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Ch16  Europe after the fall of rome
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Ch16 Europe after the fall of rome

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  • 1. Europe after the Fall of Rome Ch. 16 Early Medieval Art Dark ages 400-1400 Dying Roman Empire
  • 2.
    • Rome slowly turns into a Christian Nation
    • Non Romans – HUNS< Vandals, FRANKS, Goths
    • Celts, Ireland, France – Power divided up by Scandinavian Vikings
  • 3.
    • We don’t know a lot about these people but we do know that art was produced to create a status symbol
    • Bracelets, Wallets, weapons, belt buckles
  • 4. Purse Cover – Sutton Hoo Ship Burial in Suffolk, England 625ca Gold, glass and enamel cloisonné with garnets and emeralds
  • 5. Merovingian looped fibula, France 6 th century
    • Favored by the Romans to fastened their garments,
    • Usually buried with women
    • Justinian had one on his clothes
  • 6. Animal Head Post - Viking ship burial - Norway Pagan traders and pirates were known as Vikings They Destroyed the Christian monastic communities Especially in England Lavishly carved animal head, roaring beast located on a Viking ship
  • 7. Wooden Portal of the Stave church at Urnes, Norway 1050-1070
    • Intertwined figures
    • Plants stalks
  • 8. Hiberno – Saxon Art Man –Symbol of Matthew 660-680
  • 9. Hiberno – Saxon Art British Isles – Hibernia – ancient name of Ireland
    • St. Patrick established church in Ireland
    • Began Christianization of the Celts
    • These people wanted Independence
    • Irish Monks settled in isolated areas in Ireland, Scotland and some locations in England
  • 10. Cross and Carpet Page –Lindisfarne Gospels 698
  • 11. Chi-rho-iota – Book of Kells -carpet page, included the new testament 8 th century Tempera on Vellum
  • 12. Saint Matthew –from the Lindsisfarne Gospels – 698ce
  • 13. High Cross of Muiredach –Ireland 923 Largest fine cross , Marked grave, fantastic animals, Panels of Christ’s story
  • 14. Mozarabic Art Crossed into Spain from N. African, they brought Islam to where Rome had ruled for ages. Christian culture of Iberia called Mozarabic - Christians living in Arab Territory Emeteriuis- Tower and scriptorium of San Salvador de Tabara, colophon –SPAIN 970
  • 15. Carolingian Art 800- Pope Leo III, crowned Charles the Great aka Charlemagne, 1 st HOLY Roman Emperor, 9 th Century –Charlemagne – outstretched hand in which he holds the globe. (world dominion)
  • 16. Carolingian Art – Revive Art of Ancient Rome
    •  St. Matthew – Coronation Gospels, 800ca
    • Above – Ebbo Gospels, Frank (Ink and tempera on vellum)
  • 17. Lindau Gospels -870ca
    • Pearls, jewels, gem stones, repousse
  • 18. Architecture –Roman Christian sources
    • Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne 795 ce
    • Imported purple marble
    • Like san Vitale
  • 19. Interior of Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne, 792 Germany
  • 20. Torhalle (gatehouse), Lorsh Germany 9 th century
  • 21.  
  • 22. Corvey, Germany 873
    • Basilica with towers, west end of building
  • 23. Ottonian Art
    • Double transept plan begins in churches, loss of tradition in art
    • Influenced by Rome and early Christian art
    • Theme in Ottonian art arch – interior arches and windows do not line up with each other
  • 24. Ottonian Art Abbey Church of St. Michaels 1000
  • 25. Nave of the Church of St. Cyriakus – Germany 961
  • 26. St. Michaels – Hildesheim, Germany 1015
    • Bishop Bernwad visited Otto III
    • Hung out in the neighborhood of Santa Sabrina( known for its church of carved doors)
    • Made for St. Michaels 1015 – 16ft High – Lost Wax Process
    • Compared to Ottoman and Carolington Books
    • Only Monks could pass through the doors
  • 27.
    • Doors tell the story of original sin
    • Adam and Eve, emotional impact
  • 28. Column w/Relief showing life of Christ 1015ce
    • Narrative -story of Jesus life top to bottom
    • Rome an influence
  • 29.
    • Column of Trajan
  • 30. Carolingian Tradition of book making
    • Annunciation to the shepherd 1000ce( in Lectionary of Henry II)
    • What influenced this page ?
  • 31.
    • Winged Nike
  • 32. Statue and Reliquary – 970 – Cologne Cathedral
    • Like a Byzantine suffering Christ
    • Blood
  • 33. Otto III enthroned from Reichenau Germany 997ce
  • 34.

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