK>60H EBXeHHH HX HHXajl... IIO3T: H KaacflbiH jsffrn, nnxaxb HX 6y^yx MyacHHHbi AO CKOHnaHba jiex... H BceM TaxbAHaM He 3a6y^yx O H e X H H C K H H ,Zl,aBaXb OXBeX. My3hiKCiJihHhiu npouzpuui. Hmeij — deeyuiKa e o6pa3e Tambnuu Jlapuuoii deimaMupyem «TIucbMO TamhHHu K Ouezuuy». My3biKajibHbiu npouzpuui. 6
  • 7. Il03T: A BCnOMHHTe CTHXOTBOpeHbii: «5I noMHK) Hy^Hoe MrHOBeHbe...» IIo3Ma «IIojTTaBa», «HapcKoe Cejro»... H B HIKOJIbHMX KHH)KKaX, H B KHHO Be3fle H Bciofly c HaMH liyniKHH! A «BbinbeM c ropa, TRG TKQ Kpy>KKa?» H MHO^cecTBO KpbijiaTbix (j)pa3 YTKQ He y,a,HBjxaK)T Hac CTaB O6HXOAOM pyccKOH penn... My3a: He npaB^a JTH — cica3aTb HaM jierne: «Mopo3 H cojnxue! ,H,eHb Hy,a,ecHbiH!» , Kor^a JIK>6HMMH Apyr npejiecTHbin JIOKHX B npeicpacHOH cnamen no3e? y^cejiH OHflOCTOHHnpo3bi? KoHenHO HCT! LQenHyB pa3oneK EMy Ha yniKO napy cxponeK: «OTKpOH COMKHyTbl HeXOH B30pbl HaBCTpeny ceBepHOH ABpopt>i...» — KaK OH BjiK)6jieHHbiMH rjia3aMH YBHAHT — KaK «nofl He6ecaMH BjiecTa Ha cojnxue, CHer jie>KHx». IIO3T: TaK nycxb TKQ nyniKHH nocnennxr Ha noMomb BceM >KHByinHM B MHpe! H nycTb pa36yflHT CBoen jinpon H BeHHOH paflOCTBK) JIHUa neHajibHO crounue cep,a,ua! HcnojiHftiomcH cmuxomeopemm A.C. IJyuiKUHa upoMaucu ua ezo cmuxu. My3hiKCiJihHhiu npouzpuui. My3a: TaK 6MJIO OT Hanajia MHpa, TaK 6y,a,ex jo CKOHnaHba JICT: noKa B pyKax no3Ta Jinpa — Hafl CJIOBOM BjiacTByeT HOST! 7
  • 8. My3biKajibHbiu npouzpbiui. Hmeu deKJiciMiipyem cmuxomeopeuue A. C. IJyuiKUHa «IJaM^mHUK». My3biKajibHbiu npouzpuui. Ha sKpane — nopmpem M. K). JlepMOumoea. Om IJyuiKUHa — do uavuux dmu FOJIOC 3a KadpoM deimaMupyem cmuxomeopeuue M.K). JlepMOumoea. My3a: «HeT, a He EanpoH, a flpyron Eme HeBeflOMbiH H36paHHHK, K a K OH, rOHHMBIH MHpOM CTpaHHHK, H o TOJlbKO C pyCCKOK) flyiHOH)). My3a: ,H,a, JlepMOHTOB He BanpoH. O H H He IlyHiKHH. IOHBIH reHHH, JJJIX Bcex rpa^ymnx noKOJieHHH, OraB pyccKHM KjraccHKOM ^aBHO, 5IBHJT CBOH flap (j)eHOMeHajibHbiH! OH nyTb HOKHen H nyTb nenajibHeH CTHXaMH K HaM 3aroBopHji. OH 30JTOTOM CBOHX HepHHJT. BnHcajr 6o»cecTBeHHbie nepjibi. IIO3T: ^TOG nepeHHCJiHTb Bee uiefleBpbi, Ha3BaB HX jiHHib no nepBbiM erpoHKaM, He CKopo MM AOHfleM RO TOHKH: «neHajibHO a rjraacy Ha Hauie noKOJieHbe... Ero rpjmymee Hjib nycTO, Hjib TCMHO...)) BeccMepTHbiH «napyc» H «Eopo,a,HHO)), n 0 3 M b I «,H,eMOH)), «H3MaHJT-6eH)) H « M l I b i p H ) ) . . . H KaK MenoM cuoBa ero pa3HjiH, Kor^a OH nyniKHHy ABHJI CBOK) JHOGOBB: «H BBI He CMoeTe CBOK) nepHOH KPOBBIO no3Ta npaBeflHyio KpoBb!)) My3a: ,H,a, flap no3Ta — MHororpaHeH. H 6yflb OH HecMepTejibHO paHeH, 8
  • 9. O, CKOJibKO CJTOB aBHjia 6 MHpy Ero 6o»cecTBeHHaa jinpa!.. Hcnomxwmcx cmuxomeopeuue M.K). Jlepjvioumoea u pojviaucu ua ezo cmuxu. My3biKajibHbiu npouzpuui. My3a: 0 Pycb! Tbi — BenHaa 3ara,zn<a... H TOT KTO GHJICA Hafl pa3raflKoii Toro HTO KpoeTCfl 3a MacKoii, Bcer^a — yBbi — Tepnen (JMacKO... IIO3T: H jinnib IIOST C yjibi6KOH CTpaHHoii IIpH6jTH3HjTca K pa3ra,a,Ke TaHHbl. HHKTO He BbiCKa3ajica jrynnie — ^eM pyccKHH KjraccHK Oeflop TIOTHCB: «YMOM POCCHIO He noHOTb, ApiHHHOM 06lHHM He H3MepHTb. y Hen — oco6eHHaa CTaTb. B POCCHK) M05KHO TOJTbKO BepHTb». My3a: POCCHIO cepflneM o6HHMaa, JIK)6HJT rpo3y B Hanajie Maa, H CBeTjibiH AeHb, H coHHbiii 6per, H inyM BeceHHHx Tajibix peK... Ilo3T-neBeii, no3T-(j)Hjioco(|)... O, CKOJibKO MblCJieH, HyBCTB, BonpocoB H reHHajibHbix 03apeHHH OCTaBHJI OH B CTHXOTBOpeHbax! My3biKajibHbiu npouzpuui. HcnojiuHemcH cmuxomeopeuue 0.H. Twmueea «KCIK cepdijy 6biCKa3amb ce6n? flpyzojuy — KCIK nounmb me6n...» u dpyzue. My3biKCiJibHbiu npouzpuui. Ha sKpaue — nopmpem Acpauacun 0ema. 3a KadpoM 3eynum ezo cmuxomeopeuue «Hnpuuien K mede c npueemoM...» My3a: OH HaM npmiec JHOGOBB H CBCT - Hani jinpHK A(j)aHacHH OeT. 9
  • 10. IleBeil BeCHbl H BbK»KHbIX 3HM, O H C TOHHOCTbK) H306pa3HJI, KaK >KHBOiiHceii Ha xoncTe Bee KpacKH H OTTCHKH BCC IIO3T: HO He BemecTBeHHOH ryanibio OH pHCOBan CBOH neroaacH. CjiOBecHbiM OBjia^eB HCKYCCTBOM, KaK KHCTbK) pHCOBajl OH HyBCTBOM... My3hiKCiJihHhiu npouzpuui. HcnojiHHemcH JiupuKa A.A. 0ema, poMaucu ua ezo cmuxu. My3hiKCiJihHhiu npouzpuui. Ha sKpaue — nopmpem HuKonan HeKpacoea. 3a KadpoM 3eynum poMauc ((Hmo mu jfcaduo zmduuib ua dopozy?» Il03T: KTO pyCCKHX )KeHIHHH BOCXBajIflJI H Pycb CBinyio npocjiaBjMji? KTO HeHaBH^eji H JTK)6HJT H BOCTopranca, H xyjiHji? My3a: A 3TO HTO: HfleT-ryfleT? KoMy HTO B rojiOBy B36pe,a,eT? H HTO KOMy npHHijio Ha yM? KoHenHO TKQ «3ejieHbra uiyM»! My3biKajibHbiu npouzpuui. HcnojiHHemcH npou3eedeuue dim xopa 77. F. HecuoKoea «3ejieuuu uiyjvi» Ha cuoea H.A. HeKpacoea UJIU uumawmcx ezo cmuxu. My3a: BeicfleBATHaflnaTbiHK KOHny y>K noflxoflHjr. H Ha Hcxo^e — Ha CMeHy npeacHeMy neBny ilBJMJTHCb HOBbie B HapOflC My3UKaiibHuu npouzpuui. Ha sKpaue CMeumomcH nopmpemu ua3ueaeMux nosmoe. 10
  • 11. IIO3T: IxnemeeB, OxapeB H CypHKOB... HHKHXHH, Ha^coH H )KeMHy)KHHKOB. My3hwajihHhiu npouzpuui. HcnojiHftiomcH poMauchi ua cmuxu euuieuaseaHHux nosmoe, uumawmcx ux cmuxomeopeuuH. My3hwajihHhiu npouzpuui. IIO3T: H BfleBAXHaflnaxoMcxojiexbe, y»ce B caMOM exo KOHne PoacflajiHCb H36paHHbie ,a,exH C nenaxbio He6a Ha jinne. My3a: BnnxaB, KaK BnnxbiBaex xy6Ka, CBflXOH CJTOBeCHblH 3JTHKCHP H MyacecxBa oxnHB H3 Ky6Ka, OHH HiaXHyjTH B 3XOX MHp B exo MHHyxbi poKOBbie. Tox^a HiyMejiH Bexpti 3Jibie BOHH, peBomouHH, ,a,HKxaxyp... MeH^JTHCb MOflbl, BKyCbl, CXHJTH... H Beet H36bixoHHbiH cyM6yp OHH B CXHXH CBOH BMecxnjiH. Ha sKpaue nopmpemu nosmoe Cepedpsmozo eeKa. My3UKajihHuu npouzpuui. IIO3T: IIO3X Cepe6paHoxo BeKa! H Hex B POCCHH nejiOBeKa, He cjibiniaBHiexo HX HMCH: AxMaxoBa H TyMnjieB! IjBexaeBa H MaaKOBCKHii! H rnnnnyc, H MepeacKOBCKHH... My3a: Cen cnncoK MO>KHO npoflOJiacaxb, Ho, HXO6BI Bac He yxoMjraxb OaMHjiHH HX nepenHCJieHbeM — ycjibiiHHM HX npoH3BefleHba. 11
  • 12. My3biKajibHbiu npouzpuut. Hcnomawmcx npomeedemm nosmoe Cepedpnuozo eeica. My3biKajibHbiu npouzpuui. Ha sKpane nopmpemu K. Cujviouoea, P. PootcdecmeeucKOZo, E. Eemy- uieHKO, A. Bo3ueceucKOZo, E. AxMadyjimmou, B. BbicouKOZo, H. Mameeeeou, H. TaubKoea u dp. My3a: IIpoiiiJiH ro^a... Ho CHOBa My3a PoccHH-MaTynnce BepHa. B CTpaHe CoBeTCKoro Coio3a CjibiniHbi no3TOB HMeHa. O H H — coBeTCKHe nosTbi. Ho TOJibKO H36paHHaa HaCTb Hecua He6ecHbie npHMeTbi H He npeB03HOCHjra Bjiaerb. I I O 3 T : H e Tex MM BCIIOMHHM, KTO npn >KH3HH CjryacHjiH napTHH poflHoii. A Tex, KTO C 60JTbK> 06 OTHH3He He^aBHO B Map ynrnn HHOH. H Tex, KTO >KHB ^ocejie c HaMH, CTaB pyccKoii KjiaccHKoii AJM Hac. M M HX inefleBpti royHajiH, nepexo,a,fl H3 Kjracca B Kjracc. My3bwajibHbiu npouzpuui. 3eynam npomeedeuuH coeemcKUX nosmoe, poMaucu, necuu ua ux cmuxu. Eoeopn o B. BbicouKOM, MOCHCHO nponumamb maKue cmpoKu: Il03T: )KHJI-6MJI OflHH no3T MOCKOBCKHH, BpoflHji c rcrrapoii no MOCKBC C BMCOKHM HMeHeM BMCOHKHH H c pyccKHM xMeneM B rojiOBe. O H 6MJI HeHCTOBblH pOMaHTHK H He jiyKaBHjr TaM H TyT. H He «COBeTCKHH» «pyCCKHH KJiaCCHK» E r o noTOMKH Ha30ByT. 12
  • 13. My3biKajibHbiu npouzpuui. My3a: JIHHOM K jinny jinna He yBH,a,aTb: Bojibinoe BHAHTCA Ha paccTO^Hbe. H coBpeMeHHHKaM Tpy^Hee yra^aTb, KTO 6yflyiu,HH KjiaccHK reHnajibHbra. Ho BpeMa Bee paccrraBHT Ha Meera, «IIpoceeT» Bcex nosTOB nepe3 «CHTO». OcTaHeTca Ha BenHbie Beica — KaK aceMHyr H Kaic caMopo,a,Ka CJTHTOK JlniHb Manaa Haerana Bcex HMCH. H HauiHx npaBHyKOB CHacTjiKBeiiHiHe fleTH B CBOHX 6H6jLHOTeKaX BCTpeT^T TOM «IIo3Tbi ^BafliiaTb nepBoro CTOJieTba!» My3biKCiJibHbiu npouzpuui. Ha sKpaue npoeijupywmcx nopmpemu ecex pyccKUX nosmoe-KJiaccuKoe, Hbu UMeua 6binu u ue 6UJIU ynoMHuymu e cijeuapuu. My3biKajibuuu npouzpuui. IIO3T: (o6pauancb K nopmpemaM ua sKpaue). IIpocTHTe Hac, BejiHKHe Myacn! IIpocTHTe Hac, TajiaHTjiHBbie aceHbi, 3a TO, HTO Bee Ky,a,a-TO MM cneniHM H Bcex Bac He Ha3BajiH noHMeHHO... My3a: JIK)6OH no3T OT nepBoro Jinna ITpHcyTCTByeT B aHHanax pyccKoii penn. H HauiH 6jraroflapHbie cepflna BaM TOBOP^T: «Jo CKopoii, CKopoii BCTpeHH!» My3UKajibuuu npouzpuui. 13
  • 14. «OH EblH HCTOHHHK ^EP3HOBEHHblft> fldKtmytouytejwufi: Beflymne (1) H (2) HccjreAOBaxejiH (1) H (2) *ixem>i (1) - (3) diena npe/jcraB/ifjer CO6OM /iMTeparypHbiM canoH. /J/ix MHrepbepa MO)KHO Mcno/ib30BaTb Kpec/io, 6aHKeTKy, CTO/IMK, Ha KOTOPOM newaT KHMrn, noprper M. HD. JlepMOHTOBa. A rawe noHa/jo6fjrcfj ay/jM03anMCM cpparMenroB M3 npoM3Be/jeHMM C. PaxMaHMHOBa poMaHca M. rnnHKM «B MMHyry >KM3HM rpy/jHy/o». BE^yilJHH ( 1 ) : 3TOX Benep MM HOCBAXHM MxxxaHjxy lOpbeBHHy JlepMOHxoBy, Hte xBopnecxBO - o,a,Ha H3 caMbix BCUHKHX BepniHH pyccKoii H MHpoBoii jiHxepaxypbi. O H 6MJI xeHHajibHMM nejiOBeicoM, HO 3XO 3aMeHajiH flajieico He Bee, KXO o6majiCfl c HHM. MHOXHC B BbicnieM CBexe CHHxanH ero JTHHIB HacMeimxHBbiM, nopon oneHb HenpnaxHbiM co6eceflHHKOM. BE^yiUHH (2): MHOXHC coBpeMeHHHKH, a noxoM nccjieflOBaxejiH xBopnecxBa JlepMOHxoBa oxMenajiH exo xaic Ha3biBaeMbiH 6aiipoHH3M. 06pamajr Ha 3xo BHHMaHne, K npHMepy, AjreKcaH^p BJTOK. A BOX KaKoe BnenaxjieHHe npoH3Bejr JlepMOHxoB Ha HBaHa CepxeeBHna TypxeHeBa, Koxopbiii yBH^eji exo B ,a,OMe KHAXHHH LQaxoBCKOH. HTEU, ( 1 ) : «B HapyacHocxH JlepMOHxoBa 6MJIO HXO-XO 3JiOBemee H xpaxHnecKoe; KaKOH-xo cyMpaHHOii H Heflo6poH CHJTOH, 3aflyMHHB0H npe- 3pHxejibH0cxbK) H cxpacxbio Beano ox exo CMyxnoxo Jinna, ox exo 6ojibiHHx H HenoflBH^cHO-xeMHbix xna3. Hx xaacejibiH B3op cxpaHHO He coxjiacoBajiCfl c BbipaaceHHeM nonxn ,a,excKH HOKHMX H 14
  • 15. B&i,a,aBaBiHHxcfl xy6. Bca exo (j)Hxypa, nproeMHCxaa, KpHBOHOxaa, c 60JT&1HOH XOJTOBOH Ha cyxyjr&ix ninpoKHx rnienax, B036yacflajra omymeHHe HenprorrHoe; HO npncymyio MOIHB XOX nac C03HaBaji BCAKHH. H3BecxHO, HXO O so HeicoxopoH cxeneHH H3o6pa3Hji ce6a B H IleHopHHe. CuoBa: «rjia3a exo He CMeajincb, Kox^a OH CMeajrca» H X. fl. - fl,eHCXBHXejTBHO npMMeHajTHCb K H e M y . H e 6&IJTO COMHeHira, HXO OH, cueflya xox^aHiHeH HanycxHjr Ha ce6a H3BecxHoxo po^a 6aiipoHOBCKHH acaHp, c npHMecbio flpyxHx, eme xy^ninx KanpH30B H Hy^anecxB. H ,a,opoxo TKQ OH nonjiaxHjicfl 3a HHX! BHyxpeHHe JlepMOHxoB, BepoaxHO, CKynajr xjry6oKo; OH 3aflbixajrca B xecHOii c(j)epe, Ky^a exo BxojiKHyjia cyflb6a. Ha 6ane ^BopaHCKOxo co6paHHa eMy He flaBajin noKoa 6ecnpecxaHHO npncxaBajiH K HeMy, 6pajiH exo 3a pyKH; o^Ha MacKa CMerouiacb flpyxoio, a OH nonxn He cxojum c Mecxa H MOJina cjiyuiaji HX nncK, noonepeflHO oGpamaa Ha HHX CBOH cyMpanHbie xna3a. MHe xox,a,a TKQ noHy^Hjiocb, HXO a yjiOBHjr Ha Jinne exo npeKpacHoe BbipaaceHHe noaxHHecicoxo xBopnecxBa. BBIXB Moacex, eMy npHxoflHjiH B xonoBy xe CXHXH: Kor^a KacaioTca XOJIO/IHBIX pyK MOHX C HeSpejKHoii CMejiocrbio Kpacaeim ropo^CKHx ^aBHO 6ecxpenexHbie pyKH... M. flepMOHTOB «KaK nacro, necrpoio rojinoio oxpy>KeH...» (M. C. Typzeuee «JIumepamypnbie u cucumeucKiie 60CnOMUHClHUH».) BE^yilJHH ( 1 ) : A BOX CBHflexejibcxBO HBaHa HBaHOBHna naHaeBa, pyccKoxo nHcaxejm, KoxoptiH BMecxe c H. A. HeicpacoBbiM ocHOBan H H3,a,aBaji 3HaMeHHXbiH acypHan «COBpeMeHHHK». HTEU, (2): «Hapy>KHOcxb JlepMOHxoBa 6bijra oneHb 3aMeHaxejibHa. O H 6BIJT He6ojibHioxo pocxa, nnoxHOxo cjroaceHHa, HMen Gojibinyio xonoBy, KpynHbie nepxbi jimja, HIHPOKHH H 6OJXBHIOH JTO6, xjry6oKHe, yMHbie H npoH3HxejibHbie nepHbie xna3a, HCBOJIBHO npHBcaxxBHrne B CMymeHHe XOXO, H a KOXO OH CMOXpejl flOJXXO. JlepMOHXOB 3Hajl CHJiy CBOHX XJia3 H CMymaxb H Mynnxb jnoflen PO6KHX H HepBHnecKHx CBOHM JTK)6HJT flOJIXHM H npOH3HXejlbHbIM B3XJM,H,OM... 15
  • 16. H MHoro cjibiniaji o JlepMOHxoBe ox ero uncojibHbix H nojiKOBbix xoBapnmeii. IIO HX CJlOBaM, OH 6bIJI JIH)6HM OHCHb HCMHOrHMH, XOJIbKO xeMH, C KOXOpblMH 6biji 6JIH30K, HO H C 6JIH3KHMH jiioabMH OH He 6biji oSmnxejieH. y Hero 6bijia cxpacxb oxbicKHBaxb B KajK^OM CBoeM 3HaKOMOM KaKyio-HnSyab KOMHHecKyio cxopoHy, KaKyio-HnSyab cjiaSocxb, H, oxbicKaB ee, OH ynopHO H nocxoHHHO npecjieaoBaji xaKoro nejiOBeica, no,axpyHHBaji Ha,a HHM H BbiBOflHJi ero HaKOHeu H3 xepneHHH. Kor^a OH aocxnraji 3xoro, OH 6MJI oneHb flOBOJieH... KaK TKQ coeflHHHTb 3TH ,a,Ba noHirrafl o JlepMOHTOBe-nejiOBeKe H o JlepMOHTOBe-nncaTejie? KaK nHcaTejib OH nopaacaeT npeacfle Bcero yMOM CMCJIMM, TOHKHM H nbiTjiHBbiM: ero MHpoco3epnaHHe y>Ke ropa3fl,o nmpe H rjry6>Ke IlyniKHHa - B STOM noHTH Bee coraacHbi. O H ,a,aji HaM TaKHe npoH3BefleHHa, KOTopbie o6Hapy>KHBajiH B HCM rpoMa^Hbie 3a,a,aTKH fljxa 6y,a,yinero... OTnero TKQ 6ojibiHHHCTBy CBOHX 3HaKOMbix OH Ka3ajica nycTbiM H nyTb He ,a,K»KHHHbiM nejiOBeKOM, ,a,a eine co 3JibiM cepflijeM? C nepBoro pa3a 3TO KaaceTca CTpaHHbiM. HO 3TO 60JTbHIHHCTB0 erO 3HaKOMbIX COCTOflJIO HJTH H3 JUOJSffil CBCT- CKHX, CMOTpfllUHX Ha BCe C JieTKOMblCJieHHOH, y3KOH H noBepxHOCTHOH TOHKH 3peHHfl, HJTH H3 Tex MejiKO njiaBaiomHx My^peilOB-MOpajIHCTOB, KOTOpbie CXBaTblBaiOT TOJlbKO OflHH BHeiHHHe aBjieHHa H no 3THM BHeuiHHM aBjieHH^M H nocTynKaM npOH3HOCaT o nejiOBeKe peniHTejibHbie H OKOHnaTejibHbie npHroBopbi. JlepMOHTOB 6MJI HeH3MepHMO Bbinie cpeflbi, OKpyacaBHien ero, H He Mor cepbe3HO OTHOCHTbca K TaKoro pofla jno,a,flM. O H He OTbicKHBaji jnoflen, paBHbix ce6e no yMy H no MMCJIH... HaTypa ero 6bijia CJIHHIKOM rop^a fljra 3Toro, OH 6MJI Becb rjiy6oKO cocpeflOToneH B caMOM ce6e H He Hy>K,zi,ajiCfl B nocTopoHHen onope. KoHenHO, OTHacTH npeflpaccyflKH cpe^bi, B KOTOPOH JlepMOHTOB B3pOC H BOCnHTblBajICfl, OTHaCTH yBJieHCHHfl MOJIOflOCTH H HCTeKaBinee OTCiOfla ero acejiaHHe 3(j)(j)eKTHO flpannpoBaTbca B GanpoHOBCKHH njiain, HenpnaTHO AencTBOBajiH Ha MHornx AencTBHTejibHO cepbe3Hbix jnoflen H npH,a,aBajiH JlepMOHTOBy HenpnaTHbiH, HeecTecTBeHHbiH KOJIOPHT. Ho MO>KHO JIH CTporo cyflHTb 3a 3TO JlepMOHTOBa?.. O H yMep eine TaKHM MOJIOAMM. CiviepTb npeKpaTHjia ero ,a,eflTejibHOCTb B TO BpeMfl, Kor,a,a B HCM coBepniajiacb CHjibHaa BHyTpeHHaa 6opb6a c caMHM co6oio, H3 KOTOPOH OH, 16
  • 17. Bepotfrao, Bbiineji 6bi noGeflHTejieM H Bbmec 6bi npocTOTy B o6paiu,eHHH c JHOABMH, TBep^bie H npoHHbie y6e)K,zi,effiia...» (M. M. Ilanaee «JIumepamypnbie 60cnoMUHanim».) HCCJIE^OBATEJIb ( 1 ) : POAHJIC* HOST 15 OKT*6pa 1814 ro^a B MOCKBC Y6HT Ha flyajiH 15 maim 1841 ro^a, 26 jreT OT po,ay, B03Jie IlaTHropcKa Ha KaBica3e. Hanncaji, He CHHTaa OTPMBKOB H nnceM, OKOJTO 400 CTHxoTBopeHHH, OKOJTO 25 no3M, 5 ApaM H 7 noBecTen. MHCCHH JlepMOHxoBa cnixxaexca OflHoii H3 xjiySoHaiiniHx 3axa^OK B Haweii Kyjibxype. IIpHOXKpbixb 3aBecy Haa xaimoii JKIOHH H xBopnecxBa BCJIHKOXO noaxa noivioxaex aajieicoe nponijioe po#a JlepMOHxoBbix, Beaymee CBoe Hanajio ox 3HaMeHHxoro inoxjiaHflCKoro 6ap^a, Mara H napo^ea ToMaca JlepMOHxa, Bocnexoro BajibxepoM CKOXXOM B Sajuiaae «IleBeu <DoMa». HpKaa noaxHHecKaa jxereima rjiacnx... 0OHOM 3eymim muxcm My3biKa. (Humaem.) «B AHH CBoen IOHOCTH BCTpeTHjr ToMac JlepMOHT KoponeBy (j)eH. Ee KpacoTa OKOJiflOBana ero, H OH ceMb JIQT npoBen B KoponeBCTBe (j)eH 6e3MOJTBHbiM pbinapeM B ee CBHTC H O BOT HacTano BpeMa ToMacy noKHHyTb CTpaHy HBCTOB H cojiHna. KoponeBa Harpa^Hjia ero BOJiuie6HbiM ,a,apoM cmaraTb npoponecKHe CTHXH. )Kajib 6BIJTO (j)ee paccTaBaTbca c IOHBIM pbinapeM, H CKa3ajia OHa eMy B nac npomaffira: «Offaa7Kfft>i, JlepMOHT, 3a TO6OH npH,a,eT BCCTHHK, H TBI HaBcerfl,a BepHeuibca B KoponeBCTBO (j)eH». ToMac JlepMOHT BepHyjica B CBOK> HIoTjiaHflHio. Bee npoponecTBa ero c6biBajiHCb. ^HBHUHCB copoflHHH ero BOJiuieGHOMy ,a,apy. Ho caM ToMac nacTO 6BIJT rpycTeH. KaK nuaMa 3aKaTa B ropax, ropena B ero cepflne naMATb o BCHHOM npa3flHHKe B COJIHCHHOH flOJiHHe (j)eH. BenepaMH eMy cjibiniajiHCb nepejiHBbi cepe6pHCTbix TOJIOCOB, H, KaK acHBaa, BCTaBana nepefl HHM KapTHHa 6jra»ceHHOH CTpaHbi. IIIJTH roflbi. TaHHCTBeHHbiH BecTHHK He noaBjiajica. Ho BOT ojxaa'Mjxbi B cejiemie, r/je 5KHJI 6ap/j, BODUIH CHiHomjie, KaK ropm>ie CHera, jxea 6ejii>ix oneHa. JKiiTejiH paccTynHUHCB nepe/j HHMH, nopaxeHHtie ny/joM, a ToMac JlepMOHT B/jpyr nocBeTJieji JTHHOM H noinen BCJie/j 3a HHMH 3a6i>iB 060 BceM Ha CBeTe. OjieHH npHBenn ero K peKe, BOIHJIH B Bo^y, H Bee Tpoe HCHe3JiH. C TOH nopti HHKTO yxe 6ojn>Hie He BCTpenaji cpe/iH 5KHBI>IX JIepMOHra». 17
  • 18. MysbiKa odpueaemcu. HCCJIE^OBATEJIb (2): Bern,™ JlepMOHx BOCKpec nepe3 MHOXO noKOJieHHH B POCCHH B jinne Hainexo BCJIHROXO noaxa. ^yMaexca, flajieico He cjxy- HaiiHO fleBH3 Ha xep6e po^a JlepMOHxoBbix xjiacnx: «)Kpe6HH MOH - Hncyc». ,H,JM caMOxo JlepMOHxoBa )KH3Hb Ha 3eMjre 6bijia XAXOCXHOH, CKyHHOH. Exo B3opbi ycxpeMjieHbi B Hafl3Be3flHoe npocxpaHCXBO, c KOxoptiM OH paccxajicfl Ha BpeMfl H no KOxopoMy nocxo;nxHO xocKyex. HTEU, ( 1 ) : Ilo He6y nojxyHOHH aHxen jiexen, H xHxyio necHK) OH nen; H MeCHII, H 3Be3/JW, H T y i H TOJinOH BHHManH XOH necHe CBAXOH. OH nejr o 6jia>KeHCXBe 6e3xpeniHbix ,ayxoB Ilofl KymaMH pancKHx ca^OB; O Boxe BejiHKOM OH nen, H xBana Exo HenpHXBopHa 6bijia. OH Ayiny Mjia,ayK) B OGMXHAX Hec JjiK MHpa nenajiH H cjre3; H 3ByK exo necHH B flynie MOJIOAOH Ocxanca - 6e3 CJTOB, HO >KHBOH. H flonxo Ha CBexe xoMHjiacb OHa, }KejraHHeM ny^HbiM nojiHa; H 3ByKOB He6ec 3aMeHHXb He MOXJTH 18
  • 19. Eii CKyHHbie necmi 3eMjiH. M. JlepMOnmoe. Amen HCCJIE^OBATEJIb ( 1 ) : HHKXO xaic np^MO He XOBOPHJT c He6ecHMM CBOAOM, KaK JlepMOHxoB, HHKXO c xaKHM BejiHHHeM He co3epiiajr 3xy xojry6yio 6e3flHy. «IIpHJTe»CHbIM B30pOM» OH yMejl B HHCXOM 3(j)Hpe «CJieflHXb nonex aHxejra», B xnxyio HOHB OH omymajr, KaK «nycxbiHa BHeMjiex Boxy H 3Be3fla c 3Be3flOK) XOBOPHX». HCCJIE^OBATEJIB (2): KocMHHecKHe MOXHBM, npoxHBoSopcxBO seMHbix H HeSecHbix CHJI npoxo^six nepe3 Bee xBopnecxBO nosxa. OcoSeHHO OHH xapaKxepHbi juia xaicnx npoiOBefleHira, KaK «Moii aeMOH», «MojmxBa» («He OOBHHSIH MeHH, BcecHjibHMH...»), «He6o H 3Be3ai>i», «Boii». B cxHxoxBopeHHH « M O H aoM» nosx nncaji... HTEIJ, (2): M O H AOM Be3,a,e, x^e ecxt He6ecHbra CBOA r^,e xojibKO cjibiiHHbi 3ByKH neceH Bee, B neM ecxt HCKpa ^CH^B HeM XMBex. Ho fljra nosxa OH He xeceH. ,3,0 caMbix 3Be3fl OH KpoBjien ^ocaxaex H ox oflHOH cxeHbi K Apyroii - ^aneKHH nyxb, Koxopbiii H3Mepaex )KHJieiI He B30pOM, HO flyiHOH. H ocyacfleH cxpa^axb a AOJTXO B HeM. H B HeM jiHHib 6yfly a cnoKoeH. HCCJIE^OBATEJIb ( 1 ) : TBopnecxBy JlepMOHxoBa npncymH He XOJTBKO pejiHXH03Hbie MOXHBBI, HO H 6oxo6opHecKHe. B XOH 7KQ «M0JTHXBe» OH, 19
  • 20. o6paiu,aacb K Boxy, npexeH^yex Ha npaBO, noMHMO exo BOJXH, HCicarb HCXHHy H 3xo B 15 jrex ox po^y. HTEU, (3): He OGBHHAH Meroi, BcecHjibHbiii. H He Kapaii Meroi, MOJTIO, 3 a XO, HXO MpaK 3eMJTH MOXHJIbHblH C ee cxpacxiiMH a JUOQJUO; 3a xo, HXO peflKO B flyiny BXOAHX JKwBhix penen XBOHX cxpya; 3a xo, HXO B 3a6jry»cfleHbe 6po,axxr MOH yM jisniQKO ox xe6a... B JiepMOHXOBCKOM «,H,eMOHe» «XOpflbIH JiyX II Ilpe3pHXejTbHbIM OKHHyjT OKOM // TBopeHbe Boxa CBoexo // H Ha nejie exo BMCOKOM // He oxpa3Hjiocb HHnexo». 3flecb He xojibKO npe3peHHe K xBopemraM Boxa, HO H xmexHoexb HX. H B TO ace BpeMa xpn cxnxoxBopeHHa y MxxxaHjia K)pbeBHHa HMeiox oflHO Ha3BaHHe - «MojiHXBa». 3eynum pojviancM. FRUHKU «B Mimymy CHCU3HU mpydHyw». HCCJIE^OBATEJIb (2): 3axa,a,KH JIHHHOCXH nosxa, exo MHCCHH Ha 3eMjie nopoflHjiH HeMano jiHxepaxypHO-KpHXHHecKHx pa6ox. K HHCJiy HX cjie- flyex npeacfle Bcexo oxHecxn KHHXH «M. K). JlepMOHxoB - nosx CBepxHejiOBeHecxBa» J. MepoKKOBCicoxo, «3axa,a,Ka JIepMOHxoBa» n . nepijOBa H «JIepMOHxoB» B. ConoBbeBa. HCCJIE^OBATEJIb ( 1 ) : H3 coBpeMeHHbix HccjreflOBaHHH JlepMOHxoBa o6pamaex Ha ce6a BHHMaHHe KHHxa ^aHHHjia AH^peeBa «Po3a Mnpa», Koxopbiii CHHxaex, HXO flo noaBjieHHa nejiOBenecxBa MHp 6bm 3acejieH xHxaHaMH. BMeniajiHCb xeMHbie CHJIM, H xnxaHbi Boccxajin npoxHB 20
  • 21. Boxa. OHH 6MJIH HH3BepxHyxt>i H Haica3aHbi, a nocne OHHineHHA - BepixyjxHCb Ha 3eMjrio, Bbiflenaacb cpe^H jno,a,eH MOIHBIO CBoexo Ayxa. ABXOP CHHxaex, HXO JlepMOHxoBy npncyiHH CMyxHbie BOcnoMHHamra o 6oxo6opHecxBe, exo xHxaHHHecicafl Aynia He 3Hajia noKoa. HTEU, (1): Kox^a eme paflbi CBexHjr 3eMJXH He 3HajTH MOK C060H, B xe xoflbi a y>K B MHpe 6MJI, CMOTpeji onaMH H ,a,yiHOH, MojiHjica,flencxBOBajT,JTK)6HJT. H He OflHH a coxBopeH, Hac C&uio MHOXO; Hy^HbiH Kpaii MM Haceji^jiM, XOJTBKO OH, KaK Bain ^aBHO 3a6bixbiH pan, Bbm npecxynneHbeM ocKBepHeH. M. JlepMOnmoe. A3paun HCCJIE^OBATEJIb (2): IIopa>KaK)T npoponecxBa nosxa. JlepMOHTOB He xojibKO npeflHyBCXBOBan CBOK) pOKOByK) CMepxb, HO H np^MO BH,a,eji ee 3apaHee. A xa yflHBHxejibHaa (JmHTaCMaropklfl, Koxopoio yBeKOBeneHO 3TO BH^eHHe B cxHxoxBopeHHH «COH», He HMeex HHHeXO nOfl06HOXO BO BceMHpHOH no33HH H, a flyMaio, Moxna 6blTb co3flaHHeM XOJTBKO no- xoMKa Hapo^ea H npopHHaxejm, HCHe3HyBinexo B napcxBe (j)eH. O^HOXO 3xoxo cxHxoxBopeHHH, KOHCHHO,flocxaxoHHO,HXO6BI npH3Haxb 3a Jlep- MOHXOBBIM BpO^CfleHHBIH, Hepe3 XOJTOBy MHOXHX nOKOJieHHH nepeflaHHbiH eMy xeHHH. HTEU, (2): B nojiflHeBHbiH acap B ^ojiHHe ^axecxaHa C CBHHHOM B xpy,a,H jie>Kaji HeflBH^cHM a; TjiyGoKaa emeflbiMHjiacbpaHa, Ilo Kanne KpoBb xonnjiaca MOA. Jleacaji OflHH a Ha necice AOJXHHM; Ycxynbi cican xecHHjiHca KpyxoM, H cojiHne JKXJIO HX >Kejxrbie BepiHHHM H JKXJIO MeHa - HO cnan a MepXBMM CHOM. H CHHJICfl MHe CHfllOIHHH OXHflMH 21
  • 22. BenepHHH nap B pcaxxMOH cxopoHe. Meac K)Hbix TKQH, yBeHnaHHbix HBexaMH, IHeji pa3xoBop Becejibiii 060 MHC Ho, B pa3xoBop Becejibiii He Bcxynaa, CH^ejia xaM 3a,a,yMHHBO o^Ha, H B xpycxHbiii COH flynia ee Mjia^aa Box 3Haex neM 6bijia noxpyaceHa. I/I CHHjracb eii flojiima ^axecxaHa; 3HaKOMbiii xpyn jieacajr B ,a,0JXHHe XOH; B exo xpy^H, flbiMacb, nepHejia paHa, H KpoBb jiHjracb xjiafleiomeii cxpyeii. M. JlepMOnmoe. Con HTEU, ( 1 ) : «Bce noflpo6HOCXH exo neHHA, npHBe,znxiexo K nocjieflHeii flyajiH H BO BpeMa caMoii AyajiH, nepxti (JmxajiHcxHHecKoxo 3iccnepHMeHxa, - oxMenajr Bjia^HMnp CojiOBbeB. - Ha jsy3im JlepMOHxoB ce6a c 6jraxopoflCXBOM, - OH He cxpejMJi B CBoexo npoxHBHHKa, - HO no cymecxBy 3x0 6BIJT 6e3yMHbiH BM30B BMCHIHM cnjiaM, Koxopbra BO BCAKOM cjrynae He MOX HMexb xopouiexo Hcxo^a. B cxpauiHyio xpo3y, npn 6jrecKe MOJTHHH H pacKaxax xpoMa, nepeuma 3xa 6ypHaa flynia B HHyio o6jracxb 6bixna. KoHeii JlepMOHxoBa H HM caMHM, H HaMH Ha3biBaexcfl xH6ejibK>». ^MHXpHH Mepe^CKOBCKHH CHHXajl, HXO flySJIb JlepMOHXOBa - 3aMacKHpoBaHHoe caMoyGnHcxBO. n o oxHonieHHio K ce6e OH 6BIJT, Moacex 6bixb, H npaB, xaK KaK He 6oajrca «Hcne3Hyxb», eMy xoxejiocb nocKopee «MHp yBH,a,exb HOBBIH». HCCJIE^OBATEJIb (2): UIecxHa,a,HaxHjiexHHM lOHOineH B cxnxoxBopeHHH «npeflCKa3aHHe» JlepMOHxoB onncbiBaex COGMXHA 1917 xo^a - peBOJTIOHHH B POCCHH. HTELJ (2): HacxaHex XOA, POCCHH nepHbra XOA, Kox^a napeS KopoHa yna^ex; 3a6yflex nepHb K HHM npoKmoio JHOGOBB, l/l nnma MHOXHX 6y,a,ex CMepxb H KpoBb; 22
  • 23. Kox,a,a flexeii, Kox,a,a HeBHHHbix TKQH Hxx3BepxHyxbra He 3auxHXHx 3aKOH; Kox^a nyMa ox CMpa^Hbix, MepxBbix xen H a H H e X 6pOflHXb CpeflH neHajiLHtix cen, ^TC^LI nnaTKOM ic XIDKHH BtBtmaTt, H cxaHex xjrafl ceii 6e,a,HbiH Kpaii xep3axb; H 3apeBO OKpacHx BOJXHM pex: B X X JiQHhflBHXCflMOIHHblH HejIOBeK, O H XBI exo y3Haenib - H noHMeuib, 3aneM B pyKe exo 6yjiaxHbiii HO>K: H xope fljra xe6a! - XBOH njran, XBOH CXOH EMy xox^a noKaacexca CMeniOH; H 6yflex Bee yacacHO, MpanHO B HCM, KaK njiaixj, exo c B03BbnueHHbiM nejiOM. M. JlepMOnmoe. npedcKCOcmue HCCJIE^OBATEJIb ( 1 ) : TBopnecxBO M. K). JlepMOHxoBa - o^Ha H3 caMbix BBICOKHX BepniHH B Haiueii jiHxepaxype, Kyjibxype, ncxopHH. H He XOJIbKO B H a i H e H . J l e p M O H X O B y nOCBAIHeHO MHO)KeCXBO CXHXOXBOpeHHH flpyxHx noaxoB. HTEU, (3): Ka3ajicfl XBI H cyMpaHHbiM H BjiacxHbiM, Be3yMHOH BcnbiiHKOH HenpeKjiOHHbix CHJT; Ho XBI Menxaji 06 aHxejibCKH - npeicpacHOM, TBI ^eMOHCKH - Mflxe>KHoe JTK)6HJT! TBI HHROx^a He MOX 6bixb 6e3ynacxHbiM, O x XHMHOB Xbi K npOKJIflXHflM cneiHHji, H B )KH3HH BepHji BceM MeHxaM HanpacHbiM: OxBexa acflaji ox >KeHiHHH H MOXHJI! H He 6bijio oxBexa. H yxpiOMO Tbi 3axanji, o HeM xoMHjiacb AyMa, H Bbiiueji K HaM c ycMeniKOH Ha ycxax. H MM xe6a, noax, He pa3xa,a,ajxH, He noHajiH MjiafleHnecKOH nenajiH B XBOHX KaK 6yflxo KOBaHbix cxnxax! B. Epwcoe. Knopmpemy M. K). JlepMOnmoea 23
  • 24. HTEU, ( 1 ) : M M y6nBaeM xeHHa cxoicpaxHO, Kox^a pyKOii exo yGHBinn pan, BHOBB 3axeBaeM cicyHHbiH Hani paccica3, ^xo HaM Menxa Hyaena H HenoHaxHa. ECXB B MHpe po3bi. ^biniax apoMaxHO. U,Bexyx Be3fle. )KejiaK)x CBexjibix xna3. Ho 3aHaxbi CO6OH MBI KaacflbiH nac, - MHX Bcxpenn flyin yxo^nx 6e3B03BpaTHO. 3a XO, H O OH, K O 6bIJT H xopfl H CMejl, X X Bjryacflaa caM Hafl cyMpaHHOK) 6e3flHOH, HaM B flexcxBe B flyiny aHxejia Hanen, - CBepuiHM cennac TKQ CXO npeicpacHbix JS,QJI: OH HaM 6jiecHex yjibi6icoH MH0X03Be3flH0H, He noKHflaa BBIHIHHH CBOH npe^eji. K. EajihMOHm. JlepMonmoe HTEU, (2): O H 6BIJT HCXOHHHK ,a,ep3HOBeHHbiH C HHCXeHHIHM npHBKycoM 6eflbi, Heo6xoflHMbiH jsjix BceneHHOH DlOXOK JKHBHXejIbHOH BOflbl. 51. CMCJISIKOB. Mnxanji JlepMOHTOB 3eynum muxcm My3biKa. HTELJ (3): <...> Tfle 7K Xbl, npopoK, HXO Cflejianca CBAXBIM, BejXHKOMyHeHHK? TbI C HaMH, TbI, npHCHOCyiHHH, BCIOfly C HaMH BnxaeiHb AHXCJIOM CBAXBIM, TM c HaMH xoBopHHib, He cnopa, TnxoHbKO, XHXO... npo JHOGOBB, n p o 6ecxajiaHHyio, npo xope, HJXH npo Boxa H npo Mope, n p o flapoM npojinxyio KpoBb Ha nuaxax 3JibiMH najianaMH. 3anjraHenib xopbKO nepefl HaMH - 24
  • 25. H MM 3anjiaHeM... Be^b )KHBa - JJyuia no3Ta - H, CB^Taa, OHa ropHT B ero penax, H MM, HHTaa, O^CHBaeM H CJIMIIIHM Bora B He6ecax. T. UleeneuKO «Mue Kaoicemcn, no caM ue 3naw...» My3bma 3amuxaem. «^OEPO nO^CAJIOBATb B ^HKAHBKY!» TeaTpajiH30BaHHoe npeflCTaBjiemie no noBeera H. B. Torojia «Benepa Ha xyTope 6JTH3 ,H,HKaHbKH» fleiicmeywmue nui^a: P y ^ w H IlaHbKO TaHHa BuHOKyp ^eByniKH (1) H (2) IlaHHOHKa OKcaHa ^epeBHK PycajiKH(l)-(4) Ky3Heii BaKyjia XnBpa KaneHHK IIapy6KH JleBKO TojiOBa ^eBnara 3eynum ayduo3anucb yKpaimcKoti uapoduou necuu «Ou ua zopi ma cyxuu dy6uK». 3auaeec ornKpueaemcn. Ha cueue ruiemeub, ua uejvi eucum Kyeuiuu. B zny- 6uue cueubi - JiaeKa. Buxodum nacenuuK Pyduu naubKO, e pyicax y uezo Kuuza H. B. Fozoirn «Benepa uaxymope 6JIU3 ffuKaubKU)). 25
  • 26. P y ^ M H IIAHbKO (e 3cui): 3xo HXO 3a HeBH^ajib: «Benepa Ha xyxope 6JIH3 ^HKaHbKH))? ^xo 3xo 3a «Benepa»? MysuKa samuxaem. y Hac Ha xyxopax BOAHXCA H3flaBHa: icaic XOJTBKO OKOHnaxca 3a6oxbi B none, MyacHK npHnpanex CBOHX nneji B xeMHbin noxpe6, KOx,a,a HH acypaBjien Ha He6e, HH xpyin Ha flepeBe He yBH^nxe 6ojree, - xox^a, xojibKO Benep, y»ce, HaBepHO, xfl,e-HH6yflb B KOHHC yjinnbi 6pe3>KHx oxoHeK, CMex H necHH cjibiuiaxca H3flajieHa, 6peHHHx 6ajiajiaHKa, a noflnac H CKpHnKa, XOBOP, uiyM. 3xo y Hac BenepHHiibi! Co6epexca B OflHy xaxy xonna AeByuieK c BepexeHOM, c xpeGroiMH; H CHanajia 6y,axo H AejiOM 3aHMyxca: BepexeHa HiyMax, jibioxca necHH, H Kaacflaa He noflbiMex xna3 B cxopoHy; HO XOJTBKO HaxpaHyx B xaxy napy6KH c CKpHnanoM - no,a,HHMexcfl KPHK, 3axeexca niajxb, noH^yx xaHHbi H 3aBeflyxca xaKHe inxyKH, HXO H paccica3axb Hejxb3fl. Pyduu IJaHbKO omxodum e cmopouy 3a nnemeub. Buxodnm IlapydKU u ffeenama, ucnojiHHiom yKpauucKUU mamu. Ho jxyHine Bcexo, KOx,a,a co6bioxca Bee B xecHyio Kynicy H nycxaxca 3axaflbiBaxb 3axa,a,KH HJXH npocxo Hecxn 6OJTXOBHIO. Boace XBI MOH! ^exo xojibKO He paccKaacyx! OxKy,a,a cxapHHbi He BMKonaiox! Kaicnx cxpaxoB He HaHecyx! Ho HHx,a,e, Moacex 6BIXB, He 6MJIO paccica3aH0 CXOJIBKO AHKOBHH, KaK Ha Benepax y nacHHHHKa Py^oxo naHbKa. 3a HXO Meroi MHpaHe npo3BajiH Py,zi,MM naHbKOM - en-6oxy, He Moxy CKa3axt>. Ho y Hac, He H3B0Jibxe xHeBaxtca, xaKoii oGbinaii: KaK Aa^yx KOMy mo AH Ka- Koe npo3Bmne, TO H BO BCKH BCKOB ocxaHexca OHO. 3eynum ayduo3anucb yKpauucKOU uapoduou necuu «Ou na zopi ma cyxuu dy6uK». Ha cueue noxemwmcx ffeeyuiKU (1) u (2),e pyicax y HUX Kuuza H. B. FOZORH «Benepa uaxymope 6JIU3ffuKaubKU)).My3bwa 3amuxaem. 26
  • 27. A BOX n ^eBnaxa. ,H,o6poFO 3flopoBba! Ky,a,a nyxb ,a,ep)KHxe? ^xo xaM BBI paccMaxpHBaexe? ^EBYIIIKA (1): TaK BOX KHH)KKa Bbinma. H B Hen o Hac nponncaHO. Taic n y Bac X a K a a 7KQ K H H F a . ^ E B y i l l K A (2): A BBI 3Haexe, HXO 3xy KHnxy Hanncaji Hani naH ,a,HKaHbKOBCKHH, HnKOJian BacHjibeBHH TOFOJIB? P y ^ b l H IIAHbKO: TaK 3xo naH Bee H3 MOHX 6aeic H cnncaji! ITpaBfla, B 3axjiaBHH yKa3ajr: MOJT, 3XO «noBecxH, H3,a,aHHbie nacnnHnicoM Py^BiM ITaHbKOM». BbiBajio, co6epyxca HaKaHyHe npa3,a,HHHHOFO flHa fl,o6pbie jnoflH B FOCXH B nacHHHHKOBy jiaHy>KKy, ycinryxca 3a CXOJT, H xox,a,a npoiny XOJTBKO cjxymaxb. ^ E B y i l l K A (1): IToMHHxe ncxopnio npo KpacHyio CBHXKy? PaccKaacnxe HaM, HXO xaM cjxyHHjiocb Ha COPOHHHCKOH apMapKe. P y ^ b l H nAHbKO: OHO 6BI H He FOAHJIOCB paccKa3biBaxb xaxne cxpaniHbie ncxopnn. J& pa3Be y>K fljifl XOFO, HXO6BI yxo^nxb xaKHM xapHbiM fleBHaxaM! ^ E B y i l l K H (1) H (2) (eMecme): PaccKa3biBanxe, paccKa3biBanxe! 0OHOM 3eymim ayduo3anucb yKpaimcKoti uapoduou necuu «Ou ua zopi ma cyxuu dy6uK». Pyduu IJaubKO 6epem nod pyKU fleeyuieK (1) u (2). OHU pa36opcmu6dK)mcH u udym KJiaeice, cadnmcH. P y ^ b l H nAHbKO: Pa3, 3a KaicyK) BHHy, en-6oxy, He 3Haio, BbiFHajin OAHOFO nepxa H3 neicria. ^aBan OH C xopa nbaHCXBOBaxb. Tyjiajr, xyjiajr - HaKOHeii npnnijiocb jo xoxo, HXO nonnji Bee, HXO HMen c CO6OK>. 27
  • 28. IlpHiiijiocb nepxy 3ajro»cHXb KpacHyio CBHXKy CBOK> nyxb JIH He B xpexb neHbi »cHfl,y, HaniHHKOBaBineMy xox,a,a Ha COPOHHHCKOH apMapKe. 3ajio>KHji H XOBOPHX eMy: «CMOXPH, TKHJS,, a npH,xy K xe6e 3a CBHXKOH POBHO nepe3 xofl, 6epexH ee!» - H nponaji, KaK 6y,axo B BOfly KaHyjx JKujs, paccMOxpen xoponieHBKO CBHXKy: cyKHO xaKoe, HXO H B Mnpxopofle He ,a,ocxaHeinb! A KpacHbiH HBex xopnx, KaK OXOHB, xaK HXO He Haxjumejicfl 6BI! Box >KH, i, noKa3ajiocb CKyHHO zy floacHflaxbca cpoKa. Box H coflpan c KaKOxo-xo npne3»cexo naHa Mano He naxb nepBOHneB. O cpoKe TKHJS, H no3a6biji 6BIJIO COBCCM. KaK BOX pa3, uojs, BenepoK, npnxoflHx KaKOH-xo nejiOBeK: «Hy, TKujs,, ox^aBaH CBHXKy MOK>». JKnjs, CHanajia 6BIJIO H He noHajr: «KaKyio CBHXKy? y Meroi Hex HHKaKOH CBHXKH!» TOX H yineji. TOJIBKO K Benepy CJIBIIUHX niopox - xjra,a,b, BO Bcex OKHax noBbicxaBjianHCb CBHHbie ptijia. MysuKa samuxaem. JKujs, npH3Hajrca BO BCCM. TOJTBKO CBHXKH Hejib3a yace 6BIJIO Bopoxnxb. IlaHa o6oKpaji Ha ,a,opoxe HbixaH H nponan CBHXKy nepeKynKe. Ta npHBe3Jia ee CHOBa Ha CopoHHHCKyio apMapKy, HO C xex nop HHKXO HHHCXO He cxan noKynaxt y Hen. ITepeKynKa 6pocnjia CBHXKy B OXOHB - He xopnx 6ecoBCKaa ofleacfla. OHa noflcyHyjia B BO3 o^HOMy MyacHKy, BbiBe3ineMy npo^aBaxb Macjio. ,H,ypeHb H o6paflOBajica: XOJIBKO Macua HHKXO H cnpaniHBaxb He xonex. CxBaxnji xonop B pyKH H H3py6nji ee B KycKH. TjixRh - H Jie3ex O^HH KycoK K ,apyxoMy, H onaxb nejiaa CBHXKa. IiepeKpecxHBniHCb, xBaxnji xonopoM B flpyxoii pa3, KycKH pa36pocaji no BceMy Mecxy H yexan. TOJTBKO C xex nop Kaacflbra xofl, H KaK pa3 BO BpeMa apMapKH, nepx c CBHHOK) JIHHHHOK) xoflHx no Been njioma,a,H, xpiOKaex H noflGnpaex KycKH CBoen CBHXKH. Tenept, xoBopax, O^HOXO XOJIBKO jieBoxo pyKaBa He^ocxaex eMy. ^ E B y i l l K A (1): A BOX KaKaa ncxopna npHKjnoHHjiacb c CojionneM ^epeBHKOM Ha CopOHHHCKOH flpMapKC Bee yxodnm. 3auaeec 3aKpueaemcH. FpoMKO 3eynum ayduo3anucb yK- pauucKOU uapoduou necuu «Ou ua zopi ma cyxuu dy6uK». 3auaeec ornKpueaemcn. 28
  • 29. ffeKopauuu me otce. HepeeuK cnum na JiaeKe. Bdezaem Xuepn, e pyKax y nee cciMomKCiHhiu nojioeuK u ncuiKCi dnn eudueanuH. Oua eeuiaem YIOJIOBUK ua njiemenh u uammaem eudueamh. XHBPH: BcxaBan, BcxaBan! Cxynan, Be^H CKopee Ko6bijxy Ha npoflaacy. Gviex, npaBO, mojiFM: npnexajin Ha apMapicy H XOXB 6BI xopcxb neHbKn npoflanH. HEPEBHK: KaK ace, )KHHKa, c Hac Be,a,b xenepb CMeaxbca 6y,a,yx. XHBPH: Cxynaii! Cxynan! C xe6a n 6e3 xoxo CMeioxca! HEPEBHK (3eean): Tbi BH^nnib, HXO a eme He yMbiBanca. (IJouecbieaem cnuuy.) XHBPH: Box HeKCxaxn npnnma 6jia>Kb 6bixb HHCxonjioxHbiM! Kox,a,a 3x0 3a XO6OK) BOflHjrocb? Box pyniHHK, o6oxpncb. (Eepem nmo-mo ceepuymoe e KOMOK. Budum, nmo smo Kpacucm ceumKa, u cycucacoM omdpacbieaem ee.) Cxynan, ^ejian CBoe fleno. HEPEBHK: Ey^ex npoflaaca xenepb! He^apoM, Kox^a a co6npajica Ha 3xy npoKnaxyio apMapKy, Ha flynie 6bijio xaK xaaceno, KaK 6y,axo KXO B3BajiHji Ha xe6a floxjiyio KopoBy. Hy, BOX H 3JTO Bee! HeyxoMOHeH n nepx npoKjiaxbin: HOCHJT 6M yace CBHXKy 6e3 OAHOXO pyKaBa, xaK Hex, HyacHO TKQfl,o6pbiMmoflflM He flaBaxb noKOK). By^b, npnMepHO, a nepx, - nexo, o6opoHH Boace, - cxan JTH 6M a xacKaxbca HOHMO 3a npOKJiaXblMH JIOCKyXbflMH? HepeeuK u Xuepn yxodnm. 3eynum ayduo3anucb yKpaimcKoti uapoduou necHU «Cojmue HU3eubK0, eenep 6jiu3eubKO». Buxodnm na cueny Pyduu YlaubKO, fleeyuiKU (1) u (2). ^EBYIIIKA (1): KaK Hy^ecHO onncaji HnKOJian BacnjibeBHH Hainy yKpanHCKyio npnpofly B «MancKon HOHH»! BOX nocjxynianxe. 29
  • 30. 0OHOM seynum ayduosanucb yKpauucKOU uapoduoii necuu «Cojiuue uu- 3enhK0, eenep 6jiu3eubK0». PyjJ,bIH IIAHbKO: 3Haexe JTH BBI yicpaixHCKyio HOHB? O, BBI He 3Haexe yKpaHHCKOH HOHH! BcMoxpHxec& B Hee: c cepeflHH&i He6a XJM,ZIHX Mecaij. Heo6,BaxH&iH He6ecH&iH CBOA pa3flajica, pa3flBHHyjica eme Heo6T>flXHee. ropnx H Atininx OH. 3eMjra BCA B cepe6paHOM CBexe; H Hy^HBiH B03flyx H npoxjiaAHO-AyHieH, H nojiOH Hexn, H J^WMQT OKeaH 6jiaxoyxaHHH. BoacecxBeHHaa HOHB! OnapoBaxejiBHaa HOHB! JJ,EByiIIKA (2): H 3xy 6o)KecxBeHHyK) HOHB npoHCxcaxxr oneHB MHOXO B CO6BIXHH: peinaexca cyfl&6a JIK)6BH xjiaBH&ix xepoeB JleBKO H raHH&x A B X H JleBKO. O Bee yxodnm. Buxodum JleeKO. JIEBKO: Hex, BH^HO, KpenKO 3acHyjia MOA acHOOKaa KpacaBHna! ramo! Tamo! T&I CnHHIB HJIH He XOHeiHB KO MHe B&IHXH? T&I 60HHIBCfl, BepHO, HX06&I Hac KXO He yBH,a,eji, HJIH He xoneniB, Moacex 6&ix&, noKa3ax& 6ejioe JIHHHKO Ha xojiofl! He 6OHCA: HHKOXO Hex. Benep xeneji. Ho ecjin 6&i H noKa3ajica KXO, a npHKpoio xe6a CBHXKOKD, o6MOxaK) CBOHM noacoM, 3aKpoK) pyKaMH xe6a - H HHKXO Hac He yBH^nx. Ho ecjin 6&i H noBeajio xojiOflOM, a npnacMy xe6a no6jiH>Ke K cepflny, oxoxpeK) nonejiyaMH, Ha^eHy nianKy CBOKD Ha XBOH 6ejieH&KHe HO>KKH. Cep^ne Moe, p&i6Ka Moa, o>Kepejibe! B&IXJMHH Ha MHX. npocyHb CKBO3B OKOHICHKO xox& 6ejiyio pyHKy CBOK>. Hex, XBI He cnnnib, xop^aa ,a,HBHHHa! (FpoMKO.) Te6e JIK)6O H3,a,eBax&cfl Ha^o MHOKD, npoman! CodupaemcH yxodumb. 3eynum ayduo3anucb nbecu «ffyMKa» B. EapeuucKOZo. Ha extern nom- jiHemcH Fauna. TAHHA (enojizojioca)'. KaKOH ace XBI HexepnejiHBbra! Yace H paccepflHjica! 3aneM Bbi6paji XBI xaKoe BpeMa: xojina Hapo^y niaxaexca xo H ,a,ejio no yjiHijaM... 9L BC;I flpoacy... JIEBKO: O, He flpoacn, MOA KpacHaa KajiHHOHKa! npnacMHCB KO MHe noKpenne! T&i 3Haeuib, HXO MHe H nacy He BH,a,axb xe6a - xoptKO. JleeKO u Fauna cadnmcH ua jiaeKy. 30
  • 31. TAHHA (sadyjymueo): 3Haeni& JIH, HTO a ,a,yMaio? MHe Bee HTO-TO 6y,aTO Ha yxo nienneT, HTO Bnepefl HaM He BHfl,eT&ca TaK nacTO. He,a,o6p&ie y Bac jiiOflH: ,a,eByiHKH B ce rjia^T TaK 3aBHCTjiHBO, a napy6KH... 51 npHMenaio flaace, HTO MaT& MOA c HeflaBHen nop&i CTana cypoBee npHrjxa,a,&iBaT& 3a MHOK). IlpH3HaK)Cb, MHe Becejiee y nyacnx 6BIJIO. JIEBKO (c zpycmbjo): ,H,Ba Medina TOJI&KO B CTopoHe po^HOH H yace cocKyHHjiacb! MoaceT, H a Te6e Hafloeji? TAHHA: O, TBI MHe He Hafloeji. 51 Te6a JIK)6JIK), HepHo6poBbiH K03aK! 3a TO JIK)6JIK), HTO y Te6a Kapne OHH, H KaK norjifl,a,HHi& TBI HMH - y Meroi KaK 6yflTO Ha Ayuie ycMexaeTca: H Beceno H xoponio en, HTO npHBeTjiHBO Mopraeuib TBI nepH&iM ycoM CBOHM, HTO H,a,eHi& no yjinne, noeni& H nrpaeuiB Ha 6aH,aype, H JIK)6O cjiyniaTB Te6a. JIEBKO: O, Moa rajxa! (IIpucHCUMcm Fanny K cede.) TAHHA: IIOCTOH! IIOJIHO JICBKO! CKaacn Hanepefl, roBopHji JIH TBI C OTHOM CBOHM? JIEBKO: ^ T O ? ^ T O a xony jKeHHT&ca, a TBI B&IHTH 3a Meroi 3aMy>K - roBopHji. r A H H A : q T o ace? JIEBKO: ^ T O CTaHeniB ,a,ejiaT& c HHM? IIpHTBopHjica, no CBoeMy O6&IKHOB6HHK), rjiyxHM: HHnero He CJI&HHHT H eme 6paHHT, HTO HiaTaioc& Bor 3HaeT r,a,e, noBecHHnaio H niajiK) c xjionnaMH no yjinnaM. Ho He Tyacn, MOA TajiK)! BOT Te6e CJIOBO K03anKoe, HTO yjiOMaio ero. TAHHA: Jdi Te6e TOJI&KO CTOHT, JICBKO, CJIOBO cica3aT& - H Bce 6y,a,eT no-TBoeMy. 51 3Haio 3TO no ce6e: HHOH pa3 He nocjiyniajia 6&i Te6a, a CKaaceniB CJIOBO - H HeBOJi&HO Aejiaio, HTO Te6e xoneTca... IIOCMOTPH, nocMOTpn! (IJodnuMaem zna3a naeepx.) IIOCMOTPH, BOH, BOH, flajieico Meji&KHyjiH 3Be3flOHKH: oflHa, flpyraa, TpeT&a... He npaB^a JIH, Be,a,& 3TO aHreji&i Eo- )KHH n O O T B O p ^ J I H OKOHieHKH CBOHX CBCTJI&IX flOMHKOB H a H e 6 e H rjISflHT Ha Hac? JX&, JleBKO? Be,a,& 3TO OHH rjia^T Ha Hainy 3eMjiio? ^TO, ecjin 6&i y jnoflen 6&UIH Kp&ui&a, KaK y irom, - Ty,a,a 6&i nojieTeTB, B&ICOKO, B&ICOKO... Yx, CTpaniHo! H H OAHH jsy6 y Hac He ^ocTaHeT ,a,o He6a. A roBop^T, oflHaKO 7KQ, ecT& r^e-TO, B KaKOH-TO flajieKOH 3eMjie, TaKoe flepeBO, KOTopoe niyMHT BepniHHOio B caMOM He6e, H Bor CXO^HT no HeM Ha 3eMjiK> HOH&IO nepefl CBCTJI&IM npa3flHHKOM. 31
  • 32. JIEBKO: Hex, Tamo, y Boxa ecxtfljiHHHaajiecxHHna ox He6a ^o caMoii 3eMjiH. Ee cxaBax nepefl CBCXJIBIM BOCKpeceHteM CBaxtie apxaHxejibi; H KaK XOJIBKO Box cxynnx Ha nepByio cxyneHb, Bee HenHCXbie jsyxn nojiexax cxpeMxnaB H KynaMH nona^aiox B neiaxo, H OXXOXO Ha XpncxoB npa3flHHK HH oflHoxo 3JTOXO Ayxa He 6biBaex Ha 3eMjie. r A H H A : 51 noMHio, 6y,axo CKBO3B COH. ,H,aBHO, ^aBHO, Kox^a a eme 6bijia MajreHbKOK), HXO-XO cxpauiHoe paccKa3biBajiH npo AOM, HXO B03Jie npy^a. JleBKO, XM, BepHO, 3Haenib, paccKaacn! JIEBKO: Box c HHM, MOA KpacaBHna! Mano JTH nexo He paccKaacyx 6a6bi H Hapofl xjiynbiH. TBI ce6a xojibKO noxpeBoacHHib, cxaHenib 6oaxbca, H He 3acHexca xe6e noKOHHO. TAHHA: PaccKaacH, paccKaacn, MHJIMH, HepHo6poBbiH napyGox! PaccKaacn, JleBKO! 0OHOM 3eymim ayduo3anucb yKpaimcKOU uapoduou necuu «Cojmije HU- 3enhK0, eenep 6jiu3euhKO». JIEBKO: BH^HO, npaB^y xoBopax mo AH, HXO y AeBynieK CH^HX nepx, noflCxpeKaiomHH HX jno6onbixcxBO. Hy, cjiyniaH. ,H,aBHO, Moe C e p f l e H b K O , 5KHJI B 3XOM flOMe COXHHK. Y COXHHKa 6 b I J i a flOHKa, flCHafl IlaHHOHKa, 6ejiaa KaK CHex. CoxHHKOBa aceHa ^aBHO yMepjia, H 3a,ayMaji OH aceHHXbca Ha flpyxoii. IxpHBe3 COXHHK MOJiOflyio aceHy B HOBMH CBOH AOM. Xopouia 6bijia MOJioflaa aceHa. TojibKO xaK cxpanmo B3xjraxyjia Ha CBOK) naflnepniiy, HXO xa BCKpHKHyjia, ee yBH^eBHiH. Hacxana HOHB. YiHeji COXHHK c MOJiOflOK) >KeHOK) B CBOK) onoHHBajibHK), 3anepjiacb H 6ejiaa IlaHHOHKa B CBoen CBexjinne. ToptKO cflejianocb en, cxana njiaKaxb. rjia^Hx - cxpaniHaa nepHaa KoniKa Kpa^exca K Hen, niepcxb Ha Hen xopnx, H »cejie3Hbie KOXXH cxynax no nojiy. B ncnyxe BCKOHHjia IlaHHOHKa Ha jiaBKy - KoniKa 3a Hen. IlepenpbixHyjia Ha jieacaHKy - KoniKa H xy,a,a, H B,apyx 6pocHjiacb K Hen Ha nieio H ^yninx ee. C KpHKOM, oxopBaBHiH ox ce6a, KHHyjia IlaHHOHKa ee Ha noji - onaxb 32
  • 33. Kpaflexca cxpaniHaa KoniKa. Ha cxeHe Bucejia oxnoBCKaa ca6jm. CxBaxHjra ee naHHOHKa H 6paK no nony - Jiana c >Kejie3HbiMH KOXXAMH oxcKOHHjia, H KoniKa c BH3XOM nponana B xeMHOM yxny. Hejibra ,a,eHb He BbixoflHJia H3 CBexjinnbi CBoefi MOJiOflaa aceHa. Ha xpexnii RGHI, Bbinma c nepeBa3aHHOio pyKoio. Yxaflajra Ge^Haa naHHOHKa, HXO Manexa ee BcaxMa H HXO OHa eii nepepyGnjia pyKy. Ha rorrbiii RGHI, BbixHan COXHHK CBOK)flOHKy6ocyio H3flOMyH KycKa xne6a He flan en Ha flopoxy. Tox^a xojibKO 3apbiflajra naHHOHKa, 3aKpbiBniH pyxaMH 6ejroe JXHUO CBoe: «noxy6Hji XBI, 6axbKy, poflHyio flOHKy CBOK>! noxyGnjia Be^bMa xpeuiHyio flymy XBOK>!» H BOH, no,a,ajxbine oxflOMa,Ha caMbiH BBICOKHH 6epex! C 3x0x0 6epexa KHHyjiact naHHOHKa B Bo^y, H C XOH nopti He cxano ee Ha CBexe. TAHHA (6oH3Jiueo): A Be^bMa? JIEBKO: BeflbMa? Cxapyxn Bbi,ayMajiH, HXO C XOH nopti Bee yxonjieHHHnbi BbixoflHjiH B jryHHyio HOHB B naHCKHH ca,a, xpexbca Ha Mecane, H coxHHKOBaflOHKacflejianacb Ha,a, HHMH xnaBHOio. B o^Hy HOHB yBH^ejia OHa Manexy CBOK) B03Jie npy^a, Hanana Ha Hee H C KPHKOM yxamnjia B BOfly. Ho BeflbMa H xyx Hanmacb: o6opoxHjiacb nofl BOAOIO B o,axxy H3 yxonjreHHHii H nepe3 xo yurna ox njiexn H3 3ejieHOxo xpocxHHKa, Koxopoio xoxejiH ee 6HXB yxonjieHHHnbi. PaccKa3biBaiox, HXO naHHOHKa co6npaex BCincyio HOHB yxomieHHHii H 3axjra,a,biBaex nooflHHOHKe KaacflOH B jinno, cxapaacb y3Haxb, Koxopaa H3 HHX Be^bMa. Ho AO CHX nop He y3Hajra. Box, MOA ramo, KaK paccKa3biBaiox cxapbie JIIOAH! 3a cuenou My3bwa, uiyM. Ho a cjibiiny xoBop. 3xo Hanin B03Bpain,aioxca c neceH. npomaii, ranio! Cnn noKOHHO ,a,a He flyMan 06 3XHX 6a6bnx Bbi^yMKax! (Odnujviaem u uejiyem Fanny.) TAHHA: npomaii, JleBKo! (Vxodum.) 3eynum ayduo3anucb yKpauncKOU napodnou necnu «Cojwue nmenbKO, eenep 6jiu3enbKO». Buxodum IJannouKa, npucnyuiueaemcH K necne, CMeemcn, nodxodum K JleeKO. n A H H O H K A (muxo): Cnon MHe, MOJIOAOH K03aK, KaKyio-HH6yflb necHio! JIEBKO: KaKyio TKQ xe6e necHio cnexb, MOA acHaa naHHOHKa? 33
  • 34. IIAHHOHKA (ruianem): Ilapy6oK, HaiiflH MHe MOK> Manexy! 51 HHHero He noacajieio J$K xe6a. 51 Haxpaacy xe6a. 51 xe6a 6oraxo H POCKOHIHO Haxpaacy! Y Memi ecxb 3apyicaBbfl, nmxbie niejiKOM, Kopajuibi, oacepejiba. 51 noflapio xe6e noac, yHH3aHHbiH aceMnyxoM. y Memi 30JTOXO ecxb. Ilapy6oK, HaH^H MHe MOK) Manexy! OHa cxpanmafl BeflbMa: MHe He 6BIJTO OX Hee noKOK) Ha 6ejiOM CBexe. OHa Mynnjia Meroi, 3acxaBjxajia pa6oxaxb KaK npocxyio MyacHHKy. ITocMOxpH Ha JXHHO: OHa BbiBena pyM^Heii CBOHMH HCHHCXBIMH pyxaMH c ineK MOHX. noxjiaflH Ha 6ejryio nieio MOIO: OHH He CMbiBaioxca! OHH He CMbiBaioxca! OHH HH 3a HXO He CMOIOXCA, 3XH cmnxe rorraa ox acejre3Hbix Koxxeii ee. I1OXJM,ZI,H Ha 6ejibie HOXH MOH: OHH MHOXO XO^HJIH; He no KOBpaM XOJTBKO, no necKy xopaneMy, no 3eMjre CbipOH, n o KOJTIOHeMy XepHOBHHKy OHH XOflHJXH. A Ha OHH MOH, nocMOxpn Ha OHH: OHH He xjia^ax ox axe3. HaH^H ee, napy6oK, HaH^H MHe MOIO Manexy! JIEBKO: 51 XOXOB Ha Bee AJM xe6a, MOA IlaHHOHKa! Ho KaK MHe ee Hanxn? IIAHHOHKA (dbicmpo): IlocMOxpH, nocMOxpn, OHa 3,a,ecb! OHa Ha 6epexy nxpaex B xopoBO^e Meac^y MOHMH ^eByniKaMH H xpeexca Ha Meca- ne. Ho OHa jryKaBa H xnxpa. OHa npHHana Ha ce6a BHA yxonjreHHHiibi, HO a 3Haio, HO a axbiiny, HXO OHa 3,a,ecb. MHe xaacejio, MHe flyniHO ox Hee. 51 He Moxy nuaBaxb jrexKO H BOJTBHO, KaK pbi6a. 51 xoHy H na^aK) Ha AHO, KaK KJTKDH. OXMIUH ee, napy6oK! 3eynum ayduo3anucb yKpaimcKoti uapoduou necuu «Ou ua zopi ma cyxuu dy6uK». Bbixodnm PycajiKU (1) - (4) u eodnm xopoeod. PyCAJIKH (1) - (4) (ejviecme): ^aBanxe B BopoHa, flaBanxe nxpaxb B BopoHa! PyCAJIKA (1): KoMy ace 6bixb BOPOHOM? PycajiKU uzpajom e uzpy. PycajiKa (2) dezaem 3a dpyzuMU, a me om nee ydezajom. PyCAJIKA (2): Hex, a He xony 6bixb BOPOHOM! (OcmauaenueaemcH.) MHe acajiKO oxHHMaxb nbinjMx y 6e,a,HOH Maxepn! JIEBKO (muxo): Tbi He Be^bMa. PyCAJIKA (3): Kxo ace xenepb 6y,a,ex BOPOHOM? 34
  • 35. PyCAJIKA (4): 51 6y^y BOPOHOM! (Eezaem 3a PycajiKaMU.) JIEBKO (yKa3hieaH nanbueM ua Pycamcy (4)): Be^bMa! YlauHOHKa CMeemcn. PycajiKU (I) - (3) yeodnm PycajiKy (4). IIAHHOHKA: ^eM Haxpa,a,HXb xe6a, napy6oK? 51 3Haio, xe6e He 30JTOXO HyacHO. Tbi jxfoGnnib TaHHy, HO cypoBbiii oxeii Meniaex xe6e aceHHXbca Ha Hen. OH xenepb He noMeniaex. (Ylpommueaem 3anucKy.) Oxflan eMy 3xy 3anHCKy. JIEBKO (mimaem 3anucKy) «ITpHKa3 xonoBe, EBxyxy MaKOxoHeHKy. ^OHIJTO JQ> Hac, HXO XM, cxapbiii flypaic, BMecxo xoxo, HXO6M co6paxb npeaarae He^OHMKH H BecxH Ha cene nop^moic, o,aypeji H cxponnib naKoexn. A BCJie^cxBHe xoxo, npHKa3biBaio xe6e cen ace nac aceHHXb xBoexo cbiHa, JleBKa MaKoxoHeHKa, Ha K03aHice H3 Baniexo ace cena, rajimie IlexpbiHeHKOBOH. KoMHecap, oxcxaBHOH nopyHHK Ko3bMa ^epKan- ^pHinnaHOBCKHH)). Haflo nocneuiHXb, noKa3axb 6axbKe 3anncicy. (Vxodum.) Tuxo 3eymim ayduo3anucb yicpauucKOU uapoduou necuu «Comue umeubKO, eenep 6jiu3eubKO». Ha extern nomimemcH KaneuuK. TaHijyem, pa3zoeapueaH caM c codou. KAJIEHHK: ,H,a, xonaic He xaic xaHixyexca! To-xo, a xjwacy, He Kjienxca Bee. Ton, xon, xon! (TaHijyem.) En-6oxy. He xaK xaHnyexca xonaic! ^xo MHe jrxaxb! En-6oxy, He xaic! A Hy: xon xpana! Ton xpana! Ton, xon, xon! 3eynum Menodim. Ha cueuy euxodnm napyduu, mauuyiom zonaK, yxodnm. Ja, xonaK He xaK xaHnyexca! Ba6a, oxBopan! Ba6a, acnBen, xoBopax xe6e, oxBopan! Ko3aKy cnaxb nopa! 3eynum ayduo3anucb yicpauucKOU uapoduou necuu «Ou ua zopi ma cyxuu dy6uK». Ha cueuy euxodnm fleeyuiKU (I) u (2). ^EBYIIIKH (eMecme): Ky,a,a XM, KajieHHK? Tbi B nyacyio xaxy nonan, noKa3axb xe6e XBOK) xaxy? KAJIEHHK: IioicaacHxe, jrio6e3Hbie MOJiOflynncn! ^EBYIIIKA (1): MojroflyniKH? Kaicon ynxHBbra KajieHHK! 3a 3xo eMy HyacHO noKa3axb xaxy... HO Hex, Hanepefl noxaHnyn! Box KaK xjionnbi c AeBnaxaMH. 35
  • 36. KAJIEHHK: noxaHneBaxb? 3 x BM, 3aMbicjiOBaxbie ^eBynncn! A ^aAHxe nepenejiOBaxb ce6a? Bcex nepenejxyio, Bcex! IlhimaemcH cxeamumb fleeyuieK (1) u (2). Onuydezcuom om uezo. 3auaeec 3aKpueaemcH. 3eynum ayduo3anucb yKpaimcKoti uapoduou necuu «Ou HG zopi ma cyxuu dy6uK». 3auaeec omKpueaemcH. Ha extern deKopaijiiu xamu. 3a CWIOJIOM cudnm Fonoea u Bimouyp. rOJIOBA: Cicopo TKQ BM ,a,yMaexe nocxaBHXb Bainy BHHOKypmo? BHHOKYP: Kox,a,a Box noMO^cex, xo SXOH oceHbio, Moacex 6bixb, H nocxaBHM. Ha noKpoB, 6biocb 06 3aKnafl, HXO naH TojiOBa 6y,a,ex nncaxb HOxaMH HeMeiiKHe KpeH,a,ejiH no ,a,opoxe. (CjueemcM.) rOJIOBA: ^ a n Box. Tenepb eme, cjiaBa Boxy, BHHHHII pa3Bejiocb HCMHOXO. A BOX B cxapoe BpeMfl, Kox^a npoBoacan a napnny no nepeacnaBCKon flopoxe, ein,e noKOHHbin Be36opoflbKO... BHHOKYP: Hy, CBax, BcnoMHnjr BpeMa! Cjibiniaji JTH XM, HXO noBbi,a,yMajiH npoKnaxbie HeMiibi? CKopo, xoBopax, 6y,ayx Kypnxb He ApoBaMH, Kaic Bee necxHbie xpncxnaHe, a KaiaxM-xo nepxoBCKHM napoM. KaK 3xo napoM - en-6oxy, He 3Haio! rOJIOBA: ^xo 3a AypHH, npocxn xocnoflH, 3XH HCMUM! CjibixaHHoe JTH Aejio, HXO6M napoM MO>KHO 6bijio KHrorraxb HXO! 3a cijenou uiyM. Bxodum KaneuuK, pacupuepom, ozjindueaem nomonoK. KAJIEHHK: Box a H ^OMOH npHineji! (Cadumcn ua jiaeKy, ue o6pauan enuManuH ua Fonoey u BunoKypa.) Bnuib, KaK pacx;nxyji Bpaacnn CMH ,a,opoxy! H^enib, H,a,eiHb, H KOHna Hex! HOXH KaK 6y,zrxo nepejiOMaji Kxo-HH6y,a,b. ^ocxaHb-Ka xaM, 6a6a, xyjiyn, noflocjiaxb MHC Ha nenb K xe6e He npHfl,y: HOXH 6OJMX! rjia^H xojibKO He onpoKHHb xopnnca c xepxbiM xa6aKOM. HJIH Hex, He xpoHb, He xpoHb! Tbi, Moacex 6bixb, nb^Ha cexczpra. nycxb, yace a caM ^ocxaHy. (IlbimaemcH ecmamb.) rOJIOBA: 3a 3xo JIK>6JXK), npnineji B nyacyio xaxy H pacnopaacaexca KaK ,a,OMa! BbinpoBOflHXb exo noflo6py-no3flopoBy! (YlumaemcH euzuamb KaneHUKa.) 36
  • 37. BHHOKYP: OcxaBb, CBax, ox^oxHyxb! (Ydepofcueaem Fonoey 3a pyKy.) 3xo nojie3Hbiii nejiOBeK, no6ojibine xaKOxo Hapo^y - n BnHHnna Haina cuaBHO 6M noimxa... KAJIEHHK: ^xo-xo KaK cxapocxb npn,a,ex! (Jlocucumcn ua naeKy.) ,H,o6po 6M, eiu,e CKa3aix>, nb^H. TaK Hex ace, He nb^H. En-6oxy, He nb^m! ^xo MHe Jixaxb! 51 FOXOB o6"bflBnxb 3xo xoxb caMOMy TojiOBe. ^xo MHe TojiOBa? I lxo6 OH H3,a,oxHyji, co6aHnn CHH! ^XO OH o6jiHBaex mo^eii HaMopo3e... rOJIOBA: 3xe! Bjre3Jia CBHHba B xaxy, ,a,a H jianbi cyex Ha CXOJT. 3a cijenou myjvi. 3eynum ayduo3anucb apuu U3 onepu H. A. PUMCKOZO- KopcaKoea «MaucKaH HOHb». BHHOKYP: CjiaBHaa necHa, CBax! CjiaBHaa! (CjueemcM.) CKBepHO XOUBKO, HXO T o j l O B y n O M H H a i O X H e COBCeM n p H C X O H H M M H CJlOBaMH. 3auaeec 3aKpueaemcH. Ha cijeny euxodnm fleeyuiKU (1) u (2). ^EBYIIIKA (1): A KaKHe y Hac B ^HKaHbKe xaHnbi, a ^eBnaxa! ^ E B y i l l K A (2): Box y Hainexo FOJIOBM, naHa ^y6a, AOHKa-KpacaBnna, OKcaHon 30Byx. A B Hee BJHOGHJIC^ Ky3Heii BaKyjia. ^ E B y i l l K A (1): OKcaHe He MHHyjio eine H ceMHa,a,naxH jiex, KaK BO BCCM nonxn CBexe, H no xy cxopoHy ^HKaHbKH, H no 3xy cxopoHy ^HKaHbKH, xojibKO H penen 6bmo, HXO npo Hee. ^ E B y i l l K A (2): Ilapy6KH xypxoM npoB03FjiacnjTH, HXO jxyninen ,a,eBKH n He 6bijro ein,e HHKor,a,a n He 6y,a,ex HnKox^a Ha cejie. OKcaHa 3Hajia H cjibiinajia Bee, HXO npo Hee roBopnjin, H 6bijra Kanpn3Ha KaK KpacaBHna. A BOX H OHa. fleeyuiKU (1) u (2) yxodnm. 3auaeec omKpueaemcH. KoMuama OKcauu. OKcana CMompum e ManeubKoe 3epKano. Cdouy cijenu - Bauyjia. OKCAHA: ^xo JIIOAJIM B3,ayMajiocb paccjiaBjraxb, 6y,axo a xopoma? Jlxyx JIIOAH, a coBceM He xopoma. Pa3Be nepHbie 6poBH H OHH MOH xaK xoponin, HXO yace paBHbix HM Hex Ha CBexe? ^xo xyx xoponiexo B 3XOM B3,a,epHyxoM KBepxy Hoce? H B ineKax? H B xy6ax? Ey,axo xoponin MOH nepHbie KOCbi? Yx! Hx MO^CHO ncnyxaxbca BenepoM: OHH, KaKfljiHHHbie3Men, nepeBHjxncb n o6Bnjincb BOKpyx Moen FOJIOBM.<ABnacy xenepb, HXO a coBceM He xopoma! Hex, xopoma a! Ax, KaK xopoma! ^yflo! KaKyio 37
  • 38. pa^ocxb npmiecy a xoMy, KOXO 6y^y aceHOio! KaK 6y,a,ex jrio6oBaxbca MHOK) MOH Myac! O H He BCHOMHHX ce6a. O H 3anejxyex Meroi HacMepxt. BAKYJIA (muxo): ^y^Haa ^eBKa! H XBacxoBCXBa y Hee Mano! C nac CXOHX, xjia^acb B 3epKajio, H He Haxjia^Hxca, H eme xBajxnx ce6a Bcnyx! OKCAHA: Ja, napy6KH, BaM JTH nexa a? BBI noxjra,a,Hxe Ha Meroi, KaK a njiaBHO Bbicxynaio. Y Meroi copoHKa ninxa KpacHbiM niejiKOM, a KaKHe jieHXbi Ha xojiOBe! BaM BeK He yBH^axb 6oxane xanyHa! Bee 3xo HaKynnji MHe oxeii MOH fljra xoxo, HXO6BI Ha MHe aceHHjica caMbin jxyHHiHH MOJiOfleii Ha CBexe! (YloeopanueaemcH e cmopouy u eudum Baicyjiy, ecKpuKueaem.) 3aneM XBI npHineji ciofla? Pa3Be xonexca, HXO6BI BbixHana 3a flBept Jionaxoio? BBI Bee Macxepa nofl'be3»caxb K HaM. BMHX npoHioxaexe, Kox^a OXHOB Hex ^OMa. O, a 3Haio Bac! ^xo, cyH^yK MOH XOXOB? BAKYJIA: By^ex XOXOB, Moe cepfleHBKO, nocjie npa3flHHKa 6y,a,ex XOXOB. ECJIH 6BI XBI 3Hajia, CKOJIBKO B03HJICA OKOJIO HeXO! flBe HOHH He BBIXOflHJI H3 Ky3HHiibi, 3axo HH y oflHOH nonoBHbi He 6yflex xaKOxo cyH^yKa. )Kejie30 Ha OKOBKy nojioacnji xaKoe, KaKOxo He Kjian Ha coxHHKOBy xapaxaHKy, Kox^a XO^HJI Ha pa6oxy B IlojixaBy. A KaK 6y,a,ex pacnncaH! XOXB Bec& OKOJIOXOK B&IXOAH CBOHMH 6ejieH&KHMH HO>KKaMH, He HaH^eHib xaKoxo! Ilo BceMy nojiio 6y,ayx pacKH,a,aH&i KpacHbie H CHHHe HBex&i. Topexb 6y,a,ex KaK acap. He cep,a,HC& TKQ Ha Meroi! Ilo3BOJib XOXB noxoBopHXb, XOXB noxjra,a,ex& Ha xe6a! OKCAHA: Kxo TK xe6e 3anpemaex, XOBOPH H TJWJSJII BAKYJIA: IIO3BOJI& H MHe cecx& B03Jie xe6a! OKCAHA: Cannes. BAKYJIA: ^y^Haa, HeHaxjia^Haa OKcaHa, no3BOJi& nonejiOBax& xe6a! OKCAHA: ^exo xe6e eme xonexca? EMy Kox^a Mefl, xaK H jioacKa HyacHa! IIOAH npoHb, y xe6a pyKH aceexne >Kejie3a. ,H,a H caM XBI naxHenib ,H,&IMOM. <A flyMaio, Meroi BCIO oGMapan caaceio. (Cjuompum e 3epKCiJihue.) 38
  • 39. BAKYJIA (e cmopony): He JXK>6HX OHa Meroi. Eii Bee HxpyniKH, a a cxoio nepefl Heio KaK AypaK H oneii He CBoacy c Hee. H Bee 6BI cxoan nepefl Heio, H BeK 6&i He CBOflHjr c Hee onen! ^y^Haa ,a,eBKa! ^exo 6&i a He flan, HXO6BI y3Hax&, HXO y Hee Ha cep^ne, KOXO OHa JTK)6HX! H O Hex, en H Hyacfl&i Hex HH flo KOXO. OHa moGyexca caMa C06010, Mynnx Meroi, 6eflHOxo, a a 3a xpycx&io He BH^cy CBexa. 51 ee xaK JTK)6JTK), KaK HH O^HH nejiOBeK Ha CBexe He JXK>6HJI H He 6y,a,ex HHROx^a JXK>6HX&. OKCAHA: npaB^a JTH, HXO XBOA Max& Be,a,&Ma? BAKYJIA: ^xo MHe jo Maxepn? TBI y Meroi Max& H oxeii, H Bee, HXO HH ecx& flopoxoxo Ha CBexe. OKCAHA: BH^HHIB, KaKOH x&i! TOJT&KO oxeii MOH caM He npoMax. YBHAHHIB, Kox^a OH He aceHHxca Ha xBoeii Maxepn. O^HaKO TK ^eBnaxa He npHxo,a,flx. ^xo 6 3xo 3HaHHjio? ^aBHO yyKQ nopa KOJM,a,OBax&. MHe CXaHOBHXCfl CKyHHO. BAKYJIA: Box c HHMH, MOA KpacaBHna! OKCAHA: KaK 6&1 He xaK! C HHMH, BepHO, npn^yx napy6KH. Tyx-xo noH^yx 6aji&i. Boo6paacaio, KaKHx HaxoBopax CMeniH&ix HCXOPHH! BAKYJIA: TaK xe6e Beceno c HHMH? OKCAHA: Ja y>K Becenee, neM c xo6oio. (3a cx^euou cmyK.) Kxo-xo cxyKHyjr! BepHO, ^eBnaxa c napy6KaMH. 3eynum ayduo3anucb yKpaimcKoti uapoduou necuu «Cojim}e umeuhKO, eenep 6jiu3enbK0». Ha cijeny eudezajom ffeenama u HapydKU. (Oduou U3 ffeeyuieK.) 3 , O^apKa! Y xe6a HOB&ie nepeBHHKH! Ax, KaKne xopouiHe! Xoponio xe6e, O^apKa, y xe6a ecx& xaKoii nejiOBeK, Koxop&iH Bee xe6e noKynaex, a MHe HeKOMy ,a,ocxax& xaKne cjraBH&ie HepeBHHKH. BAKYJIA: He xyacn, MOA HeHaxjMflHaa OKcaHa! 51 xe6e ^ocxaHy xaKne nepeBHKH, KaKne pe^Kaa naHHOHKa HOCHX. OKCAHA: T&i? nocMOxpio, x,a,e x&i ,a,ocxaHeiH& nepeBHKH, Koxop&ie Moxna 6&1 a Ha^exB Ha CBOIO Hoxy. Pa3Be npHHeceni& xe caM&ie, Koxop&ie HOCHX napHna. Ja, 6y,a,&xe Bee B&I CBH,a,exejxBHHH&i: ecjin Ky3Heii BaKyna 39
  • 40. npmiecex xe caMbie nepeBHKH, Koxoptie HOCHX napHna, xo BOX Moe CJTOBO, HXO BbiH^y 3a Hexo 3aMy>K. (CjueemcM.) OKCCIHCI, ffeenama u HapydKU yxodnm. BAKYJIA: CMeiica, CMeiica! 51 caM CMeiocb Ha,a, co6oio! ^yMaio H He Moxy B3flyMaxb, Ky,a,a ^eBajica yM MOH. OHa Meira He JTIO6HX - Hy Box c Hen! Ey,axo XOJTBKO Ha BceM 6ejiOM CBexe o^Ha OiccaHa. ,H,a HXO OKcaHa? C Hee HHKOx,a,a He 6y,a,ex ,a,o6poH XO3AHKH, OHa XOJTBKO Macxepnna pa^nxbca. (Yxodum.) 3auaeec 3aKpueaemcH. Ha extern Pyduu IJaubKO, fleeyuiKU (1) u (2). ^ E B y i l l K A (1): Box, ,a,o6pbie jno,a,H, MHOFO BaM cxpaniHbix H Becejibix Hcxopnii MM noBeflanH! ^ E B y i l l K A (2): Box Kaioie JIIOAH y Hac B ^HKaHbKe mixepecHbie! P y ^ M H IIAHbKO: ,H,a, BOX 6BIJTO no3a6bui caMoe xjiaBHoe: KaK Gy^exe, xocnofla, exaxb KO MHe, xo npaMexoHbKO 6epnxe nyxb no CXOJI6OBOH flopore Ha ^HKaHbKy. Ilpo ^HKaHbKy ace, flyMaio, BBI HacjibiHiajiHCb B^OBOJib. 3axo yace KaK noacanyexe B FOCXH, XO flMHb noflaflHM KaKHx BBI oxpofly, Moacex 6bixb, He enn, a Me,ay jiyHinexo He cbimexe Ha xyxopax. A KaKHMH nnpoxaMH HaKopMHx Moa cxapyxa! ^xo 3a nnpoxn, ecjin 6 BBI 3HajiH: caxap, co- BepuieHHbiH caxap! O^HaKO TK HXO a B caMOM ,a,ejie pa36ojixajica? ITpHe3»caHxe XOJTBKO, npne3»caHxe nocKopen. Bee yxodxm. 40
  • 41. «HY^ECA, RA H TOJIBKO» CneKTaKjib no MOTHBaM noBecTH H. B. Torojisi «Benepa Ha xyTope 6JIH3 f3,HKaHbKH» fleHCTByioiipie mma: Conoxa BaKyjia IlpHflBOpH&ie ^epx OKcaHa Ticannxa *Iy6 Oflapica IlepenepHHxa LJapima IlaHac JKwTQjm cena ,H,&flK /fEHCTBHE IIEPBOE 3UMHHH HOHb. 3ee3dbi. Mecsiu. IJod coepeMeHHyw Mejioduw uepe3 3cm na Memne jiemum Conoxa, Ha Jiemy codupcm e pyicae 3ee3du. C dpyzou cmoponu nom- jmemcH Hepm. OH muxo Kpademcn K MecMify, donzo numaemcH ezo cxeamumb, HaKoneu smo ejviy ydaemcn. Hepm npmem MecMif e KapjviaH, 6ecncum K eedbjvie. OHU manuywm edeoeM, pa302peeawmcx om Mopo3a, nomoM yjiemawm. Iloxemwmcx Hy6 u IJanac. HYE: TaK x&i, KyM, eme ne 6&IJT yfl&flicaB HOBOH xaxe? TaM xenep& 6y,a,ex ,a,o6pafl nonoHKa. 41
  • 42. IIAHAC: KaK 6bi xojibKO HaM He ono3,a,axb. HYB (c yjicacoM). CMOXPH! CMOXPH, IlaHac!.. nAHAC: MTO? HYB: KaK HXO? Mecana Hex! IIAHAC (yflHBjieHHo): ^xo 3a nponacxb! B caMOM ,a,ejie Hex Mecana. HYB: To-xo HXO Hex. Te6e He6ocb H Hy>K,zi,bi Hex. IIAHAC: A HXO MHe ^ejiaxb?! HYB: ^ H a p o ^ H O , CMAeBiHM B x a x e , rromeji B OKHO: HOHB - Hy,a,o! Bee 6BIJTO BH^HO KaK AHeM. He ycneji BBIHXH 3a flBept - H BOX, XOXB raa3 BBIKOJTH! TaK Hex, KyM, Mecana? nAHAC: Hex HYB: ^y^HO, npaBo! TaK HXO TKQ, KyM, KaK HaM 6BIXB? Be^b xeMHO Ha deope. nAHAC: TaK, noacanyH, ocxaHeMca ,a,OMa. HYB: Hex, KyM, noiifleM! Hejib3a, nyjtcHO udmu! Hepm nepedezaem dopozy, pa36pacbieaem cuez. HammaemcH Memenb. 42
  • 43. HYB: CXOH, KyM! MBI, Kaacexca, He xy,a,a HJS,QM, a He BH^cy HH OAHOH xaxbi. 3x, Kaicafl Mexejib! CBopoxn-Ka XBI, KyM, HCMHOXO B cxopoHy, a a nomny 3,a,ecb. He 3a6yflb 3aKpHnaxb, Kox^a HaH,a,eiHb ,a,opoxy. 3x, KaKyio icyny CHexa HanycxHjr B OHH caxaHa! IlaHac yxo^HT. OflHaKO 7K Conoxa, flyMaio, C M f l M T caxxa. Cexo,znxa HOHB nepefl PoacflecxBOM, CBIH ee, Ky3Heii BaKyjia, KaK H BCA MOJIOAOKB, yineji Ha KOJiaflKH, a Conoxa o^Ha. TM... OHO Be,a,b He,a,ajieKO oxciofla, a noH^y-Ka K Hen. /fEHCTBHE BTOPOE Xama COJIOXU. Ha Memjie ejiemawm Conoxa u Hepm. Conoxa, onpaeueiuucb, uanuuaem ydupambcn, nodxodum K CWIOMIJUM e yzny MeuiKCiM. COJIOXA: 3xo BaKyjia npmiec, nycxb ace caM H BbiHecex! HEPT (aep»cacb 3a cepaue, oxaeT): ECJTH XM, MHjiaa Cojioxa, He coxjiacnnibca HaxpaflHXb Meroi, xo a XOXOB Ha Bee: KHHycb B BO^y, a flynia oxnpa- BHxca npiiMO B neKjio. CjibiuieH cmyK e deepb u ZOROC Tlauaca: «Conoxa, omicpbieau!» Conoxa deoicum omKpueamb deepb, a Hepm npmemcn e nycmou MeuiOK u 3amaueaemcn e yzny. Bxodnm Tlauac u Conoxa. IIAHAC: >7He nouieji Kflbflicy,noxoMy HXO ncaxxsjiacb Mexejib, a yBH,a,eBiHH cBex B xBoeii xaxe, 3aBepHyji, B HaMepeHHH npoBecxn Benep c XO6OH. Cjibiuieu cmyK e deepb u ZOROC flbXKa: «JlK>6e3uan Conoxa, omeopu!» IIAHAC (c TpeBoroii).' Cnpanb Meroi Kyfl,a-HH6yflb. MHe He xonexca xenepb BCXpeXHXbCa C ,H,bflKOM. Conoxa npmem Tlauaca e nycmou MeuiOK e yzny. Bxodum flbXK, nuxmum, nomupan pyKU. ^ b H K : Ko MHe B HOByio xaxy cexo,znxa HHKXO He npHineji, H a cep^eHHO pa,x 3X0My cjiynaio noxyjxaxb HCMHOXO y xe6a, H a He ncnyxajica MexejiH. 43
  • 44. IJodxodum dmotce K Cojioxe, ycMexaemcn, dompazueaemcn ncuibuaMU do pyKU COJIOXU. A HXO 3xo y Bac, BejinKOJienHaa Cojioxa? (OTCKaKHBaeT Ha3a#.) COJIOXA: KaK HXO? PyKa, Ocnn HHKH(J)OPOBHH. ^BJIK: TM! Py K a! Xe! Xe! Xe! IJodxodum cuoea K Cojioxe, cuezKa dompazueaemcn pyKOW do ee uieu u omcKdKueaem odpamuo. A 3xo HXO y Bac, flpaacaiiHiaa Conoxa? COJIOXA: Ey,axo He BH,axxre, Ocnn HHKH(J)OPOBHH! Illea, a Ha uiee MOHHCXO. ^bHK: TM! Ha uiee MOHHCXO! Xe! Xe! Xe! Xodum 63ad u eneped, nomupaem pyuu. IJodxodum K Cojioxe, npomnzueaem pyKy, e smo epeMH cjibiuieu cmyK e deepb u ZOROC Hyda: «Conoxa. omicpbieau!» (B Hcnyre.) Ax, 6o>Ke MOH, cxopoHHee JXHHO! ^XO xenepb, ecjin 3acxaHyx oco6y Moexo 3Baffira? ^OH^ex ,a,o oxna KoH^paxa!.. (^pojica.) PaflH 6oxa, flo6poflexejibHaa Conoxa. Bania flo6poxa, KaK XOBOPHX nncaHHe JlyKH, xnaBa... xpHHa... xpmx.. (CTyK Bee cnjibHee.) Cxynaxca, en-6oxy cxynaxca! Ox, cnpanbxe Meroi Kyfl,a-HH6yflb! Conoxa npmem flbXKa e jvieuiOK e yzRy. Bxodum Hyd. HYE: 3flpaBcxByn, Conoxa! Tbi, Moacex 6bixb, He oacHAajia Meroi, a? Moacex 6bixb, a noMeniaji? Moacex 6bixb, XM KOxo-HH6y,a,b cnpaxana y>Ke, a? Hy, Conoxa, Aaii xenepb Bbinnxb BO^KH. ilocjiajr TKQ BOX xaKyio HOHB nepefl PoacflecxBOM! (PaccTerHBasi niy6y.) KaK cxBaxHjracb, CAUiuuwh, Co- jroxa, KaK cxBaxHjracb... 3K OKOcxeHejin pyKH: He paccxexHy! KaK cxBaxn- jxacb Bbioxa... Cjiuuieu cmyK e deepb u ZOROC BaKyjiu: «Omeopu!» HYB (pacrepsiHHo). Cxynnx KXO-XO. Cjiuuien zpoMKUU ZOROC BciKynu: «Omeopu!» 44
  • 45. 3x0 Ky3Heii! Cjibiinmiib, Conoxa, Ky,a,a xonenib AeBaii Meroi, % HH 3a HXO Ha CBexe He 3axony noKa3axbca sxoMy Bbipo^Ky npoKjmxoMy, HXO6 eMy Ha6eacajio, ,zi,bflBOJibCKOMy cbiHy, nofl O6OHMH xjra3aMH no ny3bipio B KonHy BejTHHHHOK)! Conoxa MenemcH, daem 3uaKJie3mb e MeuiOK, e KomopoM ycuce cudum flbXK. Bxodum BaKyna. Kmo-mo cuoea cmymim. Conoxa eudezaem. BAKYJIA: Hey>KejxH He Bbi6bexca H3 yMa Moexo 3xa HexoflHaa OKcaHa? He xony AyMaxb o Heft, a Bee flyMaexca, H, KaK HaponHO, o Heft OAHOH XOJIBKO. (PaccesiHHO orjisiflbiBaeT yrjibi xaTbi.) 3aneM xyx jreacax 3XH MCHIKH? Hx ^aBHO 6M nopa y6paxb oxciofla. ^epes 3xy xnynyio JHOGOBB a Oflypen coBceM. 3aBxpa npa3,a,HHK, a B xaxe flo CHX nop JIOKHX BCflKaa jspsmh. OxHecxn HX B Ky3HHixy. (IIepeB$i3biBaeT MeniKH, cjibimaTCsi ninneHHe Hy6a H HKOTa IlaHaca.) MeniKH cxajin KaK 6y,axo xaacenee npeacHexo! npeacfle a MOX, 6biBajio, coxHyxb H pa30XHyxb B O^HOH pyKe Me^HbiH naxaK. CKopo 6y^y ox Bexpa Bannxbca. Hex! He flaM HHKOMy CMeaxbca Hafl CO6OH! XOXB ,a,ecflxb xaKHx MCHIKOB, Bee no,a,biMy. (BblXOflHT C MeUIKaMH H3 xaTbi.) ^EHCTBHE TPETbE Ymua. Ha m6e - Mecnu. CJIUUIHU KOJIH6KU: IljedpuK, eedpuK.I ffaume eapeuuK. FpydoHKy KCIUIKU, Kujibue KoedacKu! BaKyna ocmauaenueaemcH c MeuiKCiMU, dpocaem ux, 6eper c co6oii cajviuu ManeubKUU, yxodum 3a Kynucu. flEHCTBHE HETBEPTOE Xama OKcauu. OKcana cmoum neped 3epKanoM. Bxodum BaKyna. OKCAHA (c ycMeiincoii): A, BaKyjia! 3flpaBCXByn! Hy, MHOXO HaKOJM,a,OBaji? 3 , KaKOH MajieHbKHH MeiHOK! A HXO, cyH^yK MOH XOXOB? 45
  • 46. BAKYJIA: Ey/jeT TOTOB, Moe cep/jeHBKO, nocne npa3/iHHKa 6y/jeT TOTOB. ECJIH 6BI TBI 3Hana, CKOJIBKO BO3HJIC« OKOJIO Hero: jipe HOHH He BBIXOAHJI H3 Ky3HHHBi, 3aTO HH y O^HOH nonoBHBi He 6y/jeT TaKoro cyH/jyica. H e cep/picB 5Ke Ha MeHa! no3BOJiB XOTB noroBopHTB, XOTB norna^eTB Ha Te6a! OKCCIHCI cadumcH u CMompum ua ce6n e 3epKajio. OKCAHA: Kxo TKQ xe6e 3anpemaex? ToBopn H XJM,H,H! BAKYJIA: no3BOJi& MHe cecx& B03Jie xe6a! OKCAHA: Cannes. BAKYJIA: ^y^Haa, HeHaxjMflHaa OKcaHa, no3BOJi& nonejiOBaxB xe6a! OKCAHA (oTTOJiKHyB ero): ^exo xe6e eme xonexca? no^H npoH&, y xe6a pyKH acecxne acejre3a. ,H,a H caM x&i naxHein& ,H,&IMOM. H flyMaio, Meroi BCIO o6Mapaji caaceio. (CMOTPHTCH B 3epKajio, oxopaiiiHBaeTcsi.) BAKYJIA (B CTopoHy): He JXK>6HX OHa Meroi. Eii Bee HipyniKH, a a cxoio nepefl Heio KaK AypaK H oneii He CBoacy c Hee. OKCAHA: npaB,a,a JXH, HXO XBOA Max& Befl&Ma? (CMeercsi.) BAKYJIA: Hmo MHe jo jviamepu? Tu y Meroi Max&, H oxeii, H ece, nmo HU ecx& flopoxoxo Ha CBexe. ECJIU 6 Meroi npH3Bajr nap& H CKa3ajr: «Ky3Heii Ba- Kyjra, npocH y Memi Bcexo, nmo HH ecx& jxyHinexo B MoeM napcxBe, Bee ox^aM xe6e. npHKaacy xe6e cdenamh 30Jioxyio Ky3HHny, H cxaHeniB mu KOBax& cepe6paH&iMH MOJioxaMH». - «He xony, - CKa3aji 6&i a napio, - HH KaMeH&eB flOpOXHX, HH 30JTOXOH Ky3HHUM, HH BCeXO XBOeXO napcxBa: dau MHe jxyHine MOK) OKcaHy!» OKCAHA: BH^HHIB, KaKOH x&i! TOJT&KO oxeii MOH caM He npoMax. YBHAHHIB, Kox,a,a OH He aceHHxca Ha xBoeii Maxepn. O^HaKO MHe cxaHOBHxca CKyHHO. Bdezaem Odapica. 3 , Oflapxa! Y xe6a HOB&ie nepeBHKH! Ax, KaKHe xoponine! H c 30JTOXOM! Xoponio xe6e, O^apKa, y xe6a ecx& xaKoii nejiOBeK, KOXOP&IH Bee xe6e noKynaex, a MHe HeKOMy ,a,ocxax& xaKHe cjraBH&ie nepeBHKH. BAKYJIA: He xyacn, MOA HeHaxjMflHaa OKcaHa! 51 xe6e ^ocxaHy xaKHe nepeBHKH, KaKHe pe^Kaa naHHOHKa HOCHX. 46
  • 47. OKCAHA: TBI? (Ha^MeHHO.) IIocMOxpK) a, x^e XBI ^ocxaHenib nepeBH/cw, Koxop&ie Moxjia 6BI a Ha,a,ex& Ha CBOK> Hoxy. Pa3Be npHHeceniB xe ca­ Mbie, Koxopbie HOCHX ijapmja. O^APKA (co CMexoM): BH^HHIB, KaKHx 3axoxejia! OKCAHA: Ja (ropao.) ECJTH Ky3Heii BaKyjia npHHecex xe caMbie HepeBHKH, Koxopbie HOCHX ijapmja, xo BOX Moe CJIOBO, HXO B&iH,ay xox TKQ nac 3a Hexo 3aMy>K. OdapKa yeodum OKcauy 3a Kyjiuchi. ffEMCTB ME UHTOE ymifci. Ylocepeduue ee cmoHm ocmaejieuuhie Ky3neijOM MOUKU. BAKYJIA (cTaBHT MenioK c HepTOM). CMeiica, CMeiica! 51 caM CMeiocb Ha,a, CO6OK>! HpomaH, OKcaHa! HIHH ce6e Kaicoxo xoneniB jKemxxa, flypanB K O X O x o ^ e n i L , a Meroi He yBH,a,HiH& y>K 6ojibine Ha 3XOM CBexe. nAHAC H HYE (H3 MeniKOB): OH noBpeflHjica! Ixponamafl ^yina! Hepm ebiCKdKueaem U3 MeuiKa. BaKyjia ucnyzauHO Kpecmumcn. HEPT (B npaeoe yxo BaKyjie): 3xo a - XBOH Apyx, Bee Cflejiaio AJM xoBapnma H flpyxa! ^eHex ,a,aM CKOJIBKO xonenib. (B jieBoe yxo.) OKcaHa 6y,a,ex ce- xoflHa TKQ Hania. BAKYJIA (pa3Mbiiiijisisi).' H3BOJXB, 3a xaKyio neHy XOXOB 6BIXB XBOHM! HEPT (BcnjiecHyB pyKaMH, CMeeTCsi). Hy, BaKyjia! TBI 3Haenib, HXO 6e3 KOHxpaKxa HHHexo He ^ejiaiox. BAKYJIA: >7 XOXOB! y Bac, a cjibiniaji, pacnncbiBaioxca KpoBbio, nocxon ace, a flocxaHy H3 KapMaHa XBO3,H,&! .. (JIOBKO xsaTaeT HepTa 3a XBOCT.) HEPT: BHHIB, KaKOH niyxHHK! (KpnHHT, CMesiCb.) Hy, nojiHO, /TCBOJXBHO yace niajiHXb! BAKYJIA: IIOCXOH, xojiy6HHK! A BOT 3XO KaK xe6e noKaacexca? (KpeCTMT HepTa, TOT 3aTHxaeT.) IIOCXOH x e . (TamHT HepTa 3a XBOCT.) By^eHib XBI y Meroi 3Hax& ncayHHBaxB Ha xpexn ,a,o6p&ix jnoflen H necxHbix xpncxnaH! 47
  • 48. BcKCiKiieaem ua Hepma eepxoM u noji^mMaem pyKy dm Kpecmuozo 3HCmeHUH. HEPT: noMHjiyH, BaKyjia! fCTOHeT.) Bee, HXO xe6e HyacHO, Bee Cflejiaio, oxnycxn xojibKO Ayiny Ha noKaaHHe: He Kjia^H Ha Memi cxpanmoxo icpecxa! BAKYJIA: A, BOX KaKHM XOJTOCOM 3anejr! Tenept a 3Haio, HXO flenaxb. Be3H Meroi cen ace nac Ha ce6e! CjibinnxHib, jiexn KaK nxnna! HEPT (nenajibHo). Ky^a? BAKYJIA: B nerep6ypr, npjiMO K iiapime! P H C T B H E LQECTOE Ha cijene - Hapuija EKamepuua II c YIpudeopuuMU. fleKopaijim deopija e Ilemepdypze. LJAPHIJA (B 3aji): ^exo ace xoxnxe BBI, MOH nczuxaHHbie? YIomimemcH BaKyna, Komopuu depcucum Hepma 3a xeocm. BAKYJIA (na^aeT nepea LJapimeii). Banie napcKoe BejinnecxBO, He npHKaaoxre Ka3HHXb, npHKaaoxre MHjiOBaxb! H3 nexo, He BO XHCB 6y,a,b CKa3aHO Banien napcKOH MHJTOCXH, cflenaHbi nepeBHHKH, HXO Ha Hoxax Banmx? 9L ,a,yMaK) HH oflHH uiBeii HH B oflHOM xocy,a,apcxBe Ha CBexe He cyMeex xaK cflejraxb. Eoace XBI MOH, ecjin 6M MOA acHHKa Ha^ejia xaKHe nepeBHKH! LJAPHIJA (cMeeTCH, JiacKOBo): BcxaHb! ECJTH xaK xe6e xonexca HMexb xaKHe 6aniMaKH, xo 3x0 Hexpy^HO c^ejiaxb. (IIpHflBopHbiM.) IIpHHecHxe eMy cen ace nac 6aniMaKH caMbie flopoxne, c 30JTOXOM! IlpaBO, MHe oneHb HpaBHxca 3x0 npocxcaynnxe! Ylpudeopuhiu eunocum ua nodyuieuKe 6auiMaKU. BAKYJIA: Eoace XM MOH, HXO 3a Kpacoxa! Banie napcKoe BernxqecxBo! ^xo ac, Kox^a 6aniMaKH xaKHe Ha Hoxax H B HHX, HaaxejibHO, Banie 6jraxopoflHe, xcznxxe H Ha Jie,a, Kaxaxbca, KaKHe ace ,a,ojiacHbi 6bixb caMbie HOXCKH? ^yMaro, no Majion Mepe H3 HHCXOXO caxapa. IJAPHIJA: CMOXPH, KaKOH 6OHKHH. 48
  • 49. BAKYJIA (K TJepmy): BMHOCH Meroi oxciofla CKopee! PHCTBHE CEflBMOE 3UMHHH HOHb. Bbidezcuom TKCIHUXCI, IJepenepuuxa, OKCCIHCI. TKAHHXA: YxoHyji! Eii-6oxy yxoHyji! Box HXO6M a He conma c 3x0x0 Mecxa, ecjiH He yxoHyji Ky3Heii. nEPEIIEPHHXA: ^xo >K, pa3Be a jrxyHba KSLKSLK? Pa3Be a cxjia3Hjia KOXO, pa3Be a y KOxo-HH6yflb KopoBy yKpana? Box HXO6M MHe BOAM He 3axoxejiocb nnxt, ecjxn cxapaa IlepenepHHxa He BH^ena co6cxBeHHbiMH xjia3aMH, KaK noBecHjica Ky3Heii! TKCIHUXCI U IJepenepuuxa, 6ypuo cucecmuKyjiupyn u odcycucdcm noeocmb, yxodnm 3a Kyuucu. OKCAHA: 51 Mano Bepio xjia3aM IlepenepHHXH, a 3Haio, HXO Ky3Heii AOBOJIBHO Ha6o»ceH, HXO6M peuinxbca noxy6nxb CBOK) flyniy. Ho OH B caMOM flene yineji c HaMepemieM HHKOx,a,a He B03Bpaiu,axbca B cejio. A Bpa^, JTH H B ,apyroM Mecxe rjsff Haiifl,exca xaicoH MOJio^eii, KaK Ky3HenJ O H TKQ xaK JTK)6HJT MeHa! O H ,a,ojiee Bcex BMHOCHJI MOH Kanprobi! A KaK a exo xenept JXK>6JXK)! Iloex nexyx. PaccBex. IloaBjTaioxca BaKyjia H ^yG. Ha cneHy Bbixoflax JKwTQjm cena. CjibiiHHbi penjiHKH: «A BOX H BaKyjra», «Bpeniyx 6a6bi», «Hy, flocxan HepeBHKH?» BAKYJIA f^Iy6y yMOJMioiHHM XOJTOCOM): noMHjryH, 6axT>Ko! He XHCBHCB! Ox,a,aH, 6axbKO, 3aMeHa OKcaHy! HYE: ,H,o6pe! npHCbiJiaii CBaxoB! OKCAHA: Aft! 49
  • 50. BAKYJIA (OKcaHe): IloxjTaflH, KaKHe a xe6e npmiec nepeBHKH! Te caMbie, Koxoptie HOCHX ijapmja. OKCAHA: Hex! Hex! (ManieT pyKaMH.) MHe He HyacHO nepeBHKOB! ft H 6e3 HepeBHKOB... BaKyna nodxodum K OKcaue, 6epem ee 3a pyKy. 3eynum yKpaimcKcm My3biKa. Bee memuywm zonaK. «B. BMCOUKHH - n03T, IIEBEIJ H rPA^C^AHHH» cijeHapHH jiHxepaxypHO-My3biKajibHOxo Benepa «ConjieMeHHHKH, OKaacnxe necxb - 3anepKHHxe «6bm». HanHinnxe - ecxb»! 77. Bezuu 5L He JXK>6JXK) (j)axajibHoxo nexo^a, Ox >KH3HH HHROx^a He ycxaio, 51 He JTK)6JTK) jiK)6oe BpeMa xo^a, Kox^a Becejibix neceH He noio. 50
  • 51. 51 He JXK)6jXK) XOJIOflHOXO UHHH3Ma, B Bocxop>KeHHOcxb He Bepio, H eme - Kox^a nyacoH MOH nnxaex nncbMa, 3axjrafl,biBaa MHe nepe3 njieno. 51 He JTK)6JTK), Kox^a HanojiOBmxy, HJIH Kox^a npepBanH pa3xoBop, 51 He JXK>6JXK), KOx,a,a cxpejraox B cnHHy, 51 npoxHB xaioice BbicxpenoB B ynop. 51 HeHaBH^cy cnjrexHH B BH,a,e BepcHH, ^epBeii coMHeHbe, nonecxH nxjiy HJTH - icox,zia Bee BpeMa npoxHB niepcxn, HJIH Kox^a »cejie30M no cxeKjiy. 51 He JIK)6JIK) yBepeHHoexn CMXOH, y>K jiynnie nycxb oxKaacyx xopM03a, ^ocaflHO MHe, HXO CJIOBO "necxb" 3a6bixo, H HXO B necxH HaBexbi 3a xjia3a. Kox^a a BH^cy cjiOMaHHbie Kpbijiba, Hex acajiocxH BO MHe, H Hecnpocxa: 51 He JIIO6JIK) Hacnjibe H Geccnjibe, Box xojibKO acajib pacnaxoxo Xpncxa. 51 He JIK)6JIK) ce6a, Kox^a xpyiny, ^OCaflHO MHe, KOXfla HeBHHHblX 6bK)X, 51 He JIK)6JIK), Kox^a MHe Jie3yx B flyniy, TeM 6ojiee, Kox,a,a B Hee njiioiox. 51 He JIK)6JIK) MaHOKH H apeHbi Ha HHX MHjibOH MeHaiox no py6jiK>, nycxb Bnepe^H Gojibinne nepeMeHbi - 513xo HHROx^a He nojiK)6jiK). (1969 2.) 3X0 OflHO H3 CaMblX H3BeCXHbIX CXHXOXBOpeHHH BjiaflHMHpa BblCOHKOXO, B HeM OH nOnblXajICfl Bbipa3HXb CBOH B3XJIfl,H,bI Ha )KH3Hb, Ha Bee npoHcxofl^mee B Hen. 3xo cxnxoxBopeHHe Bo6pajio B ce6a y6e»cfleHHa noaxa, ox Koxopbix OH He oxcxynan HHKOx,a,a. 51
  • 52. 3aflana cercaxxaniHeH BCTpenn - no3HaKOMHTbca c TBopnecTBOM BbiconKoro, c pa3HOo6pa3HbiMH rpamiMH ero TajiaHTa, BBI y3HaeTe cennac o BbiconKOM-aKrepe, BbiconKOM-nosTe, BbiconKOM-neBne. P.PojK^ecTBeHCKHH nHcaji: «TaK KeM TKQ OH 6BIJT Bce-TaKH - Bjia^HMnp BMCOHKHH? KeM OH 6MJI 6anbine Bcero? AKTepoM? IIO3TOM? HCBHOM? 51 He 3HaK>... 3HaK) TOJTbKO, HTO OH 6bIJI JTHHHOCTbK). ilBJieHHCM. H (j)aKT 3TOT B flOKa3aTejibCTBax yace He Hy>K,zi,aeTCfl». CaM B .BMCOHKHH Ha Bonpoc, HTO raaBHoe B ero >KH3HH, OTBenaji, HTO OH HHKorfl,a He yH,a,eT H3 TeaTpa B KHHO HJTH Ha scTpa^y. «CHHTaio, HTO apTHCT AOJiaceH pa6oTaTb B TeaTpe, HTO6M Bcer,a,a 6BITB B (j)opMe». IlepBaa caMOCToaTejibHaa pojib BMCOHKOTO B MOCKOBCKOM TeaTpe ApaMbi H KOMe^HH Ha TaraHKe - flparyHCKHH KanHTaH B cneKTaKne: «repoii Hauiero BpeMeHH», cneKTaKne, npocymecTBOBaBineM HCZJOJITO, H o KOTOPOM OH no3>Ke BcnoMHHajr c HpoHHen. Ha cneHe STOTO TeaTpa BMCOHKHH Hrpan B cneKraKjxax no npoH3Be,a,eHHflM A.Bo3HeceHCKoro: «AHTHMHPBI», «BeperHTe Banm jiHna», ^acoHa PH,a,a: «,H,ecflTb flHeii, KOTopbie noTpacjiH Becb MHp», B.MaaKOBCKoro: «noanyniaHTe!». H M 6bijiH cbirpaHbi TaKHe pojin, KaK rajTHjien B cneKTaKne no nbece B.BpexTa «)KH3Hb rajiHjiea», 6erjibra KaTopacHHK Xjronynia B cneKTaKne «ITyraHeB». nocneflHeH npeMbepon BbiconKoro Ha cneHe CTana pojib CBH^pHraHjiOBa B cneKTaKne «pecTynjreHHe H HaKa3aHHe» O.^ocToeBCKoro. Ho caMoii 3HaHHTejibHOH pojibio BMCOHKOTO B TeaTpe ocTanacb ero pa6oTa B nieKcnnpoBCKOM «raMjreTe». 3TOT cneKTaioib, B KOTOpOM BblCOUKHH 6bIJT eflHHCTBeHHMM HCnOJTHHTejieM TJiaBHOH pOJTH, BHfl,ejiH 3pHTejiH MOCKBM H JIeHHHrpa,a,a, MHHCKa H T6HJTHCH, TOpOflOB BojirapHH, BeHrpHH, K)roanaBHH, OpaHUHH, nojibinn. 3Ta pojib 6bijia CbirpaHa HM 217 pa3. B 1976 r. cneKTaKjib «raMjreT» nojiynnji I npeMHio Ha BejnpaflCKOM HHTepHanHOHajibHOM (j)ecTHBajre. B 1977 r. BO OpaHHHH eMy 6bma npncyacfleHa Bbicinaa npeMHa (j)paHny3CKOH KpHTHKH KaK JiyHUieMy HHOCTpaHHOMy CneKTaKJTK). 52
  • 53. B.BMCOHKHH Hanncaji necHH KO MHOXHM cneicxaKjxaM, nocxaBjieHHMM B xeaxpe Ha Taxamce, a xaK^ce B «Teaxpe carxxpbi», «CoBpeMeHHHKe» H xeaxpe HM. M.H.EPMOJIOBOH. C 1959 xo^a BMCOUKHH, napajuiejibHO c pa6oxoii B xeaxpe, HanHHaex CHHMaxbca B KHHO. ,H,e6iox cocxofljicfl B (JDHJIBMC «CBepcxHHnbi». H3BecxHbi exo aicxepcKHe pa6oxbi B KapxHHax «Xo3aHH xanxH» (1968 x.), «I1JTOXOH xoponiHH HejiOBeK» (1973 x.), «CKa3 npo xo, KaK napt Ilexp apana 5KeHHji» (1976 x.). Oco6yio nonyjnxpHoexb BbiconKOMy-KHHoaKxepy npHHecjiH 2 pojin B xejie(j)HjibMax - )KexjiOBa B «Mecxo Bcxpenn H3MeHHXb Hejib3a» H ,H,OHa ryaHa B «MajieHbKHx Tpaxeflnax» (1980x.). KacKa^epaM B KHHO He npHxcaxxxocb exo ,a,y6jiHpoBaxb. Ho, no o6meMy npH3HaHHK), cyflb6y BMCOUKOXO B KHHO Hernia Ha3Baxb y^aHHOH, KHHeMaxoxpacj) He Hcnojib30Baji Bcex B03MO>KHOcxeH aKxepa. IIojiOBHHa CbixpaHHbix pojien - 3nH30flHHecKHe. Cy,a,b6a AByx JHOGHMMX HM pojien cjiOKHjiacb flpaMaxHHHO. OHJTBM «KopoxKHe BCxpenH» Bbimeji Ha ninpoKHH 3KpaH B 1987 x., cnycxii 20 jrex nocjie exo C03flaHHa, «HHxepBemiHa» noaBHjracb Ha 3KpaHe nocne exo CMepxn, nponeacaB «Ha nojiKe» 19 jrex. EMy He cyacfleHO 6MJIO y3Haxb, HXO 3a jxynniee HcnojTHeHHe MyaccKOH pojin B (j)HjibMe «I1JTOXOH xoponiHH nejiOBeK» eMy 6BIJI npncyacfleH npn3 MeacflyHapoflHOxo (j)ecxHBajM B TepHHHH (Hxajina) H CnenHajibHMH npn3 9 BcecoK)3HOxo OecxHBajm xejie(j)HjibMOB B EpeBaHe 3a co3,a,aHHe o6pa3a )KexjioBa B (JMjibMe «Mecxo Bcxpenn H3MeHHXb Hejib3a». B 1987 x. BbiconKOMy 6bijia npncyacfleHa rocyflapcxBeHHaa npeMHa CCCP (nocMepxHo) 3a HHKJI BoeHHbix neceH, 3a AoexnaceHHa B KHHO H xeaxpe. HaBepHoe, y KaacAOxo nejiOBeKa, 3HaKOMOxo c xBopnecxBOM BMCOHKOXO, ecxb «CBOH co6cxBeHHbiH BMCOHKHH», ecxb necHH, Koxoptie HpaBaxca 6ojibine flpyxnx. HpaBaxca noxoMy, HXO OHH neM-xo poflHee, 6jin»ce, y6e,a,Hxe.nn>Hee. H6o ecxb KaKaa-xo oco6aa nejiOBenecKaa HafleacHoexb B 3XHX necroix. Ho, npeacfle Bcexo, necHH BMCOUKOXO HanojiHeHbi npaB^OH. npaB^OH Kpyxbix xapaKxepoB, npaB^OH >KH3HeHHbix cnxyaiiHH, npaB^OH H3BenHbix nejiOBenecKHx npo6jieM, npaB^OH CBoexo BpeMeHH. nosxoMy OH 6MJI xaK noroixeH JUOJS^M H xaK flOpOX HM. 53
  • 54. BMCOIXKHH Hanaji next CBOH necHH co cneHbi B 1965 x. CHanajia 3xo 6MJIH BbicxynjreHHa c xpynnon exo xoBapmneii - aKxepoB xeaxpa Ha TaxaHKe (E.XMejibHHnKHM, A.BacHjibeBMM, B.CMexoBbiM, B.3ojioxyxHHbiM). A 18 aHBapa 1967 x. no npHXjiaineHHK) Kny6a necHH «BOCXOK» B JleHHHxpafle COCXOAJIOCB exo nepBoe ocJMnHajibHoe BbicxynjieHne. C sxoxo xo^a exo cxann Bee name npnxjianiaxb c necroiMH B HHCxnxyxbi, Ha 3aBOflbi, B Kny6bi. IlonyjTapHOCXb exo pocjia. O H MOX Bbicxynaxb B 6ojibinoM Kjry6HOM 3ajie n Ha cxaflnoHe, B nexy n Ha jiexHOM none, Ha xenjioxo^e n B jiaxepe ajibnHHHCxoB, B xaeacHOM nocejiKe 30JioxoHCKaxejieH. Oco6eHHO JTK)6HJT, no exo oxoBaM, next nepefl jiexHHKaMH n MopaicaMH, MHOXO Bbicxynaji B BOHHCKHX nacxax, nepefl cxy^eHxaMn, KOxoptiM HenpeMeHHO nen ^yjKyio KOJieio». 3anucb necuu « Hycuccm KoneH». Bbijin (JMJIBMM, 6MJIH cneKxaKHH (npocjryniHBaexca 3anncb), Koxoptie 03ByHHBajr BMCOUKHH. H oneHb nacxo necHH, co3flaHHbie HM, OKa3biBajxncb KaK 6M Ha HecKOJibKO pa3MepoB 6ojibine caMoxo (JMjxtMa HJTH cneicxaKjM. Y SXHX neceH HanHHajiacb CBOA, oxfl,ejTbHaa (n oneHb HHxepecHaa!) >KH3HH. OHH cpa3y TKQ nmn K JUOJS^M, I M H , MHHya 3icpaH HJTH cneHy. H oco6eHHO ACHO 3xo noHHMaenib, KOx,a,a BCJiyniHBaenibca B necHH, HanHcaHHbie BMCOHKHM O BOHHC IlecHa « O H He BepHyjica H3 6oa» - OflHa H3 xjiaBHbix B xBopnecxBe BMCOHKOXO. B Hen, noMHMO HHXOHaHHOHHOH H nCHXOJIOXHHeCKOHflOCXOBepHOCXH,ecxt H oxBex Ha Bonpoc, noneMy nosx, nejiOBeic, Koxopbin no CBoeMy B03pacxy ABHO He MOX npHHHMaxb ynacxne B BOHHC, Bce-xaKH nninex o Hen, 6ojiee xoxo - He Moacex He nncaxb. npocjiymueaemcH sanucb necuu «Ou ue eepuyncn us 6on». IlecHH BMCOHKOXO o BOHHe - 3xo, npeacfle Bcexo, necHH oneHb Hacxoaninx mo^eii. Jlioflen H3 njioxn H KPOBH. CHJIBHMX, ycxajiMx, MyacecxBeHHbix, ,a,o6pMx. TaKHM mojipM MO>KHO flOBepnxb H C06cXBeHHyK) 5KH3HB H poflHHy. 54
  • 55. npocjiymueaemcH sanucb necuu ((Hepuue 6yuuiambi». y BMCOHKOXO ecxb necHH, icoxopbie neM-xo noxoacn Ha pojxn, pojxn H3 HHKeM He nocxaBjieHHbix, H 6ojiee xoxo - He HanncaHHbix ntec. O H TKQ xoxen Hxpaxb 3XH pojin HeMefljieHHO, OH xoponnjica, npHMepajr Ha ce6a ofleacflbi, xapaicxepbi H cy,a,b6bi ApyxHx jnoflen - CMeniHbix H cepbe3Hbix, peajibHbix H Bbi,a,yMaHHbix. O H Bjie3aji B HX 3a6oxbi, npo6jreMbi, npo(j)eccHH H >KH3HeHHbie nprnnxmibi, AeMOHCxpHpoBan HX cnoco6HOCXb MBICJTHXB H xoBopnxb. O H HMnpoBH3HpoBajr, yBjieicajiCfl, 6BIJT flep30K H HacMeiHJiHB, flpa3HHji H pa3o6jiaHaji, Ofl06p»T H noflflepacHBaji. ITpHHeM flejian 3xo xaK xanaHxuHBO, xaic yGe^HxejibHO, HXO HHbie cjiyniaxejiH nyxajiH exo c xeMH nepcoHaacaMH, icoxopbix OH H3o6paacaji B CBOHX necroix. Box HXO HXO nninex Mapmia Bjia^H B CBOHX BOcnoMHHaHHax: «ECJXH nponecxb Bee, HXO XBI nHcaji, xonexca ,ayMaxb, HXO XBI npo)KHji COXHK) »cH3HeH. TBI MacxepcKH napoflnpyeuib necHH yxojiOBHHKOB, H Bee 3XH jiioflH yBepeHbi, HXO XM He pa3 ox6biBaji cpoK. HeKOxopbie H3 XBOHX neceH, HanncaHHbie B 50-60 xo^ax, cxajiH jiaxepHbiM (j)OJibKjiopoM, cxapHKH yxBepacflaiox, HXO noMrorr HX C ,a,aBHHx BpeMeH, HXO OHH HanncaHbi eme ^o peBomouHH. Te6e CMCHIHO, H B T O 7KQ BpeMa Xbi XOpfl. H e x H H OflHOXO M O p ^ K a , HH OflHOXO JieXHHKa, KOXOpblH H e 3 H a j l 6bl HaH3ycxb XBOH necHH o Mope, cxpaniHyio «CnacHxe HaniH ,a,yiHH», HJIH OHiejiOMjiaiomHH AHanox AByx HCxpeGnxejien B He6e...» 3anucb necuu «HK-ucmpe6umejib». HcnojiHflfl necHH, BMCOHKHH MOX 6bixb xaKHM xpoxonyiinxM, xaKHM nixopMOBbiM H 6yinyK)iHHM, HXO jrioflaM, CH,HJIIHHM B 3ajie, Ka3ajiocb: eme ceKyH^a - H pyxHex noxonoK, H B3opByxca ,a,HHaMHKH, He Bbi,a,ep)KaB HanpaaceHHa, a caM BMCOHKHH yna^ex, 3aflOXHexca, yMpex np^MO Ha cneHe. Ka3ajiocb, Ha xaicoM HepBHOM Haicajie H6BO3MO>KHO nexb, Hejxb3a Abiniaxb. A OH nen, OH flbiniaji! 55
  • 56. 3anucb necuu «Ha cydue 6yum». A ecjiH BcnoMHHXb exo CKa30HHbie necHH, Koxoptie OH nncaji AJM «AJTHCBI B cxpaHe Hy,a,ec», AJM KHHO(j)HjibMa «HBaH-,a,a-Mapbfl» H npocxo xaK, ,a,jM ce6a... 3anucb necuu «Hemicmb». 3axo nocjieflyiomaa necHa Moxna 6MXB noxpacaioiHe XHXOH. H OX 3xoxo eiu,e 6ojibine 3ana,a,ajia B flyniy. 3anucb necuu «JIupunecKcm». Ho OH yMen 6MXB He XOJTBKO flo6pbiM. Kox,a,a HeKoxoptie 3apy6e>KHbie flo6poxoxbi npo6oBajiH exo Ha H3JTOM, XO BMCOHKHH, ocxaBaact caMHM C 0 6 0 H , pa3X0BapHBajl C HHMH »CeCXKO H OflHOSHaHHO. POflHHy CBOK) OH B o6nfly HeflaBanHHKOMy. IlocjTeflHee BbicxynneHHe BMCOHKOXO COCXOAJIOCB 16 HIOH^ 1980 x. B KanHHHHxpafle. H M 6MJIO HanncaHO 6ojiee 600 neceH H CXHXOB, ctixpaHO 6ojree 20 pojieii Ha cneHax xeaxpoB, 30 pojieii B KHHO(j)HjibMax. BMCOHKHH npoflOJiacaex CBOK) 5KH3HB. EXO cexczpra MO>KHO ycjibiniaxb B xopoflCKHx MHOxoaxaacKax H cejibCKHx Kjiy6ax, Ha oxpoMHbix cxpoHKax H Ha MajieHbKHx nojmpHbix cxaHUHax, BMecxe c HaniHMH Kopa6jMMH necHH BMCOHKOXO yxo^ax B njiaBaHHe, BMecxe c caMOJiexaMH B3MMBaiox B He6o. A oflHaacflbi ^aace H3 KOCMOca flOHecjioct.: 56
  • 57. «ECJIU dpyz OKasajicn edpyz Mue dpyz, u ue epaz - a maK... ». 3xy necHK) nen 3Be3,znxbra Ayax KOCMOHaBxoB KoBajiemca H HBaHneHKOBa. H Ha^o cica3axb, HXO 3,a,ecb Bee 6BIJTO Ha Bbicoxe - H necira, H HcnojTHeHHe. 3xoii necHeii xonexca 3aBepninxb Bcxpeny c xBopnecxBOM B.Bbiconicoxo. 3anucb necuu «IlecHH o dpyze». « 0 PYCCKOM POMAHCE» 57
  • 58. CIjeHapHH My3bIKajlbH0-n03XHHeCK0H K0MH03HHHH AKmoeuu 3CIJI. TIonyMpaK. 3eynum necuH «KCIK ynoumenbubi e Poccuu eenepa». Ha extern cmoum pomb, ua nejvi nodceennuK co ceenajviu. Fde-mo eiue Mozym dumb ceenu. Beaymnii: PoMaHC... JIIOGHMBIH H 3a6bixbra, nonyjMpHbra, xoMHxejibHbiii, pByiHHH flyniy, xpycxHbra H JS^TKQ JKCCXOKHH, BOjrayioiHHH, yAHBHxejibHbiii. PoMaHC HHKOXO He ocxaBHx paBHOflyniHbiM, OH BxoflHx 6e3 cxyica K HaM B Ayiny, xpeBoacnx cep,a,He. 3eynum My3bma e ucnomenuu B. ToKapeea «Ceenu». Beaymnii: IlepBOHaHajxbHO poMaHCbi noflBHjiHCb B HcnaHHH. H caMO CJTOBO «poMaHC» o6pa30Bajiocb ox ncnaHCKOxo cuoBa «poMaHce», HXO 03Hanaex poMaHCKHH, HHane xoBopa, HcnojiroieMbiH Ha ncnaHCKOM (poMaHCKOM a3biKe). Ilo3flHee poMaHCbi OBjia^ejiH yace Been EBponon. OHH 3a3ByHajiH Ha pyccKOM iBbiice, HO Ha3BaHHe coxpaHHjiocb. 3eynum pojvianc «He yxodu, nodydb co MHOW». Beaymnii: CuoBa 6jiaxo,a,apHocxH co3,a,axejMM pyccKHx poMaHCOB MM a^pecyeM KaK noaxaM, xaic H KOMno3HxopaM, KaK HMeHHXbiM, xaK H He oneHb. CaMH aBxopbi, nopoii, He npoHHjiH HM xaKOH cy,a,b6bi. HMeHa MHOXHX 3a6bixbi, HO OHH 3acjxy>KHBaK)x Hanien 6e3xpaHHHHOH 6jiaxo,a,apHocxH. 4 Beaymnii: Box SXH CBexjibie HMeHa! )Ka,a,OBCKafl IOJIHA BajiepnaHOBHa. Ee CXHXH HanojraeHbi HCKpeHHOCXbio H npocxoxoH. IIoaxHHecKoe flapoBaHHe yneHHHbi nacxHOxo naHCHOHa He MOXJTO 6bixb He 3aMeneHO MOJIOAMM ynnxejieM. OHH HOJTK)6HJTH jspyr Apyxa. 58
  • 59. ynnxejib 6BIJT CBIHOM At^KOHa. H oxeii 3anpexHji flonepn Bbixo,a,HXb 3a Hexo 3aMy»c. 3xo co6bixne He MOXJTO He noBjinaxb Ha )KH3Hb H xBopnecxBO nosxeccbi. 3eymimpoMcmc «Tu CKopo Meun no3a6ydeuib». Beaymnii: CHanajia B acaHpe poMaHca B POCCHH pa6oxajiH H3BecxHeHHiHe KOMno3Hxopbi TjiKHKa, ^opxoMbiaccKHH, no3,a,Hee BopOflHH, MyCOpXCKHH, ^aHKOBCKHH, PHMCKHH-KopCaKOB. Beaymnii: H3BecxHbie noaxbi, xaKHe KaK IxyiHKHH, JlepMOHxoB, HeKpacoB, xaK^ce cbixpanH oxpoMHyio pojxt B cxaHOBjreHHH poMaHca. 3eynum pojvianc «fl eac JIK>6UJI». Beaymnii: Cyflb6bi BCUHKHX noaxoB H KOMno3HxopoB HanijiH CBoe npoflOJiaceHHe B poMaHcax. Cpeflb niyMHOxo 6ajia cjiynaiiHO BCxpexHjiHCB... OHa - Co(j)ba AH^peeBHa Mnjuiep, Koxopaa 6biJia yvKQ 3aMy>KeM. H OH - AjieKcen KoHcxaHXHHOBHH TOJTCXOH. Box HeKoxoptie cxpoKH H3 exo nnceM K Hen: «,H,yMafl o xe6e, a B XBOCM o6pa3e He BH^cy HH OAHOH xeHH, HH oflHOH. Bee BOKpyx CBex H cnacxbe». «nocbijiaK) xe6e CBOK> Ayiny - ,a,a 6y,a,ex OHa Bcex,a,a c XO6OH». ^aHKOBCKHH, He MeHee xpenexHaa Haxypa, HanHcan My3biKy K SXOH xpoxaxejxtHOH JTIO6BH. 3eynum pojvianc «Cpedb uiyMuozo 6ajia». Beaymnii: HxxxepecHa ncxopna co3flaHHa poMaHca «5I BcxpexHjr Bac» Ha BOJiHyiomHe cuoBa TioxneBa O. H. Eme B 19-jrexHeM B03pacxe Oe^op TioxneB BcxpexHjr AManHK) JIepKeH(j)ejTbfl. Ho xaK cjiynnjiocb, HXO HX CHaCXJTHBbie OXHOHieHHa flJIHJIHCb HeflOJXXO. 3aMy»C BblXOflHX AMajina, aceHHxca H TioxneB. y Kaacfloxo no-CBoeMy cjiOKHjiacb )KH3Hb. H O 6yflyHH B 67-jiexHeM B03pacxe, TioxneB Bcxpenaex AMajxmo. HMCHHO 59
  • 60. B 3xo BpeMfl OH nmiiex Hflynnxe ox cepflna cuoBa npoHHKHOBeHHOxo poMaHca. 3eynum pojvianc «fl ecmpemuji eac». Beaymnii: (npodojiJtcaem) H nocjie,a,HHH pa3 OHH BCxpexHjiHCb y»ce nepefl caMOH CMepxbio TioxneBa. AMajina HaBemana 6OJIBHOXO TioxneBa. Beaymnii: Hcxopna JXK>6BH pyccKOxo nyxeniecxBeHHHKa PioaHOBa H flonepn xy6epHaxopa CaH-OpaHHHCico KOHHHXM He ocxaBHjra paBHOflyuiHbiMH KOMno3Hxopa Pbi6HHK0Ba H noaxa Bo3HeceHCKOxo. 3eynum pojvianc «Tu Meun uapacceemepci36yduuib». Beaymnii: (npodojiJtcaem) KoHHHxe - 16 jiex. JJIK o6pyneHHa Bjno6jieHHbix Heo6xoflHMO 6BIJTO pa3peuieHHe Ilanbi PHMCKOXO H napa AjreKcaH^pa I. He nojxyHHB exo, OHH o6pyHHjiHCb xamio. PioaHOB ye3»caex B nyxeniecxBHe B CH6HPB. TaM OH npoBanHBaexca nofl Jiefl, 3a6ojreBaex H yMHpaex. A KoHHHxa ac^ex, OHa B HeBefleHHH. TOJTBKO cnycxa 36 AOJTXHX H xoMHxejxbHbix jiex OHa y3Haex o CMepxn PioaHOBa. Tope ee BejiHKo: B CBoeM xopofle CaH-OpaHHHCico OHa cxana nepBOH MOHaXHHeH. 2 Beaymnii: TpenexHbie 3ByKH poMaHca 3axpaxHBaiox caMbie xjry6oKHe cxpyHKH flyniH. 3eynum pojvianc «A nanocnedoK H CKCi3fcy». Beaymnii: (npodojiJtcaem) Bbi y3HajiH sxox npeicpacHbiH poMaHC H3 (JMJibMa 3 . PioaHOBa «}KecxoKHH poMaHC». PoMaHC - HCXKHHOC yKpanieHHe MHOXHX (j)HjibMOB, nbec. OHJTBM nponieji, a poMaHC acHBex. 60
  • 61. Beaymnii: HeH3MepHMa pojxt noaxa, My3BiicaHxa, HcnojiHHxejM Byjiaxa OKyA^caBbi B pa3BHXHH pyccKOxo poMaHca. 3xo HMS Bpa^, JIH Hyac^aexca B OCO6OM npeflCxaBjreHHH. OKy^^caBa poflHjrca B MOCKBC H poc Ha Ap6axe. B nepHBie xpn,a,naxbie XOAM penpeccnpoBajiH exo poflnxejieii, a CBIH «BpaxoB Hapofla» ynejiejx B 1942 x. noineji flo6poBOJibiieM Ha (j)poHx. Ilocjie BOHHBI «cbiHy BpaxoB Hapofla» ,a,opoxa B MocKBy 6bijia 3aicpbixa. O H 3aKaHHHBaex T6HJXHCCKHH yHHBepcHxex. PaGoxan ynnxejieM B ,a,epeBHe c 3apnjiaxoH 70 pyGjien. TOJXBKO B 1956 x., KOx,a,a pea6HjiHXHpoBajiH poflHxejieH, OH CMOX BepHyxbca B MocKBy. H XOJXBKO xox,a,a cxajiH noflBjMXbca exo necHH. OKy^^caBa coBpeMeHeH, exo necHH, CXHXH, poMaHCbi - cjxyinaiox, noiox. 3eynum pojvianc OKydotcaeu {{ffaeaume zoeopumb dpyz dpyzy KOMYlJlUMeum bl». Beaymnii: K coacaneHHio, paBHOflynine cxano HOPMOH B HanieS >KH3HH, MM nepecxanH paflOBaxbca H y,a,HBjMXbCfl npeKpacHOMy. Moacex, xaKne Bcxpenn, icaic cexczpra, c^ejiaiox Hac 6ojree HejiOBeHHbiMH, 6ojiee nyxKHMH K oicpyjKaioiHHM, ,a,o6pbiMH, HaKOHeii. K cjiOBaM «Kpacoxa cnacex MHP» xonexca ,a,o6aBHXb... H ,a,o6poxa! By^bxe flo6pbiMH... H Bcexo BaM ,a,o6poxo! ,3,0 CBHflaHHfl! 3eynum Mysbwa us KimocpujibMa «Alla Russa»: «Hex, 3xo cjie3bi He MOH, )Kajiexb - He CMeii. Kox^a a njrany o JTK)6BH, JIK)6JTIO eiu,e CHjibHen. B o3Ho6e po3bi Ha cxaxe, 61
  • 62. BHHO B xonoflHOM xpycxane. Kox^a a miany, JIK)6JTIO CHjibHeii...» «KPACHOK) KHCTBK) PflEHHA 3A^CrjIACb...» ciieHapHH jiHxepaxypHO-My3biKajibHOxo Benepa (IIocBamaexca llO-jxexnio co AIM po>K,zi,eHixa M. IjBexaeBoii) Beaymnii: M. IjBexaeBy KaK-xo HCJIOBKO Ha3biBaxb «no3xeccoii». OHa 6bma BejTHKHM pyCCKHM n03XOM-)KeHIIl,HHOii. Bcfl ee )KH3Hb - 3X0 poMaH c co6cxBeHHoii flyinoii, oxpa)KeHHbra B cxnxax. Tlod My3biKy couamu NQ14 Eemxoeeua UJIU «OduuoKUU nacmyx» udem nmeuue: KpaCHOK) KHCXbK) Pa6nHa 3a5Kxjiacb. IlaflajTH JIHCXbfl 51 poflHjracb. CnopujiH COXHH KOJTOKOJTOB. ^eHb 6BIJT cy66oxHHii: HoaHH BOXOCJTOB. MHe H ,a,OHbiHe Xonexca xpbi3Xb }KapKoii pa6nHbi 62
  • 63. r o p t K y i o KHCXb. Beaymnii: 26 ceHxa6pa 1892 x. B ceMte HBaHa Bjia,znxMHpoBHHa IjBexaeBa, npo(j)eccopa MOCKOBCKOXO yHHBepcnxexa, flxxpeicxopa PyMinxneBCKOxo My3ea H ocHOBaxena MOCKOBCKOXO My3ea H3JIIHHMX HCKyccxB, H MapnH AneKcaHApoBHbi MeiiH po^Hjiacb AOHB MapHHa. Il,BeTaeBa: fleeyuiKa e cmpozoM nuambe mimaem cmuxomeopemie «Kmo co3dau U3 KCIMHH, KWIO C03ddH U3 ZJlUHbl... » Be^ymasi: IIIJTO BpeMa, H MapHHa H3 KpyxjiojiHneH ACBOHKH C xjia3aMH HBexa KpbiacoBHHKa npeBpaxHjiacb B HeBMCOKyio CBexjiOBOJiocyio ,a,eByiHKy c 3aflyMHHBbiM B3xjiafl,OM 6jiH3opyKHx xjia3. HHxepec K My3biKe y MapHHbi nocxeneHHO yxacaex, oco6eHHO nocjie CMepxn Maxepn. y Hee noaBHjiacb xjiy6oKaa cxpacxb - KHHXH. Ilpocxoe H xoxa 6M npH6jiH3HxejibHoe nepenHCJieHHe xoxo, HXO nponjia IjBexaeBa K 18 xoflaM, noKa3ajiocb 6M HenpaB,a,ono,zi,o6HMM no KOJinnecxBy H pa3H006pa3HK>. ilyiHKHH, JlepMOHXOB, )KyKOBCKHH, JleB T O J I C X O H . . . HeMeiiKHe H (j)paHHy3CKHe poMaHXHKH, Tioxo, JIaMapxHH, HHHHie, ntecM TeHHe, Texe, KHHXH, CBiBaHHMe c HanojieoHOM. BnponeM, jiynnie ocxaHOBHXbca... 3eynum My3bma Uloneua. Il,BeTaeBa: Humaem cmuxomeopemie ((Hmo Dice Mue denamb, cjienuy u nachiHKy...» Beaymnii: H sxa cxpacxHocxt - Ha BCK) 5KH3HB. CaMa TKQ OHa Ha3MBajia 3xo KanecxBO «6e3MepHocxbio B MHpe Mep». KaK pa3flpa»cajio 3xo KanecxBO MHOXHX, KaK He xoxejiH npocxHXb en Henoxoacecxn, 6e3y,a,ep)KHOCXH, caMoxo BMCOKOXO xpa^yca xopeHHa >KH3HH! HTCU: CxHxoxBopeHne «MaMe» 63
  • 64. Beaymnii: Kox,a,a IjBexaeBa ox,a,ajia B nenaxb CBOK) nepByio KHHxy «BeHepHHH ajib6oM», eii XOJTBKO HXO HcnojiHHjiocb 18 jiex. JIIOGOBB 3anojiHaex 3xy KHHxy, AtiniHx eio, mo6oBb K MaMe, cecxpe, K >KH3HH, K no^pyxaM no XHMHa3HH. 3eynum eaubc Uloneua, nod uezo noxemwmcx deeyuiKa u WHOUICI. OHU Kpycucamcn e eajibce, eedym 6e33eynnbiu pa3zoeop, ue ceodnm dpyz c dpyza zna3 u odMenueajomcH KOJibifciMU. Beaymnii: 5 Maa 1911 x. MapHHa npnexajra B KoKxe6ejib K MaKCHMHjiHaHy BojioiHHHy, Apyxy Ha BCIO, o^HOMy H3 HCMHOXHX. Ha nycxbiHHOM MopcKOM 6epexy OHa BcxpexHjiacb c 17-jrexHHM CepxeeM 3(j)poHOM, xojibKO HXO npnexaBinHM xy,a,a H3 naHCHOHa. JIIOGOBB C nepBOxo B3XJM,H,a - H Ha BCIO )KH3Hb. MapHHa: MOKC U Mapuua MapHHa: MaKC, a BbiH,ay 3aMy>K XOJTBKO 3a xoxo, KXO H3 Bcexo no6epe>Kbfl yxa^aex, KaKOH MOH JHOGHMBIH KaMeHb. MaKc: MapHHa! BmoGjieHHbie, KaK xe6e, Moacex, sxo H3BecxHO, - xnyneiox. H Kox^a xox, KOXO XM nojxK>6HHib, npHHecex xe6e 6yjibi>KHHK, XM HCKpeHHe nOBepHHIb, HXO 3X0 XBOH JXK)6HMbIH KaMeHb. MapHHa: MaKC, a ox Bcexo yMHeio! ^aace ox JXK>6BH! A c KaMeniKOM c6bijrocb, H6O Cepeaca nyxb JTH He B nepBbin RGHI, oxKpbijr H Bpynnji MHe - cepflOJiHKOByio 6ycHHy. BeayiHHii: Cepeaca H MapHHa HaniJiH Apyx Apyxa. IlHCbMa, Koxopbie OHH nncajTH flpyx Apyxy BCIO >KH3Hb, HeB03M0>KH0 nnxaxb 6eccxpacxH0. 3xo - 64
  • 65. noxpacefflie, 3xo HeB03MO>KHbiH HaKaji cxpacxeii, o6>KHxaK)iHHH H cexcaxra. IOHOUICI U deeyuiKa mimawm nucbMa, uanucaHHue 3apauee. HTeu: «5I c BBI30BOM Hoiny exo KOJIBHO» Beaymnii: Pa3Be 3xo He noaxHnecKoe npe,a,BH,zi,eHHe, He poKOBoe npoponecxBO xeHHajibHoxo nosxa H moGflineH >KeHiHHHbi?! Cyflb6a? ,H,a, cyflb6a! 06BeHHajiHCb Cepeaca H MapnHa B inreape 1912 x., a 5 ceHxa6pa 1912 x. PoflHjracb flOHb AJM - Apna^Ha 3(j)poH, Koxopaa cxaHex ^jia Maxepn H pe6eHKOM, H noflpyxoii, H nepBbiM HHxaxejieM. HTeu: CxHxoxBopeHne «He 3Haio - x,a,e XM H x,a,e a...» Beaymnii: IjBexaeBa Bcex,a,a cxpeMHjiacb flaxt RGTXM KaK MO>KHO Gojibine AJM AyniH. AexH 6BIJTH nacxbK) CepeacH, JTK)6HMOXO Myaca, cnacxte c KoxoptiM 6bicxpo CMeHHjrocb xpeBoxofi 3a Hexo. B Hoa6pe 1917 x. Hx pa3JiyHHjiH peBOJiioiiHOHHbie CO6MTHH. Cepxeii yexan B POCXOB, x,a,e (j)opMHpoBajracb flo6poBOJibHecKaa apMHa KopHHjioBa - xaK noHHMan OH xox^a CBOH flonx pyccKOxo ocJMnepa. Il,BeTaeBa: ^xo flejiajin? ,H,a npHHHMajiH MyKH. - BBI xoxnxe BH,a,exb MOH ,a,eHb? IloacajTyHCxa: Bcxaio - XOJIOA - jiyacn nbijiH ox nnjibi - Be,apa - KyBHiHHbi - xpanKH - Be3,a,e ^excKHe njiaxta. IIHJTK), xonjiio, MOK> B jreflaHOH BOfle KapxoniKy, Koxopyio Bapio B caMOBape. IIOXOM y6opKa, cxnpKa. B ^excKHH cafl. B 10 H. ,H,eHb OKOHHCH, B 11 HJXH 12 a yace a yyKQ B nocxejib. CnacxjiHBa jiaMnoHKOH y caMOH noflyniKH, XHHIHHOH, xexpa^KOH, nannpocKOH, HHOx^a - xjre6oM...» Beaymnii: B (j)eBpajre 1920 xo^a yMepjia Mjiaflinaa ^OHB - HpHHa. Eme OAHH py6eii Ha cep^ne, eme o^Ha ce^aa npzjxb. B 1921 x. MapnHa HBaHOBHa y3Hajra, HXO ee Myac >KHB - OHa nojiynnjia ox Hexo nepByio Becxt. 65
  • 66. IOHOUICI numaem nocnauue. Beaymnii: Ha STOM 3aicaHHHBaeTCfl nepBaa nacTb ropbKOH cy,a,b6bi M. HBeTaeBOH H HanHHaeTca BTopaa - nocne POCCHH. 3eynum «Adajfcuo» Anbduonu. Beaymnii: B noHe,a,ejLbHHK, apicHM ,a,HeM 15 Maa 1922r. MapHHa HBaHOBHa c Ajien coiHJiH Ha BOK3ajre B BepjiHHe. A B HIOHC OHa BnepBbie nocne flOJiroH pa3JiyKH yBH^ejia, HaKOHeii, Myaca. Kaic ^ojiro CTOAJIH OHH 06a, o6HflBiHHCb, KaK CTajiH BbiTHpaTb ,apyr Apyry MOKptie OT cjie3 meKH. Beaymnii: HMCHHO STOT JieTHHH ,a,eHb npeflonpeflejiHjr ^pyryio pa3JiyKy, ^ojiryio 17-jreTHioK) pa3JiyKy c PoccneH. BbinojiHaa CBOK) KjxaTBy, HBeTaeBa e^eT K Myacy. npara, napnac, BaH^ea... bourne BepcTbi H roflbi. 3eynum My3biKa - 3-uu Kcmijepm PaxMammoea. Hdem nmeuue cmuxomeopemm «TOCKCI nopodime!» Il,BeTaeBa: «CMH poc, AOHB B3pocjiejia. B napnace a HHKOMy He HyacHa. ECTB - 3HaKOMbie. Ho Kaicon xonofl a omymaio a HOCTOAHHO. Bee Meroi BbiTanKHBaiOT B POCCHK), B KOTopyio a exart He Mory. 3flecb a He Hy>KHa. TaM a HeB03MO>KHa». HTeu: H3 CTHXOB K CblHy. 66
  • 67. Beaymnii: He npaB,a,a JIH, KaKoe rop^oe H xopticoe cxHxoxBopeHHe. EH-XO BCK> 5KH3HB AaBajiH noHaxb co6cxBeHHyio HeHy>KHOCXb, a y>K ox 3MHxpauHH B oxpoMHoii cxeneHH. KaK, BnponeM, H OX POAHOH, xopano H npe^aHHO JXK>6HMOH cxpaHbi. Oxciofla H 3XO CJTOBO «ox6poc». Beaymnii: H oronx., KOHCHHO TKQ, He 6BIX CXOHX Hafl BceM, a omymeHHe «HHKOMy-HeHy>KHOCXH», oco6eHHO HeHyacHOCXH ee CXHXOB. HTCU: B oxpoMHOM xopo^e MoeM - HOHB. Beaymnii: B HK>He 1939 x. Maxb H CBIH cejiH B noe3fl. Oxeii H AOHB yace xaM, noKa eme He B xioptMe, HO y»ce B POCCHH. H3 IlapHaca ee c CBIHOM He npoBoacaji HHKXO. Eme 2 xo^a 6y,a,ex fljinxbca rojxxo(j)a MapHHbi, ee pacnuaxa - 3a HXO? - Henoxoacecxb? HexepnHMoexb? 3a npaBji 6BIXB caMOH CO6OH? Pacnuaxa 3a JHOGOBB, 3eMHyio, noaxHHecKyio, KOHKpexHyio H KOCMHnecKyio. Il,BeTaeBa: MocKBa. FOJIHIXBIHO. BojibineBO. Be3 Myaca H flonepn, 6e3 acnjiba H flpy3en H a6cojrioxHO 6e3 BCAKHX Hafleacfl... Beaymnii: Topofl Ena6yxa - nocneflHee 3eMHoe npHCxaHHine HeyicpoxHMOH ,ayiHH noaxa. 31 aBxycxa 1941 x. BejiHKHH pyccKHH nosx M. UxsexaeBa noBecHjiacb. Il,BeTaeBa: Mypjibixa! IlpocxH Meroi, HO flajibine 6MJIO 6M xyace. IIOHMH, HXO a 6ojxbHie He Moxjia JKHXB. IlepeflaH nane H Ane - ecjin yBH^HHib - HXO jno6Hjia HX AO nocjieflHen Mmxyxbi H OGMCHH, HXO nonana B xynHK». 67
  • 68. Beaymnii: CBIH mrxexo He MOX nepe^axb. AJM oxGbiBana cpoK. Cepxeii ifrcoBjieBHH 6yflex paccxpejMH, caM ace reopxnii 3(j)poH noxn6Hex Ha BOHHC Beaymnii: Ha Kjia,a,6HiHe B Ejra6yxe ecxb xaicaa Ha,axiHCb: «B SXOH nacxn Knafl6Hma noxopoHeHa MapHHa UxsexaeBa. Moijapm «PeK6iieM». Beaymnii: CMepxb nosxa xoace BXOAHX B 6bixne nosxa. A exo 6brrae - 3xo >KH3Hb exo CXHXOB. HTeu: «MOHM cxHxaM, HanncaHHbiM xaK paHO», «MojiHXBa», «KHHXH B KpacHOM nepenjiexe». M fl, KOHEHHO, BEPHYCb..." CueHapnii jiHTepaTypHoro Ka(|)e (no TBopnecTBy B.Bbicouicoro) /feucmeywmue Jiui^a Beflymne KpnxHK nosx C. ToBopyxHH B. nepeB03HHKOB B. OKyA^caBa }KypHajiHCx M. Bjia^H B. BblCOHKHH 3eynum necuH B'.BbicoijKOZo «fl, Kouenuo, eepnycb... » 68
  • 69. I Beaymnii: R, KOHCHHO, BepHycb - Becb B ,apy3bflx H B Menxax, - R, KOHenHO, cnoio, R, KOHenHO, cnoio, - He npoH^ex H nonxofla. ToBopax, HXO y Kaacfloxo BpeMeHH - Kaacflbie 1 5 - 2 0 jrex - ecxb neBeii, Koxopbin noex apnio 6ojibiHHHCXBa. BMCOHKHH 6bijr xaKHM neBijOM. B exo xBopnecxBe Kaac,a,MH y3HaBaji ce6a. O H 6biji ^yniOH CBoexo BpeMeHH, exo Ha,a,eac,zi,OH. C HHM BMecxe yirnia nejiaa anoxa. II Beaymnii: TaK KeM ace OH Bee - xaKH 6bijr - Bna^HMnp BMCOHKHH? KeM ace OH 6bijr 6ojxbine Bcexo? AKxepoM? IIoaxoM? IleBHOM? M M He 3HaeM. 3HaeM XOJTbKO, HXO OH 6bIJT JIHHHOCXbK). ilBJieHHeM. H (j)aKX 3XOX B flOKa3axejibcxBax yace He Hyacflaexca. B. BbicouKiifi: 5L pcaxuica 25 aHBapa 1938 x. B MOCKBC MOH oxeii - Ka,apoBMH BoeHHMH, ynacxHHK 6oeB 3a BepjiHH, ocBo6oacfleHHa IIpaxH. ^CypHajiHCT: EojibinoH KapexHMH nepeyjiOK (HMHC yjinna EPMOJTOBOH). IIlKOJia N° 186. 10-H Kjxacc 1955 x. CKyjiacxbiii, HCBMCOKHH napeHeK c xeMHMMH 3aflyMHHBMMH xjia3aMH. Bojioflfl BMCOHKHH. Ky,a,a OH Hfl,ex nocjie ypoKOB? B. BbicouKiifi: K ,apy3bflM - peflaKxnpoBaxb cxeHHyio xa3exy... B ,apaMKpyacoK na yjinny TopbKOxo. HJIH AOMOH, x,a,e ac,a,ex xojibKO HXO noflapeHHaa poflHxejraMH xHxapa H caMoynnxejib. HJTH ace - K KHHxaM. ^nxaji MHOXO. ^Hxan 3anoeM. ECJIH, nyxb npopy6aa OXHOBCKHM MCHOM, TM cojieHbie cjie3M Ha yc HaMoxan, ECJIH B acapKOM 6010 ncnbixaji, HXO noneM, - 3HanHx, HyacHbie KHHXH XM B ,a,excxBe nnxaji! 69
  • 70. I Beaymnii: OKOHHHB niKOJiy, Bjia^HMnp nocxynaex Ha MexaHHHecKHH (j)aKyjibxex MHCH. Ho cxpacxb K xeaxpy 6epex CBoe H yace nepe3 nonxofla OH yxcaxxr H3 HHCxnxyxa H c^aex 3K3aMeHbi B xeaxpajibHoe yHHjimne. IxpoxoflHjia " nopa BCxynjreHHH H npejnoflHH". B. BbicouKiifi: ,H,JM poflKxejien 6BIJTO nojiHOH Heo>KH,zi,aHHOCXbK), HXO npHH^riH B niKOJiy - cxy^HK) MXATa. IlpHHfljiH, HecMOxpa Ha noMexKy oflHoxo H3 3K3aMeHaxopoB: "^yBcxBOM pnxMa Bjia^eex OXJTHHHO, HO xojiocoBbix ^aHHbix He HMeex...". II Beaymnii: Hacxynnjio BpeMa penexmnxft, 6ypHbix ,a,HCKyccHH 06 HCKyccxBe, no33HH, >KH3HH. H Bee name cxyfl,eHxa BbiconKOxo BH^ejiH c xHxapon. 1959 x. Peacnccep B.OpflbiHCKHH npHxnaniaex BbiconKOxo Ha pojib cxyfl,eHxa IlexH B (JMjibMe "CBepcxHHHbi". 3xo fle6iox B KHHO. Anpejxb 1964 x. Bna^HMnp npnineji B Teaxp ,apaMbi H KOMCUXXH Ha TaxaHKe. I Beaymnii: Teaxp 6BIJT exo npH3BaHHeM, a BBICOIIKHH - HenoBxopHMbiM aicxepoM. O H a6cojiK)XHO Bjia^eji 3ajiOM, 6BIJT XO3AHHOM cneHbi, o6jia,a,aji yAHBHxejibHOH SHepxneii, Koxopaa, KaK jxyn CHJTBHOXO npoaceKxopa, 6njia B 3an. TaMjiex - ocHOBHaa H moGHMaa pojib BbiconKOxo. O H npocHjr, OH KpHHan JIio6HMOBy: ",H,aHxe TaMjiexa! ,H,aHxe MHe cbixpaxb TaMjiexa!". JIK)6HMOB ,a,aji eMy TaMjiexa H cflejian c apxncxoM pojxt, Koxopaa cxana AJM BbiconKOxo BepniHHOH, JTK)6HMOH H B Koxopon B CBoe BpeMa OH He 3Haji ce6e paBHbix B EBpone. LQeKcnHp - nosx, TaMjiex - nosx, BBICOIIKHH - nosx. Tyx Bee CBioajiocb B npoHHbiH y3ejr. B. BbicouKiifi: TaMjiex - moGHMaa pojib. HenexKO OHa MHe flanacb, ,a,a H xenepb BbiKjiaflbiBaenibCfl Kaacflbin pa3 Ha npe^ejie. HHOx,a,a Kaacexca: Hy, 3xo B nocjreflHHH pa3, 6ojibine He Bbiflepacy... 51 He nxpaio npHHija ^axcKoxo. 51 cxapaiocb noKa3axb coBpeMeHHOxo nejiOBeKa. Ja, Moacex 6bixb, ce6a. 70
  • 71. 51 TaMjieT, a HacHjibe npe3Hpan. 51 HanjieBan Ha Ja.TCKyK> KopoHy, - Ho B HX rjra3ax - 3a TpoH a raoTKy pBaji H y6HBaji conepHHKOB no TpoHy. II Beaymnii: TaMjieT - TeMa Bcero TBopnecTBa BbiconKoro. TaMjieT - 3TO npeacfle Bcero TanaHT. ^ejiOBeic, KOTopoMy Ratio BH,a,eTb 6ojibine, neM ApyrHM. A KOMy MHoro flaHO, c Toro MHoro H cnpocHTca. 3 T O npeKpacHO noHHMaji TaMjieT Bbiconicoro; OH noHHMajr, HTO HeB03MO»cHO HrpaTb B np^TKH co BpeMeHeM. BOT noneMy TaMjieT He MoaceT 6e3fleHCTBOBaTb, XOTA 3HaeT, HTO 3TO npHBe^eT K ero rnGejiH. 51 npo3peBajr, rjiynea c KaacflbiM ^neM, 51 npo3eBajr ,a,OMaiHHHe HHTPHTH. He HpaBHjicfl MHe BeK, H JIIOAH B HCM He HpaBHjiHCb. H a 3apbijic;i B KHHTH. MOH M03r, AO 3HaHba acaflHbiH, KaK nayK, Bee nocTHran: HeflBH^cHOCTb H ABH^ceHbe, HO TOJTKa HeT OT MMCJieH H HayK, Kor^a noBCiOfly HM onpoBepaceHbe. TaMjieTa BMCOHKHH Hrpan 10 jieT, TaMjieT 6MJI nocjieflHen pojxbio, KOTopyio no3T Hrpan nepefl CMepTbio. I Beaymnii: ECJTH TeaTp ,a,jxa Bbiconicoro 6BIJI npH3BaHHeM, TO CTHXH 6BIJIH ero CTpacTbio "nacTepHaK, AxMaTOBa H BMCOHKHH Bbi3biBajiH CBOHMH CTHXaMH 60JIbHie, HeM BOCXHHieHHe. OHH BbI3bIBajIH J H O 6 O B B " . JIlOflH BbiGnpaiOT ce6e neBiia. KTO 3Haji, HTO STOT Bbi6op KOCHeTca KopeHacToro napeHbica co CBCTJIOH npaflKOH Ha Ji6y, c no,axxaTbiM BOpOTHHKOM CyTyjX5IIHeHCfl KypTKH? 3eynum cmuxomeopemie " IlecHX neeija y MUKpcHpOHCi". 71
  • 72. C. ToBopyxHH: BMCOHKHH HHKOF,a,a He Hcnojnraji CBOH necHH BnojiCHjibi. Bcex,a,a, Be3fle - Ha KOHnepxe JTH, ,a,OMa JTH nepefl ,apy3bflMH, B najiaxice Ha jreflHHKe, nepenojiHeHHOMy JTH 3ajiy HJIH o^HOMy - e^HHCXBeHHOMy cjiyniaxejiK) - OH neji H Hxpan, BbiKjiaflbiBaacb nojiHoexbK), flo KOHija, flo noxa. B. IIepeB03HHKOB: Bjia^HMnp CeMeHOBHH, BaniH jiio6HMbie nepxti B xapaicxepe nejiOBeKa? B. BbicouKiiH: OflepacHMoexb, ox^ana, HO XOJIBKO Ha flo6pbie ^ejia. B. IIepeB03HHKOB: OxBpaxnxejibHbie icanecxBa nejiOBeica? B. BbicouKiifi: Tjiynocxb, cepocxb, FHycb. B. IIepeB03HHKOB: K KaKHM HejiOBenecKHM He^ocxaxKaM BBI oxHocnxecb CHHCXOflHXejIbHO? B. BbicouKim: K (j)H3HHecKOH cjiaGocxn. B. IIepeB03HHKOB: ^xo BBI neHHxe B MyacHHHax? B. BbicouKiifi: ConexaHHe ,a,o6poxbi, CHJIBI H yMa. 5L, KOF,a,a noflnHCbiBaio (j)oxoxpa(|)HH pe6axaM, - eme ncapocxicaM, ^aace flexaM, - a o6fl3axejibHO Hanniiiy eMy: "Bbipacxn CHJIBHMM, yMHbiM H flo6pbiM". Box 3xo conexaHHe. 3eynum cmuxomeopemie " Bepiuuna ". 72
  • 73. II Beaymnii: Jlyninne necHH BMCOHKOXO - AJM >KH3HH. OHH jspy3h% mo^eii. B necHax 3XHX ecxb y,axxBHxejibHafl ^,o6paa cnjia, Koxopaa noMOxaex Bbicxoaxb cjra6biM H o6pecxH yBepeHHoexb pacxepaBinHMca. Ha HHyio necHK) MO>KHO onepexbca, KaK Ha njieno, H6O ecxb KaKaa - xo oco6aa HejiOBenecKaa Ha,a,e)KHOCXb B SXHX necHax. 3eynum necuH B BbicoijKOZo " TlecuH o dpyze ". B. BbicouKiifi: ^acxo cnpaniHBaiox B pa3JiHHHbix nucbMax - He BoeBaji JTH a, He njiaBaji JIH, He Jiexaji JIH, He Hio(j)epHji JIH H xoMy noflo6Hoe. 3xo H3-3a xoxo, HXO Bee MOH necHH HanncaHbi ox nepBOxo Jinna. 51 Bcex,a,a xoBopio "51 ", HO BOBce He oxxoxo, HXO nepe3 Bee 3xo yflajiocb npoiixH. Ilpocxo ocHOBHaa MOA npo(j)eccHa aKxepcKaa, H MHe nacxo npnxoflHxca Bjie3axb B niKypy ,apyxoxo nejiOBeKa H OX exo HMeHH KaK 6M nxpaxt. I Beaymnii: Teaxp oneHb noMOx BbiconKOMy B (j)opMHpoBaHHH exo xanaHxa KaK noaxa. 3xo xeaxp Haynnji o6pa3HOCXH exo neceH, Koxoptie nosx xaK npeKpacHO "yMen Hcnojnraxb". 3eynam necuu B. BbicoijKOZo "FopHcm jiupmecKcm", "TlecnH o cenmuMenmajibHOM doKcepe" (cmuxomeopenue), "VnpHMOH cmpeMJiwcb KO day". KPHTHK: JJJIX KOXO BBI nHiuexe CBOH necHH, ,a,jra KaKOH ay^nxopHH cjiyuiaxejieH? B. BbicouKim: 51 He nniny ,a,jra onpeflejieHHOH KaxexopHH 3pnxejieH, a cxapaiocb 3axpoHyxb AyniH jnoflen B He3aBHCHM0CXH ox HX B03pacxa, npo(j)eccHH, HauHOHajibHocxH. 51 He JIK)6JIK) jiexKHx neceH, a He JIK)6JIK), HXO6M Ha MOHX KOHnepxax ox,a,bixajiH. 51 xony, HXO6M Moa ny6jiHKa pa6oxajia BMecxe co MHOH, HXO6M OHa xBopnjia. 73
  • 74. HaBepHoe, xaK ycxaHOBHjiacb MOA MaHepa. Moa necHa - sxo nOHXH KpHK. A.AaaMOBHH: IlejT, KaK KpHHan? IloxoMy HXO HXO-XO B H6M KpuHajio. Xpanjibiii XOJTOC? A Moacex, oxpnn - xaK cxapanca, HXO6M ycjxbiiiiajxH. KPHTHK: iloneMy y Bac xaK MHOXO BoeHHbix neceH? Beflb Bbi He BoeBajxn? iloneMy xaK nacxo o6pamaexecb K BOCHHOH xeMe? B. BbicouKim: iloneMy y Memi xaK MHOFO BoeHHbix neceH? iloneMy a xaK nacxo o6pamaiocb K BOCHHOH xeMe? Bo-nepBbix, Hejib3a 06 SXOM 3a6biBaxb. BoHHa Bcex^a 6y,a,ex BOjraoBaxb - 3x0 xaKaa BenHKaa 6e,a,a, Koxopaa Ha nexbipe xo^a noKpbma Hainy 3eMjiio, H 3x0 HHKOx,a,a He 6yflex 3a6biBaxbca, H Bcex^a K BOCHHOH xeMe 6y,zryx B03BpamaxbCfl Bee, KXO B KaKOH-xo cxeneHH Bjia^eex nepoM. Bo- Bxopbix, y Meroi BoeHHaa ceMba. MM AexH BoeHHbix nex - RJIX Hac 3x0 Boo6me HHKOx,a,a He 3a6y,a,excfl. O^HH HenoBeK MCXKO 3aMexnji, HXO MM "flOBoeBbiBaeM" B CBOHX necHax. y Bcex y Hac coBecxb 6OJIHX H3-3a xoxo, HXO MM He npmrajxH ynacxne B BOHHC . *A BOX ox,a,aK) flaHb xoMy BpeMeHH CBOHMH necHaMH. MapHHa Bjia^n: TM He jiio6HHib paccKa30B o BOHHC, HO, KaK y Kaacfloxo coBexcKOxo HenoBeKa, OHH cocxaBjMiox nacxb xBoen Kyjibxypbi. 3X0X HapOfl, KOXOpblH X FJiy60KO JiK)6HHIb, HaXOflHX B XBOHX M necrorx oxxojiocKH xpaxeflHH, He nomaflHBHieH HH OAHOH ceMbH. Ha XBOHX KOHnepxax yBeinaHHbie Me,a,ajMMH BexepaHM nuanyx. Monoflbie 3a,zryMHHBM H cepbe3HM. 3eynum necuH B BbicoijKOZo "EpamcKue MOZURU ". 74
  • 75. II Beaymnii: IlecHH, HanncaHHbie B.BMCOHKHM O BOHHC, - 3xo, npeac,a,e Bcexo, necHH HacxoaiHHx jnofleii. Jliofleii H3 njioxn H KPOBH. CHJIBHMX, ycxajibix, MyacecxBeHHbix, ,a,o6pbix. TaKHM JUOJS^M MoacHO flOBepnxb H co6cxBeHHyio acH3Hb, H Poflmxy. TaKHe He noflBeflyx. 3eynum necuH B BbicoijKOZo "OH ue eepuyncn U3 6OH ". B. BbicouKiifi: 9L MHOXO nmiiy o BOHHC ECJTH BBI B HHX (B necHH) BCJiyniaexecb, xo yBHflxxre, HXO jiiOflH H3 xex BpeMeH, CHxyaiiHH H3 xex BpeMeH, a B o6meM, H^eH npo6jieMbi - Hanie, HMHeniHee. Pacnex aBxopcKOH necHH Ha O^HO XO, HXO Bac 6ecnoKoax XOHHO xaK ace, KaK H MeHa, xe ace npo6jieMbi, cy,a,b6bi HejiOBenecKHe, OAHH H xe ace MbicjiH. H XOHHO xaic ace, KaK H MHe, pByx flyiny HecnpaBefljiHBOcxb H xope moACKoe. 3eynum necuH B BbicouKOZo "Tom, Komopuu ue cmpeimn ". I Beaymnii: Cy,a,b6a Haniexo o6mecxBa cjioacHa H npoxHBopeHHBa. Kyjibx JIHHHOCXH, jiaxepa, BOHHa, nocjieBoeHHbie ocjioacHeHHa....Cyflb6a noaxa - Bee 3xo oxpaacaxb. BMCOHKHH, KaK HCXHHHMH nosx nponycxHji BpeMa nepe3 CBoe cep,a,He. TBopnecxBO nosxa HpaBCXBeHHO, noxoMy HXO necxHO. TaKHe IIOHHTHH, KaK necxb, coBecxb, AOJIX nosx oGbflcroui xaK: H BO BeKH BeKOB, H BO Bee BpeMeHa Tpyc - npeflaxejib Bcex^a npe3npaeM. Bpax ecxb Bpax, H Bomm Bee paBHO ecxt BOHHa, H xeMHHiia xecHa, H CBo6o,a,a o^Ha, H Bcex^a Ha Hee ynoBaeM. 75
  • 76. B. OicyflJKaBa: JIIOAH, BoenHxaHHbie Ha nyexoii 6e3,ayMHOH pa3BjieicaxejxbHOCXH, no33HH BMCOIXKOXO He npHMyx; He yMeioiinxe caMoexoaxejibHO MbicjiHXb exo capKa3Ma, exo HPOHHH He oneHflx; paBHOflyuiHbie KO BceMy, KpoMe JIHHHMX npo6jreM, - xpeBOXH H 6OJTH exo He noHMyx. ...ECJXH oxxanKHBaxbca o noxoBopKH " He BBIHOCH cop H3 H36bl", XO fl npH,H,ep)KHBaK)Cb XOHKH 3peHH3, COXJiaCHO Koxopoii COp 3XOX BblHOCHXb Hy>KHO KaK M05KHO paHBHie H KaK M05KHO B 6ojibiHHx KOJiHHecxBax, noxoMy HXO copa HaKonnxca CJTHHIKOM MHOXO. 51 flyMaiO HXO BblCOIXKHH OXHOCHJTCfl K XOH KaxeXOpHH JTIOfleH, HCXHHHMX naxpHOXOB, JTIOfleH XaKOXO XOJTKa, K o x o p t i e CHHxaiox, HXO HyacHO H36y ox copa OHmnaxb, ne oGpamaa BHHMaHHA Ha xo, HXO CKaacyx COCeflH. 3eynum necuH B BbicoijKOZo "MunuijeucKUU npomoKOJi". KPHTHK: B neM npHHHHa Banien nonyjiapHOCXH? B. BbicouKim: 51 ee He omymaio, 3xy nonyjrapHoexb. Bee mojsji xoxax, HXO6M HX 3HajTH, XOXflX H3BeCXHOCXH. XoXfl, B 0 6 l H e M , HHHeXO B 3XOM oco6eHHOxo Hex. Y3HaK)x Ha yjinne, Hy H HXO? He cnpaHeuibca B HOMepe XOCXHHHHM, a xaic 6ojibine HHicaKOH pa3HHHbi... Kox,a,a npoflOJiacaeuib pa6oxaxt>, Hex BpeMemi o6pamaxb Ha xo, HXO cexo,a,Hfl, npeflnojioacHM, a 6ojree nonyjiapeH, neM Bnepa. B. OwyjiyKaBa: Hacxoamexo nosxa Bcex,a,a conpoBO^cflaiox He XOJTBKO nonnxaxejiH, HO H oxpniiaxejiH, He xojibKO iieHHxejiH, HO H xyjiHxejiH, H JS^TKQ XOHHXejTH. y n033HH B. BblCOIXKOXO H X X HflpyXOXOBflOBOJXb, H OO 3xo, HaBepHoe, O^HH H3 xjiaBHbix npH3HaK0B ee HCXHHHOCXH H BblCOXbl. B. IIepeB03HHK0B: Bna^HMnp CeMeHOBHn! ^xo BBI Hemxxe B jKeHiuxxHax? 76
  • 77. B. BbicouKim: Hy, CKaaceM, xaK a 6BI Hanncaji: "Ey,a,b, yMHoii, KpacHBoii H flo6poii". KpacHBoii - He o6a3axeji&HO BHeiime. B. IIepeB03HHKOB: ^xo 6&i x&i no^apHji jiio6HMOMy nejiOBeicy, ecjiH 6&i 6&IJI BceMOxym? B. BbicouKim: Eme o^Hy 5KH3HB. B. IIepeB03HHKOB: PLxeaji >iceHiHHH&i? B. BbicouKim: Cexpex Bce-xaKH. KPHTHK: Bac ynpeKaiox B XOM, HXO He nmnexe JXK>6OBHOH JIHPHKH. B. BbicouKiifi: 3xo He npaB,a,a. 51 nncaji necHH o JIIO6BH... 3eynum cmuxomeopemie " JIW6JIW me6n cemac ". 3eynum necuH B Bbicouicozo "Eeda". 3eynum cmuxomeopemie "3decb Jianu y enu dpocucam uaeecy". II Beaymnii: KaKHM nejiOBeicoM 6BIJI B&ICOIXKHH? O H 6&IJI XHX B >KH3HH, ,a,o6p K Apy3&aM, AejiHKaxeH, noflHepicHyxo He3aMexeH B xojine. C. ToBopyxKH: Kaicoe Heo6&iKHOBeHHoe cnacx&e 6&IJIO - jspyyKwrh c HHM. YivtexB Apy»cHx& - xoace xanaHx. BMCOHKHH, OX npHpo^bi HaflejieHHbiH MHOXHMH xanaHxaMH, o6jiaflaji H 3XHM - yMeHHeM jspyyKwrh. CnacxjiHBaa 3Be3fla CBena Meroi c HHM Ha nepBOH TKQ KapxHHe. B&IJIO eme HecKOJi&KO (JMJIBMOB, eme 6oji&nie - 3aM&icjiOB. H 77
  • 78. MOKfly HHMH - 3xo caMoe He3a6biBaeMoe - xecHoe o6meHHe xaK, 6e3 noBOfla. II Beaymnii: Bee, KXO 3Haji exo, oxMenajiH exo XOXOBHOCXB npHHXH Ha noMomb. H O 3X0 He 3HaHHX, HXO OH HHKOXfla HH B HCM He 0XKa3bIBaJX OxKa3biBaji - H oneHb nacxo, H oneHb ,a,a)Ke O6H,H,HO oxica3biBajx Ho Kox^a fleno Kacajiocb xjiaBHbix BonpocoB - 3flopoBba, >KH3HH, necxH - Ha Hexo M05KH0 6bIJI0 nOJTO^CHXbCa. 3eynum necuH B BbicoijKOZo "H eepw e dpyseu ". B. IIepeB03HHK0B: ^exo xoxnxefl,o6HXbcaB >KH3HH? B. BbicouKiiii: ^XOGBI HOMHHJTH, HXO6BI Be3,a,e nycKajiH. B. IIepeB03HHK0B: KaKOH Bonpoc BBI xoxejxn 6BI 3a,a,axb caMOMy ce6e? B. BbicouKim: CKOJTBKO MHe ocxanocb Jiex, MecaneB, Heflejib, flHeii, nacoB xBopnecxBa. B. IIepeB03HHK0B: nocjie,znxHH Bonpoc: Ha CKOJIBKO HCKpeHHe BBI oxBenajiH? B. BbicouKiifi: Hex CMbicjia oxBenaxb HencKpeHHe. 3aneM? MHe Hex CMbicjia HH jixaxb, HH noflxajiHMHHHaxb, HH npHXBopaxbca. 51 npHineji ciofla AJia xoxo, HXO6BI, npaB^a, OXBCXHXB Ha mxrepecyioiHHe Bac Bonpocbi. A BOBce He AJM XOXO, HXO6BI KOMy - xo noHpaBHXbca, noHHMaexe? Hex CMbicjia MHe HHKaKOxo. A6COJIIOXHO. MapHHa Bjia,zni: TBI nojiynaeHib XBICAHH nnceM, xpaHHinb CBH,a,exejibcxBa My^CHHH H )KeHIHHH, KOXOpbIM XBOH neCHH nOMOXJIH B 78
  • 79. xparHnecKHe MHHyxbx Te6e nninyx: noflBOflHHKH, OKa3aBiHHec;i oflHaacflbi B3anepxn B cxajibHOM rpo6y; ajibnHHHCXbi, 3a6jryflHBniHeca B 6ypio; MOJio,a,bie npecxynHHKH, K KoxoptiM B03Bpamajracb nocjie xaacejioro HaKa3aHHa cnoco6HOCXb >KHXb; cxapnioi, 6jiaxo,a,apfliHHe xe6a 3a xo, HXO XBI xaK xopoino noHXHji naMaxb xoBapmneH, naBinnx 3a Poflmxy; HanHHaiomHe apxncxbi, Gepyiinxe xe6a B npuMep H KjMHyiHHeca pa6oxaxb H3 Bcex CHJI...3XO nncbMa onpaB,a,ajiH 3a,a,HHM HHCJIOM XBOH npcaxnecxByioiHHe necHH. Tbi xoBopuji, HXO OHH 6y,ayx jiyninHM a^BOKaxoM B nponecce, Koxopbiii 6ecnpepbiBHO B036yacflaiox npoxHB xe6a neH3opbx 3eynum cmuxomeopemie " Kopadnu ". I Beaymnii: BMCOHKHH JXK>6HJI jnofleii, fljra HHX OH paGoxan, He m a p ce6a. O^HO xojibKO He yMen OH - pa6oxaxb Ha 3aKa3, ecjxn BHyxpeHHe He npH6jTH3HXbCa K XeMC ^eCXHOCXb, 6eCKOMnpOMHCCHOCXb - BaacHeHinaa nepxa BMCOHKOXO nosxa, Mepnuo exo xanaHxa. II Beaymnii: B nocjie,znxHe xo^bi OH nHcaji "6e3 MacKH", He npHKpbiBajrca o6pa30M. IlHcajT ^aace He ox HMCHH CBoexo jnxpHHecKoxo xepoa, nncajT npocxo ox CBoexo "51". Exo nocjie^HHe CXHXH oxKpbiBaiox HaM xpaxHHecKyio (j)Hxypy nosxa. CBOK) cy,a,b6y OH 3Haji, 3Haji, KaK H exo TaMjiex, o CBOCM KOHne, HO, KaK H TaMjiex, He MOX nocxynnxb no-^pyxoMy, HHane OH He 6biji 6bi TaMjiexoM. 3eynum cmuxomeopemie " Mm cydbda do nocnedueu nepmu" (UJIU "O (pamajibHbix damax "). I Beaymnii: Bjia,axxMHp BMCOHKHH H >KHJI, KaK nosx (KXO-XO CKa3aji, HXO nosx - 3xo npeacfle Bcexo cyflb6a), H yMep, KaK nosx, copBaBinncb Ha caMOH BblCOKOH HOXC 79
  • 80. 3eynum "YlocMepmubiu MOHOROZ ". II Beaymnii: Meroi He cbejiH CBHHBH - 6or He BhiRsai - 51 npOCTO B3flJI H BblHiejl B HHKy,a,a. 51 CTOJIBKO pa3 Hrpan CBOK) nornGejib, ^TO yMep 6e3 oco6oro Tpy^a. Meroi He OflOJiejiH %j H ninara, H npoHHe opyflna y6HHCTB. 51 CTOJibKO pa3 »CHBOH BCTaBaji H3 npaxa, ^ T O MHe H MepTBOMy KpHHajiH "BHC"! H ny6jiHKa Ha njioma,a,H ry^ejia, TojiKaacb H flocaflya cuerKa Ha TO, HTO 3aflep»cajiH BMHOC Tena ^pesMepHO nocjie TpeTbero 3BOHKa. Tenepb Meroi nenaraiOT nocMepTHO H3flIHHMMH CTOJl6naMH, KaK MeHK), - TaK 6yflTO 6bi 3BynaT anjioflHCMeHTbi 3(j)(j)eKTH0My (JMHany MoeMy. 51 nepeacHji H flBa^naTb niecTb H Tpn^iiaTb, CBOH TpHflHaTb TpeTHH H TpHflHaTb CeflbMOH... CTHXH MOH! 51 BaM Meniaji npo6nTbca, HaBepHoe, JIHHIB TeM, HTO 6biji >KHBOH. BhiKJiKmaemcH ceem, 3eynum " PeKeuejvi" Moijapma. IJeped nopmpemoM BMCOUKOZO 3aoK:uzaemcn ceena. I Beaymnii: OH He flonen, HeflOCKa3ajiBcero, ^ T O 6HJIO nyjibcoM H B flynie 3ByHajio, H cepflne OTKa3ajio OT TOTO, ^ T O CJIHHIKOM AOJITO OT^wxa He 3Hajio. OH 6ojibine Ha 3CTpa,ay He B30H,a,eT TaK npocTO, BMecTe c TeM H TaK AOCTOHHO. OH yMep. ,H,a. H Bee TKQ OH noeT, H necHH He Aa^yT HaM JKHTB cnoKOHHO. 3eynum necuH B BMCOUKOZO "KOHU npueepedjiueue ". 80
  • 81. «nPEKPACHWX 2KEHIIJHH HMEHA» CueHapnii jiHTepaTypHO-My3MKajii>Horo Benepa Beaymnii: 3,apaBCXByHxe! Meroi 30Byx... (ua3hieaem ceoe UMH). A BOX Bac co6pajiocb 3flecb oneHb MHOXO. KaK TKQ MHQ y3Haxb HMeHa Bcex npncyxcxByioiHHx? C^ejiaeM xax: a KHHy MAHHK KOMy-HH6y,a,b H3 3ajra. Tox, KXO exo noiiMaex, Ha30Bex CBoe HMM H 6pocnx cjieflyioiHe- My, xox eiu,e o^HOMy H xaic ^ajree. TaK Bee MM 6bicxpo y3HaeM, KaKHe M HOCHM HMeHa. M IJpoeodum uzpy. CKOJTBKO TKQ3flecb co6pajxocb jnoflen c pa3HOo6pa3HMMH, 3aMeHaxejibHMMH HMeHaMn! (edoxHoeeuHo) KaK npeKpacHO OHH 3Bynax: EneHa, Hafleacfla, Ojxtxa, AHHa, AHacxacna, CBexnaHa, Haxajina... 3eynum eaiibc E. ffozu U3 KUHO(pujihMCi "Mou JiacKoeuu u ueDtcuhiu 3eeph ". Ha cueuy euxodum Hmeu. HTeu: O, pyccKHx JKCHIHHH HMeHa - Byniyiomaa cnjia. KaKaa CBexnaa cxpaHa Hx K >KH3HH nopoflHjra! 3flecb H JIioflMHjia, H JIIOGOBB, CBexjiaHa, Bepa, Ojxtxa. KaKaa nrapt, KaKaa HOBB, KaKOH npocxop pa3flOJibHbiH! ^aneKOH Beex cxapHHOH, BOHHCXBeHHOK) CJiaBOH Ox xex, KXO Ha3BaH BOJXXOBOH, HafleacflOH H JIio6aBOH. 81
  • 82. HM acHocxb HaniHx peK fl,aHa, Be3MepHOCXb Hanien CHHH... O , HaiHHX )KeHIHHH HMeHa, BBI BejiHKaa CHjra POCCHH. A. Ocenee Beaymnii: HaHHHaa pa3xoBop o JKCHCKHX HMeHax, o6paxHMca K HCXOPHH, Be,a,b HMeHa jnofleii - nacxb HCXOPHH Hapo^OB. B HHX oxpaacaioxca 6bix, BepoBaHHa, naaHHa, (J)aHxa3Hfl, xyfl,o»cecxBeHHoe xBopnecxBO HapOflOB, HX HCXOpHHeCKHe KOHXaKXbl. HTeu: Hex, He H3 niejiKa, He H3 cnxna, A H3 cypoBa nonoxHa, ^xo Ha xo3AHCXBe npnxoflHxca, )KeHIHHH CHIHXbl HMeHa. JI. Bacunbeea Beaymnii: M M nacxo ynoxpe6jraeM HMeHa, coBepnieHHO 3a6biBaa, HXO Kaacfloe H3 HHX - KaK H Bee flpyxne cjiOBa Haniexo ;i3biKa - HMeex CBOK) Hcxopnio H nepBOHaHanbHoe 3HaneHHe. HTeu: HMeHa, HMeHa, HMeHa - B Hanien penn 3Bynax He cjxynaHHo: KaK 3axaflOHHaa 3xa cxpaHa - TaK H HMa - 3axaflKa H xamia. B 3XOH 5KH3HH, a MO^CeX, H B XOH, n O f l 3eMHOK) 3Be3flOK) He6eCHOH Oxparoiex JTK)6OXO CBAXOH, He fljra Kaacfloxo, BnponeM, H3BecxHbiH. n O C p e f l H p a 3 0 p e H H O H 3eMJTH Ha Bexpy pa3xopejracb pa6nHa. B ceHxa6pe npo3ByHHx Haxajxn, B OKxa6pe ox30Bexc;i MapHHa. H nocbinexca c BexoK jincxBa, He y6aBHXb y>Ke, He npn6aBHXb. HMeHa Beflb - He npocxo cuoBa, A noHXH BonjiomeHHaa naMaxb. 82
  • 83. PaflH BCHHOH Hafleacflbi CBoeii BcnoMHHaiixe cy,a,b6oK) xpaHHMbix HMeHa caMbix BepHbix ,apy3eH, B 3XOH >KH3HH 3Bynax He cjiynaiiHo: KaK 3axaflOHHaa Hania cxpaHa - TaK H HMA - 3axaflKa H xamia... A. Eodpoe B e a y m n i i : B ,a,aBHHe BpeMeHa n p n KpemeHHH HOBopoacfleHHbiH nojiynaji HMM xoxo CBAXOXO, c KOxoptiM coBna,a,aji exo ,a,eHb poacfleHHa. CnHxajiocb, HXO 3xox CBAXOH 6y,a,ex aHxejiOM-xpaHHxejieM HMeHHHHHKa. Tox,a,a HMeHHHbi (mo ecwih dem> amena) AeHCXBHxejibHO coBnaflanH c ^neM poacfleHHa. IIo3flHee, 3a6biB o xpa,a,HixHH npe,a,KOB, pcaxxxejiH cxann CBo6oflHO Bbi6npaxb HMeHa CBOHM RQTXM. TaK HXO MHOXHC Moxyx oxMenaxb ,a,Ba npa3,a,HHKa B xo,ay — ,a,eHb poacfleHHa H ^eHb aHxena. HTeu: Hex MOK >KHByiHHx jno,a,eH, Ja H He Moacex H 6bixb, 6e3biMaHHbix: B nepBbiH TKQ MHX no po>K,zi,eHHH KaacflbiH, y6oxHH H 3HaxHbiH, HMA, KaK cjraflocxHbiH ,a,ap, Ox poflHMbix CBOHX nojxynaex... FoMep Beaymnii: MHOXO BOjraeHHH H 3a6ox Bbi3biBaex y cnacxjxHBbix poflnxejien Bbi6op HMeHH HOBopoacfleHHOMy. TaK MHOXO cymecxByex HMCH. KaKoe TKQ HMA fl,axb Mjia^eHiiy? HMA nejiOBeKa, Ka3ajiocb 6 M , CJTOBO, npHBbiHHoe C03ByHHe, a 3a HHM CKptiBaexca nejibra MHp, HenoBxopHMaa cy,a,b6a JXHHHOCXH. HTeu: ^ x o B HMeHH xe6e MoeM? OHO yMpex, KaK inyM neHajxtHbiH, BOJTHBI, njiecHyBHien B 6epex ,a,ajibHHH, KaK 3ByK HOHHOH B jiecy xnyxoM. 83
  • 84. OHO Ha naMaxHOM jiHCxice OcxaBHx MepxBbiH cuefl, no,a,o6HbiH Y3opy HaflnncH Ha,axpo6HOH Ha HenoHaxHOM iBbiice. ^xo B HeM? 3a6bixoe ^aBHO B BOJXHeHbflX HOBblX H MAXOKHMX, TBoen flynie HeflacxOHO BoCnOMHHaHHH HHCXblX, HOKHMX. Ho B RGHh nenajiH, B xmuHHe, npoH3HecH exo xocKya; CKaacn: ecxb naMaxb 060 MHe, ECXB B MHpe cep^ne, x,a,e >KHBy a... A. IJyuiKUH Beaymnii: ""tfro B HMCHH xe6e MoeM?" - Bonponiaji nyniKHH, H Bee nocjieflyioiHHe noKOJieHHa oxBenaiox Ha sxox Bonpoc, Bbipaacaa co6cxBeHHoe noHHMaHHe. OxHxaexca, HXO cymecxByex CBiBb Meac^y HMeHeM H Cyflb60H. HpHKOCHCMCfl K XaHHe HMeHH H Mbl. ^onxoe BpeMfl oflHHM H3 caMbix pacnpocxpaHeHHbix HMCH B POCCHH 6MJIO HMA AHHa. HTeu: "MHe HMS ,a,ajxH npn KpemeHbe AHHa, CjiaflHaHinee AJM xy6 JIIOACKHX H cnyxa." - nHcana AHHa AxMaxoBa. Beaymnii: HMA 3x0flpeBHeeBpencKOxonpoHexoacfleHHa, 03Hanaex "6jiaxo,a,axb". npHHeceHO xpncxnaHcxBOM H3 Bn3aHXHH. Y pyccKHx 6ojxbine 50 exo npoH3BOflHbix: Amoxa, Hiopa, Hioca, HIOH^, AHHyniica H X. R. AxeBXHHa - pa3Be He npeKpacHO 3ByHHx H 3x0 HMM? B nepeBO^e c xpenecKOxo OHO 03Hanaex "oxpaaceHHe". B 3aMeHaxejibHOH XPHJTOXHH lOpna TepMaHa "AeJio, KOxopoMy XBI cjiyacHHib", "^opoxon MOH HejiOBeic", "51 oxBenaio 3a Bee" acHBex H ^eiicxByex AxeBXHHa CxenaHOBHa, "6biBinaa xopHHHHaa xocnofl TojiOBjieBbix"... KaK XOpflO, BejTHHeCXBeHHO H MflXKO 3ByHHX - A j M , HBeXOHeK a j i e H B K H H . 3eynum necuH "Auacmacim " ua cuoea JI. 0adeeea, My3biKa K). Aumouoea. B nocneflHee BpeMa oneHb nacxo Bcxpenaexca HMS AHacxacna - HMS xpenecKOxo npoHexoacfleHHa; 03Hanaex "BOCKpeuieHHaa" (.apyroii 84
  • 85. Bapnaixx - "BOCKpeinaiomaa"). 3xo KaHOHHHecicoe HMA, npHHeceHHoe xpncxnaHcxBOM H3 BroaHXHH. IIo jiexeH,a,e AHacxacneii 3Bajiacb 6oxaxaa pHMjranca. OHa yxeniajia 3aKjiK>HeHHbix B xeMHHixy xpncxHaH, jieHHjia HX paHbi H 3a Bbiicyn ocBo6oacflajra, 3axeM caMa npexepnejia 3a Bepy XpncxoBy MyHemra n BO BpeMa MyneHnn CKOHHajiacb... H cennac MM nacxo cjibiniHM: Hacxacba, HacxeHbica... HTeu: ^acxyniKa (noem) 3 n , MHJieHbKOH, KyflpeBaxeHbKon, He 30BH MeHa Hacxioxon, 3OBH HacxeHbKon. Beaymira: 3a B03BbinieHHbiM HMCHCM AHacxacna oxicpbiBaexca HOBaa, jiacKOBaa exo cxopoHa... MHOXO noaxHnecKHx cxpoK nocBaineHO HMCHH Taxba- Ha. nponcxoacfleHne HMCHH cnopHO. IIo MHeHHK) OAHHX nccjieflOBaxejien - ox flpeBHexpenecicoxo "xaxo" - "yTBepacflaxb, onpeflejiaxb", no MHeHHK) flpyxnx - ox ,apeBHepHMCKOxo napa ca6nH, coceflen PHMJMH, Taxnyca, xpexbH cnnxaiox, HXO B nepeBO^e c xpenecKOxo 3xo HMA 03Hanaex "ycxpoHxejibHHna", npHHeceHO XpHCXHaHCXBOM H3 BH3aHXHH. IIO BeKOBOH XpaflHIIHH TaXbflHHH JXQYO, (25 aHBapa) - npa3flHHK cxyfl,eHX0B. B XVIII BQKQ 3XHM HMCHCM cxajiH Ha3biBaxb flexen H3 Hapo^a, a He xojibKO H3 ^BopaHCKOxo COCJIOBHA. 3aMeHaxejibHbiH o6pa3 nyniKHHCKOH Taxb^Hbi H3 "EBxemra OHexHHa" cflejiaji y HMA npHBjieKaxejibHbiM RJIX Bcex. HTeu: Ee cecxpa 3Bajiacb Taxb^HOH. BnepBbie HMCHCM xaKHM CxpaHHiibi HOKHbie poMaHa Mbl CBOeBOJIbHO OCBflXHM. II HXO >K? OHO npnaxHO, 3ByHHo; Ho c HHM, a 3HaK>, Hepa3JiyHHO BocnoMHHaHbe cxapHHbi HJIH fleBHHben! Ho cu,eHy ebixodum TombRHO. 85
  • 86. Hxaic, OHa 3Bajiacb TaxbaHoii. H H Kpacoxoii cecxpti CBoeii, H H CBeacecxbK) ee pyMAHOH He npHBjieKjra 6 OHa oneii. ^HKa, nenajibHa, MOJxqajiHBa, KaK jiaHb jrecHaa, 6oa3JiHBa, OHa B ceMte CBoeii POAHOH Ka3ajracb ,a,eBOHKOH Hy>KOH. ...nopa npninjia, OHa BjnoGnjxacb. ...TocKa JXK>6BH Taxb^Hy XOHHX, H B cafl Hflex OHa xpycxnxb, H B^pyX HeflBH^CHbl OHH KJIOHHX, H jreHb eii flanee cxynnxb. TombRHO codumcR. Ho cu,eHy ebixodum HRHR. TaTbHHa: He cnnxca, HAHA: 3,a,ecb xaK ^yniHo! OxKpoii OKHO fla ca^b K MHC O HHHH cadumcH pndoM c TamhHuou. HHHH: (ecmpeeocHceno) ^xo, Taroi, c XO6OH? TaTbHHa: MHe cicyHHO, noxoBopHM o cxapime. HHHH: O neM ace, Taim! 5L, GbiBano, XpaHHjra B naMflXH HeMajxo CxapHHHbix Gbijieii, He6bijiHii n p o 3Jibix flyxoB H npo fleBHii; A HbiHHe Bee MHe xeMHO, Tami: ^xo 3Hajra, xo 3a6bijia. Ja, npHHijra xy^aa nepe^a! 3aniH6jxo... 86
  • 87. TaTbHHa: (sadyjymueo) PaccKaacn MHe, ronra. Ilpo BaniH CTap&ie ro^a: B&uia T&I Bjno6jieHa Tor,a,a? HHHH: H, nojiHO, Tami! B 3TH jreTa M&i He cji&ixajTH npo JTK)6OB&; A TO 6&i coraana co CBeTa Meroi noKOHHHna CBeKpoBB. TaTbHHa: ,H,a KaK TKQ T&I BeHnajiacb, naira? HHHH: TaK, BH^HO, Bor Bejieji. M O H Bami Mojioace 6BIJT Meira, MOH CBCT, A 6BIJTO MHe TpHHaflnaTb jreT. He^ejiH JXBQ xoflHjra CBaxa K Moeii poflHe, H, HaicoHeii, BjiarocjTOBHji Meroi OTeii. 51 roptKO njiaKana OT CTpaxa, MHe c njianeM Kocy pacnjiejin Jdi c neHteM B nepicoBb noBejiH. TamhHua 3adyjvmueo CMompum e cmopouy, 63dbixaem. H BOT BBejiH B ceMbio nyjKyio... (odecnoKoeuHo) Ja TBI He cjiyuiaeuib MeHH... TaTbHHa: (nenajihuo) Ax, HAHA, HAHA, a TOCKyio, MHe TOHIHO, MHjraa Moa: 9L mraicaTb, a p&i,a,aT& roTOBa? HHHH: (ecmpeeoDtceuHo) ^ H T ^ Moe, TBI He3flopoBa; Tocnoflb, noMHjryH H cnacn! ^ e r o TBI xoneuib, nonpocn... (nocneuiHO ecmaem) ,H,aH OKponjiio CBATOH BOflOK) (mpozaem JIO6 u ueKU TawihHHhi) 87
  • 88. Tbi BCfl ropanib... TaTbHHa: (sadyjymueo, nenanbuo) 9L He 6ojibHa: 9L ...3Haenib, HAHA, ...BjnoGjieHa. HHHH: (ecmpeeojfceHHo) Jwr% Moe, Tocnoflb c TO6OIO! (Kpecmum Tambnuy). HTeu: H Meacfly TeM jryHa cnajra H TOMHMM CBeTOM 03apfljia TaTb^Hbi 6jreflHbie Kpacbi, H pacnymeHHbie Bjracbi, H KanjiH cjie3, H Ha CKaMenice Ilpefl repoHHen MOJIOAOH, C nuaTKOM Ha rojiOBe ceflon, CTapyuiKy B AJIKHHOH TejiorpeHice; H Bee flpeMana B THHiHHe IIpH BflOXHOBHTejlbHOH JiyHC H cepflneM flaneKO Hocnjiacb TaTb^Ha, rjia^a Ha JiyHy, Bflpyr Mbicjib B yMe ee poflHjiacb... TaTbHHa: IIOAH, ocTaBb Memi o^Hy. ,H,aH, HAHA, MHe nepo, 6yMary, Ja CTOJT noflBHHb; a CKopo Jiary; IIpocTH. HHHH nododeuzaem cmon, npuuocum dyjviazy, nepo u uepuujibHUuy. Yxodum 3a Kyjiucbi. Hreu,: H BOT OHa o^Ha. Bee THXO. CBCTHT en jryHa. 06jiOKOTacb, TaTb^Ha nHineT. H Bee EBreHHH Ha yMe, H B Heo6flyMaHHOM nncbMe JlK)60Bb HeBHHHOH JS,QBhl flblHIHT (TambHua nuiuem nucbMO, sameM CKJiadbieaem) IlHCbMO TOTOBO, CJTO^CeHO... 88
  • 89. TaTbiiHa! JJIR KOTO TK OHO? Tambima yxodum sa Kyjiucu. Beaymnii: A ceiiHac npoBe^eM BHKropHHy. 3a Kaoicdbiu npaeujibnuu omeem Hmeij epynaem npu3. 1. KaKHe nBeTbi HOCAT aceHCKHe HMeHa? (Po3a, JIUJIUM, amomuHbi ZJICL3KU, MapzapumKa) 2. KaKHe peKH Ha3BaHbi JKCHCKHMH HMeHaMH? (Jlena, Hua, AjuydaphM, Cupdap-bH) 3. B Ha3BaHHiix KaKHx jiHTepaTypHbix npoH3Be,a,eHHH npncyTCTByiOT aceHCKHe HMeHa? (M. Typzeuee "ACH", JI. TOJICWIOU "Anna Kapenuna", A. Toiicmou "Asjiuma", A. ^iexoe "Anna ua uiee", C. Ecemm "Anna Ouezima", H. KapaM3uu "Eeducm JIu3a", M. EynzaKoe "Macmep u Mapzapuma", A. IJyuiKUH "Pycjian uJIwdMUJia", A. Oceeea "ffuHKa", M. Ecppejvioe "TaucAcpuncKan") 4. Ha30BHTe necHH HJTH CTPOKH H3 neceH, TJQ ynoMHHaiOTca aceHCKHe HMeHa. ("AjieKcandpa", 'Ax Tann, Tann, TanenKa...", "KojiudejibHan Ceemjianbi", "JIwdyuiKa", "Kamwuia", "Hadecucda", "JIada", "AuacmacuH") 5. KaKHe BBI 3HaeTe ropo^a, B Ha3BaHHax KOToptix npncyTCTByiOT aceHCKHe HMeHa? (EKamepuudypz, JleueK) 6 . K a K H M 5KCHCKHM H M e H e M M05KHO H a 3 B a T b n O H T H Ka^CflOrO My^CHHHy? (COHH) 7. KaKHM MyaccKHM HMeHeM MO)KHO Ha3BaTb H aceHiiiHHy? (Cauia, )KeHH, Bairn) 8. BcnoMHHTe 3apy6e>KHbiH (JMJIBM, repomui KOToporo HOCHT pyccKoe My>KCKoe HMa. (HuKuma) 9. KaKHe AyxH HOCAT HMA Haninx cooTeHecTBeHHHH? ("Anna Ylyzaneea", "AujicejiUKa Bapyjvi") 10. KaKoe flepeBO HOCHT aceHCKoe HMA? (JIuna, zpyuia) Beaymnii: HMA ^ a p t a - O^HO H3 CTaptix, BecbMa pacnpocxpaHeHHbix pyccKHx HMeH. OHO H3,a,aBHa HHCJTHJTOCB B KaneHAapax. Ho 3TO HMM nepcH^CKoro npoHexoacfleHHa H 03HanaeT "no6eacflaiomaa". B co- BpeMeHHOM 7KQfl3bIKeHMfl JdLT)T>K HepeflKO CBiBMBaeTCfl c noHaTneM "flap". 89
  • 90. Ha cijeny euxodum Mamb, Omeij, ffedyuiKa u EadyuiKa c MJiadenijeM pyKax. Hxeij: ^eBOHKy Ha3Bajin ^ a p t a (yKa3bieaH ua ffedyuiKy) ^eflynnca npocnji 06 SXOM (yKa3biean ua EadyuiKy) Ea6ynnca xoxo xoxena. Monoflaa Maxb cnajra. Maxb: (padocmuo) ^aiixe ^aineHbKy CKopee! EadyuiKa omdaem MJiadenua Mamepu. Hxeu: Mojiofloii oxeii cepflHjica (omeij cmoum e cmopoue paccepotceuubiu) UejlblH JXQYO, XOflHJI He B Ayxe. Oxeu: (eo3M,yueHHo) ^apta, HXO 3XO xaKoe? ^apta! ^xo 3xo 3a HMH! - Hxeu: Tema 3axa ycxbiacaxb... BaSyuiKa: IIOJTHO, neM XM HeflOBOJieH? ^apbfl - 3xo flap npnpoflbi, 3xo jxynine, neM CBexnaHa, Ilpome, xBep>Ke H cepbe3Heii, BbipacxHMfleBHOHKyHaniy. BbiflaflHM 3a KOCMOHaBxa, YHecex OH HMA ^ a p t a B MeacnjraHexHbie BMCOXM. OTCU: Pa3Be XOJTBKO HXO B BMCOXM! - HTeu: IIoxHxoHbKy 3axb cflaBanca, CaM yjibi6Ky B (JMKyc npaxan (omeij 6epem MJiadeuija uapymi) IIoxoMy HXO xecxb 3aMexHjr, ^xo y ^aniH HOC nananiH. B. EoKoe "flapbn " Mamb, Omeij, EadyuiKa u ffedyuiKa yxodnm 3a Kyuucu.
  • 91. Beaymnii: y B.A. )KyKOBCKoro ecTb no3Ma nofl Ha3BaHHeM "CBeTjiaHa". OflHaico pyccKne He MOTJIH B nponmoM ,a,aBaTb axoro HMCHH, noTOMy HTO ero He 6BIJTO B CBjmjax. y 3apy6e>KHbix cjiaB^H BnepBbie ynoMHHaeTca B ConoTCKOM HMeHHHKe XV Bexa. OTKy,a,a ero B3ajr B.A. )KyKOBCKHH - 3araflKa. 3 T O HMM rpenecKoro npoHexoacfleHHa, B Hanajie 1920-x roflOB, 03HanaeT OHO "cBeTjraa, HHCTaa". 3eynum "KojiudenhHCiH Ceemjiauu " U3 KUHO(pujihMCi 'TycapcKCiH damiada " ua cuoea A. FnadKoea. HTeu: CBeTjiaHa! Ha,a, Pycbio BOCXOAHT 3apa. B jryrax 3aropaiOTca pocbi. H cojrane BcnjibiBaeT KycKOM aHTapa. TyMaHbi njibiByT no OTKOcaM. CBeTjiaHa! H cpa3y CBeTjien Ha flynie. H pa^ocTb, KaK cojiHenHbra 3ajiij. H HOHb, CJIOBHO CTaa JieTyHHX MblHieH, Bo TbMy Hep^aKOB Hcne3aeT. CBeTjiaHa! H3 IOHOCTH 6pbi3>icyinHH CBCT, CBCT HyBCTBa H CBOKCCTH KpacoK, CBCT, B KaacflOM H3 Hac ocTaBjiaioinHH CBCT. ,3,0 caMoro ropbicoro CMepTHoro naca. CBeTjiaHa! IIOCTOH, 3a,a,ep)KHCb, He cneniH, He racHH HOHHBIM 3Be3flonaflHbiM nyHKTHpoM, OcTaBb MHe pacKOBaHHOCTb 10HOH flyniH H KtHOe HyBCTBO OTKpblTH^ MHpa! A. Oceuee Beaymnii: (3adyjmueo) MapHHa! ^ T O 3a Heo6biKHOBeHHoe HMH! HMeHHHbi y MapHHbi no CBjmjaM 13 MapTa, B necTb npenoflo6HOH MapHHbi. A Taioice 30 mans, B nacTb MyneHHHbi MapHHbi. n o jiereH^e npenoflo6Haa npoacnjia B nemepe 6ojiee 59 jieT B HenpecTaHHbix MOJiHTBax H CTporoM nocTe. MnpHO CKOHnajiacb OKOJIO 450 rofla. A MyHemma MapHHa 6bijia cxBaneHa ^HOKjieTHaHOM, noflBeprHyTa CTpaniHbiM nbiTicaM 3a xpncTHaHCKyio Bepy: OTOHB H B6nBaeMbie rB03flH TepnejiHBO CHecjia OHa pa^H Tocnofla. MyneHHna MapHHa, Ka3HeHHaa B VI Beice, TepneHneM CBOHM 0 6 p a T H J i a B XpHCTHaHCTBO MHO^CeCTBO iBblHHHKOB. 91
  • 92. HTdj: KXO C03,H,aH H3 KaMHfl, KXO C03,H,aH H3 XJIHHbl, A a cepe6piocb H CBepKaio! MHe jsffiio - H3MeHa, MHe HMS - MapHHa, 9L - 6peHHaa neHa MopcKaa... M. I^eemaeea Beaymnii: TaK o ce6e nncajia MapHHa IlBexaeBa, Be,a,b B nepeBo^e c jiaxHHCicoxo M a p H H a - 3HaHHX "MOpCKaa"... B pyCCKOH n 0 3 3 H H Heo6bIKHOBeHHO pa3BHx acaHp o6paiu,eHHa B cxnxax. TaK, A. C. IxyniKHH onncbiBaex OflHy H3 CBOHX XepOHHb! KaK noiiejiyn JXK>6BH MHjra, rna3a, KaK He6o, xojxy6bie, yjlbl6Ka, JTOKOHbl JXbHflHbie, ^BH^CeHba, XOJTOC, JieXKHH cxaH, Bee B Ojibxe... HO JXK>6OH poMaH Bo3bMHxe H HaH^exe BepHO Ee nopxpex: OH oneHb MHJT... Beaymnii: HMA Ojibxa npoHCxo^Hx ox cxapHHHOxo CKaH^HHaBCKOxo Xejibxa - "cBaxaa". H a Pycb 6bmo npHHeceHO BapaxaMH. Cxano nepBbiM nepKOBHbiM HMeHeM pyccKHx aceHiHHH. B CBflxubi BOHIJTO 6jraxoflapa KHaxHHe Ojibxe, Maxepn Bna^HMnpa I, Koxopaa nepBOH H3 pyccKHx npHHana xpncxHaHcxBO, 3a HXO nepKOBb 06'bflBHjia ee CBAXOH. HTCU: Ojibxa - HMM BOJibxoxHoe. HenoKopHa, KaK Pycb. B HeM H pa^ocxb nonexa, B HeM H CHjia, H xpyexb. HMA, B3JiexHoe B Bouxe H y BOJixjiOH xpaBbi, yflOpO^CeHbKHflOJXXOH, y xyxoii xexHBbi. y pa3flOJTbHOXO nojm B ceHxa6pe 30JTOXOM. Ojlfl! CjlblHIHXCfl - BOJM B CMejTOM HMeHH XOM, 92
  • 93. IlpoiijxBiBaex CKBO3B 6e3BpeMeH&e, CKBO3B xjxyxne Beica, Ojibxa - pyccKOxo nueMeHH IIojxoBOAbe - pexa. A.Ocenee Beaymnii: Haxajina - 6jxncxaxejibHoe HMH. B nepeBO^e c jiaxnHCicoxo 3HanHx "poflHaa". IlpeflaHHe xjiacnx, HXO MyneHnna Haxanba 6bijia npHMepHoii TKQHom H 6oxo6oa3HeHHoii xpHCxnafficon. Ee Myac A^pnaH npn HMnepaxope MaKCHMHjxnaHe, B IV Beice, 6BIJT no^BepxHyx xoHeHH^M 3a xpncxHaHCKyK) Bepy. A^pnaH 6BIJT 3aKjnoHeH B xeMHHixy, xfl,e eMy nocne ncxioaHHH, Kaic H ,apyxHM ,a,Ba,zi,naxH xpeM MyneHHKaM, no BejieHnio HMnepaxopa nepe6njin KOJICHH. Exo cynpyxa Haxanna nczwepjKHBajia Myaca n cznxHOBepneB, oGjiexnajia nx cxpaflaHna n yicpenjMjia B Bepe. OHa CKOHnajiacb Ha MoxHjre Myaca B Bn3aHXHH. C XOH nopti HHea Haxajina - 3xo BonnomeHHe BepHoexn. HTeu: BoccjiaBjiaio CBexnyio Haxajxtio, GiaBjiK) )KH3Hb c yjibi6KOH H nenajibK)... 77. Bacunbee Beaymnii: HMA COCJMA - flpeBHexpenecKoe. OHO o6o3Hanaex "My^pocxb". Ta TKQ OCHOBa B Ha3BaHHH HayKH (j)HJTOCO(|)HH - "jXK)60Bb K My,ZipOCXH". HMfl npHHijro K pyccKHM H3 Bn3aHXHH, HO cxano pacnpocxpaHeHHMM XOJXBKO B XV Bexe, Kox,a,a HCCKOJIBKO BH3aHXHHCKHx napeBeH - Bee Co(j)bH - cflejiajiHCb aceHaMH MOCKOBCKHX napen. ripaBocjiaBHbie xpncxnaHe oxMenaiox 30 ceHxa6pa js,QHh naMaxH CBAXMX MyneHHii Bepti, Hafleacflbi, JIK)6OBH H Maxepn HX CO(J)HH. CBaxbie MyHeHnnbi OflHa 3a flpyxon nocne cxpaflaHHH 3a Bepy XpncxoBy nepefl xjra3aMH Maxepn 6MJIH o6e3xjiaBjieHbi. Ha xpexnn ,a,eHb nocne axoxo Ha nx MoxHjre B PnMe CKOHHanacb n Maxb, CBaxaa COCJMA. HTeu: ^xo MHe, cy,a,b6a, HH XOXOBB, - BbiHecy 6eflbi moGbie: Bepa, HaAeacAa, JIK)6OBB - 93
  • 94. ITxxxixbi MOH xojiy6bie... H. CmapuiUHoe "Bepa, Hadeoicda, Jlwdoeb " Beaymnii: HMA Bepa - cxapocjiaB^HCKoe H 03Hanaex "Bepa", "BepoBaHHe". HTeu: MHe cxpaniHO, Co MHOK) Bepa, Bepa B xo, HXO 3a xyneii CBex. Bepa B cojiHue, B 3apio, B flOBepne, Bepa Ao6paa Ha xo^a, Bepa B xo, HXO cepflna H ^Bepn y flpy3eii oxKpbixbi Bcex^a. TBI cecxpa MOA, Bepa, CMenaa, Y6e»cfleHHaa B npaBoxe, Bepa, cxaBinaa ,a,o6pbiM ^ejiOM, Bepa, BepHaa Kpacoxe! A. Ocenee Beaymnii: HMeHa Bepa, HaAeacAa, JIIOGOBB ^o cepe,znxHbi XVIII ocxaBajTHCb 6e3 ynoxpeGjiemra. TojibKO B 1741 xo^y nepicoBb BHcapaxb 3XH pyccKHe HMeHa. 3eynum necuH "JIwdyuiKa " ua cuoea M. McaKoecKOZo. HTeu: 3Haxb, 6yaHHjra B pyccKHx acnjiax Monoflaa, xMejibHaa KpoBb, K0Xfla CJTOBO 3X0 CJIOJKHJIOCb, CjXOBO COJTHeHHOe - JlK)60Bb. OHO 6bijro Heo6xoflHMO, ^xoGbi cnjraBHXb CBex H xenno, Bee, H O M J O H HXO JXK>6HMO, X HT Bee, HXO Ha cep^ne HaM jrexjio. 3XHM CT B M jiyHiue 3apHHiibi JOO 3 a OKOJiHiiy HIJTH Bcxpenaxb. H CJTHJTOCb OHO C HejTOBeHbHM CepflijeM, xpenexHO MOJIOAMM, C HyBCXBOM paflOCXHbIM, HyBCXBOM BeHHbIM, B e 3 KOXOpOXO - )KH3Hb KaK flblM.
  • 95. Box jiexnx 3xo CJTOBO necHeii, Ey,axo pyccKHH Kpbijiaxbiii cxpyx, H cxaHOBHxca noBceMecxHO JIio6o-flopoxo Bee BOKpyx. A. Ocenee 3eynum necuH "Hadecucda " ua cuoea H. ffodponpaeoea. Beaymnii: A necroi o Hafleacfle flaBHO nonyjiapHa H jno6HMa Hapo^OM. Ha/ieayia B >KH3HH, CJTOBHO MaaK jsjix Kopa6jM B 6yinyiomeM Mope. 3eynum necuH "Kamwuia " ua cuoea M. McaKoecKOZo. BceM H3BecxHa necim Ha cuoBa HcaKOBCicoxo "Kaxionia". HMA EicaxepHHa ApeBHexpenecicoxo nponcxoacfleHHa, 03Hanaex "HenopoHHaa", "HHexaa". K pyccKHM npmieceHO xpucxnaHCXBOM H3 Bn3aHXHH. HMeHeM EKaxepHHa 6MJXH KpemeHbi ,a,Be HMnepaxpHHbi POCCHH. HTeu: PacuBexajiH ^GJIOHH H xpynin, IIonjxbijxH xyMaHbi Hafl peicoH. BbixoflHjra Ha 6epex Kaxionia, Ha BBICOKHH 6epex, Ha Kpyxoii. Beaymnii: BcnoMHHaa necHH nponijibix jiex, Hejib3a He BCHOMHHXB Heicox,zi,a nonyjiapHyio necHio o fleByiince no HMCHH Jla^a. XMypnxbca He Haflo, Jla^a... Jla^a - cxapocjiaBAHCKoe HMS, 03Hanaex "jnoGHMaa", "MHjiaa", "xopoinaa", HO flo Hac AOHIJIH npoH3BO,a,Hbie sxoxo cuoBa - "jiaflnxb", "jiaflHbra". Jlafloio, xo ecxb MHJIOH, icpacHBOH, Ha3biBaji CBOIO ilpocjiaBHy KHa3b Hxopb. Taioice Jla^a - cjiaB^HCKaa 6OXHHA Kpacoxbi, JIK)6BH H GpaKOCOHexamra. OxcyxcxBHe B CBaxnax HCKJIIO- najio B03M0)KH0cxb c^ejiaxb exo JIHHHMM HMeHeM. A HMA EjieHa npocnaBjieHO BejiHHaiiHiHM npoH3Be,a,eHHeM flpeBHexpenecKOH H MHPOBOH no33HH - "Hjinafloii". 03Hanaex - 95
  • 96. "cBexnaa", "ciraiomafl". K pyccKHM npHHeceHO xpucxnaHCXBOM H3 BroaHXHH. EneHa B xpenecKHx cica3aHHflx - npeKpacHeiiniaa H3 )KeHIHHH. HTeu: BeccoHHHiia. ToMep. Tyxne napyca. 51 cnncoK Kopa6jreii nponeji flo cepeflHHbi: Ceii AJiHHHbiii BbiBOflOK, ceii noe3fl acypaBjiHHbiii, ^xo Hafl 3jiJiaflOK) Ky^a-xo nczprajicfl. KaK acypaBjiHHbiii KJXHH B nyacne py6e>KH, - Ha xonoBax napeii 6o»cecxBeHHaa neHa, - Ky,a,a njibiBexe BBI? Kox,a,a 6M He EneHa, ^xo Tpoa BaM oflHa, axeiicKHe Myacn? H Mope, H ToMep - Bee ABH^cexca JHOGOBBIO, Koxo »ce cjryniaxb MHe? H BOX ToMep MOJIHHT, H Mope nepHoe, BHXHHCXBya, niyMHx H C X 5 K M XpOXOXOM nOflXOflHX K H3XOJXOBBK). AK H O. MandejibuimaM EneHa ITpeKpacHafl - xepoHHa MHO^cecxBa pycciarx cica30K, BorniomeHHe Bceno6eacflaiomeH Kpacoxbi H onapoBaHira. 3xo HMS - EneHa - HaBcex,a,a conpaxaexca c annxexoM "npeicpacHafl". HTeu: JlyKaBO, nacKOBO, cxeneHHO, JlexKO cnnexaexca BCHOK: - AneHKa! - JleHOHKa! - EneHa! rojiy6oxjra3eHbKHH BCHOK! JI. Bacunbee Beaymnii: CxapHHHoe cjiaBAHCKoe HMS JIioflMHjia 03Hanaex "MHjraa mo^iiM". B CBaxnax noaBHjrocb 6jraxoflapa neiHCKOH KHaxHHe JIioflMHjie (922 x.), HO npH3HaHO y pyccKHx He 6BIJTO AO XX Beica. ^eniCKaa KHflXHHfl 6bijra KpemeHa CB^XBIM Me(j)OflHeM, npocBexHxejieM cjiaB^H. OHa pacnpocxparouia xpncxHaHCKyio Bepy B ^exnn, BoennxaB B 96
  • 97. 6jiaxoHecxHH CBoexo BHyKa, CBAXOXO BanecjiaBa. JIioflMHjia 6buia y6nxa CHOxoH-iBbiHHHHeii. HTeu: OnpaBflaii CBoe HMS, JIiOAMHjia, JJI% flpy3eii, fljra flexeii, ,ZUDI JIK>6BH. CBoeii flo6poii H HOKHOIO CHJIOH . HaniH xopecxH OX30BH. OX30BH paccxaBamifl c nexoM, OX30BH HaniHx flHeii jincxonafl, OX30BH poKOBbie npHMexbi, ^xo aBjiaioxca 3a naxb^ecax. Tbi npofljiH HaM 3acxojiba H Bcxpenn, B3flOXH jrexa H CBOicecxb nojieii, Tbi npofljiH Hani y,a,eji nejiOBeHHii Ha nepxoBCKH npeicpacHOH 3eMjre. Tbi, noicy,zi,a flynia He ocxbuia, JIiOflaM MHjiocxb AO KanjiH ox^aii! OnpaBflan CBoe HMA, JIioflMHjia. 3aKjiHHaio xe6a, onpaBflan! A. Ocenee Beaymnii: ^peBHeHHiee H3 cymecxByiomHx y Hac HMCH - Hmia. ^OKyMeHxnpoBaHO 6ojibine xpex XMCAH Jiex Ha3a,a, B ^Bypenbe (MeconoxaMHii). B Tpy3HH - HMA napHHbi, Koxopaa B IV BQKQ H. 3. BBena xaM xpncxnaHCXBO, 3a HXO ee HMA 3aHecjiH B CBOTHM. Moacex 6bixb, BCJie^cxBHe npHCoeflHHeHHa Tpy3HH K POCCHH B KOHne XVIII Bexa HMA cxano name flaBaxbca pyccKHM. B POCCHH HMA HnHa npocnaBjieHO HHHOH ^aBnaBaflse, flonepbio xpy3HHCKOxo nosxa, cxaBHien aceHOH A. C. rpnGoeflOBa. ^aace He ycneB H3-3a xn6ejiH noaxa H3Beflaxb ceMemioxo cnacxba, HnHa rpnGoeflOBa xpaHHjia Bep- Hocxb Myacy BCIO CBOIO >KH3Hb. A Beflb ee OKpyacajiH jiynniHe JIIO AH POCCHH H He 6bijio He^ocxaxKa B noKjiOHHHKax. MO>KHO cica3axb, HnHa rpnGoeflOBa cxana pyccKHM CHMBOJIOM aceHCKOH BepHoexn. H M ^ BajieHXHHa K pyccKHM npHHeceHO H3 Bn3aHXHH H 03Hanaex "3AopoBaa", "KpenKaa". 3xo aceHCKaa (j)opMa ox flpeBHexpenecKoxo MyaccKoxo HMeHH BajieHXHH. ,3,0 XX Bexa ocxaBanocb HCKJIIOHHXejIbHO HMCHCM MOHaiHCK. CxajIO BXOflHXb B MOfly y xopoflCKOH HHxejiJiHxeHHHH B Hanajie Haniexo cxojiexna, a B 1 9 2 0 - X xoflax cxano pacnpocxpaHeHHbiM B ^epeBHax H AOJIXO 3aHHMajio xaM Bxopoe Mecxo no nacxoxe, ycxynaa JIHHIB Taxb^He. 97
  • 98. HMA TajTHHa xaioice cxano pacnpocxpaHeHHbiM B 1 9 2 0 - X xo^ax; ,a,o 3xoxo TKQ 6BIJTO MajiOH3BecxHbiM. 3x0 HMM flpeBHexpenecicoxo npoHCxo>K,zi,eHHfl 3HanHx - "cnoKOHHaa", "xHxaa", "6e3Maxe»cHaa". CeiiHac AOBOJIBHO nacxo cxajiH Bcxpenaxbca JiaxHHCKHe HMeHa IOJIHA H BHKxopna. BHKxopna 03Hanaex - "no6e,a,a", "no6e,a,HxejxbHHHa". B PHMC BHKXOPHH 6biJiH nocBflineHbi xpaM H ajixapb. A IOJIHA - aceHCKaa (j)opMa MyaccKOxo HMCHH IOJXHH, 03Hanaex "KyAP^Baa", "mojibCKaa". 3eynum eaiibc E. ffozu U3 KUHO(pujihMCi "Mou JiacKoeuu u ueDtcuhiu 3eeph ". CKOJTBKO npeKpacHbix HMCH ecxb Ha CBexe! KaK Kaacfloe H3 HHX npeKpacHO 3ByHHx! KaK MHOXO OHH Bbipaacaiox! ^aBaiixe TKQ 6y,a,eM xopflHXbca CBOHMH HMeHaMH, a He cexoBaxb, HXO HaM poflHxejiH js,aim 3xo, a He HHoe HMA! HTCU: JIio6HMoe aceHCKoe HMA - 3aBexHoe HMM JTK)6BH... Haxanie, TaxtaHe, MapnHe M M necHH cjiaxaeM CBOH. IloeM BflOXHOBeHHO H HOKHO O caMbix npeKpacHbix, o HHX - CBexnaHax, OKcaHax, Hafleacflax, JJI% cepflna Bcex^a flopoxnx. <Pa3dex 5 fJIteMamtmeaqie senega «3X, nYTb-^OPO^CKA d>POHTOBAfl!» JlHTepaTypHO-xyao^fecTBeHHbiii Benep, nocesimeHHbiH BCTpene c BeTepaHaMH 98
  • 99. fleiicmeywmue Jiui^a: Bcayiuxxft ^xenbi (flBoe) IJpedeapumejibHO zomoeumcn «doMaumee 3adauue» - nmeuue (ppoumoeux nuceM, HeodxoduMbie (pouo3anucu, cuaudu c u3o6pa3fceuueM (ppoumoeux dopoz u snu3odoe cpacuceuuu, CYIUCKU xydocHcecmeeuuou Jiumepamypu o BenuKOU OmenecmeeuHOU eouue. Beaymnii: ^opoxne XOCXH, MM co6pajiHCb OXMCXHXB flaxy, Koxopaa oGteflmraex jnofleii pa3HOxo B03pacxa, pa3Hbix noicojieHHH, - xoflOBiHrnxy IIo6eflbi Hainexo Hapo^a B BejiHKOH OxenecxBeHHOH BOHHC 1941-1945 XOAOB. BaniH poflHbie H 6jiH3KHe BoeBajxn 3a xo, HXO6M JKHXB B He3aBHCHMOH cxpaHe. IlHcaxejTb Eopnc BacHjxteB B O^HOM H3 CBOHX HHxepBbio xaic onpeflejiajr cocxo^HHe ,ayiHH 3ain,HXHHKOB OxenecxBa: «... M M 3a- iHHinaeM Po,a,HHy. He peacHM, He Bjiacxb, He npaBHxejibcxBO — CBOH flOM, CBOK) yjTHIiy, CBOHX pOflHMX H 6jXH3KHX». C xex nop MHOxoe nepeocMMCJieHO B Hanien ncxopHH. Ho HenoKOJie6HMMM ocxaexca xnaBHoe - HecoMHeHHaa fl,o6jiecxb BOHHOB- no6eflHxejreH. CuaBa naBHiHM H HH3KHH noKjiOH >KHByiHHM cpe^H Hac BexepaHaM! Cexczpra MBI npHXjracHjiH HX Ha Bcxpeny. nonpHBexcxByeM HaniHx xocxeii annoflHCMeHxaMH. 1-ii HTeu: HeyioxHO icaic-xo acHBex OH Ha CBexe - PaflyiHHBIH H XHXHH, H CKpOMHMH XaKOH. Ho 3Haio HaBepHoe: B copoK xpexteM KoMaHflOBan poxoii B nexoxe MopcKOH. 2-n H T O J : 3aHHMan Mecxa, canmax, O HHHax He cnopa: Beflb coji^ax cojwxy - 6pax... Hy, KaacHCb, Bee B c6ope! Beaymnii: npoiny xocxeii 3aHaxb nonexHMe Mecxa! Paccaoicueaem eemepauoe 3a O6UJUM cmonoM, pa3daem UM ueemu. 3eynum necuH «Ha ecw ocmaeuiywcx 3icu3Hb» KOMno3umopa B. Eacuepa 99
  • 100. KaK Hanaxb Hamy Bcxpeny? Moacex 6bixb, nopa^yeM BexepaHOB, BcnoMHHB CXHXH H necHH, Koxopbie 3ByHajiH Ha (j)poHxe H B xbijry B xe xpo3Hbie xoflbi? IlecHa no,znxHMajia 6OHHOB B axaicy, BpaneBajia paHbi, yxeniajia B^OB. 3eynum necuH «CUHUU njiamoneK» e ucnomenuu K. LLIyjibcuceHKO. Beaymnii: Cennac BM ycjibiniHxe cxnxoxBopHbie cxpoKH o BOHHC, nonbixanxecb oxxa^axb, KXO HX HanHcajx 1-ii HTeu: KaKHM XM 6bijr, xaKHM ocxanca, Open cxexiHoii, Ka3aK JXHXOH... 3aneM XM CHOBa noBCxpenajica, 3aneM HapyniHji MOH noKOH?! Beaymnii (cjiyuian omeemu 3pumejieu) 3XH cxpoKH, HanncaHHbie ypo)KeHHeM CMOJieminTHbi MnxanjiOM BacHjibeBHneM HcaKOBCKHM, nonoaceHbi Ha My3biKy HcaaKOM OcmiOBHHeM ,H,yHaeBCKHM fljia KHHO(j)HjxbMa «Ky6aHCKHe Ka3aKH» (pecucuccep — Mean IJbipbee). A xjiaBHbiM XepOeM 3XOH KHHOKOMCUXXH 6bIJT BepHyBHIHHCfl C (j)pOHXa Ky6aHCKHH Ka3aK. 2-H Hreu,: Hex, pe6axa, a He xop^biH. He 3axjraflbiBaa B^ajib, TaK CKaacy: 3aneM MHe op^eH? 51 coxjiaceH Ha Me,a,ajxb. Beaymnii: ^yMaio, Bee 3Haiox 3XH cxpoKH. OHH — H3 nosMbi «BacHjiHH TepKHH» CMOJieHCKOxo noaxa AjieiccaHflpa TpH(j)OHOBHHa TBapflOBCKOxo. Exo KHHXOH 3aHHXbiBajiHCb 6oiiHbi B pe,a,KHe MHHyxbi ox^bixa, a oxflejibHbie xjiaBbi nepeneHaxbiBanHCb (j)poHxoBbiMH xa3exaMH-,axxBH3HOHKaMH. OHa noKopana Hnxaxejieii 3HaHHeM BOCHHOH >KH3HH H H e o 6 b I K H O B e H H b I M H a p O f l H b I M COJTflaXCKHM i B b l K O M . H eme pa3 xony BepHyxb Bac K xBopnecxBy HcaKOBCKOxo. O^HO H3 exo cxHxoxBopeHHH, cjroaceHHbie eme flo BOHHM, cxano, noacanyH, caMOH JXK>6HMOH cojiflaxcKOH necHen. OHa o6jiexejra noHCXHHe Becb MHp: BO BpeMa Bxopoii MHPOBOH BOHHM ee cflejiajin XHMHOM 100
  • 101. HxajibflHCKne napxH3aHbi, ee 3HajiH B AMepnice, B 5IXIOHHH. ^xo 3xo 3a necira? YBaacaeMbie BexepaHbi, noflCKaacnxe! ,H,a, 3xo 3HaMeHHxaa «KaxK)ina», nojroaceHHaa Ha My3biicy BnaHxepoM. CnoeMxe ee, ,apy3bfl! Mdem ucnojmeuue necuu «Kamwuia». Beaymnii: Ilpo xoxo, Koxopoxo jnoGnjia, Ilpo xoxo, HBH nncbMa 6epexjra... A 3Haexe JIH BBI, no^pacxaiomee noKOJiemie, KaK BbixjMflejiH nncbMa c (j)poHxa? CKpoMHbie canmaxcKHe xpeyxojxtHHKH (IJoKa3bieaem o6pa3eu condamcKOZo nuchMa.) Hx oxnpaBjMjiH c nepe,a,OBOH, H3 OKonoB, H3 xocnHxajieii. A KaK ac^aJiH 3XHX BecxoneK B xtijxy! OHH BCCIMJIH Hafleacfly Ha no6efly, Ha B03BpameHHe c BOHHM OXHOB, CBIHOBCH, flonepeii. B HeKOxoptix ceMtax jo CHX nop 6epe>KHO xparoix 3XH (j)poHxoBbie pejiHKBHH. MBI nonpocHjiH HauiHx IOHBIX HHxaxejieii npHHecxH HX Ha Hainy Bcxpeny H npefljioacHjiH nonnxaxB BCJiyx. Bedyujiiu daem cuoeo ZOCYYIHM, nodzomoeueuiUM smo «doMauinee 3adamie». Ilo OKOHHCIHUU nmenuH ucnojiHHemcH odua U3 neceu epeMeu BenuKOU OmenecmeeuHOU eounu, uanpuMep «^opo3fCKa (pponmo6cm», My3biKa E. MoKpoycoea. Beaymnii: Ha COXHH H XBICAHH KHjiOMexpoB npoxinxyjiHCb (j)poHxoBbie flopoxn: IloflMOCKOBbe H CMOJieHiinxHa, YKpanHa H Bejiopyccna, KptiM H KaBKa3, JleHHHxpafl H CxanHHxpafl... Mecxa cpaaceHHH, Mecxa Hanien 6oeBOH cjraBbi. Ilycxb o HHX HaM HanoMrorr (j)oxoxpa(|)HH. Ilpoeuupywmcx cuaudbi, uanpuMep, odoponumejibubie coopycucenim ua OKpauue MOCKBU, doM IJaenoea e Cmammzpade, KOJIOHHCI njieuuux neMuee na ymue Kueea, nepenpaea nepe3 ffnenp, pa3pyuieuHbiu CHCUJIOU doM e CjviojiencKe u dp. Beaymnii: HaniHM yBaacaeMbiM xocxaM-BexepaHaM flOBejioct BoeBaxb Ha pa3HBix (j)poHxax. 0 6 HX My>KecxBe xoBopax op^eHa H MeflanH. IlonpocHM 6bIBHIHX (j)pOHXOBHKOB CKa3aXB HeCKOJIBKO CJTOB O XOM, 3 a HXO OHH nojiyHHjiH CBOH 6oeBbie Haxpaflbi. Bedyiuuu npedcmaeimem Kaoicdozo ebicmynajoiuezo eemepaua. Beaymnii: MeMyapti, AHeBHHKH, CXHXH H npo3a - flecaxKH, COXHH 101
  • 102. AOKyMeHxajibHbix H xyfl,o»cecxBeHHbix npoH3Be,a,eHHH ^OHOcax ,a,o Hac HCXOpHK) BejTHKOH OxeHeCXBCHHOH BOHHM. HcXOpHK) nOflBHXOB. Kaacflbiii H3 Bac 3Haex icaKHe-xo H3 SXHX KHHX, a o KaKHx-xo BnepBbie ycjibiniHx cexoflHa. 51 npefljiaxaio xpeM «,a,o6poBOJXbHaM» - 3HaxoKaM jiHxepaxypbi BMHXH K cxojxy Hainexo nonexHOxo npe3H,axxyMa H nocopeBHOBaxbca: KXO Ha30Bex 6ojxbine npoH3Be,a,eHHH, nocBflineHHbix BejiHKoii OxenecxBeHHoii BOHHC A HaniH yBaacaeMbie BexepaHbi Bbicxynax B pojxn mopn sxoxo KOHKypca. (Pa3daem eemepanaM CYIUCKU uaseanuu KHUZ, no KomopuM OHU CMOzym owiMenamh npaewihuue omeemu.) OxBenaiox ynacxHHKH no onepeflH. Hxaic, HanajiH! (IJo OKOHHCIHUU KOHKypca ynacmuuKaM epyuawmcx nodapKU — KHUZU O BenuKOU OmenecmeeuHOU eouue.) A xenept KOHKypc 3HaxoKOB no33HH. IxpuxjiainaeM ynacxBOBaxb B HCM Bcex jKejiaionnxx. {^UCJIO copeenyjou^uxcH ifejiecoo6pa3me ozpauunumh 3—5 ynacmuuKaMU.) HaniH nxenbi 6y,ayx ,a,eKjiaMHpoBaxb nepBbie cxpoKH, a 3aflana copeBHyioiinxxcfl - npoflOJiacnxb cxHxoxBopeHHe H Ha3Baxb exo aBxopa. 1-ii HTeu: B nonax 3a BHCJIOH COHHOH Jleacax B 3eMjre cbipoii Cepe)KKa c Majioii BpoHHoii H Buxbica c MOXOBOH. (E. BuHOKypoe) 2-H Hreu,: Kox,a,a Ha CMepxb H^yx - noiox, a nepefl SXHM MO>KHO rniaicaxb. Beflb caMbiii cxpaniHbiii nac B 6OK> - nac o>KH,zi,aHira axaicn. (C. Eyd3euKo) 1-ii HTeu: Ha COJXHCHHOH nojMHOHice, ^yXOK) BblXHyB 6poBb, IlapHHniKa Ha xanbflHOHice Hxpaex npo JHOGOBB. (A. OarnhHuoe) 2-u Hreu,: Ax, BOHHa, HXO TK XBI cflejiana, nofljiaa. CxajXH XHXHMH HaiHH flBOpbX.. H a i H H MajlbHHKH XOJTOBbI nOflHflJIH, 102
  • 103. noB3pocjiejiH OHH flo noptx (E. OKydoicaea) VnacmuuKaM nosmmecKOZo Komtypca maKCuce epyuawmcx KHUZU. B e a y m n i i : Ha (j)poHxe c o j w x y npHxo,a,Hjiocb flenaxb MHOxoe H3 XOXO, HXO B ^OMe O6BIHHO flBjmexcfl o6a3aHHOCXbio aceHiHHH: H nyxoBHny npminxrb, H Ofleacfly noHHHHXb, H npuxoxoBHXb, H nocy^y noMbixb... A ixy-ica npoBepHM, XOXOBBI JIH HaniH IOHOHIH BbinojiHaxb xo, HXO yMeiox 6biBajibie cojiflaxbi. npefljiaxaio xpn Bonpoca Ha 3HaHne flOMauiHexo xo3aiicxBa. Kxo 3Haex Ha HHX BepHbie oxBexti? B xopanyio HJTH B xonoflHyio BOfly Ha^o onycicaxb Kapxo(j)ejib. H Kox^a exo COJIHXB? (B zopmyjo, maK e nejvi coxpauHemcH dojibiue eumajviunoe. IJo mou Dice npumme ezo coimm 3a necKOJibKO Mimym do OKOHHCIHUH BCipKU.) KaK c^ejiaxb, HXO6M HHxica jiexne B,a,eBajiacb B Hxojncy? (CMonuwib ee Komif.) Ha xojiOflHyio HJTH Ha xopanyio CKOBopo^y cjie^yex Kjiacxb | oxjiexbi BO BpeMA acapKH? H HXO Ha^o c^ejiaxb, HXO 6M acnp Ha I M5Kopo,a,e He pa36pbi3XHBajica? (Ha zopmyjo. )Kup uado cnezKa nocbinamb cojibw.) 1-u Hmeu dejciiaMupyem cmuxomeopeuue A. TeapdoecKOZo «ApMeucKUU canojfCHUK». Beaymnii: BoHHa o6ocxpHjia npHBioaHHoexb jnoflen K po^HOH 3eMjie, K AOManiHeMy onaxy. Mano y KOXO AO BOHHBI 5KH3HB 6bijia B nojiHOM fl,ocxaxKe, HO y Kaacfloxo B npoinjiOM ocxanocb HXO-XO coKpoBeHHoe, flOpOXOC H K BOCnOMHHaffiMM 0 6 3XOM 60HHM 06paiH,ajIHCb B MHHyXbl 3aXHHIba. HcnojiHHemcH necuH «B necy npu(ppoumoeoM» (My3. M. Enaumepa, CJI. M. McaKoecKOZo). He BceM flOBejiocb ^OJKHXB JO no6e,a,bx BcMoxpHMca B jnxna xex, KXO ox,a,aji »cH3Hb 3a PoflHHy, H MbicjieHHO no6jiaxoflapHM HX 3a BejiHKyio acepxBy. 103
  • 104. TIpoeijupyiomcH cpomozpacpuu condam — ypooicemjee dannozo zopoda, nocejiKCi. A Hani ,a,0Jix xenept - He 3a6biBaxb H oica3biBaxb KaK MO>KHO 6ojTbine BHHMaffira BBDKHBHIHM BexepaHaM, a xaioice B^OBaM, noMoxaxt noflflepacHBaxb B nopfl,a,Ke MOXHJIM BOHHOB, coxpaHHXb ceMeHHbie apxHBbi BoeHHbix jrex, npoHecxn no >KH3HH naMaxb o 3ain,HXHHKax PoflHHbi. Hania Bcxpena 3aBepnieHa. IloacejTaeM BceM 3flopoBba, cnacxbfl, MHpa! 3eynum necuH {{ffenb IJo6edbi» (My3. ff. TyxManoea, CJI. B. Xapumonoea) e ucnojmeuuu JIhea JleueuKO unu Mocucpa K0630HCI. 104
  • 105. «CECTPW HAUIEH nOBE^W» TeMaxHHecKHii Benep .XJISI aceHmnH-BexepaHOB B O M H B (poue 3dauuH, zde npoeodumcn Meponpunmue, 3eynam Menoduu eoeHBhix nem e ucnojiueuuu dyxoeozo opKecmpa. Cmeuu yKpauienu wojdpaBHxejibHbiMH cmema3emaMU - «6oeeuMU jiucmKaMii». y exoda e 3CIJI pa3Meiq,eHa 3KCYIO3UX^UH U3 My3en 6oeeou cjiaeu. BceM exodnu^UM DfceHumHaM-eemepaHaM epyuaiomcM Kpaconno ocpopMJienHbie npozpaMMKU (e eude cjioDtceuuozo mpeyzonbuuKOM condamcKOZo nucbMa) c nepenneM KomfepwiHbix HOMepoe. 3a Muuymy do npedcmaeneuuH My3biKa 3amuxaem, u mojibKO CRUVUHO, KGK cmynum MempoHOM. Bdpyz douocumcH eou cupeubi. IJo MUKpocpony 3eynum cmpozuu MyoiccKOU ZOJIOC: «BnuManue! TeopnecKcm mpeeoza! BceM yKpumbCH e 3ciJie-y6e3fcuiq,e!» Ben aeancijena yemaeneua zujib3ajviu om nyuieuHbix cuapndoe. 3aduuK H Kyjiucu dpanupoeauu 6enou wiKanbK). Ceem e 3cuie zacuem. Jlyn ceeroBOu nyuiKU CK0Jib3um no zujib3aM. 3eynum eajibc npedeoenuou nopu. y 3aduuKa Kpycucumcn mam^eecuibHcm napa e HapndHbix KOcmiOMax doBoeHHoii Modu. Ceucm 6OM6U. Benonoxu e3puea. Tanijyjoujux euxpeM pa3Membieaem e pa3Hbie cmopouu. Ha (pone necuu «Bcmaeau, empaua oxpoMHaa» cjibiiuna apmunnepuucKaH Kauouada. Boem ebwza. JIOHOCHYYICH odpueKU HeMeijKiix (ppa3. Ilpoeijupywmcx Kadpu eoenuou (porno- UJIU KunoxpouuKU. 3eynam zonoca Bedyuux - JOHOUIU U deeyuiKU. Be,aymasi: Bajxtc 41 xo^a... TBOK> MenoflHio o6opBajia BoiiHa. Ho B 6ecnoKoiiHbix (j)poHxoBbix CHax XM CHOBa Kpy>KHji Hac HOMepaMH B xenjibix jiexmrx napicax H B03Bpaiu,aji B MnpHyio IOHOCXB, B CBexnoe Bnepa. B KopoxKne MHHyxbi 6oeBOxo 3axnnibfl XBI BptiBajica B pacxpeBOKemxyio Hainy naMaxb - nepe3 nypxy H ABIM, o6acnxaa xo Mopo3HbiM BexpoM, xo oxHeM noacapa, xo yacacaMH (j)aniHCxcKOxo 3BepcxBa. 105
  • 106. Beaymnii: Bajxtc 41 xo^a... Tepaa 6oeBbix ,apy3eH, CKBO3B cjre3bi oxnaaHHa MBI BH,a,ejiH xBoe KpyaceHHe. C HeyxacuMoii Bepoii B Iio6e,ay MBI EyjajiH BCxpeHH c xo6oii. H npnGjiHacajiH, KaK MOXJIH, 3xy Bcxpeny. Bcnojioxu 63pbieo6. Eezawm Jiynu npocuceKmopoe. To mym, mo maM na 6enoM (pone eo3HUKawm Kpacuue nnmna. 3eynam zonoca Bedyujiix. Beaymnii: CxpaniHoe 6BIJTO BpeMfl. Cxpaixy noKp&uro 6ejr&iM caBaHOM CMepxn: 6eji&iMH cxaHOBHjiHCB jinna ox xonofla H xonofla, 6ejrejiH BHCKH ox xopa, 6eji&iMH cxanH xy6&i ox HeHaBHCXH K cxpaniHOMy 3Bepio-Bpaxy. B cnncKax JKHBBIX pocjiH 6eji&ie nirraa nponaBinnx 6e3 Becxn. 3HMOH H jrexoM, oceHbio H BecHoii Cbinana nepHaa xyna 6e,a,bi 6ejibiii CHex noxopoHOK. Be^ymasi: A Ha 6ejiOM none CMepxH KpacHbie pocjin HBexbi: KPOBB paHeHbix, o6p&iBKH 3HaMeH, KycKH jrioflCKOxo Miica... H KpacHbiii Kpecx, Koxopbiii flaBan Hafleacfly Ha 5KH3HB. HaxpyaceHHbie pyKH jKeHinHH-BoeHBpaHeii H xpynKHe njienn ,a,eBHOHOK-caHHxapoK eaceflHeBHO, OKeHOiHHO BBIHOCHJTH H3 KpOMeiHHOXO afla BOHHBI fleCOTKH, COXHH, XBICflHH HejiOBenecKHx xejx Beaymnii: 3xox MajreH&KHH KpecxHK Ha inanoHice HJTH Ha pyKaBe 6&IJI xox,a,a, Moacex 6&ix&, caM&iM XAJKKHM KpecxoM. He^apoM HH3KO B HOXH KnaHfljiacb aceHCKOMy cocxaBy MCZIHHHHCKHX nacxen Hanien apMHH BCA cxpaHa: cxapHKH 3a CBIHOBCH, ,a,exH 3a OXHOB. HH3KO KjiaroieMCfl HeacHOMy MyacecxBy cecxep MHjiocepflHa H MBI (cKJiOHHem zonoey). 3eynum (pouozpaMMa eaubca, MepKnym Kadpu xpouuKU. B muxou cuueee «udem cuez». Ha cx^eue ceemneem. B euxpe eaubca epueawmcH u Kpycucamcn napu e dejiocnecucubix nnambHX. B (puuane mam^a no KpciHM aeciHCifeHbi 603HUKCiK>m Bedyuue - e coepeMenuou odejtcde, HO na zonoeax y HUX nujiomKU douijoe Kpacuou Apjviuu. Beaymasi: Ilo ,a,opoxaM BOHHBI B pa36nxbix canoxax MBI 6pejiH, HIJIH, xonajin, 6e>icajiH K xe6e, Hania BenHaa BecHa 45-xo! Beaymnii: H yace HHKOMy 6BIJIO He ocxaHOBHXb xopacecxByiomyio nocxynb Ilo6eAbi! 106
  • 107. Be^ymasi: 3,apaBcxByHxe, HaniH BejiHKHe )KeHiinxHbi-no6e,zi,HxejibHHHbi! B xpeBoxe H B Hafleacfle BBI Bcex,a,a c HaMH - B Bac Haina BecHa! Beaymnii: H ceiiHac B HaineM 3ajie Ha caMbix nonexHbix Mecxax cnjs,HT...(nepemicjiMiomcM UMeua, 36CIHUH, uazpadu npuzna- uieHHbix zepouuh eenepa). Be^ymasi: HaBepHoe, B XOX TOJX HeMajio 3aBHcejio H OX BecHbi, Koxopaa npHBbiKjia flapnxb moflflM xenno HaAeaynj, Bepbi H JIK>6BH. HMCHHO C SXHMH poflHbiMH cecxpaMH BejiHKHx CBepnieHHii Hani Hapofl H Bonieji B HCXOpHK) MHpa. Beaymnii: rjiaBHbie ynacxHHKH HCXOPHH - JIIOAH H BpeMa. He 3a6biBaxb BpeMa - 3HanHx, He 3a6biBaxb jnoflen. IloMHHXb o mojipx - 3HanHx, noMHHXb o BpeMeHH. CexoflHa MM pa^bi, HXO MOJKCM co6paxbca BMecxe, BexpexHXbea, BcnoMHHXb 6bijioe, noxoBopHXb o 6y,aymeM. Be^ymasi: BpeMA He cxnpaex HH OAHOH cxpoKH H3 KHHXH Hapo,a,HOH naMaxH. Bedymuil: Ilycxb BCHHO 6y,a,ex xnxa H CBexjia Haina naMaxb R a b b i n XOA B SXOX RGHh - B MHHyxy BCCHapOflHOXO MOJIHaffiM. Bcaynnxe CHUMCiwm nujiomKU. Bee ecmawm. Muuyma MORHCIHUH. Be^ymasi: JIioflCKaa naMaxb - 3xo naMaxb, coeflHHaiomaa noKOJieHHii H KOHXHHeHXbi. ECXB H ,apyxa;i naMaxt: 6e3 6poH3bi H MpaMopa, 6e3 cajiioxoB H xopoB. Iloflo6HO xoMy, KaK pynbH, cjiHBaacb, nnxaiox peKH, xaK H naMAXb Haina 6epex Hanajio H3 naMaxH JIHHHOH, XOH, HXO xpaHHxca B KaacflOH ceMte, noxoMy HXO caMaa cxpauiHaa Bomia 3axoflHjia B KaacflbiH AOM. Beaymnii: B Hameii KPOBH nyjibcnpyiox XOKH mo^eii, HXO >KHJIH H ocxajincb B HCXOPHH. OHH He 3HajiH H He MOXJIH 3Haxb o HaineM cexoflHa. Ho OHH HcnbixajiH xo, nexo HaM ncnbixaxb He flOBenocb. OHH 6ojibine Hac ijeHHjiH xHHiHHy MHpa, 6jiecK acHoxo He6a, 3anax CBeacexo xjie6a. 107
  • 108. Be^ymasi: Cnacn6o BaM cecxpti Haineii Ilo6eflbi B BejiHKOH OxenecxBeHHOH! IlpHMHxe no3flpaBjreHHa ox caMOxo IOHOXO ynacxHHKa Hainexo npeflCxaBjieHHa... Bucmynjieuue JOHOZO ynacmuuKa KOHijepmnou npozpaMMbi. Beaymnii: ^xo coxpeBajio cep^ne cpe^H coacaceHHOxo nojra H B Mopo3HOM jrecy, B MOKpoii 3eMjraHKe H Ha CXMJIOH flopoxe? Topcxb oxneii 3eMjiH, B3AXOH B03JieflOMa,m Kpaioxa xjie6a, noflaHHaa cep,a,o6ojibHOH KpecxbaHKoii. ^xo coxpeBano xeno? 3aBexHoe nHCBMeno, CKPOMHMH njiaxoneK, BbiniHXbiii KHcex HJIH 3axBaHeHHbie c CO6OH B HejiexKHH noxofl H3 xaKOH flajieKoii MHPHOH >KH3HH xapMOHb HJTH xnxapa. A y>K KOx,a,a 3ByHaji Ha nepeflOBOH aKKop^eoH, xox^a c oco6eHHOH CHJIOH Bepnjiocb - CHacxjiHBbieflHHH xojiOBOKpyacHxejibHbie BajibCbi BepHyxca! Bbicmynjiemie aKKopdeomicma. Bo3M03fCHbi eapuaumu. Be^ymasi: Ilycxb cexczpra B HanieM o6meM xope 3a,ayiHeBHO, KaK B xe xyMaHHbie xoflbi, npo3ByHHx npocxaa (j)poHxoBaa necHa - BaM coxpeBaBinaa cepflna, HaM ^aioma^i naMaxb o xex, KXO HaBenHO BnncaH B CKpnacajiH HCXOpHH. IJoem xop. Ha sKpan npoeijupywmcx cuaudbi. Beaymnii: Bac no3,apaBjraox noKOJieHHa, H,ayiHHe BaM Ha CMeHy. Ho BBI H caMH Moacexe eme OH KaK Becejinxbca! BoiiHa He cyMena pasynnxb Hani Hapofl paflOBaxbca. BbicmynneHUH eemepanoe UJIU MOJiodux apmucmoe c nacmyuiKCiMU eoenuou nopu. Beaymnii: BBI HaynnjiH Hac next H xaHneBaxb, a caMoe xjiaBHoe - npeoflOJieBaxb xpy^HOCXH. npeoflOJieHHe. 3XHM ,apeBHHM pyccKHM CJIOBOM MO>KHO KpaxKO onncaxb KpecxHbiH nyxb xox,a,aiHHHx ^CBHOHOK - HbiHeniHHx 6a6ynieK. npeoflOJieBajin MHOxoe: cxpax CMepxn, nyBCXBO xonofla, HenMOBepHyio ycxanocxb, acaacfly JIK)6BH. BpeMeHaMH Ka3ajiocb, HXO npeoflOJieBaxb npnxoflHxca caMy )KH3Hb. 108
  • 109. Be^ymasi: H Bce-xaKH BBICXO^JTH, BBDRHJIH. Mannma BOHHM XO xpeMena, xo HeHaflOJixo 3axHxajra, xo BHOBB cicpoKexajia no BceMy (j)poHxy. Ho MepHO H HeycxaHHO cxynajia HaKOBajxbHfl IIo6eflbi, y Koxopoii CXOAJIH xepoHHecKne xpyaceHHKH xbuia. H pfl,a,OM C H H M H CBOK) 6oeByio H B XO 7KQ BpeMfl CaMyK) MHpHyK) BaXXy BO HMfl C03HflaHHa H naMaxH HejiOBenecxBa HCCJXH ynnxejia. Bedymuii: Pa^H 6y,ayiHexo cxpaHbi - ynnxejib 6epe>KHO flepacajr B CBOHX pyxax oxoHeK 3HaHHa H coxpeBan HM OHepcxBeBinne flyiHH cnpox, ,a,apHji HM HajsffyKjsy Ha xo, HXO Ha 3XOH oxpoMHOH nbmaioiHeH nuaHexe ecxb BpeMa H Mecxo fljra cnacxba u yjibi 6OK. Bedyu^an: Cnacn6o yHHxejMM. HaM, CBOHM yneHHicaM H nocjie,a,OBaxejMM, OHH nepe^aiox H3 noKOJieffira B noKOJieHHe Bepy B XO, HXO HejiOBenecxBO pa3yMHO H npeKpacHO. nocMOxpHxe, H cexo,a,Hfl B 3XOM 3ajie CXOJTBKO CHacxjiHBbix H ,a,o6pbix xjia3 - xjia3, Koxoptie BHACJTH xepoHHecKoe nponijioe CBoen Po,axxHbi. rna3, icoxopbie acaflHO nbixaioxca yBH,a,exb BejiHKoe 6y,aymee Hanien cxpaHbi. Beaymnii: Cnacn6o HaniHM BexepaHaM! Cnacn6o HaniHM BCUHKHM YnnxejiaM! 3eynum necuH ff. Tyxjvianoea ua CJI. B. Xapumonoea {{ffenb IJo6edbi». VnacmuuKU npedcmaeneuuH euxodnm ua cijeny. 3an ecmaem. Bee nowm. TKenujunaM-eemepanaM epyuawm ijeemu. 109
  • 110. COJI^ATCKOMY BPATCTBY BEPHW CueHapnii TeaTpajiH30BaHHoro no3apaBjieHHsi BeTepaHOB c ^HeM IloSeaw JJeilcmeywu^ue Jiui^a B cayman BOHUM CbiH-6oeii Mapycn }KypHajiHCT KoppecnoH^eHT CaHHTapica ,H,eTH CBeTa MaTb EapMOHHCT ^Teii 3auaeec 3aKpum. Omdajieuuo 3eynum Menodim necuu ff. Tyxjviauoea iiffeub IJo6edbi» e ucnojmeuuu dyxoeozo opKecmpa. Haneecm cuoea npuneea: «3mom deub IJodedbi nopoxoM nponax», na aeaucueuy euxodum ueMonodou Mycucnuua c (pomoannapamoM u dnoKuomoM. 3mo TKypuanucm. My3bwa cmuxaem. ^CypHajiHCT: ,H,a... Ce^HHa Ha Bucicax y Hanien IIo6e,abi. Eine 6M — 3a niecTon ^ecaTOK nepeBajiHJio! TpaflHnnoHHbie TopacecTBa no Been CTpaHe npcaeronT HeManbie. Ho 3,aecb, B neHTpajibHOM napice ropo^a, a no
  • 111. Haxoacycb He no 3a,a,aHHK) pe,a,aKHHH, a noxoMy HXO nonpocnjia MQHR 06 3XOH Bcxpene 3HaKOMaa HiKOJibHHHa. IioneMy-xo HMCHHO cexoflHa, 3flecb H ceiiHac. 51 He CMOX en oxica3axb. 3anbixaBuincb, BbiSexaex Csexa c SyicexoM UBCXOB. Csexa: 3,apaBCXByHxe! Cnacn6o, HXO npHimiH. no3,apaBjMK) c ,H,HeM IIo6eflbi! (Ox^aex uBexbi.) 51 3Hajia, HXO BBI npH^exe. ^CypHajiHCx: 3,apaBCXByH, CBexa! Cnacn6o 3a no3,apaBjieHHe. OxflbiniHCb H OGMCHH, 3aneM a xe6e noHa,a,o6Hjicfl? y Meroi 6BIJTH ,apyxHe nuaHbi, Beflb cexczpra xaKOH JS,GHI> .. Csexa: HMCHHO nosxoMy. BBI Be,a,& Ka»cfl&iH ,a,eBflXbiH MancKHH RGHI, xo^nxe Ha Bcxpeny BexepaHOB, 3a,a,aexe HM Bonpocbi. OHH ^ejiaxca CBOHMH BOcnoMHHaHHAMH, Koxopbie a xoace xoxena 6BI ycjibiniaxb, H noxoMy B 3xox MOMeHx 6y^y c BaMH pfl,a,OM. ^CypHajiHCT: Mojio^eii, HHxepecyenibca. (B3flbixaeT.) TOJTBKO BexepaHOB-xo y Hac Bee MeHbine H MeHbine. KaK CKa3aji noax: «MBI He ox cxapocxn yMpeM, ox cxaptix paH yMpeM». A HXO Kacaexca BOcnoMHHaHHH — HX B 3XOM 6jiOKHOxe fla H B naMAXH Mano. Xoneuib, paccKaacy, KaK MOH oxeii BcxpexHjr xox He3a6biBaeMbiH H AOJixoacflaHHbiH MancKHH fleHb 45 xofla? CBeTa: KOHCHHO! IIoHAeMxe npncimeM. 3eynum Menodim «MaucKOZo eajibca». 3auaeec omKpueaemcH. C oduou cmopoHbi cijenu — oceeu^eunaH CKCiMeuKa, Kycmu, (ponaph. yKypnajiucm u Ceema cadnmcH, u OH nammaempaccKa3. IJocmeneHHO 3eynanue My3biKH ycunueaemcn. ^CypHajiHCT: B xaKOH ace yxpeHHHH Hac B Mae 45-xo Bbinieji OH, xy^ioiHHH nocne xocnnxajia, HenpaBflonoflo6HO MOJIOAOH, H ocxaHOBHjrca y KaMeHHOxo Mocxa. B MocKBe 3x0 6BIJIO. ^epacacb H 6poH30Bbie nepHjia, CXOAJXH eme HCCKOJIBKO npoxoacnx, OHH 6y,axo nexo-xo ayjanH. MajreHbKHH ce^OH nejiOBeK o6epHyjrca K oxny, npoxaHyji pyKy H CKa3aji Bcexo flBa diOBa: «Hy, BOX!» OGjiexneHHO B3flOXHyjr, noBepHyjicfl H nonieji B^OJIB Mocxa. IIOXOM ocxaHOBHjrca, BsteponiKji o6eHMH pyKaMH BOJTOCBI, 3acMeajrca H CKa3ajr: «3HaHHX, 5KHBCM, XOBapHIH,H!» 111
  • 112. A no MOCTy IIOHTH Geacana MOJiOflaa >KeHinHHa. Be3 nuaTKa, BeTep paerpenaji ee BOJIOCM. OHa ocTaHOBHjracb B03Jie ce^oro nejiOBeKa, cxBaTHjra ero 3a pyicy, nonejiOBajia B meKy, 3acMeanacb, MeTHyjiact Aanbine, nonejiOBajia OTna n HCHe3Jia... A noTOM Ha MOCKOBCKHC yjIHUbl XJTblHyjTH JHOflH. Ha (pompaccKd3a jKypHcmucma ua extern npouexodum meampanmoeauuoe deucmeo. C npomueonojiocucuou cmopouu cifeubi, cnedyn dpyz 3a dpyzoM, euxodnm condam c zapjvioubK), 3a UUM, Kpycucacb e eaubce, dee napu — dee deeyuiKU u condam c deeyuiKOu; npucuciiMajoiuan K zpydu pedemta njianyiuan cucemuima; zpynna condam, nodiaidbieajoiuan ua pyKax Jieumeuauma; onupajoujuuen ua najiouKy 6oeu c nepeduumoeauuou zonoeou; manuyjoiuuu enpucndKy 6oeu; cneuiaujuu Mauop, uujyujuu KOZO-TUO 63zmdoM e monne; deeyuiKU c dyKemajviu ueemoe. ^CypHajiHCT: KTO-TO JIHXO njiacan np^MO nocpe^HHe MOCTOBOH, a pfl,a,OM B ranoc njiaicajia acemnHHa. IIOTOM TOJina noflXBaTHjia MOJiOfloro jreiiTeHaHTa n Kanajia, Kanajia ero, BBICOKO noflKHflbiBaa B Becemiee He6o. ynacTHHKH MaccoBKH nocTeneHHO noKH^aiOT cueHy. CBeTa: A yace noTOM, 25 HIOH^ 1945 ro^a 6MJI Ilapafl IIo6e,zn>i. H no6eflHBinaa apMira nponma no KpacHon rniomafln! ,H,a? ^CypHajiHCT: He nponma, a npoHeicaHHjia! H 6pocnjra K noflHoacHio MaB30Jiea noBepaceHHbie nrraH,zi,apTbi (j)anincTCKon TepMaHnn! 3eynum 6apa6auuan dpodb. 3auaeec 3aKpueaemcH. Buxodum Bedyu^an, oua e nepuoM ruiawibe c KpacuuM uiapcpOM. 3eynum Menodun necuu eoeuuux nem «3x, dopo2u». Ha 3auaeece, KaK ua sKpaue, Kadpu xpouuKU (ppoumoeux dopoz. Beaymasi: 3 T O GMJTH nocjieflHne niarn no AOJirnM BoeHHbiM ^oporaM! BejiHKHH npa3flHHK Ha nopore — IIo6eflHbiH MancKHH RGHI, BecHbi! H BcnoMHHaiOTca floporn TaK BceM HaM naMirraon BOHHBI. Te floporn BCTaiOT nepeflon, H rofla nrnn no HHM KaK canmaTbi: 112
  • 113. CopoK nepBbiii, copoK Bxopoii, CopoK xpexHii, HexBepxbiii, naxbiii! B ucnojmeuuu apmucma-nmeija 3eynum cmuxomeopemie K. CuMOnoea «Tu noMHUUih, Aneuia, dopozu CMOJiemi^UHhi». Beaymasi: KaKHe MMCJIH GMJIH y 6OHHOB, KOx,a,a OHH xjioxajiH nopoxoByio nbijib, MecHjiH canoxaMH xpa3b, Mep3JiH Ha JICXJIHOM Bexpy? HaM ,a,opoxH 3XH no3a6bixb Hejib3a! A CKOJibKO Heo>KH,zi,aHHbix Bcxpen 6bijro Ha SXOM He3a6biBaeMOM nyxn AOMOH! Bedyu^cm yxodum. OmKpueaemcH 3auaeec. Haecmpeny dpyz dpyzy ehixodnm dea Eouifa c eeueeuM,u MeuiKCiMU. Y oduozo epyxax zapMOHh. 1-w Eoeu,: Hex! 51 xna3aM CBOHM He Bepio! )KHBOH! .. A MM eedb ua xe6a noxopoHHyio nocjianH, Eeji03epoB. 51 H oxny xBoeMy HanHcan... ^epxaKa! 2-uEoeu; 3,a,opoBO, OPJTOB! (OSHHMaiOTCsi.) 3acbinajro Memi mozda- sxo XOHHO! TpaxHyjro xaK, HXO Ha^ojixo Bee H3 XOJIOBM eucKomuio. BpeBHOM B xocnnxajie Jieacajr He O^HH Mecaii, a noxa BbijienHjiH. ffocmajom Kucemu, CKpyuueawm ijiizapKU. -u Eoeu,: Mxxe TKQ CeBpioKOB AOJIO^CHJT: caM, MOJT, CBOHMH xjra3aMH BH^eji, KaK xe6a... np^Moe nonaflaHHe... 2-u Eoeu,: Mxxe po,znxbie no3>Ke HanncajTH o xBoeM nocjiawww. Maxb exo 3a HKOHy nojioacHjia. Xyfl,o»cecxBeHHO HanncaHO npo Meroi — xepoa. Cnacn6o! (BHOBB oSHHMaeT SoeBoro TOBapnma.) C IIo6eflOH xe6a! 51 Be^b IIo6efly B TepMaHHH BcxpexHjr. YloeopanueaemcH K 3cmy u ua (pone Menoduu necuu «Ka3aKii e Eepjiune» mimaem cmuxu. 2-u Eoeu,: IlpoxHBHHKy 6biji nocjiaH yjibXHMaxyM. A MOU KOMB3BOfla B 3BaHHH CXapiHHHbl n a n CMepxbio xpa6pbix Ha npocneicxe, B3OTOM 3a nac flo OKOHnaHHa BOHHBX Eme Jiemenu K >KeHiHHHaM POCCHH Te nncbMa, HXO nncajiHCb Ha BOHHC, 113
  • 114. A MM B TOT denb B^pyr o BoiiHe BnepBbie IloflyMajTH, KaK o npoineflineM p e . Ka3ajiocb, BpeMa npHOCTaHOBHjiocb. H MOJina B Heyjiernieiicfl nbuiu CflaBanHCb no6eflHTejraM Ha MHJIOCTB Te, HTO flo BOJTTH HeKor^a AOHIJTH. JleTejiH aBTo6aTbi c npoBnaHTOM, H TOJibKO 6OH Ha yjinne yTHx, Bbijifl,aHnpHKa3 apMencKHM HHTeH^aHTaM: KopMHTb js,QTQm H3 KyxoHb nojieBbix! CMaxHyB cjre3y (MM KaMeHHbie, HTO JIH?), IlpocTH Meroi, norH6niHH CTapuiHHa, He MOT a pa^ocTb OT^ejiHTb OT 6OJTH ilOJlO^CeHHOK) HapKOK) BHHa. OT6OH cbirpanH nojiKOBbie Tpy6bi, BoiicKa KaK 6y,aTO BCTajiH Ha npHBaji. OypaacKy CHAB, KOMaH^yioiHHH B ry6bi ycTaBinyio nexoTy nejiOBaji. (CMaxHBaeT cjie3y.) 1-ii Eoeij: He rpycTH, 6paT. no6e,zia! BejiHKaa no6e,zia! Eepem zapMOHb u noem necrno «Exan H U3 Eepmma» (My3. H. JJyuaeecKOZo, CJI. JI. Ouiamma) UJIU «IIymb-dopo3fCKa (pponmo6cm» (My3. E. MoKpoycoea, CJI. E. JIacKUHa). Ha nocjieduux cjioeax necuu Eouuu yxodnm. Ceem nepeeodumcn ua CKaMbw, zde cudnm )Kypuajiucm u Ceema. CBeTa: 51 BOT O neM xony Bac cnpocHTb. H3BCCTHO, HTO MHorne Banm KOJiJierH- acypHajiHCTbi BO BpeMa BOHHM pa6oTajiH KoppecnoH^eHTaMH B CaMOH ryme (JDPOHTOBMX CO6MTHH. PaccKaacHTe HTO-HH6y,a,b mrrepecHoe o TOM, KaKfl,o6biBajicaMarepHaji AJM ra3eT BoeHHoro BpeMeHH. ^CypHajiHCT: CKOJTBKO yroflHO. JIe3JiH 3a 3THM MaTepnajiOM B caMoe neKjio, K nepTy Ha pora. OAHH BoeHKop cflecaHTOMBbicaflHjrca Ha 3aHATMH npoTHBHHKOM 6eper. A TaM TaK ^ejia noBepHyjiHCb, HTO OH Hafl naTbio 6oHiiaMH KOMaH^OBaHHe npHHaji H c HHMH cyTKH py6e>K flepacaji. CyTKn! HarpaacfleH 6MJI 3a 3TO op^eHOM OTenecTBeHHOH 114
  • 115. BOHHM I cxeneHH. (^ajiee paccKa3 H^eT Ha (|)OHe 3ByKOB aBTOMaTHbix onepeaeii, BjpbiBOB, ryjia caMOJieTOB). A flpyxoii — MeccepniMHfl,x Ha 6peiomeM nonexe yxHxpHjica c(j)oxoxpa(j)HpoBaxb. Ilofl nyji^MH. TOTKQ B caMoe neKjio nojre3. IIpo Hexo, 3Haenib... CBeTa: (nepedueaem) 3ixaK). CXHXH HanncaHM. Ilofl KynaHCKOM B Hiojie H nojibiHb, B cxenHOH npocxop Yn an, cpaaceHHbiii nyjieii, Becejiuu penopxep. BJTOKHOX H jreiiKy Apyxa H MocKBy, ,a,aBflCb ox cjre3, I I P O xoBapniu, c ioxa Pe^aRxopy npHBe3. ^CypHajiHCT: Ho BMIHJIH 6e3 3a,a,ep)KKH Ha yxpo, icaic Bcex^a, «H3Becxna» H «npaBfla», H «KpacHaa 3Be3Aa». CBeTa: HeyacejiH 3xo 6MJIO Ha caMOM ,a,ejie? 5I-xo AyMajia, HXO 3XO JIHHIB CXHXH, xyfl,o»cecxBeHHbiH BMMMCCJX ^CypHajiHCT: EMJIO. Pa6oxa xaicaa 6bma! Oceeu^aemcH dpyzcm cmopoua cueuhi. Buxodum Koppecnondeum e eo- euHOU (popjwe, c njicmuiewiKOU. KoppecnoimeHT: M M cneniHjiH B xaHice xpoMMxaiomeM, Ha ManiHHe c aiHHKaMH MHH Ha nepeflHHH Kpaii, x^e AMM noKapmna CxjiajTCa CpeflH B3flbl6jieHHBIX p a B H H H . Ox K n noji3JiH MM nofl pa3pbiBaMH B nonyMpaKe xecHMx 6jiHH,a,a)KeH. ^yBCXBOBajTH MM C e 6 a CHaCXJIHBMMH Cpeflb xepoeB 6y,ayiHHx cxaxeii. Hac KOM6ax H3 (J)JMXH me,apo noxneBaji, npefljiaxan ocxaxtca ,a,o yxpa: - 3aHOHynxe, He 6jry»cflaxb TKQ HOHBIO BaM. Ho oxBex oflHH 6MJX — HaM nop a! 115
  • 116. M M 6pejiH B xpa3H pacnyxnii BecHaMH, Mep3JiH nofl o6cxpejraMH 3HMOH, H xa3exa Haina AByxnojiocHaa JlexonncbK) cxana (J)POHXOBOH. H He 3pa nepo K inxMKy xBapfleiicKOMy npHpaBHana Ha BOHHC cxpaHa, CKpoMHOMy xa3exHHKy apMeiicKOMy, KaK 6oiiiiy, Bpynaa op^eHa. KoppecncmdeHm yxodum. FOROC 3a cijenou: «BoeuHbiM KoppecnondenmaM nocemijaemcn!» HcnojiHHemcH mam^eeajibHcm KOMno3Mjim «Ax, smu mymi e 20Jiy6oM». IJo OKOHHCIHUU nojviepa ceem euoeb nepeeodumcn ua TKypnamicma u Ceemy. Csexa: A MOH npaflefl noxn6 B nepBbie TKQ MecanM BOHHM. M M C pe6axaMH B niKOJie coHHHeHHa nHcajiH «Cyflb6a CCMBH B HCXOPHH cxpaHM» — o CBOHX poflHbix H 6JTH3KHX B xoflbi BOHHM. H H BCCXOHKH He nojxyHHjia Moa npa6a6yniKa. K xaflanKe xo^Hjia — xa ee He o6pa,a,OBajia. A OHa Bee acflajra, Bcxpenajra c HafleacflOH noHxajxtOHa — B^pyx H en cepMH xpeyxojibHHK c (j)poHxa npH,a,ex! Ceem nadaem ua dpyzyjo cmopouy cijenbi. TajviMamb u Cbw-6oeij. Maxb: CMHOK, flopoxoii, MM nojxyHHjiH XBoe nncbMO. KaK pa3 nepe3 Mecaii nocne ocBo6o»cfleHHa Hauiexo cena ox HeMneB. CBIHOK, (JmnmcxM paccxpejMJiH JIioceHbKy... OXOMCXH! CbiH-6oeu: MaMOHKa, 3a JIIOCIO oxoMiny! Box yace nexbipe xo^a a H,a,y no POCCHH. Tenept a COGCXBCHHMMH HoxaMH H3MepHjr, KaK OHa BejiHKa. TaK Heyacxo Kxo-HH6yflb B cnjiax no6e,a,HXb ee?! Bbixodum jfceHCKCix eoKajibucm zpynna u noem necrno «UIeji cojidam». Vxodnm. TIomimemcH CauumapKa. Oua nuuiem na dyjviaze u 03eymieaem nucbMO omify. 3a ueu euxodnm cojidamu, pa3zoeapuean Mecucdy codou. CaHHxapica: «IIanoHKa, a yace COBCCM npHBMKjia K canoxaM, a XM Bee XOBOPHJI, H O XBOfl flOHb HOKeHKa. K OflHOMy npHBbiKHyxb He Moxy — X OHeHb M O O KpOBH...». HX 116
  • 117. Pasdaemcn aemoMamucm onepedb. CauumapKa nadaem uapymi 6ouuaM. Te, npucee ua KOJieno, ocmopocucno noddepcucuecuom ee meno. CmiDfcawm nwiowiKU. Beaymasi: Ha Hocujiicax OKOJTO capaa Ha Kpaio OX6HXOXO cejia CaHHxapKa niennex, yMHpaa: «5I eiu,e, pe6axa, He 5KHjia...». H 6OHHM BOKpyx Hee xonnaxca, H He Moxyx en B xna3a CMOxpexb. BoceMHaflijaxb, XOJTBKO BoceMHaflnaxb... Ho KO BceM HeyMOJiHMa CMepxb. Hxeu: (MyjKHHHa) ^epes MHOXO Jiex B xjia3ax JXK>6HMOH, ^xo B exo xjia3a ycxpeMjieHbi, Ox6jrecK 3apeB, nojibixaHbe flbiMa B^pyx yBH^Hx BexepaH BOHHBI. B3flpOXHeX OH H OXOH^eX K OKOHIKy, 3aKypnxb nbixaacb Ha xo,ay. nofloacflH exo, aceHa, HCMHOJKKO B copoK nepBOM OH ceirxac xo,ay. Beaymasi: TaM, x^e B03Jie nepHoxo capaa, Ha Kpaio OX6HXOXO cena ^eBOHKa Jienenex, yMHpaa: «5I eiu,e, pe6axa, He acHjra». Eouuu yuocHm CauumapKy. Buxodnm deeyuiKa Mapycn u Condam zapMOHbK). OH muxo uauzpueaem Mejioduw necuu «Tpu mamaicma». TapMOHHCT: Mapycb, aMapycb! JIOMOU 6y,a,eiHb nncaxb - npo Meroi paccica3axb He 3a6yflb. 51 K xe6e, Mania, npnpoc, KaK najibHbi K KHonKaM XapMOHIKH.
  • 118. Mapycsi: BOX-BOX, jxasaR-KanocMOxpnM, KCIKTBOH najibnbi no 3XHM KHonKaM 6exaiox. Hacxpoemie cexo,a,ira xopouiee. Cbixpan-^aHacxyniKn! ^eBHOHKH, H,a,Hxe ciofla! KaK xaM y TepKHHa: H om xon xapMoniKH cxapon, ^xo ocxanacb cnpoxon, KaK-mo B^pyx xenjiee cxajio Ha Aopoxe (J)POHXOBOH. Buxodum zpynna deeyuieK e eoenuou (popjvie. OHU npumam^oeuecm, nowm uacmyuiKU eoeuuozo epejvienu. Vxodnm. Cuoea oceeiyawmcx TKypucuiucm u Ceema. ^CypHajiHCx: Maxb-wo xoxb 3Haex, x,a,e mu? H xonoflHaa, no^n? Csexa: Hex, a nnpoxn c MOJTOKOM ejia. MaMa HX no y36eKCKOMy penenxy nenex. ^CypHajiHCT: Box mu xoBopnnib, no y36eKCKOMy, n a ecnoMBMn ncxopnio noflBnxa y36eKCKon ceMbn AKpaMOBon n MaxMy^OBa, ycbiHOBHBinnx eo BpeMa BOHHbi 14 cnpox pa3Hbix HaiinoHajibHOCxen. A CKOJibKO onajieHHbix BOHHOH ^exen o6pejin B Hanien cxpaHe HOBMX Maxepen! Bonuin B HX CKpoMHbie >KHjiHina 6e>KeHnaMH n cnpoxaMH, a cxann po^HbiMH. Buxodnm pa3H0603pacmuue demu e odecucde 40-x zodoe — Kmo c uzpyuiKOU, Kmo c dapamtou, odcmynawm 3fceHiq,UHy e y36eKCKOM nuambe u nuamKe. ,3,6TH: - Tjia3a npo3paHHbie, KOK penKa, KOCHHKH CBexjibie, KCIK JieH, rojiy6oxjia3aa y36enKa, T060K) Kaacflbin yAHBjieH. - Tbi B necxpoM niejiKOBOM Hapfl,a,e, B pyicax BeceHHne nBexbi. He npocxo jno6onbixcxBa pa^n 9L AOJiaceH 3Haxb, oxKy,a,a XM? - H KaK 30Byx xe6a? He Tajia, a no-y36eKCKH - Tajina? Ho Moacex o6MaHyxb e^Ba JIH 118
  • 119. Kpaca He3,a,eiinrafl XBOA. - KaK HH 6bijra 6bi XM o^exa, ITpocxynHx B OGJXHKC xBoeM Ilpoxjiafla ceBepHoxo nexa H jiaHAwni Ha jxyxy jrecHOM. - Te6e HanoMHHaxb He Ha^o, KaK B CXpaiHHblH XOfl Be3JTH CK)fla ^HCXpOCJDHKOB H3 JleHHHXpafla, Cnacaa ^CH3HB HX, noe3,a,a. - KaK Ha xojironneMCfl BOK3ajie, Ox xpoMa nepHOxo BflanH, Cnpox y36eKH pa36HpajiH, B xanaxbi o6epHyB CBOH. - TaKOH poflHOH XBI ,a,exflM cxana, ^xo xonexca nonejiOBaxb MHe pyKy XOH y36eHKe cjiaBHOH, ^xo fljra cnpox — Bxopaa Maxb. ffemu ucnojiHXwm necrno «MaMa», yxodnm ejviecme c cucemijUHOU. ^CypHajiHCT: 51 oneHb JTK)6JTK) cjxyniaxb paccKa3bi BexepaHOB o poxHbix niyxHHKax H 6ajraxypax. Cojwxbi MHHyBHieii BOHHM cpa3y MOJiOfleiox, xna3a HX 3axopaioxca, H BoeHHbie niyxKH cbinmoxcfl capa 3a flpyxon. CBeTa: ECJTH 6M a 6bijia acypHanHCXKOH, xo Hanenaxajia 6bi 3XH niyxKH nofl py6pHKOH «06oHMa (j)poHxoBbix 6aeK». Taneij «H6JIOHKO». Ha oceeujennou c dpyzou cmopouu extern noxemwmcx mpoe Eouijoe: oduu U3 HUX mamjyem enpucHduy, dpyzue xjionawm ejviy. l-ii Eoeij: (3aKOHHHB rrnncKy) Bee, OX6OH! IlepeKyp, pe6axa! fSb/xnpaex nom co ji6a.) ^aBaii, ^CHHCOB, xpaBH CBOH aHeK^oxbi! 2-ii Boeu: 3aneM aHeKfl,oxbi? 51 cjiynan H3 >KH3HH paccKaacy. M O H JQJ KajuiHCxpax KaK-xo noHMan (j)aiHHCxcKOxo xa^a, Koxopbiii nbixanca noflacenb exo xaxy. Hy, nororrHO, Hanajr KOJioxHXb nofljiena flbinmoM. A B 3XO BpeMa H3 H36bi Bbinijia aceHa KajiJiHcxpaxa. nocMoxpena Ha 3xy 3K3eKynHio H xoBopnx: - 3 H , flefl, fla xbi yace HanojiOBrnxy exo B 3eMjrio 3axHaji. By^ex! 119
  • 120. - )KxxHOHKa, - xoBopnx RQR, - XBI pa3Be He 3Haenib, HXO a HHKOx,a,a HHHexo HanojiOBHHy He flenaio? Eouiju CMeiomcM. 3-H Eoeu: A BOX flpyxoii cjxynaH. B Eepjimie KaK-xo H3BecxHbiH KjroyH Bbinieji Ha apeHy c xpeMa CBHHBAMH H Hanajr npeflCxaBjraxb HX ny6jiHKe: «IIepByK) CBHHBK) Ha30BeM 3JTB30H, Bxopyio - Mapxoii, a xpexbio, caMyio acnpHyio, - repHHFOM». Tyx Ha apeHy BMCKOHHJXH 3C3COBHbi, H KjroyH 6BIJT Ha nojrxofla 3aKjnoHeH B KOHHjiaxepb. Kox,a,a OH OCB060flHJTCa, XO CHOBa nOflBHJICfl B HHpKe, HO y>Ke C flByMfl CBHHbflMH. - 3xy CBHHBK) 30Byx 3jib3a, 3xy - Mapxa. - A TJSff 7KQ T e p K H F ? - CnpaiHHBaiOX H3 ny6jXHKH. - H3-3a 3XOH CBHHBH a He xony CHOBa CH,a,exb B KOHiiJiaxepe. l-ii Boeu: A BOX oflHaacflbi rnxjiep peniHji oxnpaBHXbca B KHHOxeaxp HHKOFHHXO, HXO6M nocMOxpexb, KaK BbinojiHaexca npe,a,nHcaHHbiH HM nopfl,a,OK — CKaH^HpoBaHHe «XaHjib rnxjiep!)) npn noaBjieHHH exo Ha 3KpaHe. IToKa3biBajTH BoeHHbiH napafl. Bee 3pnxejTH H xejioxpaHnxejin (j)iopepa BCKOHHJTH c Mecx H 3aopajiH: «XaHjib rnxjiep!)). CaM ace OH ocxanca CH^exb. Tox^a 3pnxejxb, CH,a,eBiHHH 3a cnHHOH (jnopepa, noxjionaji exo no njieny H nienHyji: - 3 H , flypeHb, BCxaBan H KPHHH! HeyacejiH XBI xonenib H3-3a >xoxo nCHXa JIHHIHXbCfl XOJXOBbI?! BHe3anuo pa3daemcH zyn cajviojiema u KPUK: «Bo3dyx!» Facuem ceem. Kozda OH 3azopaemcH — e ueumpe cuenbi cmonm TKypnamicm u Ceema. 3eynum Menodim necuu «Ha ecw ocmaeuiywcx 3icu3Hb» (My3. B. Eacuepa). CBeTa: Box H nepBbie BexepaHbi HanHHaiox co6npaxbca. Ce^bie, c nanoHKaMH, HecneuiHO H,ayx. A Haxpa^bi KaK Ha cojiHue 6jrecxax! A BOH xa jKeHinmia KaKaa KpacHBaa! Bee 6OHHM, Ha-nepHoe, 6BIJTH B Hee Bjno6jieHbi. ^CypHajiHCT: B ,H,eHb Iio6e,a,bi, canmaxcKOMy 6paxcxBy BepHbi, CoGnpaioxca B Kpyx BexepaHbi BOHHbi. Be3 HHHOB H 6e3 3BaHHH — HBaHbi, ITexpbi — ITo6paxHMbi cypoBOH BOCHHOH nopbi.
  • 121. TlapaMU euxodxm ece ynacmuuKU npozpaMMu, OHU yotce ue e eoeHHoii (popjvie, c ueemciMU. Odpaiucmcb K eemepauaM, npomuocHm 3ciKJiwmimejibHbie cmpoKU. ynacTHHKH: MeniKOBaTbi, noTepTbi HX rHMHacTepKH. B cyH^yicax nojiOKajin — H CTajin jKejrreTb. Ho CBepKaiOT 3aTO canorn, Kaic B Kairrepice. Ja OTKyfl,a-TO B necHe 3BeHaiu,aa Me^b. MoaceT, TaM, 3a CIIHHOH ceflOBaToro xopa, IIoflneBaiOT 6oiiiiaM (j)poHTOBbie ro^a? HJTH naMflTb B03BbiCHjra ronoc, KOTopbiii MonoflbiM ocTaeTca y HHX HaBcer,a,a! 3eynum necun ff. Tyxjviauoea ua CJI. B. Xapumouoea iiffeub IJo6edbi». Apmucmu u 3pumejiu nodneeawm. IJocjie OKOHHCIHUH apmucmu dapnm ueemu cudmu^UM e 3ane eemepauaM. 121
  • 122. «nPH3BAH PO^HHY 3AmHmATb» cueHapnii npa3flHHHHoro KoimepTa, nocBsimeHHoro Jmo 3amHTHHKa OTenecTBa 3eynum My3biKa. OmKpueaemcH 3auaeec. Ha cijeny euxodnm eedyujiie - deoe WHOiueii u deoe deeyiueK. 1-H ^eByniKa: ,H,o6pbiH Benep, yBaacaeMbie 3pHxejiH! Cexczpra B Haineii cxpaHe xpa^HiiHOHHO oxMenaexca JIQHI, 3ain,HXHHKa OxenecxBa. 2-H ^eByniKa: Mbi npa3,a,HyeM 3xox ,a,eHb He XOJTBKO KaK RGHI, BoeHHbix, npn3BaHHbix o6epexaxb Hanie OxenecxBO, HO xaK y>K noBejxocb, HXO Mbi, )KeHIHHHbI, II03,apaBJIHeM BCeX My>KHHH B3pOCJTbIX H He oneHb. 1-ii K)Honia: Hanm MaMbi no3flpaBjiaiox Hanmx nan... 2-ii K)Honia: B niKOJiax ASBHOHKH ycxpaHBaiox xaHneBajibHbie Benepa H ,a,ap;rr pe6axaM no^apKH... 1-H ^eByniKa: ^aace B ,a,excKHx ca^ax npoxoflax npa3,a,HHHHbie yxpeHHHKH, x,a,e MajibHHiHKH HafleBaiox BoeHHbie (j)ypa>KKH, 6epyx B pyKH HxpyineHHbie aBxoMaxbi H noiox necHH o cojiflaxcKOH cjry»c6e. 2-H ^eByniKa: A Bee oxnexo? 2-ii K)HOuia: A oxxoxo, HXO B KaacflOM MyacHHHe acHBex BOHH-3ain,HXHHK! 1-H ^eByniKa: A a cnnxaio, HXO >KeHinHHbi npocxo acenaiox noflrorrb Ha caMbin BbicoKHH nbeflecxan JHOGHMMX MyacHHH, HXO6M nonyBCXBOBaxb B HHX onopy... 2-H ^eByniKa: Cnjiy... 1-H ^eByniKa: MyacecxBO... 2-H ^eByniKa: 3ain,Hxy... 122
  • 123. 1-H ^eByuiKa: YBa>KeHHe... 1-ii K)Honia: H KOHCHHO TKQ, mo6oBb! 2-ii K>Honia: IIoaxoMy 3xox npa3,a,HHK MO>KHO cpaBHHXb c «6ejibiM xaHneM», Kox^aflaMbinpaxjiainaiox KaBajxepoB! 1-H H 2-H ^eByuiKn: A MM He npoxire! 1-H ^eByniKa: 23 (j)eBpajM... 3xox npa3,a,HHK MHOxne, oco6eHHO BexepaHbi- (j)pOHXOBHKH, n p H B b l H H O H a 3 b I B a K ) X ^ H C M COBeXCKOH a p M H H . 2-H ^eByniKa: CJTOBO «apMHa» npoHCxo,axxr ox jiaxHHCicoxo «apMO» «BOopyacaio». 1-ii K)Houia: Ho He XOUBKO opyacneM cnjibHa apMHa, OHa cnjibHa CXOHKOCXMO H xpa6pocxbK> CBOHX coji^ax. 2-ii K)Houia: B MnpHoe BpeMa Hauia apMHa oxparoiex ^ecaxKH XMCAH KHjiOMexpoB cyxonyxHbix, B03,ayiHHbix H BOAHHX xpaHHii POCCHH. H Bcex^a pyKOBOflCXByexca jxyninHMH BoeHHbiMM xpa,a,HHHflMH HauiHx npeflKOB. 1-H ^eByniKa: CjraBHbie xpa,a,HHHH AneKcaHflpa HCBCKOXO, ^MMTpna ^OHCKOXO, ^MHxpna IloacapcKOxo... 2-M K)Honia: AjieiccaHflpa CyBopoBa, Mnxanna Kyxy30Ba... 2-H ^eByniKa: TeopxHa )KyKOBa, KoHCxaHXHHa POKOCCOBCKOXO B,H,OXHOBJMK)X Ha noflBHXH HauiHx coji^ax, ynax JTK)6BH K Po,a,HHe. 1-ii K)Honia: B 3aMeHaxejibHOM (JMjibMe «0(j)HHepbi» OAHH H3 xjraBHbix xepoeB xoBopnx: «Ecxb xaicaa npo(j)eccHfl Poflmxy 3aiHHinaxb!». 1-H ^eByniKa: Cexo,a,Hfl npa3flHHK Bcex xex, KXO yBeKOBennji B naMaxH Hapo^a npoiHjioe H Hacxoinnee POCCHHCKOH apMHH, H xex KOMy eme npe^cxoHx npoiixH BoeHHyio cjry»c6y. 123
  • 124. l-ii K)Homa: He 3a Haxpa^bi, JIMHKH H HHHM, He oxxoxo, HXO (j)opMa HX KpacHBa, OHH CXOOT Ha cxpaace Been cxpaHbi, CxpaHbi CBoeii no HMCHH POCCHA. He noxoMy, HXO HX ycxaB xaic cxpox, Hx »cH3Hb cepbe3HeH, HX cy,a,b6a jspyrax, OHM CTOAT Ha KaacAOH H3 flopox, CxpaHy CBOK) ox 6e,a, o6epexaa. 1-H ^eByniKa: Kxo (j)opMy HOCHX, KXO ee HOCHJT, Tox 3Haex, KaK neffiia no6e,a,a. H B nac Hecnacxbii XOHHO xBaxnx CHJT CxpaHy cnacxH, KaK npafleflbi H Aeflbi! l-ii K)Homa: HenexKa cojiflaxcKaa cjry»c6a. HaniH Aeflbi CXOHKO BMHOCHJIH Bce xaxoxbi H jiHineHHa BejiHKOH OxenecxBeHHOii BOHHBI: ycxajiocxb, xojrofl, HOHH 6e3 CHa, axaKH Bpaxa. 1-H ^eByniKa: H BO Bce BpeMeHa, KOx,a,a My>KHHHbi yxo^HjiH 3aiHHinaxb CBOK) 3eMjiK), BCfl caMaa Tflacejiaa pa6oxa jio>KHjiacb Ha njienn JKCHIHHH TKQH H Maxepen. l-ii K)Homa: Hania no6e,a,a B 3XOH cxpaniHOH H acecxoKOH Bomie 6bijia c necxbio oxBoeBaHa He XOJIBKO coji^axaMH, cxapniHHaMH H xeHepanaMH, HO xaK^ce HX aceHaMH, MaxepaMH H JS^TKQ... ,a,exbMH Bbicxpa,a,aBHiHMH H BbffleCHIHMH BCe... 2-H ^eByniKa: nycxb BopoHbi xn6ejxb BemajiH H KOHH XOnxajXH ) K H H B b e , My^CCKHMH CHHXajTHCb BemaMH Kojibnyxa, ce^jio H Konte. BO BpeMfl BOeHHOH KpyHHHbl B nojmx, B KOBbijrax, Ha CHexy My>KHHHbI, My>KHHHbI, My>KHHHbI nyxH 3acxynajiH Bpaxy. 2-ii K)Homa: nycxb aceHbi B HOHH XOJTOCHJTH H npOJTHXOH KpoBH He cnecxb, My^CCKHMflOCXOflHHCM6bIJIH 124
  • 125. MyjKCKaa oxBaxa H necxb! 1-H ^eByniKa: 51 cnyxaM HejienbiM He Bepio, MyacHHHbi xenept, xoBopax, B npucyxcxBHH CHJIBHBIX HeMeiox, B npncyxcxBHH 5KemnHH CH^ax. O pbinapcxBe Hex H noMHHa! Ilo-MoeMy, 3xo BpaHte! My>KHHHbI, My>KHHHbI, My>KHHHbI BBI noMHHxe 3BaHbe CBoe! 1-ii K)HOina: A 5KeHiinxHa HcemnHHOH 6y,a,ex H Maxb H cecxpa, H aceHa. YJIOKHX OHa H pa36yflHx, H flacx Ha ,a,opoxy BHHa. IlpoBOflHx H Myaca H CBIHa, 06HHMCX Ha caMOM Kpaio... My>KHHHbI, My>KHHHbI, My^CHHHBI BBI cjibiHiHxe necHK) MOIO? M3 cmuxomeopemm B.Cojioyxima «MyjfcmiHbi» 1-H ^eByniKa: HaM 6BI xoxenocb cexczpra, B ,H,eHb 3aiu,HXHHKa OxenecxBa, CKa3aXb HeCKOJTBKO CT B O MajTBHHHIKaX, KOXOpbie OCeHBK) 3X0X0 JO xofla 6y^yx npH3BaHbi B pa^ti POCCHHCKOH apwi M M . 2-H K)HOina: Bee MBI BepHM, HXO cjry»c6a Bania npoH,a,ex xoponio. ,H,HH nponexax oneHb 6bicxpo, H BaniH MaMbi Bcxpexax Bac MyacaBHiHMH, nOB3pOCJieBHIHMH, CHJTbHblMH My>KHHHaMH. 1-H ^eByuiKa: Iloiox xnxap noxo^Hbix cxpyHbi B xaiixe, B xopax, cpe^H Mopen... O, CKOJTbKO BaC CeXOflH^, K)HbIX, }KHBex B^ajiH ox Maxepen! 2-u K)HOina: Bcex^a BBI xfl,e-HH6yflb B ^opoxe, To xaM oGtaEHxecb, xo xyx... 125
  • 126. A BaniH Maxepn B xpeBOxe Becxeii ox Bac Bee TKjsyT H TKjsyT. 1-H ^eByuiKa: OHH cnnxaiox ,H,HH, He^ejiH, CuoBa poHaiox HeBnonafl... KOJTB paHO Maxepn ce^eiox He X J B O B03paCX BHHOBaX. OX K 2-ii K)Homa: H noxoMy, cjryaca COJWXOM HJIH CKHxaacb no Mop^M, noname Bce-xaKH, pe6axa, nnninxe nnctMa Maxep^M! 2-H ^eByniKa: ,3,a-a, 6BIXB COJWXOM B Hacxoamee BpeMa pa6oxa xpyflHaa... noflteM HH CBex HH 3apa, npo6e>KKH BC^Kne, yneffira... KaK xoBopnxca: BbinojiHan npnKa3bi, a o JXHHHOH >KH3HH 3a6y,a,b! HeKOx^a n npocxo noMenxaxt! Cnjionmaa Mynixpa n 3y6pe>KKa! l-ii K)Homa: Hy, XBI He npaBa! Eme BCUHKHH pyccKnn nojiKOBOfleii AxeKcaHflp BacnjibeBHH CyBopoB BBICOKO neHHji B npocxoM coji^axe cxpeMjieHne nororrb, y3Haxb, opneHxnpoBaxbca B o6cxaHOBKe. OxBex coji^axa «He Moxy 3Haxb» MOX npnBecxn CyBopoBa B apocxb! «Ox HeMOxy3HanKH MHOXO 6e,a,bi!» xaK cnnxajr nojiKOBOfleii. 2-H ^eByuiKa: Hy xopomo... Box XBI Bee xoBopnnib: «Coji,a,ax Bcex,a,a canmar»... A KaK TKQ noxoBopKa: «0,H,HH B none He BOHH»? 3Hannx, o^HOMy coji^axy H ,a,ejiaxb Henexo B xpy^Hon CHxyanHH? A Ha KOXO Hafleaxbca? l-ii K)Homa: A 3xy noaxoBHixy BoeHHBieflaBHOy>Ke nepe,a,ejiajxH Ha CBOH jiafl: «ECJTH no-pyccKH CKpoeH, xo H O^HH B none BOHH». 2-H ^eByuiKa: 3flopoBo! 126
  • 127. l-ii K)Homa: A eme ecxb xaicne canmaxcKHe noxoBopKH: «CMejrocxb xopo^a 6epex», «Tox xepoii, KXO 3a Poflmxy xopoii». 2-H ^eByuiKa: Hy, a xaicyio noxoBopKy MBI Bce, KOHCHHO TKQ, 3HaeM: «Taacejro B yneHbe...)) (3pumejiu omeeuawm.) npaBHjibHo: «... jxexico B 6OK»>! A BOX xaicaa: «I1JTOX XOX coji^ax, Koxopbiii He Menxaex 6BIXB...» (3pumenu omeeuawm.) YxaflajxH: «...xeHepajiOM»! l-ii K)Homa: Box BH^HHIB! MBI ,a,a)Ke noxoBopKH BoeHHbie 3HaeM! 3HanHx, TKWBGT B Hac flyx cojiflaxcKHH ,a,a CMeKajnca 6oeBaa! A pa3 xaK, xo 6y,a,eM CHHxaxb, HXO pa6oxa cojiflaxcKaa HenexKa, HO BaacHa H HyacHa! A Hacnex xoxo, HXO noMenxaxb HeKOx,a,a XBI y oxna CBoexo cnpocn npo cjry»c6y 3xy... 2-H ^eByniKa. CoxjiacHa! 1-H ^eByuiKa: Cxaacy BaM, HXO B apMHH, KaK H Ha «xpa»cflaHKe», coji^ax acHBex 06bIKH0BeHH0H 3CMHOH 5KH3HBK)... l-ii K)Homa: ^xo-xo XBI He xo xoBopmnb! }KH3HB-XO 3eMHaa, HO He npocxaa... BoeHHaa! A 3x0 COBCCM pa3Hbie Benin! 1-H ^eByuiKa: TBI HXO 3XO, xonenib CKa3ax&, HXO pa36Hpaenibca B BoeHHOH cjry»c6e? TBI TKQ B apMHH eme He cjiyacnji! l-ii K)Homa: 3axo y Meroi 6pax BoeHHbiii! H oxeii cjiyacnji! 51 HX OX ,a,yiHH no3flpaBjiaio c npa3flHHKOM! 1-H ^eByuiKa: 3xo 3aMeHaxejibHO, HO O neM MBI HanajiH pa3xoBop? l-ii K)Homa: 3xo XBI Hanajxa pa3xoBop o XOM, HXO y canmaxa Bce KaK Ha «xpa»cflaHKe»... 1-H ^eByuiKa: A HXO, pa3Be He xaK? Pa6oxa H OX^BIX, pa^ocxb H nepoKHBamra... l-ii K)Houia: Bce xaK. Ho... Ha cjry»c6e! 1-H ^eByuiKa: TBI MHe COBCCM xonoBy 3aMopoHHjr! 51 npocxo xoxena npoBepHXb HauiHx 3pHxejreH, ecxb JXH y HHX nyBCXBO K)Mopa... Oco6eHHO y 127
  • 128. MyjKCKoii nojiOBHHbi npncyxcxByioinHx B 3ajre... 1-ii K)Honia: Ta-aK... H HXO Ha^o Aejiaxb? 1-H ^eByniKa: A npocxo nocMOxpexb cjieflyioinHH niyxjiHBbiii HOMep. ECJTH a ycjibinxy MHOXO CMexa 3HanHx, nyBCXBO K)Mopa y Qyjsymjix coji^ax ecxb! 1-ii K)HOina: Hy HXO >K, oGtaBjiaii... P a3hizpueaemcH JOMopucmmecKcm cijeHKa. (MOCHCHO ucnojib3oeamb cijenapuu OTopodeijKOU «Ha cmpacuce MycuccKOZo YIOKOH» e otcypnajie «Cx^euapuu upenepmyap» NQ 2, 2007.) 2-ii K)HOiiia: 51 BOX cjiyniaio, KaK MOJIOAOKB noex xpycxHbie necHn: «MHe MHOXOXO He Haflo, KOCHyxbca XOJIBKO B3xjiafl,OM», HJIH «3oBy xe6a, oxBexa Hex», a eme: « T M 3aMy>K 3a Hexo He Bbixo,a,H» SXO coBpeMeHHaa xpaKxoBKa y>Ke npo3ByHaBinexo poMaHca, H BOX HXO xony CKa3axb BaM, ASBHOHKH! ^exo 3xo BBI xpycxnxe Bee? ^exo njianexe? Bbi HaM HpaBHxecb CMeiomnMnca, paflocxHbiMH H CHacxjiHBbiMH! A ecjiH Bain Apyx B apMHH ceirqac xaK nexo peBexb- xo? Paflynxecb npH,a,ex BceM Ha 3aBncxb, BaM Ha 3axjra,a,eHbe Hacxoain,HM MyacHHHon! ^oacflnxecb xojibKo! 2-H ^eByniKa: Ecxb B >KH3HH MHOJKCCXBO npHHHH JJIK aceHCKOH xpenexHOH oco6bi Bocnexb AOCXOHHCXBO MyacHHH. A B 3XOX Hy^HblH JXQYO, OCO60! 1-ii K)HOina: M M sxox npa3flHHK Kaacflbin xofl IlpHBexcxByeM onaxb H CHOBa! 1-H ^eByniKa: Beflb x,a,e 6bi 6biji Ham JKCHCKHH pofl, Kox^a 6bi He 6bijio MyaccKOxo? 2-ii K)HOina: H B HanieM MHpe nycxb, ,apy3bfl, 3Be3fla xapMOHHH HaM CBexnx. Be3 aceHin,HH >KHXb Hejib3a Ha CBexe. 128
  • 129. 1-H H 2-H ^eByuiKn: Ho BCZIX H 6e3 My>KHHH HQJII>3K 1-H ^eByniKa: Cexo,axxa npa3flHHK... no3,apaBjxaeM Bac, My>KHHHbI B (j)opMe c BbinpaBKoii BOeHHOIl! 2-u K)Honia: no3,apaBHM, KXO yvKQ yineji B 3anac, Kxo noflpacxex, no3,apaBHM HenpeMeHHO. 1-ii K)HOuia: CBoeii npucaxe BOHHCKOH BepHbi, CnjibHa HX Bepa, HX cy,a,b6a Kpacirea. 2-H ^eByniKa: OHH cxoax Ha cxpaace Been cxpaHbi, Eojibinoii cxpaHbi no HMCHH POCCHA! Bee: C npa3,a,HHKOM Bac, c ,HxieM 3ain,HXHHica OxenecxBa!
  • 130. nAMHTb XPAHflT 2KHBME CueHapnii TeMaTHHecicoro Benepa Cueua ycjioeno pa3deneua ua dee nacmu. Ha oduou ee cmopoue pa- duonpueMHUK 40-x zodoe, eoeunue pemiKeuu, (pomodoKyMeumu, (pomozpacpuu ynacwiHUKoe eounu (xopoiuo, ecnu 6u 3mo 6UJI Mecmnuu Mamepucm). ffpyzan cmopoua cueubi — cezoduHumee epeMH: cmyji, zumapa, eudeoMazuumocpou, (pomozpacpuu c eunycKHOZo eenepa u JIK>6OU dpyzoii «Mupubiu» Mamepuan ua ycMompeuue peotcuccepa-nocmauoeiuuKa. Tpucucdu 3eynam no3bieubie paduo («Om CoeemcKOZo UH(popM6wpo»). Facuem ceem e 3ane. 3eynum ZOJIOC K). Jleeumaua (cpouozpaMMa), numajoiuuu IJpuKa3 Bepxoeuozo zjiaeuoKOMaudyjoiuezo om 9 Man 1945 zoda. 3eynum mopotcecmeeuubiu Mapui e ucnomeuuu dyxoeozo opKecmpa. Ha KUHOSKpan npoeuupywmcx Kadpu eoeuuou xpouuKu: ecmpena nodedumeneu, 6036paujeHue condam c eouuu, cajiwm ua Kpacuou nnoiuadu u m.n. no OKOHnanuu mmoxpoHUKU cueua oceeiuaemcH. Ha cueue — MOJiodue pednma (4 aicmepa), Komopue ejviecme co 3pu- menHMU CMompenu cjocucem. 3eynam aiacopdu zumapu. IlepBbiH (odpaujancb e 3an). B M noMHirre 3TOT JXQYO>1<AHe IIOMHK), noTOMy HTO poflnjicfl B 1980 rofly. 3eyK zumapu ycunueaemcn, upa3daemcn 3eyK odopeauuou cmpyuu. M m BHHa He 6ojibHie H He MeHbine, 51 TOJIBKO 3ByK o6opBaHHOH CTpyHbl. Cercajra a MOJUOCB 3a Bcex HOTH6HIHX H 3a Tex, KTO BBDKHJI, OT HMeHH He nOMHAIHHX BOHHbl. BTopoii. 51 poflHjicfl nepe3 40 jreT nocne Ilo6eflbi. 51 BOHHBI He 3Haio. BpeMa Bee AanbHie OTflejiaeT OT Hac Te TparHHecKHe coGbrraa, Kor,a,a )KH3Hb H CMepTb KaacflbiH AeHb, Kaacflbra Hac, Kaacflyio ceKyH^y 6MJIH pfl,a,OM. BoHHa nocTeneHHO yxo^HT B nponijioe H CTaHOBHTca CTpammeH B yne6HHKax HCTOPHH, B BOcnoMKHamrax BeTepaHOB, Moero JXQM H Moeii npa6a6yniKH, y KOTopon norn6 CBIH. TpeTHii. 62 rofla nponijio... 62! Uejiaa )KH3Hb HejiOBenecKaa. MHe TOJIBKO AeBaTHafliiaTb. Ho Kor,a,a a CMOTPIO Ka^pbi BOCHHOH XPOHHKH, ^yMaio 06 O^HOM: KaK MM BMCTOAJIH, KaK Bbifl,ep»cajiH 3TOT Hy,a,OBHiHHbiH afl?! 51 npeKjiOHaiocb nepefl repoH3MOM Hauinx OTHOB, AeflOB, MaTepeii, cecTep. HeTBepTbiii. Kaicon ace HyacHO o6jia,a,aTb MopajibHOH CHJIOH, CTOHKOCTBIO H 130
  • 131. HeHaBHCTbio K BparaM, HTO6M npoHTH nepe3 Bce MyKH a^a - ronofl, xojrofl, KOHiiJiarepa. H ocTaTbca ^ejiOBeicoM! Bxopoii. Kor^a a cnyinaio paccKa3bi Moero ,a,e,zia, flyMaio: 3Toro KoniMapa Morao H He 6biTb. H RGJS, MOH nojiBeKa He npuraji 6M Ha ,a,epeBflHHOH Hore. H He 6bIJIO 6bl COTeH TbICflH HHBajIHflOB Ha H d O 5KH3HB. H e 6bIJIO 6bl BflOB H cnpoT. He 6MJIO 6M TO-ro BejiHKoro o6meHejiOBeHecKoro ropa H peK MaTepHHCKHX cxe3. IlepBbiii. OT Ae^a a y3Haji, HTO nepefl BOHHOH 6MJIO penpeccnpoBaHo: H3 5 MapuiajiOB - 3, H3 2 apMencKHx KOMHecapoB I paHra - 2, H3 4 KOMHecapoB I paHra - 2, H3 12 KOMaHflnpoB II paHra - 12, H3 2 (JmamaHOB (JmoTa I paHra - 2, H3 15 apMencKHx KOMHecapoB II paHra - 15, H3 67 KOMKOpOB - 60, H3 28 KopnycHbix KOMHecapoB - 25, H3 199 KOMflHBOB - 136, H3 397 KOM6pHrOB - 221, H3 36 6pnraflHbix KOMHecapoB - 34. Beet KOMaH,a,HbiH cocTaB HaKaHyHe BOHHM 6MJI pa3rpoMjieH. ApMHa o6e3rjiaBjreHa. KaK 3HaTb, MOJKCT 3TO npHBeno K TOMy, HTO MHJIJIHOHM acH3Heii yHecua BOHHa? MHJIJIHOHM... CiviepTb oflHoro nejiOBeica — Tparcznxa. A Kor,a,a MHJIJIHOHM?.. Tpexnii. HecMOTpa Ha Bce noTepn, Bce Mmrycbi KOMaHflOBamra, Hauia apMHa OTBoeBbiBana niar 3a niaroM nocejiKH, cena, ropo^a, 3acTaBjraa (j)aiHHCTOB OTCTynaTb c HanieS TeppHTopHH, IJodxodum K cmapeuhKOMy paduonpueMHUKy u uacmpaueaem na pa- duoeomy CoeemcKOZo UHtpopMdwpo. Hdem ceodKa o nacmynjiemiu HCIUIUX BOUCK nod CmanumpadoM. Om Coeemcuozo umpopMdwpo 26 deuadpu 1942 zoda B meuenue 26 deuadpn ttauiu eoucua e pauone Cpedttezo /fona, npodojiMcan HacmyiuieHue, 3CIHRJIU ttecKOJibKo decnniKoe HacejieHHbix nyHKmoe. B 3aeodcKOM pauone CmajiuHzpada ttauiu nacmu, deucmeyn uimypMoeuMU zpynnaMU, yuumnodtcajiu yupenjieuuR npomueuuKa. IJo OKOHHCIHUU ceoduu 3eynum necuH B. Eacuepa na CJI. M. Mamycoe- CKOZO «Ha 6e3hiMHHuou 6bicome». HexBepxbiii. 26 MHJTJTHOHOB 452 TMCAH norH6niHx 3a 1418 ,a,HeH. KaayjMH BOCMMOH >KHTejib HanieH CTpaHbi norn6 BO BpeMa BOHHM. Mojioflbie 131
  • 132. napHH H ,a,eBHOHKH noxnGajTH 3a PonHHy B Hanajie CBoen >KH3HH: B 23, 21, 19 H na>Ke B 13—14 jxex. Taacejro H 6OJTBHO nyMaxb 06 3XOM. OHH He acanejiH ce6a BO HMA OxenecxBa, HO acanejiH o XOM, HXO Mano cnejiajxn. H HaM Hejib3a 3a6biBaxb o MHjuiHOHax nOXH6lHHX H O KaJKHOM B OXHejXbHOCXH. IlepBbiH (depjica e pyicax eoeunue penuKeuu). Y Meroi B pyxax nncbMa, 3aBeiu,aHHa, 3anncKH H3 nHeBHHKOB, Koxopbie BO3HHKJXH 3a HecKOJibKO flHeii, nacoB, a mioxna H MHHyx nepefl CMepxbio B (j)aiiiHCxcKHx 3acxeHKax, Ha none 6oa, BO BpaacecKOM xbijxy. 3eynum 60KCUIU3 P. Tumpa. AKmepu paccMampueajom eoeunue pejiwteuu. Kacucdbiu depecucno 6epem noDtcenmeeuiuu om epeMeuu condamcKUU mpeyzojibuuK, odzopeeuiuu JIUCWIOK U3 3anucH0u KHUJfCKU UJIU dnoKuoma, za3emy, u oduu 3a dpyzuM mimawm: IlHCbMO K MaTepn napnoaHKH Bepbi IIopniHeBOH OT 29 HOsi6psi 1941 rom «MHjraa MaMOHKa! nniny 3xo nncbMO nepefl CMepxbio. Tbi exo nojxyHHiiib, a Meroi yace He 6ynex Ha CBexe. Tbi, MaMa, 060 MHe He rnianb H He y6HBanca. 51 CMepxn He 6oiocb... MaMOHKa, XM y Meroi onHa ocxaenibca, He 3Haio, KaK XM 6yneiiib acnxb. KaK 6bi xoxejiocb noacnxb H noMOxpexb, KaKaa 6ynex ,zi,ajibHie >KH3Hb. He Moxy 6ojibHie nncaxb: pyKH xpacyxca, H xoiiOBa He coo6pa>Kaex HHHexo - a yace Bxopbie cyxKH He Kyuiaio, c xojionHbiM >KejiynKOM MHp yMHpaxb jiexne. 3Haeuib, MaMa, OGHHHO yMHpaxb B 24 xona. npomaii, MOA MHjraa cxapynnca. Hejxyio Bcex. TBOA HOHB Bepa». 3eyK odopeauHOU cmpyuu. «3aBxpa a yMpy, MaMa. Tbi npoacHjra 50 jiex, a a jiHiiib 24. MHe xonexca acnxb. Benb a xaK Mano cnejiajia! Xonexca acnxb, HXO6M xpoMHXb HeHaBHCXHbix (j)aiHHCX0B. OHH H3neBajiHCb Hano MHOH, HO a HHHexo He CKa3ajia. 51 3Haio: 3a MOIO CMepxb oxoMCxax MOH npy3bfl - napxH3aHbi. He rnianb, MaMa. 51 yMHpaio, 3Haa, HXO Bee ox^ajia no6ene. 3a Hapofl yMepexb He cxpauiHO. Bepa». 3eyK odopeauuou cmpyuu. Ha CTeHe TiopeMHoii KaMepbi B Jlyuice Ha^nncb no/inojibimmbi IlaniH CaBejibeBoii flimapb 1944 r. «npH6jiH»caexca nepHaa, cxpauiHaa MHHyxa! Bee xeno royBeneHO - HH pyK, HH HOX... Ho yMHpaio MOJina. CxpauiHO yMHpaxb B 22 xona. KaK xoxejiocb 132
  • 133. >KHXb! Bo HMA >KH3HH 6y,a,yiHHx jxfo,a,eH, BO HMA xe6a, POflHHa, yXOflHM Mbl... PaciiBexan, 6y^b npeKpacHa, po^HMaa, npoman. TBOA IlaiHa». 3eyK odopeauuou cmpyuu. H3 3anHCHoii KHHJKKH KOMaH^Hpa-apTHjuiepHCTa HsaHa AjieKceBa Maii 1944 r. «IIepeflaHxe nocne Moeii CMepxn MOH op^eH ce^OMy oxny. nepeflaiixe eMy MOH cjiOBa: Bain CMH Baroi BaniH coBexbi H HaKa3bi OXHOBCKHC BbinojiHHjr, He ^Cajiea HH CHJT, HH CaMOH 5KH3HH. BbinOJTHHJT Henjioxo. OH CO CBOHM noflpa3flejreHHeM C6HJT 23 caMOJiexa npoxHBHHKa. 6 HIOJM 1941 x. B paiioHe TpoHH (Beccapa6na) yHHHxo>KHji Gojibine 6axajibOHa nexoxbi. 8 HIOJM 1941 x. oxpa3Hji axaKy 12 xaHKOB, O^HH xaHK nofl^cex, ,apyxHe noBepHyjr BOCBOACH. Bami AjreKceeB». 3eyK odopeauuou cmpyuu. «IIpomaHxe, po,znxbie coBexcKHe mo AH. Hac cexo,a,Hfl y6biox, a JKHXB xonexca. M M MOJio^bie, nepoKHjiH cxpauiHbie nbixKH, HO ocxajincb BepHbi POflKHC 51 - AjreKcaH^p CepxeeBHH Ky3HenoB, pyccKHH, MOH xoBapniH, - CaapecxHK Bajib^yp, acxoHen, CeHxa6pb, 1943 x.» 3eyK odopeauuou cmpyuu. IlHCbMO KpacHoapMeiiua-CB$i3HCTa Ojiera HenHTOBCKoro Maii, 1944 x. «IIpomaH, MO;I flopoxaa MaMOHKa. 3xo Moe npe^CMepxHoe nncbMO, H ecjin XM exo nojiyHHinb, 3Han, HXO CbiHa y xe6a Gojibine Hex. 51 noxn6 KaK XBOH CMH H KaK CMH PoflHHM. 51 He nomaflHji CBoen >KH3HH 3a 6jraxo H cnacxbe jnoflen, 3a Bainy cnoKOHHyio cxapocxb, 3a cnacxjiKByio )KH3Hb flexeii. IljiaKaxb He HyacHo! rop^HCb H noMHH MeHa. PaccKa3MBaH xeM, Koxopbie eme xojibKO pacxyx, HXO 6MJT y xe6a CMH, H HXO OH, He acajrea ce6a, ox,a,aji CBOK) 5KH3HB 3a HX cnacxbe, 3a HX pa^ocxH. 51 XOHHO 3Haio, HXO (j)aiHHCxoB CMexyx c jiHua 3eMjiH, HM H Ha XOM CBexe He 6yflex CHOKOHCXBHA. 51 yKpaHHeii, HO BenopyccKaa 3eMjm npHMex Meroi xoace KaK CMHa. Uenyio B nocjie,a,HHH pa3 KpenKO KpenKO. TBOH CMH Ojrex». 3eyK odopeauuou cmpyuu. «CexoflHa, 3aBxpa - He 3Haio Kox^a - Meroi paccxpejmiox 3a xo, HXO a KOMCOMOJiKa. 51 He 6oiocb yMHpaxb H yMpy cnoKOHHO. IlojTxaBa. no,axiojxbiinxHa EneHa YGHHBOBK. 20 jrex». HeTBepTbiii. IlpeflCMepxHMe nncbMa... OHH nncajTHCb nocjie,znxHH pa3 Ha py6e>Ke 133
  • 134. 5KH3HH H C M e p X H . C K O J T B K O XaKHX I I H - « e M H K ) B e i H a H H H . . . Ilepedupcm nucbMa u 3anucKU epyicax, mimaem: «IIpHKa3 BbinojiHeH. ^ a 3flpaBcxByex PoflHHa! 1941 x.» «IIpomaH, BOJM, npomaii, XBI, pyccKHH Hani Hapofl. Hiojib, 1944 x.» «IIpomaH, 6ejn>iH CBex! npomaii, cxpaHa MOA poflHaa! HIOJIB 1944 x.» Hcxeicasi KpoBbio, jiexHHK-HCxpeSnxejib CeMeH Topxyjisi coScxBeHHoii KpoBbio Hanncaji npomajibHyio 3anncKy, Koxopyio Hauijin psi^OM c HHM: «npomaiixe, JieHHHxpa,a,Hbi... Hoa6p&, 1941 x.» KojuieKXHBHoe 3aBemaHHe 18 HJICHOB no^nojibHoii opxaHioauHH. «rII,py3&a! M&i noxn6aeM 3a npaBoe flejio... He CKjiafl&iBaiixe pyK, BoccxaBaiixe, 6eiixe Bpaxa Ha KaacflOM niaxy. npoc&6a KO BCCM — He 3a6biBaiixe HauiHx poflHxejieii. npomaiixe. He xHeBaiixecb». Cojidamu zudnu 3a cezodun IlepBbiH (3adyMHU6o). He xHeBaiixecb... B 3XHX nncbMax 3aneHaxjieHbi nocjieflHHe nocxynKH, nyBCXBa, MBICJIH, BbipaaceHHbie B cjiOBax H HaBeHHO 3aCXBIBHIHe B MOMeHX HX xnGejiH. Tpexnii. Hx IOHOCXB 3aKOHHHjiacb B oflHonacbe, HO HaBcex^a ocxanca o6pa3 nejioxo noKOJieHHa jno,a,eii. Jliofleii MyacecxBeHHbix, oxBaacHbix, c BejIHKOH CHJIOH flyxa H HailHOHajIBHOXO flOCXOHHCXBa. HexBepxbiii. 160 BOHHOB noBxopHjiH noflBHx AjieKcaH^pa MaxpocoBa, CBOHM xejiOM 3aicpbiBHiexo aM6pa3ypy BpaacecKoxo ,a,30xa, 78 jiexHHKOB — noflBHx HnKOJiaa racxejijio, HanpaBHBinexo CBOH xopain,HH caMOJiex Ha BpaacecKHH cocxaB c BOCHHOH xexmncoii, 93 Gonna neHoii CBoeii >KH3HH noflopBajiH BpaacecKHe XaHKH. 3eynum necuH B. BbicoijKOZo «Mu epaujaeM 3eMJiw». Bxopoii. yMHpajiH OHH MOJIOABIMH, ^XOG Ha,x nojieM 6biJia XHinHHa, ^XOGBI HHexoe He6o CHAJIO H pa3flOJibHaa necroi 3ByHajia, ^xoG Ha,x POAHHOH Hanieii JIIO6HMOH HHKOx,a,a He B3MexHyjiacb Boinxa. Tpexnii. «HHKOXfl,a He B3MexHyjiacb BOHHa». 3xo 3ByHHx KaK 3aBemaHHe xex, KXO 134
  • 135. yyKQ ^aBHO yinen B ,apyxHe BpeMeHa, H xex, KXO ceixqac c HaMH. BTopoii. CexoflHa, KOx,a,a cjia6eex HHxepec flexeii H noflpocxKOB K no,a,BHxy jnofleii B 3XOH cxpaniHoii BoiiHe, K xoMy, nepe3 HXO npoinjiH HX Aeflbi, 6a6yniKH, KOx,a,a naxpnoxHHecKoe H xepoHnecKoe nepecxajio BOJiHOBaxb yMbi H cepflna MHOXHX MOHX CBepcxHHKOB, xonexca KpHHaxt: «TBI >KHBenib, noxoMy HXO KOx,a,a-xo Ha 3eMjie yMHpajiH coji,a,axbi»... 3xo 6BIJTH nanaHbi, xaKHe TKQ, KaK MBI... H MM o6a3aHbi noMHHXb o HHX! IlepBbiH. M M o6a3aHbi noMHHXb H O xpyaceHHKax xbijia, nocKOJibKy Bee XOAM BOHHM XMJI H (j)pOHX 6bIJIH C X H . UXM OnojxqeHHbi H napxroaHM cxponjiH o6opoHHxejibHbie coopyjKeffira. B xbijiy 6e3 CHa H ox^bixa JIIOAH paGoxajxn B 3aBOflCKHx nexax, He Bbixoflfl cyxKaMH, o6ecneHHBaa (j)poHx caMMM Heo6xo,axxMMM BOopyaceHHeM, XCXHHKOH H 6oenpmiacaMH. TpeTHii. BoeBbiMH 6bijiH nejibie 3aBO,a,bi JIeHHHxpa,a,a, CxajiHHxpa,a,a, MonoxoBa, HbiHe ITepMb H Apyrne, pa6oxaBnme Ha flencxByioinyK) apMHK), 13— 14-jrexHHe MajibHHiHKH 6pajiH Ha KOJioccajibHyio oxBexexBeHHoexb, cxaHOBACb MacxepaMH Ha 3aBO,a,e 6pHxa,a,HpaMH B KOJixo3e. HeTBepTbiii. Mano KXO 3Haex, HXO cymecxBOBajiH 6pHxa,a,M niKOJibHHKOB n o o6cjxy>KHBaHHK) paHeHbix. TaK, BopncoBCKaa cpeflHaa nncojia B BojrxoxpaflCKOH o6jracxH B XOAM BOHHM npeBpaxHjracb B xocnnxajib, x^e JXHQM pe6axa ynnjiHCb, a nocjie ypoKOB yxaacHBanH 3a paHeHbiMH coji^axaMH. CBOHMH xjra3aMH OHH BH^ejiH H 6ojib, H KpoBb, H CMepxb, K coacajieHHio. A eme OHH BH^ejiH BejiHKyio cnjiy ,ayxa, Koxopaa nopoii no6eacflajra M HeBbiHOCHMbie cxpaflaHHa. KiiHOxpoHUKCi mex codumuu. IlepBbiH. IlHcaxejTb BHKXOP Acxa(j)beB KaK-xo CKa3aji: «Mbi no6e,a,HjiH - CuaBa Boxy! Ho Hejib3fl 3a6biBaxb, HXO no6e,a,y MM ,H,O6MJIH oxpoMHeninHMH noxoKaMH KpoBH. H He flan Box, HXO6M eme o^Ha TAKA5I no6e,a,a K HaM npHHijra». MoeMy noKOJie-nHio Ha^o oco6eHHO noMHHXb 06 3XOM, xaK KaK oneHb xpeBoacHO ceixqac B MHpe. BTopoii. Cxoa y BenHOxo OXHA y MOXHJT noxnGinnx canmax, a ,a,yMaji: noneMy cjiyHHjiocb xo, HXO cjiyHHjiocb? iloneMy c Moen cxpaHOH? HeyacejiH xaKoe KpoBonpojiHXHe HHneMy He Haynnx jiKmen? iloneMy MOJio^bie pe6axa, Koxopbie eme H He HanHHajiH >KHXb, yxo,a,fl Ha 3ainnxy OxenecxBa, GMJIH H3BecxHbi, a noxn6HyB, cxajin HeH3BecxHbiMH? iloneMy jo CHX nop He 3axopoHeH nocjie,znxHH canmax? iloneMy? iloneMy? iloneMy? 135
  • 136. HexBepxbiii. 3xa Bomm flOJDKHa 6MXB nocjieflHeii. nocjieflHeii! HJTH JIIOAH HeflOCxoiiHbi Ha3biBaxbCfl JHOABMH! He,a,ocxoHHbi JKHXB Ha 3eMjie! HeflOCxoHHbi nojib30Baxbca ee flapaMH, ecxb xjie6, KapxoniKy, MACO, pbi6y... BoHHa - 3xo H naMaxb, H ypoK, H CKop6b, HanoMHHaHHe o XOM, HXO He AOJDKHO noBxopHXbca. Tpexnii. Hfl,ex CMeHa noKOJieHHH, KaK H nojioaceHO B >KH3HH. IIcoxoMy oco6eHHO BaacHO, HXO6BI K)Hbie 3HajiH o xex, KXO, He acajiea CHJI, 3flopoBba H >KH3HH, cpaacajica c acecxoKHM H 6e3»cajiocxHbiM BpaxoM HejiOBenecxBa (j)aiHH3MOM. Bxopoii. 3aflana Haniexo noKOJieHHH — He flaxb KaHyxb B Jlexy BceM jno,a,flM, npOCJiaBHBHIHM CBOK) POflHHy XepOH3MOM, My>KeCXBOM H npeflaHHoexbK). IlepBbiH. PoacfleHHbie JKHXB, JHOGHXB, xBopnxb H co3H,a,axb ,a,aBHO ynijiH B ,apyxHe BpeMeHa, AJM HHX BOHHa 3aKOHHHjiacb He camoxoM, a CBHHHOM B cep,znxe. OHH 3aBeiu,ajiH HaM 6epenb, noMHHXb H JHOGHXB CBoe OxenecxBO. IIoMHHXb o xex, KXO ox,a,aji CBOK) 5KH3HB 3a oGmeHejiOBenecKoe cnacxbe. Cercaxra, B KaHyH BejiHKOH IIo6eflbi, Moe noKOJieHHe HH3KO Kjiaroiexcfl noflBHxy coji^ax H xeHepanoB, JKCHIHHH H noflpocxKOB, yneHbix H KOHCxpyKxopoB, BceM, KXO Bbicxpaflan H 3aBoe- Baji BejiHKyio IIo6efly. Ilycxb AOHoenxca cjieBa H cnpaBa BejinnaBoe pyccKoe - Bee. CuaBa! Bxopoii. BceM H3BecxHbiM H HeroBecxHMM xepo^M - Bee. CuaBa! Kadphl KUHOXpOHUKU. 3eynum necuH A. TlaxMymoeou ua CJI. M. JIbeoea «IIOKJIOHUMCH eenuKUM meM 2odciM». 136
  • 137. «KPECTHTb, HEJIb3fl n O r O ^ H T b ! » nocH^ejiKH, nocesimeHHbie xaimcxBy Kpememm H KyMOBCXBy Ha Pycn fleiicmeywmue nui^a: l-nBcaynnxn 2-H BcayiinxH Cxpanyxa CBaxbie oxnbi o KpemeHHH: - «HHKXO He BxoflH B UapcxBO He6ecHoe miane, KaK XOJXBKO nepe3 xaHHCXBO KpemeHHa». CeHmumejih AMepocuu MeduojiancKUU - «KpemeHHe He npocxo oxnycKaex HaM xpexn, He npocxo onnxaex Hac ox 6e33aKOHHa, HO XaK, KaK 6bl MBI BHOBb pOflHJXHCb, H60 OHO BHOBb XBOpHX Hac H o6pa3yex». Cenmumejih HOCIHH 3namoycm - «HeB03MO>KHO Bcxynnxb B ecxecxBeHHoe cymecxBOBaHne, He pcaxxBinncb no 3aKOHy ecxecxBa; HeB03MO>KHO Bcxynnxb B o6meHHe c BOXOM, B neM 3aKjiK)Haexca ncxnHHaa Hania >KH3Hb... He BCxynHB B xpncxnaHCXBO nocpeflCXBOM KpemeHHfl». Cenmumejih Hzuamuu EpHHuanuHoe 1-u Beayinnii: 3flpaBCXBynxe, Jiiofln ,a,o6pbie! 137
  • 138. 2-ii Beaymnii: IIOKJTOH BaM 3eMH0H, cepflenHbiii! l-ii Be^ymnii: Mbi npHXjiacHjiH Bac Ha nocH,a,ejiKH, HXO6BI noxoBopHXb o pyccKoii npaBOCJiaBHoii o6pfl,a,HOCXH. He ceicpex, HXO B Hanie BpeMfl B03poacflaioxca cxapHHHbie o6biHan. TaK, HanpHMep, BHOBB Bee 6ojibine H 6ojibine poflHxejieii, icoxopbie acenaiox oicpecxHXb CBOHX Aexeix ,H,yMaeM, BaM 6y,a,ex He6e3bmxepecHO no3HaKOMHXbca c HCXOpneil B03HHKHOBeffiM XaHHCXBa KpemeHHfl H KyMOBCXBa Ha PycH. 2-ii Be^ymnii: 06meH3BecxHO, HXO pnxyaji KpemeHHii npoBOflnxca B nepicBH, a BOX flOMaiHHHH npa3flHHK, npa3flHHHHBIH 06QJS, B RGHh coBepuieHHa xaHHCXBa KpemeHHii npoBOflnxca yace flOMa, B Kpyxy pOflHBIX H 6JTH3KHX. M b i , n o JKejiaHHK) BCeX yHaCXHHKOB BCXpeHH, nepeHeCJTH 3XOX flOMaiHHHH, CeMCHHblH npa3flHHK - KpeCXHHHblH o6efl B Hainy yioxHyio jinxepaxypHyio xocxHHyio. l-ii Be^ymnii: B HHCJie nonexHbix xocxeii Hanieii Bcxpenn BHOBB HapeneHHbie KpecxHbie Maxepn H KpecxHbie OXHM, a xaioice KpecxHbie «co cxa»ceM». MHOXHC npHinjiH Ha Hani npa3,a,HHK co CBOHMH KpeCXHHKaMH. B XpHCXHaHCKOH P y C H BO BpeM KpeCXHHHblX o6eflOB K cxojry npHXjiaiHajiH H KOPMHJTH Bcex npHxoflJiiHHx. Box noaxoMy y Hac B jinxepaxypHOH XOCXHHOH cexczpra MHOXO nocexHxejieH. 2-ii Be^ymnii: Cnynaexca, HXO, coBepinaa o6p;m Kpemeffira, MHOxne He BHHKaiox B cyxb npoHCxofljnnexo. Ha caMOM ace flene penieHHe - O^HO H3 xjiaBHbix xpncxHaHCKHx xaHHCXB, 03HaHaiomee npHHirrae nejiOBeica B JTOHO XpncxHaHCKOH UepicBH. Ilo ee yneHHio 3xo 03Hanaex, HXO «HejiOBeic yMHpaex fljra >KH3HH xpeuiHOH H B03po»cflaexca B >KH3Hb flyxoBHyio, cBaxyio». ,3,0 KpemeHHa, no pyccKHM noBepbiiM, pe6eH0K 6e33ain,HxeH nepefl JIK>6OH nopnen, exo Moxyx yxpacxb HJTH no^MeHnxb nepxn, 3ain,eicoxaxb Mbinin- o6opoxHH, B cjrynae 6ojre3HH eMy He noMOxaiox HHKaKne 3aX0B0pbI HJTH MOJIHXBbl. J& H CaM OH CHHXajICfl «HeHHCXbIM» B 3xo BpeMa: «HeicpemeHbiH pe6eH0K - nepxeHOK». JIIO6OH CBinneHHHK HJIH npocxo xjiy6oKO BepyioiHHH nejiOBeic Ha Bonpoc o cpoKax KpemeHHfl oxBexnx oflH03HaHHo: 6epnxe pe6eHKa H KaK MO^CHO CKopee H^nxe c HHM B nepicoBb. 138
  • 139. l-ii Be^ymnii: CoxjiacHO EBaHxejnraM, Hanajro KpemeHHio nojioacnji HoaHH KpecxHxejib, Koxopbiii KpecxHji B peKe Hop^aH Hncyca Xpncxa. Xpncxoc 6BIJT 6e3ipenieH, HO OH npnHflji KpemeHHe AJM xoxo, HXO6BI co6cxBeHHbiM npHMepoM ocBaxHXb, o6pafl, KOXOpblH 6jraxoflapa Exo HCKynHxejibHMM 3acjryxaM BnocjreflCXBHH nojiynnji 3HaHeHne xanHcxBa H cflejianca He XOJTBKO 3HaKOM noKaaHHa H OHHineHHfl, HO H fleHCXBHXejIbHMM OHHIHCHHeM JHOfleH OX nepBopoflHOxo xpexa. «Kxo 6y,a,ex BepoBaxb H Kpecxnxbca, cnaceH 6yAex» (MK,16,16). 2-ii Be^ymnii: KpemeHHe Hncyca Xpncxa B peKe Hop^aH KaK 6M npoflOJiacaexca B )KH3HH Kaacfloxo xpHcxHaHHHa. ECJTH Mjia,a,eHeii po>K,zi,aexcfl B npaBOCJiaBHOH ceMte HJTH B3pocjxbra nejiOBeK acenaex npnnacxb K XpncxHaHCKOH UepKBH, Hafl HHM coBepuiaiox o6pa^, KpeiHemra. y KoHCxaHXHHa EajxtMOHxa no axoMy cjiynaio ecxt CXHXOXBOpeHHe «rpOMOBBIM CBCXOM». Meroi Kpecxnxb HCCJIH BCCHOH, BecHon, Hex - paHHHM jiexoM, H AO^cflb npojiHjica Haflo MHOH, H xpoM xpeMen npn 3XOM. npefl caMOH ijepKOBKOH Moeii, CBflXbiHeii ^epeBeHCKOH, U,BejiH iiBexbi, 6eacaji pynen H CM ex cxpynjica JKCHCKHH. H npeacfle neM Meroi BHCCJXH B npHXHXHIHH MpaK IiepKOBHblH, KpyxHjracb MOJTHHA Bfl,ajTH H xpafl njiacan HepoBHbiH. H npeacfle neM Meroi B KynejiB C MOJTHXBOH OnyCXHJTH, nacxynibfl nena MHe CBHpejxt Hafl CHexoM BOAHBIX JXHJXHH. *A paHbine 6BIJI KpemeH ^oacAeM H OCBfllHeH Xp030K>, y»Ce CBfllHeHHHKOM noxoM - CBCHOK) H cjre30K) 9L B ,a,excxBe ^Baacflbi 6BIJI KpemeH - KpeCXOM C XpOMOBbIM jiexoM, 139
  • 140. 51 6y,ay BCHHO BH,a,exb COH HaBeK C XpOMOBbIM CBeXOM. B POCCHH npHHaxo npoBOflHXb KpemeHHe name Bcexo Ha BOCBMOH HJTH Ha copoKOBOH RGHh cymecxBOBaHHa Mjia,a,eHHa B 3XOM MHpe. 3 X H HHCJia He CJiyHaHHbl, OHH HanOMHHaiOX HaM o co6bnxrax B MjiafleHnecKOH >KH3HH Hncyca Xpncxa - o6pe3aHHH H cpexeHHH. K copoKOBOMy js,mo y>Ke H MaMa HMeex npaBO OHHCXHXbca ox nepBopoflHOxo xpexa, ox Koxopoxo - AJM paflocxn! - poflHjiocb ee flHXii. 06pa^, npoBOflHxca O6BIHHO c 9 AO 15 nacoB B nepKBH B JIK)6OH ,a,eHb, 6yflb xo BBIXOAHOH HJIH nocxHbiH. Ecxb ,a,jra xaKOH nejiH H oco6o 6jiaxonpHaxHbiH AeHb, MM ynoMHHajiH o HeM Bbinie, 3xo 19 AHBapfl - KpemeHHe XpncxoBO. Ho ecjin %o sxoxo flHa eme HecKOJibKO «copoKOB», yKjs,ari> onaxb-xaKH He CXOHX. 06MHHO BbiGnpaiox 6jiH3Kyio K CBoeMy ,a,OMy HJIH MHjiyio cepflny ijepKOBb, 6epyx c CO6OH KpecxHK (HJIH noKynaiox B iiepKBn), 6ejxyio py6anieHKy, nojioxeHne, ^eHbXH Ha KpemeHHe H MejiOHb jsjix pa3flanH BceM >Ka)K,ziyiHHM noMOJinxbca 3a 3flopoBbe Mjia,a,eHHa. l-ii Be^ymnii: Ilpn coBepnieHHH xamicxBa KpemeHHii Hcnojib3yiox HecKOJibKO 06pafl,0B, H Ka^CflblH H3 HHX HMeex CHMBOJIHHeCKOe flyXOBHOe 3HaHeHHe. B CBA3H C SXHM npHBe^y BaM oxpbiBOK H3 poMaHa «BoHHa H MHp» JIbBa HnKOJiaeBHHa TOJICXOXO: « I lepe3 xpn RHX oxneBajiH MajieHbKyio KHAXHHIO... Eme nepe3 naxb flHeii KpecxnjiH MOJiofloxo KHiBii HnKOJiaa AH,apeeBHHa. MaxyniKa nofl6opoflKOM npH,a,ep)KHBajia nejieHKH, B XO BpeMa Kaic xycHHbiM nepbiniKOM CBameHHHK Ma3aji CMopmeHHbie KpacHbie jia^OHKH H cxyneHbKH MajibHHKa. KpecxHbra oxeii - flefl, 6oacb ypoHHXb, B3flpaxHBaa, HOCHJI Mjia^eHiia BOKpyx acecxaHOH KynejiH H nepeflaBaji exo KpecxHOH Maxepn, KHaacHe Mapbe. Kxmb AH^peii, 3aMHpaa ox cxpaxa, HXO6 He yxonnjiH pe6eHKa, CH^eji B ^pyxoii KOMHaxe, oacnflaa OKOHnaHHa xaHHCXBa. OH pa^ocxHO B3xjiaHyji Ha pe6eHica, Kox,a,a eMy BbiHecjia exo ronxiOHiKa, H oflo6pHxejibHO KHBHyji XOJIOBOH, KOx,a,a HaHioiHKa coo6in,Hjia yMy, HXO 6poineHHbiH B Kynejib BomenoK c BOJiocKaMH He noxoHyji, a nonjibiji no KynejiH». Box OHH - ocHOBHbie xpa,a,HHHH Kpeineffira: ,a,axa - Ha 140
  • 141. BOCBMOH fleHb nocne poayjeHHH, Bbi6op B BoenpneMHHKH 6JIH3KHX poflcxBeHHHKOB, BflaHHOMcjxynae - Ae^a n xexKn n, HaKOHeii, noBepte, HXO ecjin BOCK C BOJiocnKaMn Mjia,a,eHna He yxoHex, JWYK ocxaHexca >KHBO. Moacex Kxo-HH6yflb noflejinxbca CBOHMH He,a,aBHHMH BnenaxjieHiMMH no o6pfl,ay KpemeHHfl? Hdem pa3zoeop c npucymcmeyjoujiiMU e zocmuuou. 2-H Beaymnii: ,H,a, flencxBnxejxbHO, HeKOxoptie MOMeHXbi oGp^ma KpemeHHfl npexepnejin H3MeHeHna. 06MHHO nocjie H3XHaHna Henncxbix flyxoB, «oxpnnaHHfl» ox caxaHbi (o6pameHne KpemaeMOxo K 3ana,ay - Mecxy xbMbi) n «coHexaBaHna» c XpncxoM Hacxynaex caMbin jKHBOxpenemymnn MOMCHX - OMOBeHne Mjia,a,eHna CBOTOH BOflOH. l-ii Be^ymnii: ilocjie KpemeHHfl Ha KpemaeMOxo HafleBaiox KpecxHK n py6anieHKy, Koxopyio no npnxofle AOMOH HyacHO crorrb H 6ojibine He Ha^eBaxb. HcKniOHeHHa cocxaBjmiox oco6bie cjxynan Bpo^e xaacejibix, He flan 6ox, He^yxoB, Kox,a,a HOKHaa 6ejraa xxaHb npnHHMaex Ha ce6a pojib KOJibnyxn, xparoiineH CBoexo o6jiaflaxejra ox Hanacxn. 3xo Kacaexca n B3pocjibix - py6anieHKH, 6jry3KH, KO(j)Xbi, Koxopbie 6bijrn Ha Bac BO BpeMfl Kpemeffira, BM 6ojibine HH B 6bixy, HH Ha pa6oxe He ncnojib3ynxe. A BOX KpecxHK, Hao6opox, CHHMaxb He peKOMeH^yiox HHKOXfl,a. Ha xo OH H HaxejibHbin, HXO6M 6bixb x,a,e nojioaceHO. KoHenHO, HOKHaa Koaca Mjia^eHiia Moacex He Bbifl,ep»caxb conpnKOCHOBeHna c nenoHKon, xeceMKon HX BepeBOHKOH.JH IIoaxoMy GaxioniKa coBexyex Ha^eBaxb pe6eHKy KpecxnK Ha 6aHXHK, Koxopbin jxynnie Merorrb pa3 B ,a,Ba ^ H a B nejmx xnxneHbi. Hy y>K xpn ,a,Hfl npoHoenxb KpecxnK o6fl3axejibHO. A noxoM jrynnie nonoacnxb exo nofl HKOHy CBOTOXO noKpoBnxejm. 2-ii Be^ymnii: HanocneflOK y HOBO^BjieHHOxo aHxejiOHKa (KaK no TojicxoMy) cpeacyx npa^Ky BOJTOC, noMaacyx eneeM n HapeKyx KpemeHMM HMeHeM. Pa3peninxe 3annxaxb BaM BOX xaKoe nncbMo: «MeHii 30Byx XpncxnHa. 51 ynycb B niecxoM Kjracce. He CMeniHO? Hex. A BOX Ha^o MHOH Bee oflHOKjiaccHHKn CMeioxca. 141
  • 142. OHH xoBopax: «Ky,a,a XBI npnnma co CBOHM nepKOBH&iM HMeHeM?»». ^ejTO B XOM, HXO OflHOKJiaCCHHKH fleBOHKH H BCe, KOMy noneMy-xo B,apyx cxaHex CMeniHO, xjry6oKO HenpaBbi. HMA y 3XOH niKOJi&Hnn&i BnojiHe HopMajibHoe, H fl,aHO OHO en no BceM npaBHjraM, xo ecxb Bbi6paHO H3 HMCH CBAXBIX, HBH AHH naMirra npnxoflaxca Ha nepBbie BOCCMB cyxoK >KH3HH pe6eHKa. Cneiny coo6mnx& BceM, KXO SXOXO He 3Haex, HXO Bee BBI - OJTBXH, HpmxBi, PoMaHbi, Cepxen, AxeicceH, AHacxacHH, TeHHaflHH, KHPHJTJTBI, JIIOAMHJI&I, ^apbH, JleoHH^Bi H nponne - Bee BBI HOCHxe HMeHa «iiepKOBH&ie». Ka»cfl&iH HnKOJian flOJDKeH 3HaX&, H O MHOXHe COXHH Jiex JXfOflH noHHxaiox CBflXOXO HnKOJiaa X YxOflHHKa, 3aiH,HXHHKa MOp^KOB H njTOXHHKOB, Xpy>KeHHKOB H nyxeuiecxBeHHHKOB. KaacflbiH Cepxen flOJDKeH HOMHHXB, HXO B HCXOPHH Hanien POflHH&I CJiaBHO HMfl CBflXOXO CepXHfl PaflOHOKCKOXO, Bfl,OXHOBHBHieXO ,H,MHXpHfl ^OHCKOXO H a 6 o p & 6 y C 3 a X B a X H H K a M H . A KaacflOMy AneKcaHflpy Ha^o xopflHXbca, HXO OH - xe3Ka AneKcaHApa HCBCKOXO, He XOJXBKO iara3fl H BOHHa, HO H pyccKOxo CBflXOXO. l-ii Be^ymnii: T&ICAHH jiex mo AH npn poacfleHHH pe6eHKa Ha3&iBajiH exo B necx& aHxenoB H CBAX&IX B Hafleacfle Ha He6ecHyio 3ain,Hxy. HMA AOJIHCHO 6&IJTO 6&i y6epen& ox 3Jia, no,a,BHXHyx& Ha fl,o6po, noMOHB nejiOBeicy npo>KHx& >KH3H& CBAXOXO. IlpH coBepuieHHH xanHcxBa KpemeHHa cBiiineHHHK cBepaex B&i6paHHoe HMA no CBaxnaM, H ecjxn OHO OKaacexca xaM, xox,a,a, xoBopa coBceM MnpcKHM 33&IK0M, cnnxaiixe, H O BaM KpynHO X noBe3Jio. B SXOM cjrynae B ^OKyMeHxaiinn 3eMHOH H He6ecHOH KaHiiejTapnn He 6y,a,ex pa3HonxeHHH. Hy a ecjin BBI B&i6pajiH HMS AMejina, xo npn KpemeHHH Moxyx ,a,ax& ,apyxoe HMH, HanpnMep EneHa. }KaHHy Moxyx Ha3Bax& EBxeHnen. ^epes HMA nejiOBeK nonynaex He6ecHOxo noicpoBHxejM n B npn^any K ^HK) poacfleHHa - ,H,eH& AHxena, HMeHHH&i cepmja, npa3flHHK CBoen ,ayniH. 2-ii Beaymnii: «Y3HaB, HXO Mjia^eHeii Ha3BaH AjieKcaH,apoM, RKRK BcnuecHyji pyicaMH. - BejiHKOJienHoe HMM, - CKa3an OH. - ,H,Ba Bejinnanninx 142
  • 143. nojiKOBOflija, rocyflapirafl cecTpnna, B Mnpe: BejinKOJienHbin ^HHHGan H AneKcaHAp. H eme AjieKcaH^p BacnjTbeBHH CyBopoB. no3flpaBjiaio, cyflapbiiM cecTpnna! 3 T O BejiHKOJienHoe HMS Bbi6pajiH. - HMA fl,aHO 6ojree no (j)aMnjTbHOH naMirra, - CKa3aji HCOXOTHO Cepren JIBBOBHH, - no npa^efly ero, AneKcaHflpy IleTpoBHHy, n6o OH - np^MOH ocHOBaTejib ceMenHoro GjiaronojiyHna, a He no CyBopoBy, - fl,o6aBHji OH TOHKO H noKOcnuca Ha KapaM3HHa». (K). TbiHHuoe «IJyuiKUH».) Bo MHornx ceMbax npHHOTO flaBaTb RGTXM HMeHa 6a6ynieK n fleflynieK, HTO Bcer^a 6BIJTO necTbio, Kaic fljra CTapniero HjieHa ceMbH, TaK H jinx TOJibKO HTO po,a,HBinerocfl. OneHb ,a,o6poe flejio - OGMCHHTB pe6eHKy, Kor,a,a OH noflpacTeT, HCTopmo Bbi6opa ero HMCHH: KTO B po,ay HOCHJT ero npeacfle H HTO 3TO 6BIJT 3a nejiOBeK. 1-ii Beaymnii: Pa3roBop o pyccKHx HMeHax, 06 HMaHapeneHnn 6ojibinon n OTfl,ejibHbiH, MM TKQ BepHeMca K HaHajry Hanien BCTpenn - TanHCTBy KpeineHna. IJo jfcejicmuw opzaumamopoe nocudenoK MOCHCHO npuzjiacumb ynacmuuKoe ecmpenu K pa3zoeopy. Hanpujviep, 3adamb UM eonpoc: 3Hawm JIU OHU ucmopuw npoucxoDfcdeuux ceoezo ujueuu u ezo 3Hcmeuue, Mozym JIU ua3eamb damy ceoux ujueuuH, mo ecmb ffenb AuzenaXpcmumem? 2-H Beaymnii: Ha Bee Bonpocbi, c KOTOPMMH CBinneHHHK o6painaeTCfl K pe6eHKy, OTBenaiOT ero BoenpneMHHKH - KpecTHbie OTeii H MaTb. Ilo Tpe6HHKy Mjia^eHiiy Heo6xoflHM TOJIBKO O^HH KpecTHbin TOTO TKQ, HTO n pe6eHOK, nojia. Ho BH^HMO, no aHajrornn c KPOBHMMH pOflHTCIMMH KpeCTHblX O6BIHHO Toace Bbl6npaK)TflBOHX_ OTIja H MaTb. KpecTHbin OTeii - KyM, KpecTHaa MaTb - KyMa. KpecTHHKy CBoeMy, noacHaeT Bna^HMnp ^anb, BoenpHeMHHKH He KyM H KyMa, a TOJIBKO Meac^y co6on, H OTHOCHTejibHO poflHTejien H poflHHen ero. B KpecTHbie OTnbi yace rofljrrcfl IOHOUIH c 15 jieT, a B MaTepn - ,a,eByinKH H xoro MOJioace, c 13. 3TO MoryT 6biTb KaK ,apy3bfl, TaK H pOflCTBeHHHKH, He COCTOflBUIHe MOKfly C 0 6 0 H B 3aKOHHOM 6paKe, H, KOHenHO, He KpoBHbie nanbi n MaMbi. 143
  • 144. l-ii Be^ymnii: Kcxaxn, oneHb BaacHbin MOMCHX B o6pfl,a,e Kpemeffira: no KaHOHaM npaBOCJiaBna KpecxHbie He MOXJTH Bcxynnxb B 6paK Apyx c flpyxoM. ^ x o Moxna H3Mbicjrnxb npocxaa, HeonbixHaa ^eBynnca? OHa cjibixajia, HXO Hejib3fl >KeHHXbCfl Ha KyMe, n en cennac TKQ npnnmo B xojiOBy: 3aneM OHa He KyMa CBoeMy B03Jiio6jTeHHOMy? Tox^a 6BI OH He MOX KO MHe CBaxaxbca n Bbinieji 6bi B apxnepen. IT BOX Ojxtxa Oe^oxoBHa, 3a6paB 3x0 B xonoBy, cjiexajia B Ha3BaHHoe ceno K 3HaKOMOMy MyacnKy, y Koxopoxo poflnjica pe6eHOK, flana xaM ^eHex Ha KpecxnHbi n Ha3Bajiacb B KyMbi, c xeM HXO6M KyMa He 3Bajrn, xaK KaK OHa npHBe^ex CBoexo KyMa. Bo BceM 3XOM OHa, pa3yMeexca, HHKaKOxo npenaxcxBna He Bcxpexnjra, HO xpyflHeninaa nacxb ,a,ejia ocxaBanacb Bnepe^n: n %o 6bijro yxoBopnxb Bjno6jieHHOxo JKemxxa, HXO6 OH coxjiacnjica npo^axb CBoe cnacxbe 3a HeneBHHHoe BapeBO n, pa^n yflOBOJibcxBna nocxoaxb c JIK>6HMOH fleBynncon y Kynenn nyacoxo pe6effica, jinninxb ce6a npaBa cxaxb c Hen y 6paHHOxo aHanoa n MOJinxbca o co6cxBeHHbix fl,exax». Box xaKaa ncxopna onncaHa HnKOJiaeM JlecKOBbiM B npoH3BefleHHH «3axy,a,ajibiH pofl. CeMenHaa xpoHHKa Kronen Ilpoxa3aHOBbix». 3XHM npaBHjiOM xaK^ce ninpoKO nojib30BajiHCb Kpecxbime, Koxopbie npo3HaBajin, HXO noMennxK xonex nx noaceHnxb npoxnB BOJTH. KyMa n KyMy He HMCJI npaBa 3acxaBnxb Bcxynnxb B 6paK flaace caMbiii cypoBbin KpenocxHHK. 2-ii Be^ymnii: HenocpeflCXBeHHO npn KpemeHnn y Kaacfloxo H3 napbi BoenpneMHHKOB CBOH o6fl3aHHOCXH. KpecxHaa ^apnx Mnaflemiy KpecxHjibHyio py6anieHKy, a KpecxHbin noKynaex KpecxHK H cnoHcnpyex Becb o6pfl,a,. Ho 3xo He caMbie cjiornxbie H3 HX o6fl3aHHOCxeix CxaB BoenpneMHHKaMH KPOBHMX pcaxxrejien, KpecxHbie B3BajiHBaiox Ha ce6a oxBexexBeHHoexb 3a flyxoBHoe BoennxaHHe CBOHX HOBOHcneneHHbix ,a,exoK. To ecxb pynaioxca nepefl BOXOM 3a Heco3HaxejibHbix noKa MjiaflemieB B XOM, HXO Bbipacxyx H3 HHX fl,o6pbie xpncxnaHe. Kcxaxn, B3pocjibiM KpecxHbie He HyacHbi HMCHHO no xon npnnnHe, HXO OH yace B COCXOAHHH oxBenaxb 3a CBOH nocxynKn nepefl BCCMH HHCxaHiinaMH, BKjiiOHaa caMyio Bbicniyio. 144
  • 145. l-ii Be^ymnii: npnxjiaineHne B KyMOBba cnnxajin 3HaKOM yBa>KeHHfl. «B KpecxHbie cxpeMHjiHCb, xopomee 3BaHne, 3HaHnx, yBaacaiox». B CBOK) onepeflb, oxKa3 Ha npocb6y «BBecxn KpemeHyio Bepy» CHHxanca xpexoM. B BOcnpneMHHKH OXOXHO 3BajiH xex, KXO no6oxane, yMHee KpacHBee, mo^eii TKQ C KaKHM-HH6yflb (j)H3HHecKHM HeflOCXaXKOM, «He,H,OBOJXbHbIX yMOM», C HpaBCXBeHHblMH rotflHaMH KpecxHbie npnxjianiaxb H36exajxn. Y xoxo TKQ HnKOJiaa JlecKOBa HHxaeM: «rII,yKaHHxa xopbKO onjiaKHBana yacacHoe caMOHHHexBO CBoexo Myaca, H36paBinexo e,a,HHCXBeHHOMy, AOJixoacflaHHOMy flxxrflXH BOcnpneMHnneio 3aBeflOMyio Be^bMy. B,apyx pa30MKHyjia OHa CBOH MOjrxajinBbie ycxa n 3axoBopnjia: - Ha cxapocxb HaM, B Moe yxemeHbe, Box HaMflbixHHy,a,aji, a XM exo CbQii. - 3xo ein,e mo? - ocxaHOBHji ^yxan, - Kaic a cbeji RWIKI - A xaK, in,o oxtail exo BH,a,bMe. rfl,e 3xo no BceMy xpncxnaHCKOMy Ka3anecxBy cjibixaHO, HXO6M BHABMH ,a,aBajxH fl,nxa Kpecxnxb? - A BOX TKQ OHa exo n nepeicpecxHx. - HnKOx^a xoxo He 6buio, ,a,a n He 6y,a,ex, HXO6M Tocnoflb npnnycxnji ,a,o CBoen xpncxnaHCKon Kynenn jinxoflencKyio BHflbMy. - Ja KXO xe6e CKa3aji, mo KepacnBHa Be^bMa? - A BM KOXO xoxnxe, Bcex ,a,o6pbix moflen cnpocnxe, n Bee flo6pbie jiiofln BaM OAHO CKaacyx, HXO KepacnBHa Bn,a,bMa». OxpbiBOK 3xox B3ax H3 noBecxH «HeKpeineHbin non». «HeBepoaxHoe co6bixne HJTH JIexeH,a,apHbiH cjxyHan» - xaK eme Ha3Bajr caM JlecKOB onncaHHyio B noBecxn ncxopnio o «HeKpenieHOM none - oxne CaBBe, BecbMa xoponieM n 6jraxoHecxHBOM HejiOBeKe», npon3onieflniyio Ha ioxe Poccnn, B MajTopoccnncKOM Ka3anbeM cene. 2-ii Be^ymnii: A BOX ,apyxafl ncxopna, KOx,a,a, no BOcnoMnHamra OAHOXO KpecxbaHHHa, y exo oxna 6bijro 43 KpecxHHKa: «He nnji, yMHbin 6bijr, BOX n 3Bajxn». (KyM fl,a KyMa. CeMenHaa xa3exa. J T 20, Man. S« 1997). Cpefln Haninx xocxen xoace ecxb KpecxHbie, y KOXO 6ojree naxn KpecHHKOB. 3x0... (ua3hieaem UMeua). 145
  • 146. npocHM HX paccKa3axb o ce6e, o CBOHX KpecxHHKax H MM BpynaeM HM jreHXbi: «noHexHbiii KpecxHbiii» H «IIoHexHaa KpecxHaa». Hdem pa3zoeop. l-ii Be^ymnii: A xenepb ^aBaiixe noxoBopuM o cncxeMe B3aHMOOXHOineHHH H o6fl3aHHOCxeii Me>K,ziy KyMOBbflMH. (Focmu ecmynaiom e pci3206op. Bedyujiiu dodaeimem.) - Ilo o6biHaio KyMOBbfl AOJiacHbi nocemaxb Apyx Apyxa B Gojibinne nepKOBHbie npa3,znxHKH, oco6eHHO Ha Ilacxy. - Ilo xjxy6oKOMy y6e»cfleHHK) pyccKHx Kpecxb^H «o6n,a,exb KpecxHbix - xpex HenpocxHxejxbHbra». noaxoMy poflnxejiH KpecxHHKOB B cjxynae Raicux-jinGo He,a,opa3yMeHHH Bcex,a,a BO BpeMa ccop ycxynaiox. - Oco6aa pojib oxBOflHJiacb KpecxHbiM Ha CBa,a,b6e HX KpecxHHKOB. OHH - HaH6ojiee nonexHbie XOCXH, 6jiaxocjiOBjMjiH aceHHxa H HeBecxy BCJiefl 3a po,a,HxejMMH H BbinojirouiH pojib nocaaceHHbix oxna H Maxepn. B KanecxBe o6a3axejibHoxo 3jieMeHxa oxHonieHHa KyMOBCXBa BKJTIOHajTH B3aHMOnOMOIHb. «ECJTH Hy>KHO 3aHflXb xne6, CKopee o6paxncb K KyMy, H OH He oxKa>Kex». - KyMOBCXBO KaK CHCXeMa B3aHMOOXHOHieHHH BKJTIOHajlO onpeflejreHHbie HopMbi noBe,a,eHHfl B 6bixy. «KyMa npn KyMe He 6yflex nexb HenpHjiHHHbix neceH H xaic ,a,ajiee; B CBOK) onepeflb, H KyM HHROx^a He CKaacex CKBepHOxo cuoBa npn KyMe». 2-ii Be^ymnii: MHOXO KpacoHHbix noxoBopoK nocBflineHO KyMOBbflM: - ,H,o6pafl KyMa npn6aBHx yMa; - KyMa H KyM HacxaBjMH Ha yM; - KyM xoBopn Hao6yM, a KyMa 6epn Ha yM; - Cnacn6o KyMe, HXO AO KyMa flo6pa; - KoMy flo nexo, a KyMe flo Bcexo; - n p n KyMe He JKHXB, H 6e3 KyMa He 6bixb. Focmu nocudenoK ecnoMUuawm nocjioeuuu u nozoeopKU. 2-ii Be^ymnii: Bo3po»cflaexca HbiHe H ceMeiiHbiH npa3,a,HHK KpecxHH, 146
  • 147. coBepinaeMbiii BCJiefl 3a o6pfl,a,OM Kpemeffira. 3anpaBjrajiH Been o6pafl,OBoii nacxbK) KpecxHH noBHBanbHaa 6a6Ka H KyMOBba. Hx KaK Han6ojiee nonexHbix xocxeii o6a3axejibHO caacanH B KpacHbiii yxojr. IIocKOJTbKy jsffTn ^aBHO y>Ke no^Bjiaioxca Ha CBex B 6ojibHHiie, xo pojib 6a6KH-noBHxyxH 6epex O6MHHO Ha ce6a KaKaa-HH6yflb po,a,cxBeHHHHa HJTH Han6ojiee yBaacaeMaa XOCXBA. TOCXH coGnpajiHCb, HXO6M noacejiaxb OKpecxHBineMyca flOJIXOH CHaCXJIHBOH 5KH3HH, npHXOflHJIH Ha KpeCXHHM C flOpOXHMH noflapKaMH, npHHOCHjin c CO6OH yromeHHH. He3aBHCHMO ox cocxaBa KyinaHHH Ha KpecxHHHOM o6e,a,e noflaBajiocb xjiaBHoe 6jiK)flo - xpenHeBaa Kama, xaK Ha3biBaeMaa 6a6KHHa Kama. Ha cmojiu cmaenmcn zopuiomtu c mennou Kauieu, ece yzoiuajomcn flame e pa32oeop ecmynaem Cmpnnyxa, npuzomoeueuiaH eKycnyw, numamejibHyw Kauiy. CTpsmyxa: KpecxnjibHaa Kama HJTH Kyxta oxjinnaexca ox nocxHOH Kama, KoxopyK) noflaBajiH B PoacflecxBO HJIH Kpem,eHCKHH ConejibHHK, a xaK^ce 3a noMHHajibHbiM CXOJIOM. KpecxnjibHaa Kyxta 6oxaxaa - OHa nnxaxejibHaa H BKycHaa. Eflflx ee noMHOxy, OHa coBceM He noxo^Hx Ha nocxHyio Kyxbio, KoxopyK) 6epyx XOJIBKO menoxKaMH. «Ba6KHHy Kamy» XOXOBAX Ha MOJIOKC, c MacjiOM, ,a,o6aBjraK)x CJIHBKH, anna. B Hen nacxo 3aneKajiH Kypnny HJIH nexyxa - 3xo 3aBHcejio ox xoxo, KXO poflHjica: MajibHHK HJIH ,a,eBOHKa. Ha Kpecxmiax erne 6biBaex «no- xemKHHa Kama» - 3xo xaK TKQ caMaa «6a6KHHa», XOJIBKO CHJIBHO nonepneHHaa H nocojieHHaa. Bbi6epex KyM caMyio 6ojibinyio jioacKy, 3anepnHex HCMHOXO «noxeniKHHOH Kamn» H 3acxaBHx oxna KpemaeMOxo ee Cbecxb. A npn 3XOM npnxoBapHBaex: «Kyman-Ka, KyM, fla 3Han, xoptKO JIH, cjia^KO JIH KyMe 6MJIO poflHXb». Oxeii o6^3aH 6BIJI ctecxb H oxBexnxb: «CojiOHa Kama, H COJIOHO 6MJIO aceHe poflHXb, a eme cojiOHen oxny c Maxepwo flocxaHyxca ,a,exH nocjie». 3axeM OH 6pocaex ocxaBmyioca B jioacKe Kamy BBepx H npoH3HOCHx xaKHe cjiOBa: «,H,aH XOJIBKO BOX, HXO6MflexKaMHamHM JKHJIOCB, H OHH xaK TKQ nptixajiH 6M !» ^XOGBI Mjia^eHeii Bbipoc BMCOKHM, exo noflHHMajiH BBICOKO K noxojiKy H npHxoBapHBajiH: ^ T O G M KpeCXHHK XaKOH BblCOKHH BbipOC». OneHb BHHMaxejibHO cjie^HjiH 3a xeM, HXO6M Kama 6bijia floefleHa AO KOHna, HHane pe6eHKy xpo3Hjia onacHoexb 6BIXB pa6biM. l-ii Be^ymnii: EOJIBIHHM ycnexoM Ha KpecxHHax nojib3yioxca H «6a6KHHbi 147
  • 148. nnpoxH». 3xo ManeHbKHe IUIIOIIIKH, 6y6jiHKH, 6aixraKH, cep^eHKH, po30HKH H3 BKycHOxo xecxa. Oco6eHHO HX JTK)6HJTH AexH. «Ea6KHHbi nnpoxH» neiaiH H3 ApoacaceBOxo CAOGHOXO xecxa. Bee yzoua}omcH nupozajviu, nbwm nau u nojiyuawm ua ncuvmmb peijenm cdoduozo mecma dim npuzomoenemm «6a6KUHbix nupozoe». 2-ii Beaymnii: IloxHxoHbKy Becejibe 3aKaHHHBajiocb. Ilepefl yxo^OM XOCXH 6jraxoflapHjiH xo3aeB H acejiajin Bcexo xopoinexo, a HOBopoacfleHHOMy - fl,o6poxo 3flopoBba H MHOxne jrexa. l-ii Be^ymnii: IlocjTeflHHMH yxojsjum KyM c KyMOK). Ha naMaxb KyM nojxynaex ox KyMbi nuaxoK, 3a HXO OH, npeflBapuxejibHO yxepeB pox njiaxKOM, nejxyex KyMy B xy6bi H o,a,apHBaex ,a,eHbxaMH. npa3flHHK 3aKaHHHBaexca. 2-ii Be^ymnii: Pa3pennxre H HaM, ^opoxne rocxn, pacKjiairaxbCfl! l-ii Be^ymnii: OxeHb acanb, HXO xaK 6bicxpo npojiexejio BpeMa, H Hania Bcxpena noflonma K KOHixy. KaK xoBopuxbca: «npa3flHHKy necxHOMy 3Jiax BeHeii, a BaM - MHOxne jrexa!» ,3,0 CBH^aHKH, ^opoxne flpy3ba! 2-ii Be^ymnii: ,3,0 HOBMX Bcxpen! 148

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