Insel10ebrup Ppt Ch16
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Insel10ebrup Ppt Ch16 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Personal Safety: Protecting Yourself from Unintentional Injuries and Violence Chapter 16
  • 2. Impact On the American Society
    • 160,000 Americans die for injuries
    • Intentional Injury
      • One that is purposely inflicted, by either oneself or another person.
    • Unintentional Injury
      • Injury occurs when no harm is attended
    • Average Day
      • 45 homicides
      • 85 suicides
      • 304 deaths from unintentional injuries
      • 1500 suicide attempts
      • 20,000 interpersonal assaults
      • 63,6000 disabling injuries
  • 3. Unintentional Injures
    • What Causes an Injury?
      • Combination of human and environmental factors.
    • Motor Vehicle Injuries.
      • Factors Contributing to Motor Vehicle Injuries
        • Speeding – 60% of all accidents
        • Aggressive driving
        • Fatigue and sleepiness
        • Cell phones and other distractions
        • Alcohol and other drugs
        • Safety belts, air bags, and child safety seats
  • 4. Preventing Motor Vehicle Injuries
    • Never drive under the influence.
    • Keep your car in good working condition.
    • Allow for plenty of following distance.
    • Increase your following distance and slow down if weather is bad.
    • Choose interstate highways versus rural roads.
    • Always signal.
    • Stop completely at stop signs.
    • Special care at intersections.
    • Don’t pass on two-lane roads.
  • 5. Motorcycles and Mopeds
    • Maximize your visibility.
    • Develop the necessary skills.
    • Wear a helmet.
    • Protect your eyes with goggles.
    • Drive defensively.
  • 6. Bicycles
    • Wear safety equipment.
    • Maximize your visibility.
    • Ride with flow of traffic.
    • Ride defensively.
    • Stop at all traffic lights.
    • Continue pedaling at all times.
    • Properly maintain your bicycle.
  • 7.  
  • 8. Home Injuries
    • Falls
    • Fires
      • Smoke detectors
    • Poisoning
    • Suffocation and choking
      • Heimlich maneuver
    • Firearms
  • 9. Leisure Injuries
    • Swimming
      • Not swimming alone
      • Personal floatation device
      • Check the surroundings
    • In-line skating injuries.
    • Scooter injuries.
  • 10. Work Injuries
    • Occupational Safety and Health Administration. (OSHA)
      • Occupational Safety and Health act of 1970.
    • Back injuries
      • Proper mechanics
    • Repetitive strain injuries (RSIs)
      • Carpal tunnel syndrome
      • Tendonitis
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13. Violence and Intentional Injuries
    • Violence
      • More than 1.4 million Americans fall victim each year.
    • Factors Contributing to Violence
      • Social Factors
      • Violence in the media
      • Gender
      • Interpersonal factors
      • Alcohol and other drugs
      • Firearms
  • 14. Violence and Intentional Injuries
    • Assault
    • Homicide
    • Gang-Related violence
    • Hate crimes
    • School violence
    • Workplace violence
    • Terrorism
  • 15. Family and Intimate Violence
    • Battering
    • Stalking and Cyberstalking
    • Violence against children
    • Elder abuse
  • 16. Sexual Violence
    • Sexual Assault: Rape
      • Statutory rape
      • Date rape
      • Who commits Rape?
      • Factors Contributing to Date Rape.
      • Date rape drugs
        • Rohypnol,GHB, “Special K”
        • Date-Induced rape prevention and punishment act of 1996.
      • Dealing with a Sexual Assault
        • (WOAR) recommendations
      • The effects of rape
  • 17. Child Sexual Abuse
    • Sexual act imposed on a minor.
      • Incest
      • Most sexually abused children are between 8 and 12 when the abuse first occurs.
      • Surveys suggest that as many as 27% of women and 16% of men were sexually abused as children.
    • Sexual Harassment
      • Affects academic or employment decisions or evaluations.
      • Interferes with an individual’s academic or work performance.
      • Creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive academic, work, or student living environment.
  • 18. What You Can Do About Violence
    • Training for conflict resolution
    • Identify and target-risk groups for intervention.
    • Reducing gun-related injuries.
        • Adoption of consumer safety standards for guns.
  • 19. Providing Emergency Care
    • First aid
    • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
    • Emergency medical services (EMS) system.
        • Check the situation
        • Check the victim
        • Call for help: Call 9-1-1 in most areas
        • Care for the victim
  • 20. Personal Safety: Protecting Yourself from Unintentional Injuries and Violence Chapter 16