A DIFFICULT PAST –
HOW THE AMERICAS
CHANGE
Jackie Mougel
The Americas in the 19th
Century
 Many young Chinese men left China for California
after hearing stories of mountains mad...
The Americas in the 19th
Century
 After attaining independence Americans
expanded west
 US= unstable society composed of...
Little Ice Age
 300 years
 16th to the 19th centuries
 Europe
 America
 Low average temperatures
 Used to predict cl...
Frontiers of the Americas
 Symbolic violence -arbitrates
a man’s place in a social
group
 cultural boundary between
rura...
Frontiers of the Americas
 Power and Politics in
Northeast Brazil
 1824: Emperor Pedro I
allowed upper
Brazilians to hav...
The Pendulum of War
 1861-1862
 Most civil wars the entering army might fight for land or
government
 But Confederacy e...
Taking Off the Kid Gloves
continued
 Lincoln- General John
Pope commander of Army
of Virginia
 Pope disliked McClellan
o...
“The Federals Got a Very Complete
Smashing” Continued
 The Battle of Second Manassas (Bull Run)-Union
lost
 August 29 -M...
The Beginning of the End
 Army of Northern Virginia
was not destroyed at
Antietam
 Confederate commander
did not give up...
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A difficult past – how the americas change

  1. 1. A DIFFICULT PAST – HOW THE AMERICAS CHANGE Jackie Mougel
  2. 2. The Americas in the 19th Century  Many young Chinese men left China for California after hearing stories of mountains made of gold  Chinese government tried to prevent its citizens from leaving  In America most immigrants stayed together according to their origins  Some made a small fortune and returned to China  Age of independence= continuous mass migration, explosive economic growth, followed by deep economic stagnation, civil war, ethnic violence, class conflict, battle for racial & sexual quality
  3. 3. The Americas in the 19th Century  After attaining independence Americans expanded west  US= unstable society composed of varied region with diverse economic & social structures  Differences in slavery & rights of individual states= Civil War 1860s  Canada= weak federal government  Latin America politically fragmented region with many individual stated  After civil war= United States forged a strong central government to supervised westward expansion
  4. 4. Little Ice Age  300 years  16th to the 19th centuries  Europe  America  Low average temperatures  Used to predict climatic changes  Earth’s climate is still recovering  Current climate warming  "It appears that the human impact on the environment started much earlier than the industrial revolution," said Dr. Van Hoof.
  5. 5. Frontiers of the Americas  Symbolic violence -arbitrates a man’s place in a social group  cultural boundary between rural borderlanders and townsmen= two styles of conflict  gaucho= a man with a horse and a knife  Class and race differences  Killing always defined as a crime  Attacker trying to show something about himself rather than to kill  Honor is not the only determinant : class, race
  6. 6. Frontiers of the Americas  Power and Politics in Northeast Brazil  1824: Emperor Pedro I allowed upper Brazilians to have political infuence  Centered around family  Father and older sons preserve family’s integrity  Women to marry up to strengthen family ties  Carlota Lucia de Brito : mistress of a powerful Paraiban politician
  7. 7. The Pendulum of War  1861-1862  Most civil wars the entering army might fight for land or government  But Confederacy established a government- Richmond  750,000 square miles  President Lincoln must destroy Confederacy’s government by evading  Union defeat at Bull Run 1861  Union General George B. McClellen  “The young Napoleon”  July Mclellen secured West Virginia  Suspicions of Mclellen’s loyality
  8. 8. Taking Off the Kid Gloves continued  Lincoln- General John Pope commander of Army of Virginia  Pope disliked McClellan openly  More then could be equipped union soldiers  Militia act July 17- call state militia into feral service for 9 months and draft them  Frederick Douglass- black leader- the war was grounded on slavery  1861 Congress seized all property in aid of rebellion
  9. 9. “The Federals Got a Very Complete Smashing” Continued  The Battle of Second Manassas (Bull Run)-Union lost  August 29 -McClellan finally helped Poe’s army against Jackson  September 4-5, 1862-Confederate cavalry lead army of Northern Virginia across Potomac into Maryland  Lee’s victory at Manassas  Lee’s successful invasion of Maryland  Election of Peace Democrats to U.S. Congress  Saw the civil war becoming a war to destroy the South and slavery instead of restoring the Union as it was.
  10. 10. The Beginning of the End  Army of Northern Virginia was not destroyed at Antietam  Confederate commander did not give up easily  Northern press pessimism: dark war  Surrender of Harpers Ferry: Union humiliation  Union triumphs at Antietam, Corinth and Perryville  Proclamation: symbolic power  December 1: Lincoln “Without slavery the rebellion could never have existed; without slavery it could no continue.”

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