Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
Chapter 5 Greek
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply
Published

 

Published in Education
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
2,422
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
103
Comments
0
Likes
1

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide
  • Ranging Aries he died a heros death, m ore of a Portrait Naturalisitic
  • Left arm extended big break from the usual look of egyptians.
  • Soft material, kore grasping chiffon in her and. Postures of the Kore are like male counterparts
  • 80x170 Ft///roof gone.. Peistyle colonade exists
  • Perseus Zeus on the lower pediments
  • Lapiths and centuars battle after a wedding celebratio where man beasts who were invited guests got drunk and attempted to abudct the lapith maidens Did not fil the space between no decorative ornamentation..
  • Shields ready for action, intricate engraving of the paterns and hero’s cloaks, the arches of their back take on the vase Eyes are in a older manner
  • Compoisition created on both sides, one blk and red figures – bilingual vases – outlining figures /red clay reserved for figures
  • Unusual body form, drunk, middle figure is interesting .. Signed Euthymides ptd. Me”
  • Follow plan of Aphaia at Aegina – even number of columns (6) and two short endstemple of zeus more lavishly decorated
  • athenia
  • Animals sacrifice, animals people musiucians chariots A
  • contrapossto
  • Dedicated to a battle, marathon that turned the tiede against of the persians
  • Hermes god of wine /doryphorus

Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 5 - Greek Art-
  • 2. Early Greek World 2300BCE
  • 3. Later Greek Colonies
  • 4.  
  • 5. Greek Origins
    • Aegean and European traits
    • Formed Independent city states or Poleis
    • Political rule was first by Kings –then by  Tyrants
    • Tyrants overthrown in Athens 2500 years ago. Democracy established
    • Olympics – 776 BCE
    • Greeks regarded themselves as Hellas, rather than Barbarians ( which surrounded the boundaries)
    • Western colonies in Italy = Best preserved temples
  • 6. Greek Humanism
    • Democracy
    • Art, History, Literature
    • Western culture = taken from the Greeks
    • Religion- Like divinities of the Near East, the gods assumed human form and were immortal
    • “ Humans, are the measure of all things” from Philosopher Protagoras
    • Athens - HUGE symbol of Greek Culture
    • - Great Plays held there, Market places, Gymnasiums
    • Socrates and Plato= encouraged philosophy and Plato formulated his idea for the best government
    • Greeks loved exercise, education and daily life
    • Greeks borrowed from Egypt and Near east – owed debts to them
  • 7. Greek Civilization
    • Slavery was natural
    • Greek women were not equal with men
    • Democracy – dominated by white males based on military thinking
    • Greek men – educated with Homer’s Hero’s
    • War- among the city states was atrocious & fell into Rome’s Imperialism
  • 8. The Geometric and Orientalzing Periods
    • Reading and writing lost, frescos sculpting
    • Disappearance of Kings led to loss of knowledge
    • Trade began
    • Homer’s stories memorized
    • Olympic games start
  • 9. Geometric Krater – Athens 740 BCE angular motifs, key/meander patterns = Geometric Style
  • 10. Hero and Centaur
    • Centaur – Greek Invention
  • 11. Orientalizing Art Mantiklos Apollo Bronze, 700-800 BCE Thebes, Greece
    • Statue made for a god for a favor in return
    • Characteristics -
  • 12. Corinthian black figure amphora with animal friezes 625-600 BCE
    • Organized bands
    • What influence?
  • 13. Stone Temples 625 BCE
    • Trading with Egypt the Greeks saw the monumental sculpture of the Egyptians
    • Temple A for unknown deity
  • 14. Lady of Auxerre – 650 BCE
    • Statue of a goddess of Kore
    • Gesture of Prayer
    • Daedalic
  • 15. Kouros – 600 BCE
    • Like Egyptian sculptures
    • Funerary sculpture– stood over grave
    • Similar to Egyptian however very different
    • Liberated from stone block
    • Nude
  • 16. Calf Bearer- Greece 560 BCE
    • Offering
    • Left foot forward – trait of Kouri
    • Archaic Statue Smile
    • V shape body
    • Thin Cloak
  • 17. Krisos Boy – Greece 530 BCE
    • Died a Hero’s death
    • Skin left natural color
    • Polished (eyes, lips, drapery were painted encaustic)
  • 18. Peplos Kore – 530 BCE
    • What shape is the Peplos Kore?
    • Kore and other sculptures had been knocked over by the Persians during their sack of the acropolis in 480bce
    • Not sure if figure is goddess or Maiden
  • 19. Kore from the Acropolis, Athens 520-510BCE
  • 20. Early Greek Arch.
    • Early Greek arch. did not survive due to the use of mudbrick
    • Oak columns were replaced with Marble
    • Their temples influenced western world
    • Greek Temple shrines – the altar lay outside the temple – at the east end facing the rising sun (cult sculpture outside of temple)
    • Greeks used proportion in their temple plans
    • Classical temples are longer
    • Harmony and music was in proportion
  • 21. Doric and Ionic Temples
  • 22. Doric and Ionic Temples
  • 23.
    • Greek Arch. ( Balance and Clarity) 550BCE Used columns for load bearing not like Egyptians Temple of Hera I Cella is split in middle Doric Capitals
  • 24.  
  • 25. West Pediment from the Temple of Artemis – 600-580 BCE
    • Pediment
    • What is the problem with Pediments?
    • Arm bent ( pinwheel)
    • Gorgon Medusa, Chrysaor and pegasus – Medusa’s Children ---
  • 26. Reconstruction of the Siphnian Treasury – Delphi, Greece 530 BCE
    • Set up for storage of offerings and votives
    • Caryatid- A female figure that supports a column
    • Frieze on all 4 sides
  • 27. Gigantomachy- From Siphnian Treasury– Delphi 530 BCE
    • -Gigantomachy – battle of gods and giants ( popular theme)
    • -Apollo and Artemis attacking the giants
  • 28. Francois Vase – 570BCE
    • Archaic painted vases
    • Black figure painting
    • Volute with handles
    • By Kleitias and Ergotimos
    • 200 Figures in 6 registers
    • Figures are all from Greek Mythology
  • 29.  
  • 30. Exekias - Achilles and Ajax Blk figure ptg 540BCE
    • No horizontal bands
    • Amphora – a jar to hold wine or water
  • 31. Exekias- Achllies and Ajax playing dice game – Bilingual Painting
  • 32. Euphronios – Herkales wrestling Antaios – 510BCE
    • Thinner glaze for giant
    • Compositional human figure not correct
  • 33. Euthymides – 3 Revelers 510BCE
  • 34. Onesimos – Girl Preparing to Bathe
  • 35. Temple of Aphaia- Greece 500-490 BCE
    • Doric columns, displaced
    • Local goddess worship
    • Statue added – placed on central axis
  • 36. Temple plan of Aphaia
    • Three aisles dividing up space
    • Three rooms rooms
  • 37. Dying Warrior from the East Pediment of the Temple of Aphaia – 490-480BCE
  • 38. Dying Warrior from the West Pediment – 500-490 BCE
  • 39. Temple of Hera II – 460 BCE
  • 40. Temple of Zeus – Greece 470-456BCE
  • 41.  
  • 42. The Seer 470-456BCE
  • 43. Athena, Herakles and Atlas – with the apples of Hesperides – 470-456BCE
    • Metopes
  • 44. Kritios Boy – 480 BCE
    • Contrapposto (counterbalance)
  • 45. Discus Thrower ( Roman Copy) 450 BCE
    • Tension in body
  • 46. Polykleitos -Doryphorus – 450-440BCE
    • Perfect image of man
    • Well balanced
    • Lost in Pompeii
  • 47. The Athenian Acropolis
    • Reconstruction of the Acropolis after the Persian sack of 480BCE
    • Greeks unite – Delian Unite
  • 48. Iktinos and KALLIKRATES - PARTHENON
  • 49. Parthenon Architects -Iktinos and Kallikrates
    • X = 2y+1
    • Harmonious Design and mathematical precision
    • Strict guidelines
    • Mixing doric and ionic
    • Irregular shape
    • Athena Statue
  • 50. Phidias
    • Athenia Parthenos in the cella of the Parthenon
  • 51. Lapith vs. Centaurs
    • Almost fully in the round
    • Metopes ( best preserved)
    • Greeks have the upper hand
    • Greek Body
  • 52. East Pediment of Parthenon Helios, Horses and Dionysos ( Herkales) 438 BCE
    • Who did the Pediment celebrate?
    • East pediment damaged when the apse was added to the Partheon
    • Helios emerging
    • Herkales
  • 53. The Three Graces
    • Figures related to each other
    • Clinging
    • Drapery
    • Pose
  • 54. Inner Frieze - Panathenaic Festival Procession –every 4 years in Athens
    • Roles of Deities
    • Aphrodite, left hand to draw her son Eros’s to the Athenians
    • Celebration
  • 55. Propylaia – Acropolis – 437BCE
    • Two orders mixed
    • Acropolis Gateway
  • 56.  
  • 57. Erechtheion– Acropolis 437BCE
    • Ionic roof supported columns
    • Doric order was ext.
    • Caryatids(Porch of Maidens)
    • Museum
    • Honored Athenia
  • 58. Temple of Athena Nike -427Bce
    • Monumental, gateway
    • No decoration
    • Ionic Order
    • Amphiprostyle with 4 columns
    • in the front
  • 59. Nike , adjusting her sandal 410 BCE
    • Graceful
    • Delicate incised drapery, revealing body
  • 60. Grave stele of Hegeso, Athens 400BCE
  • 61. Lekythhoi – Perfumed oil flask
    • White ground technique
    • Offerings for deceased
    • Wide range of colors, meant that the owner did not use it as a eveyday object
  • 62. The Late Classical Period
    • Peloponnesian War – 431 BCE- defeat of Athens – Greece drained of stength.
    • Sparta was the victor
    • Greek cities united – Philip II came into power took over, he was then assassinated in 336 and Alexander the Great ( His son) succeeded him.
    • Alexander overthrew Persian Empire, Egypt and reached India
  • 63. Art in Greek Late Classical Period
    • Contrapposto
    • Idealization of forms
    • Polykleitos – canon of proportions
    • Heavy muscles
    • Praxiteles, - great sculpture of his avg., 1/8 of the body heads, and “s” curve frames
  • 64. Praxiteles – Aphrodite of Knidos
    • Sensual
    • She is admired
    • She is taking a cloak off a water jar
    • S curve
  • 65. Hermes and Infant Dionysos – 340BCE
    • S curve
    • Dangle grapes to Hermes
    • Interaction between a child and a adult
    • Delicate
  • 66. Grave Stele of a young hunter – 340BCE
  • 67. Lysippos - Late Classical Sculptor
    • Alexander the Great – selected him for official portrait
    • Heads are roughly 1/8 of the body More slender then Polykleitos
    • Apoxyomenos ( Scraper)
    • Shift in weight,
    • Breaks out of box
    • Scraping oil off
    • Far away look
  • 68. Lysippos - Herkales
    • Weary Herkales
    • Overly muscular
    • prop to hold him up
  • 69. Alexander the Great
    • He believed Lysippos could only capture his portrait
    • Macedonian Court is where he ruled
  • 70. Battle of Issus – 310 BC – Philoxenos of Eretria
  • 71.  
  • 72. Polykleitos the Younger – Greece 350BCE Theater, Greece 350 BCE
  • 73. Polykleitos The Younger – 350 BCE
    • Corinthian Capital
  • 74. Hellenistic Period Temple of Apollo
    • Dipteral plan
  • 75. Stoa of Attalos II Agora Athens, Greece 150 BCE
    • Stores
    • 21 shops
    • More common in Hellenistic
    • More widely spaced then temple arch.
  • 76. Altar of Zeus – 175 BCE , Turkey Pergamon ( Alexander’s Empire)
  • 77. Athena battling Alkyoneos – Gigantomachy Frieze - 175 BCE
    • Grabs hair of Alkyoneos
    • Nike crowns
    • Athena
    • Drapery
    • Zeus throws thunderbolts
    • Battle
  • 78. Epigonos – Gallic Chieftain 230bce
  • 79. Dying Gaul – 230 BCE
  • 80. Nike, 190 BCE
  • 81. Alexandros of Antioch on the Meander – Venus de Milo aka Aphrodite
  • 82. Aphrodite, Eros and Pan – 100BCE
  • 83. Seated Boxer – 100-50 BCE
  • 84. Old Market Woman – 150-100 BCE
  • 85. Demosthenes – 280 BCE
  • 86. Laocoon and his Sons- early first century CE