Chapter 2 models of organizational behavior

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Mgnt 103 Human Behavior in Organization

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Chapter 2 models of organizational behavior

  1. 2. - it assumes that most people dislike work and will try to avoid it – it assumes that people are not inherently lazy
  2. 3. <ul><li>The typical person dislikes work and will avoid it if possible. </li></ul><ul><li>The typical person lacks responsibility; has little ambition, and seeks security above all. </li></ul><ul><li>Most people must be coerced, controlled, and threatened with punishment to get them to work </li></ul><ul><li>Work is as natural, as play or rest. </li></ul><ul><li>People are not inherently lazy. They have become that way as a result of experience. </li></ul><ul><li>People will exercise self-direction and self-control in the service of objectives to which they are committed </li></ul>
  3. 4. With these assumptions the managerial role is to coerce and control employees <ul><li>People have potential. Under proper conditions they learn to accept and seek responsibility. They have imagination, ingenuity, and creativity that can be applied to work. </li></ul>With these assumptions the managerial role is to develop the potential in employees and help them release that potential toward common objectives.
  4. 5. <ul><li>Depends on power </li></ul><ul><li>those who are in command must have the power to demand “you do this – or else - ” </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>depends on economic resources </li></ul><ul><li>Caring for the security needs of workers </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Had its origin in the “principle of supportive relationships” </li></ul><ul><li>Depends on leadership instead of power or money </li></ul><ul><li>Management provides a climate to help employees grow and accomplish in the interest of the organization the things of which they are capable </li></ul>
  7. 8. - A useful extension of the supportive model
  8. 9. <ul><li>An emerging model of organizational behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Strong search for higher meaning at work by many employees </li></ul><ul><li>You want more than just a pay check and job security from the jobs. </li></ul>

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