Insel10ebrup Ppt Ch16


Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Insel10ebrup Ppt Ch16

  1. 1. Personal Safety: Protecting Yourself from Unintentional Injuries and Violence Chapter 16
  2. 2. Impact On the American Society <ul><li>160,000 Americans die for injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Intentional Injury </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One that is purposely inflicted, by either oneself or another person. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unintentional Injury </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Injury occurs when no harm is attended </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Average Day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>45 homicides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>85 suicides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>304 deaths from unintentional injuries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1500 suicide attempts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20,000 interpersonal assaults </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>63,6000 disabling injuries </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Unintentional Injures <ul><li>What Causes an Injury? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Combination of human and environmental factors. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Motor Vehicle Injuries. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Factors Contributing to Motor Vehicle Injuries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Speeding – 60% of all accidents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aggressive driving </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fatigue and sleepiness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cell phones and other distractions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alcohol and other drugs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Safety belts, air bags, and child safety seats </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Preventing Motor Vehicle Injuries <ul><li>Never drive under the influence. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your car in good working condition. </li></ul><ul><li>Allow for plenty of following distance. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase your following distance and slow down if weather is bad. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose interstate highways versus rural roads. </li></ul><ul><li>Always signal. </li></ul><ul><li>Stop completely at stop signs. </li></ul><ul><li>Special care at intersections. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t pass on two-lane roads. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Motorcycles and Mopeds <ul><li>Maximize your visibility. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop the necessary skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Wear a helmet. </li></ul><ul><li>Protect your eyes with goggles. </li></ul><ul><li>Drive defensively. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Bicycles <ul><li>Wear safety equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Maximize your visibility. </li></ul><ul><li>Ride with flow of traffic. </li></ul><ul><li>Ride defensively. </li></ul><ul><li>Stop at all traffic lights. </li></ul><ul><li>Continue pedaling at all times. </li></ul><ul><li>Properly maintain your bicycle. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Home Injuries <ul><li>Falls </li></ul><ul><li>Fires </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smoke detectors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poisoning </li></ul><ul><li>Suffocation and choking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heimlich maneuver </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Firearms </li></ul>
  8. 9. Leisure Injuries <ul><li>Swimming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not swimming alone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal floatation device </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check the surroundings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In-line skating injuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Scooter injuries. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Work Injuries <ul><li>Occupational Safety and Health Administration. (OSHA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational Safety and Health act of 1970. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Back injuries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper mechanics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Repetitive strain injuries (RSIs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carpal tunnel syndrome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tendonitis </li></ul></ul>
  10. 13. Violence and Intentional Injuries <ul><li>Violence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 1.4 million Americans fall victim each year. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Factors Contributing to Violence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Violence in the media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpersonal factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alcohol and other drugs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firearms </li></ul></ul>
  11. 14. Violence and Intentional Injuries <ul><li>Assault </li></ul><ul><li>Homicide </li></ul><ul><li>Gang-Related violence </li></ul><ul><li>Hate crimes </li></ul><ul><li>School violence </li></ul><ul><li>Workplace violence </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorism </li></ul>
  12. 15. Family and Intimate Violence <ul><li>Battering </li></ul><ul><li>Stalking and Cyberstalking </li></ul><ul><li>Violence against children </li></ul><ul><li>Elder abuse </li></ul>
  13. 16. Sexual Violence <ul><li>Sexual Assault: Rape </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Statutory rape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Date rape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who commits Rape? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factors Contributing to Date Rape. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Date rape drugs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rohypnol,GHB, “Special K” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Date-Induced rape prevention and punishment act of 1996. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dealing with a Sexual Assault </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(WOAR) recommendations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The effects of rape </li></ul></ul>
  14. 17. Child Sexual Abuse <ul><li>Sexual act imposed on a minor. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most sexually abused children are between 8 and 12 when the abuse first occurs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surveys suggest that as many as 27% of women and 16% of men were sexually abused as children. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sexual Harassment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Affects academic or employment decisions or evaluations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interferes with an individual’s academic or work performance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive academic, work, or student living environment. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 18. What You Can Do About Violence <ul><li>Training for conflict resolution </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and target-risk groups for intervention. </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing gun-related injuries. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adoption of consumer safety standards for guns. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 19. Providing Emergency Care <ul><li>First aid </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency medical services (EMS) system. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Check the situation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Check the victim </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Call for help: Call 9-1-1 in most areas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Care for the victim </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 20. Personal Safety: Protecting Yourself from Unintentional Injuries and Violence Chapter 16