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Chapter 5 Greek

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  • Ranging Aries he died a heros death, m ore of a Portrait Naturalisitic
  • Left arm extended big break from the usual look of egyptians.
  • Soft material, kore grasping chiffon in her and. Postures of the Kore are like male counterparts
  • 80x170 Ft///roof gone.. Peistyle colonade exists
  • Perseus Zeus on the lower pediments
  • Lapiths and centuars battle after a wedding celebratio where man beasts who were invited guests got drunk and attempted to abudct the lapith maidens Did not fil the space between no decorative ornamentation..
  • Shields ready for action, intricate engraving of the paterns and hero’s cloaks, the arches of their back take on the vase Eyes are in a older manner
  • Compoisition created on both sides, one blk and red figures – bilingual vases – outlining figures /red clay reserved for figures
  • Unusual body form, drunk, middle figure is interesting .. Signed Euthymides ptd. Me”
  • Follow plan of Aphaia at Aegina – even number of columns (6) and two short endstemple of zeus more lavishly decorated
  • athenia
  • Animals sacrifice, animals people musiucians chariots A
  • contrapossto
  • Dedicated to a battle, marathon that turned the tiede against of the persians
  • Hermes god of wine /doryphorus
  • Transcript

    • 1. Chapter 5 - Greek Art-
    • 2. Early Greek World 2300BCE
    • 3. Later Greek Colonies
    • 4.  
    • 5. Greek Origins
      • Aegean and European traits
      • Formed Independent city states or Poleis
      • Political rule was first by Kings –then by  Tyrants
      • Tyrants overthrown in Athens 2500 years ago. Democracy established
      • Olympics – 776 BCE
      • Greeks regarded themselves as Hellas, rather than Barbarians ( which surrounded the boundaries)
      • Western colonies in Italy = Best preserved temples
    • 6. Greek Humanism
      • Democracy
      • Art, History, Literature
      • Western culture = taken from the Greeks
      • Religion- Like divinities of the Near East, the gods assumed human form and were immortal
      • “ Humans, are the measure of all things” from Philosopher Protagoras
      • Athens - HUGE symbol of Greek Culture
      • - Great Plays held there, Market places, Gymnasiums
      • Socrates and Plato= encouraged philosophy and Plato formulated his idea for the best government
      • Greeks loved exercise, education and daily life
      • Greeks borrowed from Egypt and Near east – owed debts to them
    • 7. Greek Civilization
      • Slavery was natural
      • Greek women were not equal with men
      • Democracy – dominated by white males based on military thinking
      • Greek men – educated with Homer’s Hero’s
      • War- among the city states was atrocious & fell into Rome’s Imperialism
    • 8. The Geometric and Orientalzing Periods
      • Reading and writing lost, frescos sculpting
      • Disappearance of Kings led to loss of knowledge
      • Trade began
      • Homer’s stories memorized
      • Olympic games start
    • 9. Geometric Krater – Athens 740 BCE angular motifs, key/meander patterns = Geometric Style
    • 10. Hero and Centaur
      • Centaur – Greek Invention
    • 11. Orientalizing Art Mantiklos Apollo Bronze, 700-800 BCE Thebes, Greece
      • Statue made for a god for a favor in return
      • Characteristics -
    • 12. Corinthian black figure amphora with animal friezes 625-600 BCE
      • Organized bands
      • What influence?
    • 13. Stone Temples 625 BCE
      • Trading with Egypt the Greeks saw the monumental sculpture of the Egyptians
      • Temple A for unknown deity
    • 14. Lady of Auxerre – 650 BCE
      • Statue of a goddess of Kore
      • Gesture of Prayer
      • Daedalic
    • 15. Kouros – 600 BCE
      • Like Egyptian sculptures
      • Funerary sculpture– stood over grave
      • Similar to Egyptian however very different
      • Liberated from stone block
      • Nude
    • 16. Calf Bearer- Greece 560 BCE
      • Offering
      • Left foot forward – trait of Kouri
      • Archaic Statue Smile
      • V shape body
      • Thin Cloak
    • 17. Krisos Boy – Greece 530 BCE
      • Died a Hero’s death
      • Skin left natural color
      • Polished (eyes, lips, drapery were painted encaustic)
    • 18. Peplos Kore – 530 BCE
      • What shape is the Peplos Kore?
      • Kore and other sculptures had been knocked over by the Persians during their sack of the acropolis in 480bce
      • Not sure if figure is goddess or Maiden
    • 19. Kore from the Acropolis, Athens 520-510BCE
    • 20. Early Greek Arch.
      • Early Greek arch. did not survive due to the use of mudbrick
      • Oak columns were replaced with Marble
      • Their temples influenced western world
      • Greek Temple shrines – the altar lay outside the temple – at the east end facing the rising sun (cult sculpture outside of temple)
      • Greeks used proportion in their temple plans
      • Classical temples are longer
      • Harmony and music was in proportion
    • 21. Doric and Ionic Temples
    • 22. Doric and Ionic Temples
    • 23.
      • Greek Arch. ( Balance and Clarity) 550BCE Used columns for load bearing not like Egyptians Temple of Hera I Cella is split in middle Doric Capitals
    • 24.  
    • 25. West Pediment from the Temple of Artemis – 600-580 BCE
      • Pediment
      • What is the problem with Pediments?
      • Arm bent ( pinwheel)
      • Gorgon Medusa, Chrysaor and pegasus – Medusa’s Children ---
    • 26. Reconstruction of the Siphnian Treasury – Delphi, Greece 530 BCE
      • Set up for storage of offerings and votives
      • Caryatid- A female figure that supports a column
      • Frieze on all 4 sides
    • 27. Gigantomachy- From Siphnian Treasury– Delphi 530 BCE
      • -Gigantomachy – battle of gods and giants ( popular theme)
      • -Apollo and Artemis attacking the giants
    • 28. Francois Vase – 570BCE
      • Archaic painted vases
      • Black figure painting
      • Volute with handles
      • By Kleitias and Ergotimos
      • 200 Figures in 6 registers
      • Figures are all from Greek Mythology
    • 29.  
    • 30. Exekias - Achilles and Ajax Blk figure ptg 540BCE
      • No horizontal bands
      • Amphora – a jar to hold wine or water
    • 31. Exekias- Achllies and Ajax playing dice game – Bilingual Painting
    • 32. Euphronios – Herkales wrestling Antaios – 510BCE
      • Thinner glaze for giant
      • Compositional human figure not correct
    • 33. Euthymides – 3 Revelers 510BCE
    • 34. Onesimos – Girl Preparing to Bathe
    • 35. Temple of Aphaia- Greece 500-490 BCE
      • Doric columns, displaced
      • Local goddess worship
      • Statue added – placed on central axis
    • 36. Temple plan of Aphaia
      • Three aisles dividing up space
      • Three rooms rooms
    • 37. Dying Warrior from the East Pediment of the Temple of Aphaia – 490-480BCE
    • 38. Dying Warrior from the West Pediment – 500-490 BCE
    • 39. Temple of Hera II – 460 BCE
    • 40. Temple of Zeus – Greece 470-456BCE
    • 41.  
    • 42. The Seer 470-456BCE
    • 43. Athena, Herakles and Atlas – with the apples of Hesperides – 470-456BCE
      • Metopes
    • 44. Kritios Boy – 480 BCE
      • Contrapposto (counterbalance)
    • 45. Discus Thrower ( Roman Copy) 450 BCE
      • Tension in body
    • 46. Polykleitos -Doryphorus – 450-440BCE
      • Perfect image of man
      • Well balanced
      • Lost in Pompeii
    • 47. The Athenian Acropolis
      • Reconstruction of the Acropolis after the Persian sack of 480BCE
      • Greeks unite – Delian Unite
    • 48. Iktinos and KALLIKRATES - PARTHENON
    • 49. Parthenon Architects -Iktinos and Kallikrates
      • X = 2y+1
      • Harmonious Design and mathematical precision
      • Strict guidelines
      • Mixing doric and ionic
      • Irregular shape
      • Athena Statue
    • 50. Phidias
      • Athenia Parthenos in the cella of the Parthenon
    • 51. Lapith vs. Centaurs
      • Almost fully in the round
      • Metopes ( best preserved)
      • Greeks have the upper hand
      • Greek Body
    • 52. East Pediment of Parthenon Helios, Horses and Dionysos ( Herkales) 438 BCE
      • Who did the Pediment celebrate?
      • East pediment damaged when the apse was added to the Partheon
      • Helios emerging
      • Herkales
    • 53. The Three Graces
      • Figures related to each other
      • Clinging
      • Drapery
      • Pose
    • 54. Inner Frieze - Panathenaic Festival Procession –every 4 years in Athens
      • Roles of Deities
      • Aphrodite, left hand to draw her son Eros’s to the Athenians
      • Celebration
    • 55. Propylaia – Acropolis – 437BCE
      • Two orders mixed
      • Acropolis Gateway
    • 56.  
    • 57. Erechtheion– Acropolis 437BCE
      • Ionic roof supported columns
      • Doric order was ext.
      • Caryatids(Porch of Maidens)
      • Museum
      • Honored Athenia
    • 58. Temple of Athena Nike -427Bce
      • Monumental, gateway
      • No decoration
      • Ionic Order
      • Amphiprostyle with 4 columns
      • in the front
    • 59. Nike , adjusting her sandal 410 BCE
      • Graceful
      • Delicate incised drapery, revealing body
    • 60. Grave stele of Hegeso, Athens 400BCE
    • 61. Lekythhoi – Perfumed oil flask
      • White ground technique
      • Offerings for deceased
      • Wide range of colors, meant that the owner did not use it as a eveyday object
    • 62. The Late Classical Period
      • Peloponnesian War – 431 BCE- defeat of Athens – Greece drained of stength.
      • Sparta was the victor
      • Greek cities united – Philip II came into power took over, he was then assassinated in 336 and Alexander the Great ( His son) succeeded him.
      • Alexander overthrew Persian Empire, Egypt and reached India
    • 63. Art in Greek Late Classical Period
      • Contrapposto
      • Idealization of forms
      • Polykleitos – canon of proportions
      • Heavy muscles
      • Praxiteles, - great sculpture of his avg., 1/8 of the body heads, and “s” curve frames
    • 64. Praxiteles – Aphrodite of Knidos
      • Sensual
      • She is admired
      • She is taking a cloak off a water jar
      • S curve
    • 65. Hermes and Infant Dionysos – 340BCE
      • S curve
      • Dangle grapes to Hermes
      • Interaction between a child and a adult
      • Delicate
    • 66. Grave Stele of a young hunter – 340BCE
    • 67. Lysippos - Late Classical Sculptor
      • Alexander the Great – selected him for official portrait
      • Heads are roughly 1/8 of the body More slender then Polykleitos
      • Apoxyomenos ( Scraper)
      • Shift in weight,
      • Breaks out of box
      • Scraping oil off
      • Far away look
    • 68. Lysippos - Herkales
      • Weary Herkales
      • Overly muscular
      • prop to hold him up
    • 69. Alexander the Great
      • He believed Lysippos could only capture his portrait
      • Macedonian Court is where he ruled
    • 70. Battle of Issus – 310 BC – Philoxenos of Eretria
    • 71.  
    • 72. Polykleitos the Younger – Greece 350BCE Theater, Greece 350 BCE
    • 73. Polykleitos The Younger – 350 BCE
      • Corinthian Capital
    • 74. Hellenistic Period Temple of Apollo
      • Dipteral plan
    • 75. Stoa of Attalos II Agora Athens, Greece 150 BCE
      • Stores
      • 21 shops
      • More common in Hellenistic
      • More widely spaced then temple arch.
    • 76. Altar of Zeus – 175 BCE , Turkey Pergamon ( Alexander’s Empire)
    • 77. Athena battling Alkyoneos – Gigantomachy Frieze - 175 BCE
      • Grabs hair of Alkyoneos
      • Nike crowns
      • Athena
      • Drapery
      • Zeus throws thunderbolts
      • Battle
    • 78. Epigonos – Gallic Chieftain 230bce
    • 79. Dying Gaul – 230 BCE
    • 80. Nike, 190 BCE
    • 81. Alexandros of Antioch on the Meander – Venus de Milo aka Aphrodite
    • 82. Aphrodite, Eros and Pan – 100BCE
    • 83. Seated Boxer – 100-50 BCE
    • 84. Old Market Woman – 150-100 BCE
    • 85. Demosthenes – 280 BCE
    • 86. Laocoon and his Sons- early first century CE

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