The Constitution sets 5 limits on the power that States
have to set voter qualifications:
must be also allowed to vote for members of Congress
servitude (slavery) cannot be a condition for voting
no gender discrimination
no age discrimination
no tax in order to vote
The electorate, or people who are allowed to vote, are
citizens older than 18.
Only 51.2% of the population voted for president in
Only 46% voted for Congress.
Voting Age Population
Citizen Voting Age Population
Votes for Highest Office
Higher income, education, and professional status
lower $ – tend to be Democrat
higher $ ‐ tend to be Republican
Strong sense of party identification
More women vote than men
Who’s Not Voting?
Younger than 35
South, or rural areas
Factors That Affect Voting
Political efficacy – do you feel like your vote counts?
Access to voting
Method of voting