Psychological Health Chapter Three
Psychological Health <ul><li>What Psychological health is not.. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not the same as psychological normal...
Defining Psychological Health <ul><li>Negative definition </li></ul><ul><li>Positive definition </li></ul><ul><li>Abraham ...
 
Meeting Life’s Challenges <ul><li>Growing Up Psychologically </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adult identity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Achieving Healthy Self-Esteem <ul><li>Developing a Positive Self-Concept </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Begins in childhood </li></...
Achieving Healthy Self-Esteem (continue) <ul><li>Maintaining honest communication </li></ul><ul><li>Dealing with lonelines...
Psychological Disorders <ul><li>Anxiety Disorders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple phobia or Specific phobia </li></ul></ul><u...
Psychological Disorders <ul><li>Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reaction to future threats is to ...
Mood Disorders <ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demoralization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Feeling of sadness a...
Recognizing the Warning Signs of Suicide <ul><li>Expressing the ‘wish’ to be dead </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing social with...
Psychological Disorders <ul><li>Mania and Bipolar Disorder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Getting Help <ul><li>Self Help </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Writing a journal </li></ul></ul><ul...
Psychological Health Chapter Three
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Insel10ebrup Ppt Ch03

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  • Insel10ebrup Ppt Ch03

    1. 1. Psychological Health Chapter Three
    2. 2. Psychological Health <ul><li>What Psychological health is not.. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not the same as psychological normality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conforming to social norms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Never seeking help for personal problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“Mentally ill” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peoples appearance </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Defining Psychological Health <ul><li>Negative definition </li></ul><ul><li>Positive definition </li></ul><ul><li>Abraham Maslow’s “Toward a Psychology of Being” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hierarchy of needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Studied very successful people ( Self-actualization) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Abraham Lincoln, Henry David Thoreau, Ludwig van Beethoven, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Albert Einstein </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Realism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Acceptance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Autonomy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intimacy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creativity </li></ul></ul></ul>
    4. 5. Meeting Life’s Challenges <ul><li>Growing Up Psychologically </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adult identity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intimacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Values and Purpose </li></ul></ul>
    5. 6. Achieving Healthy Self-Esteem <ul><li>Developing a Positive Self-Concept </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Begins in childhood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meeting Challenges to Self-Esteem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenge is your self-concept </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Acknowledge that something has gone wrong </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notice your patterns of thinking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop realistic self-talk </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Being less defensive </li></ul><ul><li>Being optimistic </li></ul>
    6. 7. Achieving Healthy Self-Esteem (continue) <ul><li>Maintaining honest communication </li></ul><ul><li>Dealing with loneliness </li></ul><ul><li>Dealing with anger </li></ul><ul><li>Managing your own anger </li></ul><ul><li>Dealing with anger in other people </li></ul>
    7. 8. Psychological Disorders <ul><li>Anxiety Disorders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple phobia or Specific phobia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fear of something definite </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most common and most understandable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social phobia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fear of humiliation or embarrassment while being observed by others </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Panic disorders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sudden unexpected surges in anxiety </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid and strong heart beat </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shortness of breath </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of physical equilibrium </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Feeling of losing mental control </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 9. Psychological Disorders <ul><li>Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reaction to future threats is to worry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worries have taken over </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Obsessive-Compulsive disorder (OCD) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obsessions – recurrent, unwanted thoughts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compulsions – repetitive, difficult-to-resist actions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Post-Traumatic Stress disorder (PTSD) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reaction to a severely traumatic event </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatment for anxiety disorders </li></ul>
    9. 10. Mood Disorders <ul><li>Depression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demoralization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Feeling of sadness and hopelessness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of pleasure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poor appetite </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Insomnia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Restlessness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thoughts of worthlessness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trouble concentrating </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thoughts of death or suicide </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dysthymic disorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suicide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Warning signs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Treatment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Electroconvulsive therapy </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seasonal affective disorder </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 11. Recognizing the Warning Signs of Suicide <ul><li>Expressing the ‘wish’ to be dead </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing social withdrawal/isolation </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden inexplicable lightening of mood </li></ul><ul><li>Previous history of attempts </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide by a family member or friend </li></ul><ul><li>Readily available means of committing suicide </li></ul><ul><li>History of substance abuse or eating disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Serious medical problems </li></ul>
    11. 12. Psychological Disorders <ul><li>Mania and Bipolar Disorder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Equal numbers of men and women suffer, women are nearly twice as likely as men to be clinically depressed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uncertain about what causes it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General characteristics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disorganized thoughts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inappropriate emotions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Delusions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Auditory hallucinations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deteriorating social and work function </li></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 13. Getting Help <ul><li>Self Help </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Writing a journal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer counseling and support groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Determine the need </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Choosing a mental health professional </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Psychiatrists </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clinical psychologists </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social workers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Licensed Counselors </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clergy </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Treatment Team </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 14. Psychological Health Chapter Three

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