Introduction to the Bill of Rights

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Quick overview of the first ten amendments.

Published in: Education, News & Politics

Introduction to the Bill of Rights

  1. 1. • James Madison, who helped write the Constitution, drafted a “Bill of Rights.” • In 1791, 10 Amendments – the BOR - were added to the Constitution. James Madison
  2. 2. • Guarantees five major freedoms: • Religion • Press • Speech • Petition • assembly
  3. 3. • Citizens have the right to bear arms, and states have the right to form militias.
  4. 4. • Soldiers cannot be quartered (kept) in private homes without permission.
  5. 5. • Freedom from search and seizure (something being taken)... • Search warrants have to be based on probable cause.
  6. 6. • No “double jeopardy”, self-incrimination, or taking away due process. • The government cannot take away your stuff (eminent domain) without compensating you.
  7. 7. • Right to a public and speedy trial by an impartial jury. • Right to know what you’ve been charged with. • Right to confront witnesses. • Right to an attorney.
  8. 8. Right to a jury in civil lawsuits.
  9. 9. • No cruel or unusual punishments for crimes.
  10. 10. • It’s impossible to create a list of everything you are entitled / have a right to. • Meaning: the Constitution provides a floor, but not a ceiling for your rights.
  11. 11. Powers reserved to the states and the people.

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