Ch. 20 – 15 th  Century Art in Northern Europe and Spain
What is  going on at this time? <ul><li>France and Holland  - 100 years war  </li></ul><ul><li>1337-1453 </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Trading in Flanders / Bruges – Economic and a strong important city </li></ul><ul><li>Oil Paint –origin of use in ...
French Manuscript Illumination <ul><li>15 th  century France </li></ul><ul><li>Refined manuscripts – Artists looked to sta...
JANUARY - Book of Hours – Les Tres Riches Heures    Duc de Berry  -1413   By the Limbourg Brothers <ul><li>Made for the Du...
October  from Les Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry 1416 <ul><li>Sower and harrower on horseback, washerwoman, in front o...
Flemish Art <ul><li>Duke of Berry – Grandson- Philip the Good ruled a region knows as the Duchy of Burgundy – Rich cities,...
Well of Moses –  Sluter – Dijon, France – 1400ce <ul><li>Creator died before completing the well </li></ul><ul><li>Did not...
Public Devotional Imagery Jan van Eyk <ul><li>Altarpieces = backdrops for churches/ behind altar </li></ul><ul><li>Reenact...
Ghent Altarpiece- Jan van Eyk 1432 Queen of Heaven, Ghent’s patron Saints/ donors / God the Father in the center wearing a...
Types of Oil Paint created: <ul><li>Deep colors, glazes, illusion of glowing light – characterized Flemish painting </li><...
Van Der Weyden 1444 Last Judgement– Triptych (Central Panel) Big Impact on Northern Ptgs, Fluid Dynamic Composition., Stre...
Bouts  - Last Supper - 1464 <ul><li>Vanishing point </li></ul><ul><li>Orthogonals(lines imagined to be behind and perpendi...
Memling – Virgin with Saints and Angels - 1479
Campin – Merode Altarpiece 1425
 
Jan van Eyck – Man in Red Turban-1433
Rogier van der Weyden-1433
Bosch – Garden of Earthly Delights 1500ce
French Fouquet – Melun Diptych  -1450 <ul><li>Pious Donor - Chevalier </li></ul>
German Madonna in the Rose Garden- Virgin Mary around a rose garden -Rosary
Graphic Arts <ul><li>Letterpress – German Invention </li></ul><ul><li>Printing in China known for centuries </li></ul><ul>...
Drawing on Metal <ul><li>Saint Anthony Tormented by Demons – Schongauer </li></ul><ul><li>Metal Engraving – Intaglio </li>...
Conclusion <ul><li>Economic, social and religion changes effected Spanish and Northern art </li></ul><ul><li>Flanders – Oi...
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Ch20 15th century art in northern europe and spain

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Ch20 15th century art in northern europe and spain

  1. 1. Ch. 20 – 15 th Century Art in Northern Europe and Spain
  2. 2. What is going on at this time? <ul><li>France and Holland - 100 years war </li></ul><ul><li>1337-1453 </li></ul><ul><li>Flanders was a major city in Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized government in 12 th Century European movement </li></ul><ul><li>Several Kings successfully consolidated authority </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Trading in Flanders / Bruges – Economic and a strong important city </li></ul><ul><li>Oil Paint –origin of use in Flanders </li></ul><ul><li>Moveable Type – Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Northern art reflects time of the 15 th Century – piety and political power </li></ul><ul><li>Refined illuminated manuscripts </li></ul>
  4. 4. French Manuscript Illumination <ul><li>15 th century France </li></ul><ul><li>Refined manuscripts – Artists looked to stained glass ( jewel like colors ) </li></ul><ul><li>More pronounced characteristics/ illusion/ not flat </li></ul><ul><li>Development of Humanism </li></ul>
  5. 5. JANUARY - Book of Hours – Les Tres Riches Heures Duc de Berry -1413 By the Limbourg Brothers <ul><li>Made for the Duke of Berry </li></ul><ul><li>Book of Hours are prayers you recite during certain parts of the day </li></ul><ul><li>12 Months represented, seasonal tasks scenes of nobility and peasantry </li></ul><ul><li>New years eve dinner </li></ul><ul><li>Riches </li></ul>
  6. 6. October from Les Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry 1416 <ul><li>Sower and harrower on horseback, washerwoman, in front of the Louvre </li></ul><ul><li>How are the peasants acting? </li></ul><ul><li>How is the Duke as a master? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Flemish Art <ul><li>Duke of Berry – Grandson- Philip the Good ruled a region knows as the Duchy of Burgundy – Rich cities, industrial </li></ul><ul><li>Bruges – wealth and industry </li></ul><ul><li>Dukes of Burgundy – immense wealth over Northern France and Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>Great Schism over – Rome back in power, more renewed interest in Religion and Art </li></ul><ul><li>Flemish society – commissioned both public and personal devotional practices/ more pilgrimages </li></ul>
  8. 8. Well of Moses – Sluter – Dijon, France – 1400ce <ul><li>Creator died before completing the well </li></ul><ul><li>Did not sprout water, - church service needed silence for prayer </li></ul><ul><li>Fountain of everlasting life </li></ul><ul><li>Paint flaked off </li></ul><ul><li>Drapery folds, like jamb sculptures but more movement </li></ul><ul><li>Horns on Moses </li></ul>
  9. 9. Public Devotional Imagery Jan van Eyk <ul><li>Altarpieces = backdrops for churches/ behind altar </li></ul><ul><li>Reenactment of taking the body and blood of Christ during church </li></ul><ul><li>Altar pieces relate to Christ’s sacrifice </li></ul><ul><li>Polyptych ( hinged multi-paneled paintings) </li></ul><ul><li>Gives more room for narratives </li></ul><ul><li>Donors </li></ul><ul><li>Sculptures of Ghents patron Saints </li></ul><ul><li>Flemish town in window </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ghent Altarpiece- Jan van Eyk 1432 Queen of Heaven, Ghent’s patron Saints/ donors / God the Father in the center wearing a pope hat/ One of the largest altar pieces of the 15 th century/ commisioned/ Fountain of Life/ Lamb( son), 12 apostles, Virgin Martyrs, Holy Confessors, hermits, temperance, pilgrims -temperance, Prudence(knights)
  11. 11. Types of Oil Paint created: <ul><li>Deep colors, glazes, illusion of glowing light – characterized Flemish painting </li></ul>
  12. 12. Van Der Weyden 1444 Last Judgement– Triptych (Central Panel) Big Impact on Northern Ptgs, Fluid Dynamic Composition., Stressing action & Drama, Punishment, Devotion, Punishment - disease
  13. 13. Bouts - Last Supper - 1464 <ul><li>Vanishing point </li></ul><ul><li>Orthogonals(lines imagined to be behind and perpendicular to the picture plane </li></ul><ul><li>First panel depicting this event </li></ul>
  14. 14. Memling – Virgin with Saints and Angels - 1479
  15. 15. Campin – Merode Altarpiece 1425
  16. 17. Jan van Eyck – Man in Red Turban-1433
  17. 18. Rogier van der Weyden-1433
  18. 19. Bosch – Garden of Earthly Delights 1500ce
  19. 20. French Fouquet – Melun Diptych -1450 <ul><li>Pious Donor - Chevalier </li></ul>
  20. 21. German Madonna in the Rose Garden- Virgin Mary around a rose garden -Rosary
  21. 22. Graphic Arts <ul><li>Letterpress – German Invention </li></ul><ul><li>Printing in China known for centuries </li></ul><ul><li>Woodcuts </li></ul><ul><li>Intaglio- engraving, using a tool or burning chemically </li></ul><ul><li>Printing press </li></ul><ul><li>Reaches a wider audience, cheaper than paintings or sculptures </li></ul>
  22. 23. Drawing on Metal <ul><li>Saint Anthony Tormented by Demons – Schongauer </li></ul><ul><li>Metal Engraving – Intaglio </li></ul><ul><li>Saint caught with spikey demons, </li></ul><ul><li>Tones </li></ul>
  23. 24. Conclusion <ul><li>Economic, social and religion changes effected Spanish and Northern art </li></ul><ul><li>Flanders – Oil Paints, illusionism in manuscript illumination and the invention of the moveable type </li></ul><ul><li>Charles I son of Isabella of Spain united three major dynastic lines – Habsburg, Burgundian and Spanish </li></ul>

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