Warm Up – use your map #10 from yesterday 8/05 _____________________ is east of Israel _____________________ is south of A...
Table of Contents #11 Ancient Civilizations #12 Middle East Vocabulary  (same handout) ACTIVITIES View 5 minute video The ...
Warm Up - Use your notes #11 8/08 __________ invented irrigation and canals while the Phoenicians created the basis for ou...
Warm Up <ul><li>8/09 Muhammad’s Final Address </li></ul><ul><li>All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiori...
Warm Up 8/10  Sequence of events in people learning to live together: Write a 1 beside the term that describes the earlies...
<ul><li>#13 </li></ul><ul><li>Group presentations – copy in red, skip 4 lines between each </li></ul><ul><li>topic for you...
Middle East Map
The Fertile Crescent
How did farming in the Middle East contribute to the birth of civilizations? <ul><li>Generate ideas from film… </li></ul>
Ancient Civilizations and Their Accomplishments
Mesopotamia <ul><li>used irrigation and canals to help water crops during the dry season.  </li></ul>
Sumer <ul><li>Was an advanced society that consisted of large city-states, fortified cities, and strong armies.  </li></ul...
Israel <ul><li>Was the first monotheistic civilization.  </li></ul><ul><li>Establisahed a kingdom in Jerusalem and built S...
Babylon <ul><li>Developed Hammurabi’s Code which was a thorough set of written laws.  </li></ul>If a man strikes a free-bo...
Phoenicia <ul><li>Built the world’s finest harbors to enhance trade over the waterways </li></ul><ul><li>Developed one of ...
Persia <ul><li>known for paintings, carpet, metalwork, architecture  </li></ul>
Byzantine Empire (Romans) <ul><li>Established a strong military presence in the region. </li></ul><ul><li>Forced Jews into...
Muslims <ul><li>Defeated the Persian and Byzantine Empires but allowed Jews and Christians to practice their religion.  </...
Ottoman Empire <ul><li>Grew into areas of North Africa, Central Asia, and Europe.  The Ottomans were Sunni Muslims.  </li>...
Safavid Empire <ul><li>consisted of Shia Muslims who moved to occupy present-day Iran (which is largely Shia to this day)....
Mughal Empire <ul><li>Moved into northern India (which includes present-day Pakistan) and established a tolerant religious...
Cultural Achievements of the Muslims <ul><li>Focus on astronomy helped develop better understanding of time and of geograp...
3-2-1 <ul><li>Three things that have surprised you. </li></ul><ul><li>Two questions you have. </li></ul><ul><li>One thing ...
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ME Ancient Civilizations

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  • Introduce geographic features from Fact #1 and have students label and color a blank map. It is recommended that they label these specific nations as well: Egypt, Israel, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan although this need not be assessed. END DAY ONE
  • Have students to refer to their maps from the previous day. Let them know that this region is considered the “Cradle of Civilization.” Ask them what they think that means. Ask them what physical features of the region would lead help civilizations develop. Prompt students to address the rivers, especially the Tigris and Euphrates, as a region conducive to farming and population growth. Introduce the concept of the “fertile crescent.”
  • View the segment “Ancient Middle East” from video “Culture and Math: The Arabs” from www.discoveryeducation.com (formerly United Streaming; school log-in required). This clip is 4:14 minutes long and describes how farming in the fertile crescent contributed to the birth of civilization, especially Ancient Sumer.
  • Using the PowerPoint, take students through the accomplishments of other ancient civilizations: Sumer, Israel, Babylon, Phoenicia, Persia, Byzantines, and Muslims (Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires). In lieu of taking notes during the presentation, have students complete a “Table Rally” at the conclusion.
  • Debrief results from the 3-2-1 responses. Discuss with students the “surprises.” Have students discuss their perceptions about the region then vs. the region now. Students, for example, may have been surprised to learn that the region was once rich and powerful and had accomplished so much. Today, the region is often viewed as poor and war-torn. Explain to students that this is one of the reasons for the conflict today: Many Muslims feel that the West dismisses the accomplishments of the civilizations that grew out of the Middle East and that, currently, Western culture is overshadowing or destroying Islamic culture. END DAY TWO
  • ME Ancient Civilizations

    1. 1. Warm Up – use your map #10 from yesterday 8/05 _____________________ is east of Israel _____________________ is south of Afghanistan NO HW Goals: 3.01 Identify ways people have adapted to their environment 7.01 Identify historical events and their impact on current issues
    2. 2. Table of Contents #11 Ancient Civilizations #12 Middle East Vocabulary (same handout) ACTIVITIES View 5 minute video The Ancient Middle East Take notes on Ancient civilizations Discuss impact of past accomplishments on our world today Time Permitting – Silent Ball review
    3. 3. Warm Up - Use your notes #11 8/08 __________ invented irrigation and canals while the Phoenicians created the basis for our current alphabet. HW: Test Corrections for 69 or lower Copy the question and write the correct answer Class: Test review items Final Monotheism Review piece Part I - everyone Part II - Complete for class grade and up to +5 test points with a supporting reason while test corrections begin. N
    4. 4. Warm Up <ul><li>8/09 Muhammad’s Final Address </li></ul><ul><li>All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab … ; also a white has no superiority over a black nor a Black have any superiority over a white, except by piety (faith) and good action.” </li></ul><ul><li>Group Work: </li></ul><ul><li>Assigned partners for this time </li></ul><ul><li>Each group member earns the same grade </li></ul><ul><li>Each group member needs to write the answer for at least 2 questions </li></ul><ul><li>-5 points for each time I need to speak to you about your volume or being off-task. This includes talking with members of other groups. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Warm Up 8/10 Sequence of events in people learning to live together: Write a 1 beside the term that describes the earliest level of people; 2 beside the next step in civilization, … up through a 7 for the last event Government Surplus crops Irrigation and canals Trade City-states Hunter-gatherers Taxes and Armies
    6. 6. <ul><li>#13 </li></ul><ul><li>Group presentations – copy in red, skip 4 lines between each </li></ul><ul><li>topic for you to take notes in </li></ul><ul><li>Ancient Civilization Notes / Muslim Achievements </li></ul><ul><li>Farming and river Civilizations </li></ul><ul><li>Sumer school (not summer) </li></ul><ul><li>Sumerian social order </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim Empires </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim Achievements </li></ul>
    7. 7. Middle East Map
    8. 8. The Fertile Crescent
    9. 9. How did farming in the Middle East contribute to the birth of civilizations? <ul><li>Generate ideas from film… </li></ul>
    10. 10. Ancient Civilizations and Their Accomplishments
    11. 11. Mesopotamia <ul><li>used irrigation and canals to help water crops during the dry season. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Sumer <ul><li>Was an advanced society that consisted of large city-states, fortified cities, and strong armies. </li></ul><ul><li>Sumerians are credited with many accomplishments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The first writing system called cuneiform; they wrote works on history, law, grammar, math, and literature. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wheels used for vehicles and for making pottery. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The plow & irrigation which increased farm production. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The sundial clock for telling time. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sewer systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of bronze to strengthen tools and weapons. </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Israel <ul><li>Was the first monotheistic civilization. </li></ul><ul><li>Establisahed a kingdom in Jerusalem and built Solomon’s Temple. Over time this temple was destroyed (by Babylonians), rebuilt, and destroyed again (by the Romans). </li></ul><ul><li>The Jews were killed, exiled, or enslaved by several groups that conquered the region including the Babylonians, Assyrians, and Romans. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Babylon <ul><li>Developed Hammurabi’s Code which was a thorough set of written laws. </li></ul>If a man strikes a free-born woman so that she loses her unborn child, he shall pay ten shekels for her loss. If a man puts out the eye of a patrician, his eye shall be put out. If a man knocks the teeth out of another man, his own teeth will be knocked out. If anyone commits a robbery and is caught, he shall be put to death.
    15. 15. Phoenicia <ul><li>Built the world’s finest harbors to enhance trade over the waterways </li></ul><ul><li>Developed one of the world’s first alphabets (on which our current alphabet is based). </li></ul>
    16. 16. Persia <ul><li>known for paintings, carpet, metalwork, architecture </li></ul>
    17. 17. Byzantine Empire (Romans) <ul><li>Established a strong military presence in the region. </li></ul><ul><li>Forced Jews into exile (leading to Diaspora) and helped advance the spread of Christianity. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Muslims <ul><li>Defeated the Persian and Byzantine Empires but allowed Jews and Christians to practice their religion. </li></ul><ul><li>Grew into three separate empires: Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Ottoman Empire <ul><li>Grew into areas of North Africa, Central Asia, and Europe. The Ottomans were Sunni Muslims. </li></ul><ul><li>Survived until the end of World War I </li></ul>
    20. 20. Safavid Empire <ul><li>consisted of Shia Muslims who moved to occupy present-day Iran (which is largely Shia to this day). This was the origin of the Shah. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Mughal Empire <ul><li>Moved into northern India (which includes present-day Pakistan) and established a tolerant religious policy that allowed Muslims and Hindus to live in peace. Later emperors reversed the policy which led to violence. </li></ul>
    22. 22. Cultural Achievements of the Muslims <ul><li>Focus on astronomy helped develop better understanding of time and of geography. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on geography led to accurate maps that assisted in exploration and trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on mathematics led to the development of Algebra. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on medicine led to cures for many serious diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on literature and the arts led to significant works of poetry and short stories including ones about Sinbad, Aladdin, and Ali Baba. It also led to use of calligraphy and an emphasis on architecture, especially for mosques. </li></ul><ul><li>Note that Muslim Empires ruled parts of the world from 632 CE through to 1923. </li></ul>
    23. 23. 3-2-1 <ul><li>Three things that have surprised you. </li></ul><ul><li>Two questions you have. </li></ul><ul><li>One thing that confirmed what you already knew about the region. </li></ul>

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