Chapter 5 Greek
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Chapter 5 Greek

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  • Ranging Aries he died a heros death, m ore of a Portrait Naturalisitic
  • Left arm extended big break from the usual look of egyptians.
  • Soft material, kore grasping chiffon in her and. Postures of the Kore are like male counterparts
  • 80x170 Ft///roof gone.. Peistyle colonade exists
  • Perseus Zeus on the lower pediments
  • Lapiths and centuars battle after a wedding celebratio where man beasts who were invited guests got drunk and attempted to abudct the lapith maidens Did not fil the space between no decorative ornamentation..
  • Shields ready for action, intricate engraving of the paterns and hero’s cloaks, the arches of their back take on the vase Eyes are in a older manner
  • Compoisition created on both sides, one blk and red figures – bilingual vases – outlining figures /red clay reserved for figures
  • Unusual body form, drunk, middle figure is interesting .. Signed Euthymides ptd. Me”
  • Follow plan of Aphaia at Aegina – even number of columns (6) and two short endstemple of zeus more lavishly decorated
  • athenia
  • Animals sacrifice, animals people musiucians chariots A
  • contrapossto
  • Dedicated to a battle, marathon that turned the tiede against of the persians
  • Hermes god of wine /doryphorus

Chapter 5 Greek Chapter 5 Greek Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 5 - Greek Art-
  • Early Greek World 2300BCE
  • Later Greek Colonies View slide
  •   View slide
  • Greek Origins
    • Aegean and European traits
    • Formed Independent city states or Poleis
    • Political rule was first by Kings –then by  Tyrants
    • Tyrants overthrown in Athens 2500 years ago. Democracy established
    • Olympics – 776 BCE
    • Greeks regarded themselves as Hellas, rather than Barbarians ( which surrounded the boundaries)
    • Western colonies in Italy = Best preserved temples
  • Greek Humanism
    • Democracy
    • Art, History, Literature
    • Western culture = taken from the Greeks
    • Religion- Like divinities of the Near East, the gods assumed human form and were immortal
    • “ Humans, are the measure of all things” from Philosopher Protagoras
    • Athens - HUGE symbol of Greek Culture
    • - Great Plays held there, Market places, Gymnasiums
    • Socrates and Plato= encouraged philosophy and Plato formulated his idea for the best government
    • Greeks loved exercise, education and daily life
    • Greeks borrowed from Egypt and Near east – owed debts to them
  • Greek Civilization
    • Slavery was natural
    • Greek women were not equal with men
    • Democracy – dominated by white males based on military thinking
    • Greek men – educated with Homer’s Hero’s
    • War- among the city states was atrocious & fell into Rome’s Imperialism
  • The Geometric and Orientalzing Periods
    • Reading and writing lost, frescos sculpting
    • Disappearance of Kings led to loss of knowledge
    • Trade began
    • Homer’s stories memorized
    • Olympic games start
  • Geometric Krater – Athens 740 BCE angular motifs, key/meander patterns = Geometric Style
  • Hero and Centaur
    • Centaur – Greek Invention
  • Orientalizing Art Mantiklos Apollo Bronze, 700-800 BCE Thebes, Greece
    • Statue made for a god for a favor in return
    • Characteristics -
  • Corinthian black figure amphora with animal friezes 625-600 BCE
    • Organized bands
    • What influence?
  • Stone Temples 625 BCE
    • Trading with Egypt the Greeks saw the monumental sculpture of the Egyptians
    • Temple A for unknown deity
  • Lady of Auxerre – 650 BCE
    • Statue of a goddess of Kore
    • Gesture of Prayer
    • Daedalic
  • Kouros – 600 BCE
    • Like Egyptian sculptures
    • Funerary sculpture– stood over grave
    • Similar to Egyptian however very different
    • Liberated from stone block
    • Nude
  • Calf Bearer- Greece 560 BCE
    • Offering
    • Left foot forward – trait of Kouri
    • Archaic Statue Smile
    • V shape body
    • Thin Cloak
  • Krisos Boy – Greece 530 BCE
    • Died a Hero’s death
    • Skin left natural color
    • Polished (eyes, lips, drapery were painted encaustic)
  • Peplos Kore – 530 BCE
    • What shape is the Peplos Kore?
    • Kore and other sculptures had been knocked over by the Persians during their sack of the acropolis in 480bce
    • Not sure if figure is goddess or Maiden
  • Kore from the Acropolis, Athens 520-510BCE
  • Early Greek Arch.
    • Early Greek arch. did not survive due to the use of mudbrick
    • Oak columns were replaced with Marble
    • Their temples influenced western world
    • Greek Temple shrines – the altar lay outside the temple – at the east end facing the rising sun (cult sculpture outside of temple)
    • Greeks used proportion in their temple plans
    • Classical temples are longer
    • Harmony and music was in proportion
  • Doric and Ionic Temples
  • Doric and Ionic Temples
    • Greek Arch. ( Balance and Clarity) 550BCE Used columns for load bearing not like Egyptians Temple of Hera I Cella is split in middle Doric Capitals
  •  
  • West Pediment from the Temple of Artemis – 600-580 BCE
    • Pediment
    • What is the problem with Pediments?
    • Arm bent ( pinwheel)
    • Gorgon Medusa, Chrysaor and pegasus – Medusa’s Children ---
  • Reconstruction of the Siphnian Treasury – Delphi, Greece 530 BCE
    • Set up for storage of offerings and votives
    • Caryatid- A female figure that supports a column
    • Frieze on all 4 sides
  • Gigantomachy- From Siphnian Treasury– Delphi 530 BCE
    • -Gigantomachy – battle of gods and giants ( popular theme)
    • -Apollo and Artemis attacking the giants
  • Francois Vase – 570BCE
    • Archaic painted vases
    • Black figure painting
    • Volute with handles
    • By Kleitias and Ergotimos
    • 200 Figures in 6 registers
    • Figures are all from Greek Mythology
  •  
  • Exekias - Achilles and Ajax Blk figure ptg 540BCE
    • No horizontal bands
    • Amphora – a jar to hold wine or water
  • Exekias- Achllies and Ajax playing dice game – Bilingual Painting
  • Euphronios – Herkales wrestling Antaios – 510BCE
    • Thinner glaze for giant
    • Compositional human figure not correct
  • Euthymides – 3 Revelers 510BCE
  • Onesimos – Girl Preparing to Bathe
  • Temple of Aphaia- Greece 500-490 BCE
    • Doric columns, displaced
    • Local goddess worship
    • Statue added – placed on central axis
  • Temple plan of Aphaia
    • Three aisles dividing up space
    • Three rooms rooms
  • Dying Warrior from the East Pediment of the Temple of Aphaia – 490-480BCE
  • Dying Warrior from the West Pediment – 500-490 BCE
  • Temple of Hera II – 460 BCE
  • Temple of Zeus – Greece 470-456BCE
  •  
  • The Seer 470-456BCE
  • Athena, Herakles and Atlas – with the apples of Hesperides – 470-456BCE
    • Metopes
  • Kritios Boy – 480 BCE
    • Contrapposto (counterbalance)
  • Discus Thrower ( Roman Copy) 450 BCE
    • Tension in body
  • Polykleitos -Doryphorus – 450-440BCE
    • Perfect image of man
    • Well balanced
    • Lost in Pompeii
  • The Athenian Acropolis
    • Reconstruction of the Acropolis after the Persian sack of 480BCE
    • Greeks unite – Delian Unite
  • Iktinos and KALLIKRATES - PARTHENON
  • Parthenon Architects -Iktinos and Kallikrates
    • X = 2y+1
    • Harmonious Design and mathematical precision
    • Strict guidelines
    • Mixing doric and ionic
    • Irregular shape
    • Athena Statue
  • Phidias
    • Athenia Parthenos in the cella of the Parthenon
  • Lapith vs. Centaurs
    • Almost fully in the round
    • Metopes ( best preserved)
    • Greeks have the upper hand
    • Greek Body
  • East Pediment of Parthenon Helios, Horses and Dionysos ( Herkales) 438 BCE
    • Who did the Pediment celebrate?
    • East pediment damaged when the apse was added to the Partheon
    • Helios emerging
    • Herkales
  • The Three Graces
    • Figures related to each other
    • Clinging
    • Drapery
    • Pose
  • Inner Frieze - Panathenaic Festival Procession –every 4 years in Athens
    • Roles of Deities
    • Aphrodite, left hand to draw her son Eros’s to the Athenians
    • Celebration
  • Propylaia – Acropolis – 437BCE
    • Two orders mixed
    • Acropolis Gateway
  •  
  • Erechtheion– Acropolis 437BCE
    • Ionic roof supported columns
    • Doric order was ext.
    • Caryatids(Porch of Maidens)
    • Museum
    • Honored Athenia
  • Temple of Athena Nike -427Bce
    • Monumental, gateway
    • No decoration
    • Ionic Order
    • Amphiprostyle with 4 columns
    • in the front
  • Nike , adjusting her sandal 410 BCE
    • Graceful
    • Delicate incised drapery, revealing body
  • Grave stele of Hegeso, Athens 400BCE
  • Lekythhoi – Perfumed oil flask
    • White ground technique
    • Offerings for deceased
    • Wide range of colors, meant that the owner did not use it as a eveyday object
  • The Late Classical Period
    • Peloponnesian War – 431 BCE- defeat of Athens – Greece drained of stength.
    • Sparta was the victor
    • Greek cities united – Philip II came into power took over, he was then assassinated in 336 and Alexander the Great ( His son) succeeded him.
    • Alexander overthrew Persian Empire, Egypt and reached India
  • Art in Greek Late Classical Period
    • Contrapposto
    • Idealization of forms
    • Polykleitos – canon of proportions
    • Heavy muscles
    • Praxiteles, - great sculpture of his avg., 1/8 of the body heads, and “s” curve frames
  • Praxiteles – Aphrodite of Knidos
    • Sensual
    • She is admired
    • She is taking a cloak off a water jar
    • S curve
  • Hermes and Infant Dionysos – 340BCE
    • S curve
    • Dangle grapes to Hermes
    • Interaction between a child and a adult
    • Delicate
  • Grave Stele of a young hunter – 340BCE
  • Lysippos - Late Classical Sculptor
    • Alexander the Great – selected him for official portrait
    • Heads are roughly 1/8 of the body More slender then Polykleitos
    • Apoxyomenos ( Scraper)
    • Shift in weight,
    • Breaks out of box
    • Scraping oil off
    • Far away look
  • Lysippos - Herkales
    • Weary Herkales
    • Overly muscular
    • prop to hold him up
  • Alexander the Great
    • He believed Lysippos could only capture his portrait
    • Macedonian Court is where he ruled
  • Battle of Issus – 310 BC – Philoxenos of Eretria
  •  
  • Polykleitos the Younger – Greece 350BCE Theater, Greece 350 BCE
  • Polykleitos The Younger – 350 BCE
    • Corinthian Capital
  • Hellenistic Period Temple of Apollo
    • Dipteral plan
  • Stoa of Attalos II Agora Athens, Greece 150 BCE
    • Stores
    • 21 shops
    • More common in Hellenistic
    • More widely spaced then temple arch.
  • Altar of Zeus – 175 BCE , Turkey Pergamon ( Alexander’s Empire)
  • Athena battling Alkyoneos – Gigantomachy Frieze - 175 BCE
    • Grabs hair of Alkyoneos
    • Nike crowns
    • Athena
    • Drapery
    • Zeus throws thunderbolts
    • Battle
  • Epigonos – Gallic Chieftain 230bce
  • Dying Gaul – 230 BCE
  • Nike, 190 BCE
  • Alexandros of Antioch on the Meander – Venus de Milo aka Aphrodite
  • Aphrodite, Eros and Pan – 100BCE
  • Seated Boxer – 100-50 BCE
  • Old Market Woman – 150-100 BCE
  • Demosthenes – 280 BCE
  • Laocoon and his Sons- early first century CE