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Chap 21 15th century italian art  humanism and antiquity
 

Chap 21 15th century italian art humanism and antiquity

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    Chap 21 15th century italian art  humanism and antiquity Chap 21 15th century italian art humanism and antiquity Presentation Transcript

    • 15 th Century Italian Art- Humanism and Antiquity Chapter 21 p574
    • Allure of Antiquity
      • Humanism/ political/ economic
      • Quest for knowledge- Greeks and Romans
      • Dante – Divine Comedy ( Heaven & Hell)
      • Humanist believed in individual potential and encouraged individual achievement along with civic responsibility.
    • The Medici Family and Princely Courts
      • Banking Family -Medici Family who had managed to prosper economically came to artistic circles
      • Not a court family
      • Princely courts- high demand for art/ many people working for the prince, court artists needed
    • A Competition in 1330
      • Florence baptistery doors
      • Great prestige if you won
      • Pisano and Giovanni did the south side doors
      • The Subject – Sacrifice of Isaac for the second set of doors
    • The Competition, Who Won? Brunelleschi – Sacrifice of Isaac – 1400 Drapery, flying Issac’s throat, knife Ghiberti – Sacrifice of Isaac -1400 , S Curve, posed, Roman?, nude male
    • Donatello – Feast of Herod 1425
      • Each character has a different face
      • King Herod receives the head of John the Baptist.
      • Horror
      • Children move back
      • Perspective- Ancient Roman illusionism returned
    • Ghiberti – the doors are lighter, more illusion
    • Di Banco – Four Crowned Saints - 1408
      • More space to work with
      • Drapery
      • Rome
      • Saints
      • Personality
      • (saint means holy to God)
    • Donatello – St. Mark 1413
      • Movement
      • Drapery
      • Doryphoros
      • Shifting weight
      • Outside niche?
    • Habbakuk – Seer aka Pumpkin Head by Donatello
    • Da Favriano- Adoration of the Magi - 1423
      • Gentile, Gothic
      • Frame over elaborate
      • Experimental trends
      • Naturalistic meets inventive
      • International style
      • Elaborate costumed styles
      • Forshortened forms
    • Masaccio – Tribute Money - 1427
      • Descendant of Giotto, calm style
      • Tax collector – St. Peter retrieves money (state income tax)
      • Continuous Narrative –modeling – blurring of background as the background descends
    • Masaccio – Expulsion from Eden -
      • Hazy background
      • Deep relief with light
      • Adam’s feet on the ground represent the decent into the Earth
      • They are stumbling in blindly
    • Masaccio – Holy Trinity - 1428
      • Illusionism important
      • Vanishing point at the foot of the cross
      • Pictorial Illusionism
      • Made as a tombstone
      • Brunelleschi- inspired architecture
      • Despair of death below
    • Florence Cathedral – Dome – Brunelleschi - 1420
      • Brunelleschi turned to arch after loosing the baptistery commission. Turned to architecture was heavily influenced by Roman architecture.
      • Solve engineering problems, Used new building methods, made new machinery, made the dome a pointed arch
    • Santo Spirito – Basilica Church Brunelleschi 1436 Rhythmic harmony , clarity no room for murals
      • Cruciform shape
    • Private Chapels - Brunelleschi
      • Pazzi family gift to the church of Santo spirito, medallions serve on the corners as pendentives.
    •  
    • Medici as Patrons
      • Medici’s had a fortune
      • Cosimo intended to build his palace
      • He had political power as well
      • Wealthy families struggled for power, Medici’s got kicked out of Florence
      • Hired Bartolommeo to work on his palace( Bart- worked with Donatello)
    • Medici Palace 1445 - Bartolommeo
      • Building looks higher as you look up
      • Roman Rusticated masonry
      • Independence from the antique
      • Early Renaissance style
    • Donatello – David Late 1420s
      • Classically inspired
      • Commissioned by the Medici’s
      • First free standing sculpture since ancient times
      • Classical nude
      • Biblical David slaying Goliath
    • Verrocchio - David
      • Important sculptor during the late 15 th century
      • Very realistic, quiet, classic
      • Hunter stance
    • Pollaiuolo – Battle of the Ten Nudes - 1465
      • Twisted bodies
      • Viewpoints
      • Nude figure
      • Slashing no mercy
      • muscles
    • Botticelli – Birth of Venus- 1482
      • Zephyrus blows Venus- born of sea foam and carried on a cockle shell to her sacred island Cyprus. Nymph covers her
      • Mythology
      • Anatomy
      • Romance
    • Rise of Portraiture – Botticelli 1480s (Tempera on Panel)
      • Exploration of character – Botticelli
      • Elegant hand gesture
      • Expressing
      • Worked with Fra Filippo Lippi
    • Equestrian Sculpture
      • Dominant in character
      • Portrait of Erasmo da Narni – 1450
      • Military leaders –Venetian commander
    • Ghirlandaio – Florentine Art 1488
      • A wealthy man’s daughter
      • Rigid, prominent placement
      • Sacred
    • Ghirlandaio – Saint Anne – mother of Mary - 1485
    • Alberti – Florence Italy - 1452
      • Classical elements to contemporary buildings
      • Building – Palazzo Rucellai – 1452
      • Lighter at top
      • Columns
    • Alberti – Santa Maria Novella – 1458 –Rations, pre Gothic design,
    • Images of Devotion
      • Fra Angelico -1440
      • Dominican Monastery
      • Simple image, clarity
    • Castagno – Last Supper -1447
      • Biblical narrative
      • Perspective
      • Lavish
      • Both ceiling and floor visible?
    • Perugino – Christ Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to Saint Peter – Vatican 1481 Total Authority – Roman Catholic Church - Rome
    • Alberti – Sant ‘ Andrea- 1470 Classical elements, rebuilding a church