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Ch. 19 Gothic to Renaissance
 

Ch. 19 Gothic to Renaissance

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    Ch. 19 Gothic to Renaissance Ch. 19 Gothic to Renaissance Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 19 From Gothic To Renaissance
    • Renaissance
      • What does Renaissance Mean?
      • Italy was divided into many city states – Venice, Florence, etc.
      • Powerful city states- Naples & Milan
      • Prosperity
      • Guilds are very important
    • What happened after the middle ages?
      • Black Death approx 25-50 % of European Population is gone
      • Focus on Death – many hospitals are built
      • The Great Schism - Who is the rightful owner of the church?– 40 years of fighting between French and Italian Pope
      • Humanism will rise – Roman and Greek lit. and art are of great interest
    • Berlinghieri – St. Francis altarpiece 1235
    • Pisano- pulpit of Pisa Cathedral baptistery
    • Nicola Pisano- Left ( The Annunciation and the Nativity 1259) Giovanni Pisano – Right ( The Annunciation and the Nativity 1297)
    • Cavallini –Seated Apostles – detail of the Last Judgment –Rome 1291
      • Roman style of painting
      • Abandoned Byzantine Style
      • Great form
      • Light & 3d
    • Cimabue – Madonna Enthroned with Angels and Prophets 1280
      • Slender figure
      • Project Light
      • Throne is deep
      • Influenced by Byzantine Examples
      • Gold embellishments
    • Bondone – Madonna Enthroned 1310ce
      • Naturalistic approach
      • Not sure where his influence is from, possibly from Cavallini
      • Gaining insight on the world, new way of seeing
      • Gothic throne, breaks away from flatness
    • Arena Chapel - Giotto 1305
      • Interior of the Arena Chapel –
      • A private chapel
      • 1305-1306
      • Chronicled the lives of the Virgin Mary and Christ
      • Barrel Vaulted / 6 windows
      • Flat surface
      • Chiaroscuro
    • Lamentation – Giotto - 1305
      • Hysterical Grief
      • Mary cradles her sons body
      • Mary Magdalene looks at the wounds of Christ’s feet, St. John throws his arms back dramatically
      • Strong diagonal / rocky ledge
      • Tree = good and evil
      • Depth / light and shade – upper parts of the body have light
      • Perspective and first signs of chiaroscuro
    • Republic of Siena & Florence
      • 14 th Century city states – important for art
      • People of Siena believed that the Virgin helped them with their victories
    • Duccio di Buoninsegna – Virgin and Child Enthroned( Altarpiece 1308)
    • From the Maesta Altarpiece
      • In the Siena cathedral ( high altar)
      • Queen of Heaven
      • Focus of worship
      • Illusion ( from Giotto style)
      • Soften lines compared to Byzantine style
      • The Silk Road
    • Duccio Buoninsegna Betrayal of Jesus from Maesta Altarpiece1309ce
      • False kiss of Judas
      • Disciples fleeing in terror
      • Not flat
      • International style
    • Duccio started the Sienese School
      • Simone Martini – pupil of Duccio
      • Martini started the International Style- appealed to aristocratic taste because of bold colors and lavish costumes, ornamentation and themes
    • Martini – and Memmi(?)
    • Lorenzetti- The Birth of the Virgin 1342
      • St. Anne laying
      • Built for Sienna Cathedral
      • Divided
      • Illusion ( St. Anne)
      • Midwives wash child, upper class Italian house
      • Joachim –waits for delivery
    • Palazzo Pubblico –Siena 1288
      • Admiration of Sienas citizens
      • Lofty Tower
      • Lookout over the city
      • Bell rang as different types of situations
      • Class struggle, feuds
      • High tower avoids most missiles
    • Effects of Good Gov’t in the city and in the country – Ambrogio Lorenzetti – Sienna 1338
      • Reminders of what a good city can be like when everyone gets along. Siena was turbulent- fights, violent party struggle,
      • Panoramic view of the city palaces, markets, towers, churches, streets and walls.
    •  
    • Florence
      • Economic prosperity
      • Dominant City State
      • Banking operations
      • Rich
      • Church was planned to hold entire population
    • Florence Cathedral – Cambio 1296
      • Old Tuscan style of decoration
      • Marble encrusted geometric designs
      • Simple geometric
      • Nave afterthought in cathedral
    • Conclusion
      • Giotto and Duccio – abandon some of the conventions of medieval art
      • Greater illusionism
      • Stronger emotional demonstrations
      • Humanism starts
    •