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Ch16  Europe after the fall of rome

Ch16 Europe after the fall of rome






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    Ch16  Europe after the fall of rome Ch16 Europe after the fall of rome Presentation Transcript

    • Europe after the Fall of Rome Ch. 16 Early Medieval Art Dark ages 400-1400 Dying Roman Empire
      • Rome slowly turns into a Christian Nation
      • Non Romans – HUNS< Vandals, FRANKS, Goths
      • Celts, Ireland, France – Power divided up by Scandinavian Vikings
      • We don’t know a lot about these people but we do know that art was produced to create a status symbol
      • Bracelets, Wallets, weapons, belt buckles
    • Purse Cover – Sutton Hoo Ship Burial in Suffolk, England 625ca Gold, glass and enamel cloisonné with garnets and emeralds
    • Merovingian looped fibula, France 6 th century
      • Favored by the Romans to fastened their garments,
      • Usually buried with women
      • Justinian had one on his clothes
    • Animal Head Post - Viking ship burial - Norway Pagan traders and pirates were known as Vikings They Destroyed the Christian monastic communities Especially in England Lavishly carved animal head, roaring beast located on a Viking ship
    • Wooden Portal of the Stave church at Urnes, Norway 1050-1070
      • Intertwined figures
      • Plants stalks
    • Hiberno – Saxon Art Man –Symbol of Matthew 660-680
    • Hiberno – Saxon Art British Isles – Hibernia – ancient name of Ireland
      • St. Patrick established church in Ireland
      • Began Christianization of the Celts
      • These people wanted Independence
      • Irish Monks settled in isolated areas in Ireland, Scotland and some locations in England
    • Cross and Carpet Page –Lindisfarne Gospels 698
    • Chi-rho-iota – Book of Kells -carpet page, included the new testament 8 th century Tempera on Vellum
    • Saint Matthew –from the Lindsisfarne Gospels – 698ce
    • High Cross of Muiredach –Ireland 923 Largest fine cross , Marked grave, fantastic animals, Panels of Christ’s story
    • Mozarabic Art Crossed into Spain from N. African, they brought Islam to where Rome had ruled for ages. Christian culture of Iberia called Mozarabic - Christians living in Arab Territory Emeteriuis- Tower and scriptorium of San Salvador de Tabara, colophon –SPAIN 970
    • Carolingian Art 800- Pope Leo III, crowned Charles the Great aka Charlemagne, 1 st HOLY Roman Emperor, 9 th Century –Charlemagne – outstretched hand in which he holds the globe. (world dominion)
    • Carolingian Art – Revive Art of Ancient Rome
      •  St. Matthew – Coronation Gospels, 800ca
      • Above – Ebbo Gospels, Frank (Ink and tempera on vellum)
    • Lindau Gospels -870ca
      • Pearls, jewels, gem stones, repousse
    • Architecture –Roman Christian sources
      • Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne 795 ce
      • Imported purple marble
      • Like san Vitale
    • Interior of Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne, 792 Germany
    • Torhalle (gatehouse), Lorsh Germany 9 th century
    • Corvey, Germany 873
      • Basilica with towers, west end of building
    • Ottonian Art
      • Double transept plan begins in churches, loss of tradition in art
      • Influenced by Rome and early Christian art
      • Theme in Ottonian art arch – interior arches and windows do not line up with each other
    • Ottonian Art Abbey Church of St. Michaels 1000
    • Nave of the Church of St. Cyriakus – Germany 961
    • St. Michaels – Hildesheim, Germany 1015
      • Bishop Bernwad visited Otto III
      • Hung out in the neighborhood of Santa Sabrina( known for its church of carved doors)
      • Made for St. Michaels 1015 – 16ft High – Lost Wax Process
      • Compared to Ottoman and Carolington Books
      • Only Monks could pass through the doors
      • Doors tell the story of original sin
      • Adam and Eve, emotional impact
    • Column w/Relief showing life of Christ 1015ce
      • Narrative -story of Jesus life top to bottom
      • Rome an influence
      • Column of Trajan
    • Carolingian Tradition of book making
      • Annunciation to the shepherd 1000ce( in Lectionary of Henry II)
      • What influenced this page ?
      • Winged Nike
    • Statue and Reliquary – 970 – Cologne Cathedral
      • Like a Byzantine suffering Christ
      • Blood
    • Otto III enthroned from Reichenau Germany 997ce