Born 1580 in Salamanca, permanent settlement of Buenos Aires
Worked to keep the traditional Indian religion.
He was part of the Sorimana cult. His parents and grandparents taught him the rituals and prayers and entrusted him with a stone image of the god Sorimana.
He in turn taught women the same rituals and prayers to pass on.
He and some of his followers were charged with heresy and admitted their wrongs to get the easiest punishment. They laid low for awhile and then eventually began their rituals again. He was very influencial in keeping Native American tradition.
Montezuma was the king of the Aztecs and it was prophesized that an exiled God was to come back and regain his thrown. They were afraid Cortes and his men were signs from the Gods.
Cortes heads to the interior with his men and some allies from the coast to overthrow the Aztec king.
When they reached the city, the Spaniards were showered with gifts and given lavish apartments to stay in.
However, on November 16, 1519 Cortes put Montezuma under house arrest and attempted to rule the Aztec people through the ruler. This did not work though because the power of Montezuma was lessening in the eyes of the Aztec people.
An arrest part from Cuba came to arrest Cortes, but he surprise attacked them at night and defeated them. However, when he tried to go back to Tenochtitlán, The causeways were cut, the bridges taken away, and the net closed. The Spanish had no food supplies and there was an acute shortage of drinking water.
After losing many men in the canal, the Aztecs thought the Spaniards were gone for good, and starting rebuilding and cleaning their cities. However, many people started dieing of an unknown disease that ended up being smallpox.
Cortes rebuilt his army and created boats to attack on the lake. Many small cities around the lake were defeated quickly, but in December 1519 the new king Cuautemoc surrendered after an omen was seen by the Aztec rulers showing the defeat was inevitable.
While Ruiz and his men encountered the Incas, Pizarro and his ship were camped out on an uninhabited island off the coast of Colombia. His men were on the verge of mutiny.
After 7 months on Gorgon Island, Pizarro and his men, including Ruiz, set sail for Ecuador and Colombia where they were able to find the town of Tumbes. Here they were welcomed with open arms.
Around this same time, the Inca king Wayna Capac was killed by the smallpox disease that ran ramped through the Incas at this time. His successor was disagreed upon between his eldest sonand his younger brother Huascar.
After this the Inca civilization delved into a civil war.
In July of 1529, Pizarro was granted a license to explore and conquer Peru, and gave him governorship to it.
Pizarro returned to Tumbes to find it in ruins. He and his men marched towards the interior where Atahuallpa was. Atahuallpa did not, however, send an attack on Pizarro because he felt his brother was a greater threat.
Pizarro only had about 160 men, but he had much more technologically advances weapons and recruited native indians upset with Atahuallpa.
When Pizarro and his men arrived at Atahuallpa’s camp, he told them to meet him at Cajamarca.
When he arrives there Pizarro had Friar Vincente Valverde speak to the new king. Valverde told Atahuallpa to denounce his gods and follow only their Christian God. Atahuallpa wanted the book (bible) so he could hear what it had to say to him about this matter. When it did not speak to him he threw it down in disgust.
Friar Valverde said the Inca people were against Christianity and ordered Pizarro and his men to attack.
Atahuallpa was arrested, but made a ransom for himself when he realized that Pizarro and his men wanted gold. He said he would give them the gold if they let him go.
When Atahuallpa was to be released, Pizarro found out that one of the Inca’s governors killed Huascar. Pizarro then charged Atahuallpa with treason against him and he was executed.
Pizarro then appointed Manco, Atahuallpa’s half brother, as the new Inca.
This war against the Spaniards was one of the most heroic battles against the Europeans. The Incas just didn’t have enough weapons and warriors to use them as Pizzaro and his men did.