Ch22 highrenaissanceandmannerism

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Ch22 highrenaissanceandmannerism

  1. 1. Ch. 22 High Renaissance and Mannerism Pg 614-660
  2. 2. 15 th Century <ul><li>Lead to developments in anatomy and perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Da Vinci </li></ul><ul><li>Raphael </li></ul><ul><li>Michelangelo </li></ul><ul><li>Titian </li></ul><ul><li>ALL IN ROME </li></ul>
  3. 3. Leonardo da Vinci <ul><li>Note taker, sketches, </li></ul><ul><li>botany, geology, zoology, military engineering, science. </li></ul><ul><li>Light and optics </li></ul><ul><li>Studied the human body </li></ul><ul><li>1481 went to Milan to work for the duke. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Da Vinci – Virgin of the Rocks <ul><li>Model with light and shadow </li></ul><ul><li>Pyramidal grouping </li></ul><ul><li>Atmospheric setting </li></ul><ul><li>Pray, point, bless </li></ul><ul><li>St. John the Baptist </li></ul><ul><li>Looked at Masaccio’s art </li></ul>
  5. 5. Cartoons ,Balance, stately grace of their movements, like goddess of Parthenon
  6. 6. Last Supper- Fresco 1495 da Vinci
  7. 7. <ul><li>Christ- “one of you will betray me” </li></ul><ul><li>Christ Isolated </li></ul><ul><li>Judas </li></ul><ul><li>Complex painting </li></ul><ul><li>4 Groups of 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Judas in shadow clutching money </li></ul>
  8. 8. George de Lucas
  9. 9. Da Vinci – Mona Lisa <ul><li>Wife of a wealthy Florentine </li></ul><ul><li>Engaging psychologically </li></ul><ul><li>Atmospheric perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Sfumato (misty haziness) </li></ul><ul><li>Unknown landscape </li></ul>
  10. 10. Julius II : A Warrior- Pope quest for Authority 1506 <ul><li>Old St. Peter’s a new structure. </li></ul><ul><li>Old building fell </li></ul><ul><li>Roughly square plan </li></ul><ul><li>9 Interlocking crosses </li></ul><ul><li>5 domes </li></ul><ul><li>Bramante boasted he would place the dome of the Pantheon over the Basilica Nova </li></ul>
  11. 11. Important Imperial images on Roman coins-17 th century it was completed
  12. 12. Bramante – Tempietto -1502 <ul><li>Little Temple </li></ul><ul><li>Round temples </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Isabella of Spain commissioned </li></ul><ul><li>Like a Greek Tholos( a small shrine) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Michelangelo 1500 <ul><li>Pope Julius II asked Michelangelo to covey his message </li></ul><ul><li>Michelangelo created architecutre and sculpture </li></ul><ul><li>Massive forms and art to become close to old Rome was </li></ul>
  14. 14. David 1501 <ul><li>David hero of Florentine Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological insight </li></ul><ul><li>Like Classical to Hellenistic </li></ul><ul><li>Before victory </li></ul><ul><li>Emotionally connected </li></ul>
  15. 15. Michelangelo – Moses – Rome 1513- Horns, Id Moses, Turned head in concentration, Swelling veins <ul><li>Pope commissioned Michelangelo to create his tomb </li></ul><ul><li>Tablets of Law- Turned head , concentrates frame and eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Like Hellenistic art </li></ul>
  16. 16. Sistine Chapel – Vatican City – 1473 Inexperienced with fresco, Long Narrative
  17. 17. <ul><li>Hebrew Prophets and pagan sibyls who foretold Christ </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on figures </li></ul><ul><li>300 figures in a ultimate grand drama of the human race </li></ul><ul><li>Old Testament scenes </li></ul><ul><li>Painted with a sculptors eye for how light and shadow would fall. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Creation of Adam Communication with Gods and humans Adams original sin lead to Christ’s death God reaches to Adam
  19. 19. The cleaning
  20. 20. School of Athens – Raphael – 1509 for the Papal Apts
  21. 21. <ul><li>The great philosophers come together – Ancient World </li></ul><ul><li>Plato ( holds book) Aristotle – Central Figures </li></ul><ul><li>Vast perspective, moods, beliefs, close study </li></ul><ul><li>Summarization of all the beliefs of the Western Civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Balanced, cultured, “congregation of great philosophers” </li></ul>
  22. 22. Raphael – Marriage of the Virgin - 1504 <ul><li>High Renaissance ideals </li></ul><ul><li>Background building </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Michelangelo and Leonardo </li></ul><ul><li>Joseph competed with other suitors for Mary’s hand </li></ul><ul><li>Foreshortening & perspective used </li></ul>
  23. 23. Perugino -1481
  24. 24. Raphael – Madonna in the Meadow 1505 <ul><li>Pyramidal comp. </li></ul><ul><li>Chiaroscuro similar to da Vinci </li></ul><ul><li>Perugino’s light tonalities </li></ul><ul><li>Sharp tones </li></ul>
  25. 25. Raphael – Galatea – 1513 <ul><li>Pope Leo X ( son of Med. ) succeeded Julius II as Raphael’s patron </li></ul><ul><li>Runs from Cyclops Polyphemus on a shell and dolphins </li></ul><ul><li>Foreshortening </li></ul><ul><li>Motion </li></ul><ul><li>Like who? </li></ul><ul><li>Pagan myths popular </li></ul>
  26. 26. Michelangelo - Tomb of Giuliano de Medici 1519 <ul><li>Works for Medici Popes </li></ul><ul><li>Funerary Chapel </li></ul><ul><li>River gods </li></ul><ul><li>Neo-Platonism – Plato’s ideals- spiritualistic philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Lowest levels of the gods the lowest in life </li></ul><ul><li>Dawn and Day ( male) </li></ul><ul><li>Contortion </li></ul><ul><li>Thickness </li></ul><ul><li>Cared more about form </li></ul>
  27. 27. Papacy of Pope Paul III <ul><li>Lived nicely! Lots of personal commissions </li></ul><ul><li>Orchestrated campaign to restore the Catholic church in the wake of Protestant Reformation </li></ul>
  28. 28. Antonio da Sagallo – Palazzo Farnesa (favorite architect of the Pope)
  29. 29. Michelangelo – Last Judgment 1534 <ul><li>Christ judges the world </li></ul><ul><li>Arm held up by Jesus= damnation </li></ul><ul><li>Choirs of Heaven </li></ul><ul><li>Dead awake fleshy – demons – gargoyle masks, torment the damned </li></ul><ul><li>Fate to sinners </li></ul>
  30. 33. Capitoline Hill-1537 <ul><li>Achieve balance and symmetry in design </li></ul><ul><li>New building </li></ul><ul><li>Oval base </li></ul>
  31. 34. Michelangelo 1540 <ul><li>Last project with Pope </li></ul><ul><li>No pay </li></ul><ul><li>Preserve Bramante’s plan </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced central crosses ( Greek cross) </li></ul><ul><li>Front Portico </li></ul>
  32. 35. Venetian Art -1500s <ul><li>Fortune decline in 16 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Soft colored Light </li></ul><ul><li>Bellini ( trained in International Style) </li></ul><ul><li>Nymphs/gods/ Lush Tones/ Pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>Venetian painting were about color </li></ul><ul><li>Rome and Florence = Sculpture </li></ul>
  33. 36. Bellini and Titan - 1529 The Feast of the Gods
  34. 37. Giorgione – The Tempest - 1510 <ul><li>Stormy skies </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Young woman nursing baby </li></ul><ul><li>No Narrative </li></ul><ul><li>Tints of red, black, highlights </li></ul>
  35. 38. <ul><li>Assumption of the Virgin – Titan 1516 </li></ul><ul><li>Golden clouds </li></ul><ul><li>Large scale altarpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatic </li></ul>
  36. 39. <ul><li>Pesaro Family – Titan – 1519 </li></ul><ul><li>Trained by Bellini and Giorgione </li></ul><ul><li>Madonna and a Saint honoring achievements to men in this world </li></ul>
  37. 40. Titian – Meeting of Bacchus and Ariadne -1522 <ul><li>- arrives to save Ariadne whom Theseus had abandoned on a Island </li></ul><ul><li>Titan – rich and luminous colors </li></ul>
  38. 41. Titian – Venus of Urbino – 1538 Female nude – private, based on a Giorgone, compositional elements of a reclining nude, servants, red tones, pale neutral whites,
  39. 42. Correggio –Assumption of the Virgin -1526
  40. 43. Mannerism -Elegant style, cultured, not natural and idea of a scene, unusual, sophisticated <ul><li>Pontormo – Descent from the Cross -1525 </li></ul><ul><li>Virgin falls back, hands accentuated, bends </li></ul>
  41. 44. <ul><li>Parmigianino – Madonna with the Long Neck – 1535 </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Raphael </li></ul><ul><li>Elongation of the frame </li></ul><ul><li>Elegant </li></ul>
  42. 45. Tintoretto –The Last Supper 1594
  43. 46. Bronzino – Portrait of a young man <ul><li>Graceful hands </li></ul><ul><li>Proud </li></ul><ul><li>Muted background </li></ul>
  44. 47. Anguissola – portrait of the Artist’s sisters and Brother 1555
  45. 48. Giovanni – Abuduction of the Sabine Women
  46. 49. Veronese – Christ in the House of Levi 1573
  47. 50. Villa Rotonda – Palladio 1566
  48. 51. Palladio - San Giorgio Maggiore 1565
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