ch. 18 Gothic art

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ch. 18 Gothic art

  1. 1. Gothic Art Ch. 18
  2. 2. <ul><li>Vasari – a writer during the Renaissance described Gothic Art was monstrous and barbarous invented by Goths </li></ul><ul><li>Downfall of Rome? – Ugly and Crude </li></ul><ul><li>Downfall of Art? 13 and 14 th Centuries all the rage was Goth Art! </li></ul><ul><li>Started in France in 1140 then Prague and Czech Republic- Islamic and Byzantine Art still popular at this time </li></ul><ul><li>Gothic art is a distortion of the Classical Style </li></ul>
  3. 3. What was going on during this time? <ul><li>100 year war- 1137 shattered peace between France and England </li></ul><ul><li>14 th Century- great plague-quarter of its people dead </li></ul><ul><li>Great Schism- opposing popes resided in Rome and in Avignon ( southern France) </li></ul><ul><li>Time for knights, maidens, Crusades, Kings, Queens </li></ul>
  4. 4. St. Denis – France 1140 <ul><li>Symbol of Royalty </li></ul><ul><li>Longer nave arcade </li></ul><ul><li>Ambulatory & Radiating chapels </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rib vaulting- crossed- diagonal arches under its groins, shaping of the vault is easy, less buttressing needed, vaults taller= higher churches and open walls leave room for stained glass.
  6. 6. Chartes Cathedral -1134
  7. 7. <ul><li>Massive west towers </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Portals Kings/ Queens </li></ul><ul><li>3 Doorways </li></ul><ul><li>Jamb sculptures –Old Testament Kings & Queens </li></ul><ul><li>– majesty of power, cult of virgin Mary, mother of </li></ul><ul><li>Christ, Zodiac Symbols, 1-2 apostles </li></ul>
  8. 8. Laon Cathedral – Laon France 1190
  9. 10. The Catholic Church, how was money raised for these churches? <ul><li>Indulges – pardons for sins committed </li></ul><ul><li>Chartes cathedral burnt down in 1194(27 years to rebuild) </li></ul><ul><li>Townspeople drove the Bishop into exile </li></ul>
  10. 11. Notre Dame
  11. 12. <ul><li>Notre- Dame – Louis the VI (aka The Fat) 1130 Moved to Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Bldg Boom </li></ul><ul><li>Sexpartie – ribvaulting covered nave </li></ul><ul><li>Oculus = small window </li></ul><ul><li>Churches burned down frequently in the middle ages </li></ul><ul><li>Money was raised for money – war – plague </li></ul>
  12. 13. Rose Windows in Chartes
  13. 14. Flying Buttresses- to hold thiner & taller walls – slender fingers holding walls up
  14. 15. Chartes Jamb sculptures
  15. 16. Guilds in Belgium <ul><li>Hall of the Cloth Guild – Bruges – Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>Wealthy </li></ul>
  16. 17. Figures based on Geometric Shapes Honnecourt – 1220-1235ce
  17. 18. God as Architect of the World, 18-30 <ul><li>Mixing of worlds together, building </li></ul>
  18. 19. Blanche of Castile Louis IX, Bible 1126
  19. 20. Abraham and the 3 angels – 1253 ink, gold leaf tempera on vellum
  20. 21. Virgin of Jeann d Evreux France 1339

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