Ning site

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Ning site

  1. 1. Ning Site<br />Jacqueline Mougel<br />
  2. 2. What was the Little Ice Age? <br />300 years<br />16th to the 19th centuries<br />Europe<br />America<br />Low average temperatures<br />
  3. 3. Frontiers of the Americas<br />Symbolic violence -arbitrates a man’s place in a social group<br />cultural boundary between rural borderlanders and townsmen= two styles of conflict<br /> gaucho= a man with a horse and a knife<br />Class and race differences<br />Killing always defined as a crime<br />Attacker trying to show something about himself rather than to kill<br />Honor is not the only determinant : class, race<br />
  4. 4. Frontiers of the Americas<br />Power and Politics in Northeast Brazil<br />1824: Emperor Pedro I allowed upper Brazilians to have political infuence<br />Centered around family<br />Father and older sons preserve family’s integrity<br />Women to marry up to strengthen family ties<br />Carlota Lucia de Brito : mistress of a powerful Paraiban politician<br />
  5. 5. Crossroads of Freedom<br />1861-1862<br />Most civil wars the entering army might fight for land or government<br />But Confederacy established a government- Richmond<br />750,000 square miles<br />President Lincoln must destroy Confederacy’s government by evading<br />Union defeat at Bull Run 1861<br />Union General George B. McClellen<br />“The young Napoleon”<br />July Mclellen secured West Virginia<br />Suspicions of Mclellen’sloyality<br />
  6. 6. Crossroads of Freedom<br />1861-Ulysses S. Grant took command of Union army<br />Union gunboats introduced<br />March 7-8 -Union won at Pea Ridge<br />Confederate lost Fort Donelson and Nashville<br />Battle of Shiloh: Confederate triumph<br />Secretary of War Edwin Stantion<br />First Battle between ironclads: CSS Viginiavs USS Monitor<br />Confederacy winning summer of 1862<br />
  7. 7. Crossroads of Freedom<br />June-July 1862<br />Union success: Shenandoah Valley<br />“Stonewall” Jackson Confederate General<br />“Jackson’s foot cavalry” always outnumbered won 5 battles<br />The Seven Days Battles: Union fail<br />McClellan blamed administration for failing to send back up <br />
  8. 8. Crossroads of Freedom<br />Army of Northern Virginia was not destroyed at Antietam<br />Confederate commander did not give up easily<br />Northern press pessimism: dark war<br />Surrender of Harpers Ferry: Union humiliation<br />Union triumphs at Antietam, Corinth and Perryville<br />Proclamation: symbolic power<br />December 1: Lincoln “Without slavery the rebellion could never have existed; without slavery it could no continue.”<br />

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