Panama & Los Angeles: The Waterworks That Made the American West<br />Jacqueline Mougel<br />
Panama Canal<br />1534- Charles V, King of Spain: survey a route through Panama to ease ship travel to & from Spain & Peru...
Panama Canal<br />1907: George Washington Goethals became Chief Engineer<br />Ellicott Dredges: built cutter dredges<br />...
Panama Canal<br />Total Death toll: 27,000 workers<br />48 miles of ship canal<br />Joins the Atlantic Ocean & Pacific Oce...
Panama Canal<br />Was one of the largest & most difficult engineering projects ever undertake<br />Cut the travel from New...
Los Angeles aqueduct<br />Owens Valley aqueduct<br />Operated by Los Angeles Department of Water & Power<br />Designed by ...
Los Angeles aqueduct<br />Began 1908<br />Budget: $24.5 million<br />5,000 workers<br />Finished in 1913<br />223 miles of...
Los Angeles aqueduct<br />Uses gravity to carry water: autonomous & cost-efficient<br />1928- St. Francis Dam failure: flo...
Los Angeles aqueduct<br />Bilateral monopoly: LA water Board & Owens Valley Irrigation District<br />Farmer received equal...
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Panama & los angeles

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Panama & los angeles

  1. 1. Panama & Los Angeles: The Waterworks That Made the American West<br />Jacqueline Mougel<br />
  2. 2. Panama Canal<br />1534- Charles V, King of Spain: survey a route through Panama to ease ship travel to & from Spain & Peru<br />President Roosevelt bought out French for $40 million<br />Began on May 1940<br />John Frank Stevens- Chief Engineer 1905 to 1907- dams & locks<br />Eliminated disease of area<br />
  3. 3. Panama Canal<br />1907: George Washington Goethals became Chief Engineer<br />Ellicott Dredges: built cutter dredges<br />1914: canal completed<br />August 15, 1914: SS Ancon<br />WWI began in Europe<br />Advances in hygiene= low death rate while building<br />
  4. 4. Panama Canal<br />Total Death toll: 27,000 workers<br />48 miles of ship canal<br />Joins the Atlantic Ocean & Pacific Ocean<br />Key conduit for international maritime trade<br />Annual traffic of 1,000 ships in beginning<br />Today: 14,702 in 2008<br />Weighs 309.6 million tons<br />
  5. 5. Panama Canal<br />Was one of the largest & most difficult engineering projects ever undertake<br />Cut the travel from New York to San Francisco in half<br />3 locks up, 3 down per transit, all two lanes<br />
  6. 6. Los Angeles aqueduct<br />Owens Valley aqueduct<br />Operated by Los Angeles Department of Water & Power<br />Designed by William Mullholland<br />Delivers water from Owens River (Sierra Nevada Mountains) to the city of Los Angeles<br />
  7. 7. Los Angeles aqueduct<br />Began 1908<br />Budget: $24.5 million<br />5,000 workers<br />Finished in 1913<br />223 miles of steep pipe, 120 miles of railroad track, 2 hydroelectric plants, 170 miles of telephone line, a cement plant, 500 miles of roads<br />
  8. 8. Los Angeles aqueduct<br />Uses gravity to carry water: autonomous & cost-efficient<br />1928- St. Francis Dam failure: flooded Santa Clarita Valley<br />Sabotage by displaced Owens Valley farmers<br />Ended Owens Valley as a farming community<br />Devastated the ecosystems of Owens Lake<br />
  9. 9. Los Angeles aqueduct<br />Bilateral monopoly: LA water Board & Owens Valley Irrigation District<br />Farmer received equal value for land<br />$ 4.00 per acre<br />LA forced some farmer out using violence<br />LA grow into a metropolis <br />

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