Insel10ebrup Ppt Ch15
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Insel10ebrup Ppt Ch15 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 15 Conventional and Complementary Medicine: Skills for the Health Care Consumer
  • 2. Self-Care: Managing Medical Problems
    • Self Assessment
    • Decision Making: Knowing When to See a Physician
      • Severe
      • Unusual
      • Persistent
      • Recurrent
    • Emergencies:
      • Major trauma or injury
      • Uncontrollable bleeding
      • Severe shortness of breath
      • Persistent abdominal pain
      • Poisoning or drug overdose
      • Loss of consciousness
      • Stupor, drowsiness, or disorientation
      • Severe or worsening reaction to an insect bite or sting
  • 3.  
  • 4. Self-Treatment: Many Options
    • Watchful waiting
    • Nondrug options
    • Self-medication
      • Read labels
      • Do not exceed the recommendation
      • Use caution
      • Select medications with one ingredient
      • Try to buy genetic
      • Never take a drug from an unlabeled container
      • Pregnant and nursing
      • Expiration date
      • Storage of medication
      • Special caution with aspirin
  • 5.  
  • 6. Professional Medical and Health Care: Choices and Change
    • Seeking professional medical care
      • Hospital emergency room
      • Scheduling an appointment with a physician
      • Accessing some other part of the American medical and health care system
  • 7.  
  • 8. Conventional Medicine
    • “Standard Western Medicine”
    • “Bio-medicine”
      • Based on the findings of a variety of biological sciences.
  • 9. Premises and Assumptions of Conventional Medicine
    • Hippocrates
    • Every disease is defined by a certain pathology and set of symptoms and the symptoms are similar in most patients suffering from that disease.
    • Pharmaceuticals
    • Scientific explanation
      • Empirical
      • Rational
      • Testable
      • Parsimonious
      • General
      • Tentative
  • 10. The Providers of Conventional Medicine
    • Medical Doctors (M.D.)
    • Doctors of osteopathic medicine (D.O.)
    • Podiatrists (D.P.M.)
    • Optometrists (O.D.)
    • Dentists (D.D.S.) or (D.M.D.)
    • Allied health care providers (Millions of other trained health care professionals, know as allied health care providers
      • Registered nurses (R.N.)
      • Licensed vocational nurses (L.V.N.s)
      • Occupational therapist (O.T.s)
      • Physical therapists (P.T.)
      • Licensed certified Athletic Trainers (L.A.T.C.s)
      • Social workers
      • Registered dietitians (R.D.s)
      • Physician assistants (P.A.s)
      • Nurse practitioners
      • Certified nurse midwives
  • 11. Choosing a Primary Care Physician
    • Coordinator of your medical care.
    • Information about your Primary care doctor.
    • Personal feelings after meeting your chosen primary care physician.
    • Choosing a Medical Facility.
  • 12. Getting the Most Out of Your Medical Care
    • The Physician-Patient partnership
    • Your appointment with your physician
    • The diagnostic process
  • 13. Medical and Surgical Treatments
    • Prescription medications
      • Medication errors
      • Off-label drug use
      • Online pharmacies
      • Costs
      • The appropriate questions to ask while seeking treatment.
    • Surgery
      • Key questions to ask before surgery
  • 14. Complementary and Alternative Medicine
    • Alternative medical system.
    • Traditional Chinese medicine or Traditional Oriental medicine (TCM).
      • Acupuncture
    • Homeopathy
    • Mind-Body interventions
      • Hypnosis
    • Biological-based therapies
      • Herbal therapies
  • 15. Complementary and Alternative Medicine
    • Manipulative and Body-Based Methods.
      • Chiropractic
      • Touch and body manipulation
      • Osteopathic
      • Massage acupressure
      • Feldenkrais
      • Rolfing
    • Energy Therapies
      • Qigong
      • Therapeutic touch
      • Bioelectromagnetics
      • Reiki
  • 16.  
  • 17. Evaluating Complementary and Alternative Medicine
    • Working with Your Physician.
      • Safety
      • Effectiveness
      • Timing
      • Cost
    • Questioning the CAM practitioner.
    • Doing your own research.
    • Why do consumers use complementary medicine?
  • 18. Paying For Health Care
    • The Current System
    • Health Insurance
    • Traditional Fee-for-Service (Indemnity) plans
    • Managed Care plans
      • Health maintenance organizations (HMOs)
      • Preferred provider organizations (PPOs)
      • Point-of-service (POS)
  • 19. Health Savings Accounts
    • HSAs became available in 2004
    • Two parts
      • Health plan with a high deductible
      • Tax-exempt personal savings account
    • Government programs
      • Medicare
      • Medicaid
    • Choosing a policy
  • 20. Conventional and Complementary Medicine: Skills for the Health Care Consumer Chapter 15