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Chapter 23 – Baroque art –
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Chapter 23 – Baroque art –

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  • 1. Chapter 23 – Age of Reformation
  • 2.
    • Spain most powerful country
    • Spain wants to reform church which leads to the Counter – Reformation
    • Martin Luther
    • Dissatisfaction with church leadership
    • Popes come from powerful families
    • Church deteriorated
    • Private devotions, commissions (such as book of hours) rosaries and paintings increased
  • 3. Imagery during the Reformation
    • Protestant churches bare walls
    • Imagery leads to idols
    • Reformation – sparked iconclasms throughout Northern Europe, destroying much great art work and
    • prohibiting new work to be produced
    • Northern European art is influenced by the achievements of the Renaissance
  • 4. Catholicism vs. Protestantism
    • Allegory of Law and Grace by Lucas Cranach the Elder
    • Woodcut
    • 1530
  • 5. Grunewald- Isenheim Altarpiece
    • Horrors of disease
    • Created for a Monastic Hospital
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9. Durer – Last Supper 1523
    • Agent sold prints
    • Very in tune with Lutherism
    • 1 st lawsuit
    • Popular in Flanders
  • 10. Durer Last Supper 1523
  • 11. Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse 1498
  • 12. Durer- 4 Apostles 1526
    • Durer supports Lutheranism
    • John and Peter (left)
    • Mark and Paul ( right)
    • Bible
    • No false prophets
  • 13. Durer – The Fall of Man 1504
    • Vitruvian Theory of human proportions
    • Classical Statues
    • Engraving
    • Crucial Moment
  • 14. Durer- The Great Piece of Turf 1503
    • Scientifically accurate
  • 15. Altdorfer – The Battle of Issus 1529
  • 16. Holbein the Younger – The French Ambassadors 1533
    • Realism that flourished from 15 th Century Flemish art
    • Two Humanist men
    • Covered in items
    • Anamorphic Image
    • Painter to English Court
  • 17. `
  • 18. France – widespread recognition as a political power
    • Clouet – Francis I 1526
    • Gold Chain = St. Michael
    • Flat
  • 19. The Louvre - 1546
    • Redesign ( medieval palace and fortress)
    • Curved and angular
    • Roman arcades
    • French and Italian infused
  • 20. Pieter Aersten – Meat Still Life - 1551
  • 21. Caterina van Hemssen – Self Portrait 1548
  • 22. Back to the Netherlands Gossaert – Neptune & Amphitrite 1516
    • Netherlands – Philp II of Spain controlled –Protestants
    • Who was Gossaert Influenced by?
    • Doric and Ionic
    • Italy
  • 23. Massys – Money Changer and His Wife 1514
    • Checking out coins
    • Netherlandish values
    • Prayer book
    • Material world vs. spiritual
    • Balance
    • Mirror – sloth and foolish character
    • Gossip
  • 24. Aertsen – Meat Still life 1551
    • Hog, chickens, sausages
    • Religious images, Joseph leads a donkey
    • Crossed fishes –pretzels during lent
    • A life of lust and gluttony
  • 25. Caterina van Hemessen – Self portrait 1548
    • First known self portrait of a woman
    • Confident
    • Pigment
    • Her father trained her
  • 26. Teerlinc - Elizabeth I as Princess
    • 1559
    • Bruges painter
    • Henry VIII, invited her to paint Elizabeth
    • Headdress and jewelry
    • Elaborate Gown
    • Elizabeth and other powerful woman were avid collectors and patrons
  • 27. Bruegel the Elder 1565 Human Beings and nature, depicted seasonal changes during the year, optically correct, line and shape , landscape
  • 28. Netherlandish Proverbs – 1559 – Bruegel the Elder
    • Like Bosch
    • Proverbs,
    • He bites the column
    • “ beats his head against the wall”
    • “ blind lead the blind”
  • 29. Spain –leader at the end of 16 th Century Burial of Count Orgaz – El Greco - 1586
    • El Greco – born in Crete emigrated to Italy, went to Titan’s workshop, went to Spain to spend his life there
    • Late Byzantine meets Italian Mannerism
    • Heavy draperies
    • Early conquistadors
    • Counts soul
    • Emotion
    • Expressive