Memory, Retention and Learning
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  • 1. Brain Based LearningMemory, Retention, and Learning
  • 2. Take a moment to think aboutwhat you know about the brain’sability to remember and retainnew information. How does thisaffect your classroom instruction?What strategies do you use tomake sure students retaininformation?
  • 3. What is memory? Gives us a past Gives us a record of who we are Essential for human individuality Without it, life would be a series of meaningless encounters that have no link to the past and no use for the future. Allow individuals to remember experiences and use them to respond to future events.
  • 4. Two Types of Long Term Memory Nondeclarative Declarative• Sometimes called implicit • Also called conscious or memory. explicit memory• Previous experiences aid • Remembering in the performance of a names, facts, music, and task without conscious objects. awareness of these previous experiences • Conscious, intentional recollection of previous experiences and information
  • 5. 3 Types of Nondeclarative Memory1. Procedural- remembering how to do something(Think of something you did this morning that requiredprocedural memory.)2. Motor Skill Memory- performance of daily skills we dowithout even realizing we learned them or are usingmemory to do it.(Think of something you did this morning that requiredmotor skill memory)3. Emotional Memory- unconscious response can turn themtoward or away from similar learning experiencesFlashbulb memory is called by such as powerful emotionalexperience that we can instantly store it in our long termmemory.
  • 6. 2 Types of Declarative MemoryEpisodic Memory Semantic Memory• Memory of events • Knowledge of facts in one’s own and dates not history related to any • Helps a person event. identify time and place an event happened
  • 7. Why is this important for educators? How a learner processes new information presented in school has a great impact on the quality of what is learned and is a major factor in retaining information. Understanding memory and how it is formed can help teachers select strategies to improve retention and retrieval of information.
  • 8. Learning and Retention Learning Retention Involves brain, nervous system, and  Process by which long environment. term memory preserves a learning so that it can Can learn something for locate, identify and a few minutes and then retrieve it in the future. lose it
  • 9. The Retention Puzzle
  • 10. Did You Know? The idea of “Practice makes Perfect” is rarely true. If a learner practices a skill incorrectly, unlearning and relearning the skills is very difficult. Cramming for an exam is called massed practice. This is not an effective strategy for retention. Distributed practice over time is the key to retention. By forgetting something trivial, we allow room for more important and meaningful experiences. We remember best what comes first, second best what comes last, and least of what is in the middle. It is important to teach new information first! Kids are so used to quick change and novelty in their environment so it is important to keep learning segments shorter. Teachers that go off task between learning segments keep the kids more focused during learning segments. Kids will retain 5% of information taught in lecture but 90% if they teach others or use the information immediately. Kids will retain 75% of the information if they practice by doing.